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Luke 24 – The Road to Emmaus

Easter Sunday Morning Bible Study

March 27, 2016


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die?  Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular:  2900 words    Communion: 2500 words  Video=75wpm

Luke was a doctor and a traveling companion of the apostle Paul.

He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.

In writing this book about Jesus, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.

Jesus’ ministry is well under way, and the people have been amazed not just at the things He’s been teaching, but the things He’s been doing.

Since this is Resurrection Sunday, we are going to jump ahead to one of Luke’s accounts of the resurrection.

The story takes place in the middle of the day that Jesus rose from the dead.

But not every disciple knew or believed He had risen.

24:13-35 The Road to Emmaus

:13 Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem.

:13 two of them

Just two disciples, followers of Jesus. 

Neither of these guys are part of the twelve apostles.  Those fellows are back in Jerusalem.

We know that one of them is named Cleopas (vs.18).

:13 that same day

Sunday, the day of the resurrection.

:13 to a village called Emmaus

travelingporeuomai – to lead over, carry over, transfer; to pursue the journey on which one has entered, to continue on one’s journey

villagekome – the common sleeping place to which laborers in the field return, a village

Video:  Emmaus map

The walk to Emmaus is downhill from Jerusalem through valleys
Emmaus is about seven miles northwest from Jerusalem.
The walk would take perhaps 3-4 hours.

EmmausEmmaous – “warm baths”.

Perhaps there was a hot springs there.
There is a place in the West Bank that seems to fit.  It’s known today as Kubeiba.

seven miles – The Greek is literally “sixty stadia

stadion – a space or distance of about 600 feet (185 m)

60 furlongs is about 7 miles.

:14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.

:14 they talked homileo – to be in company with; to converse with, talk about

We get the word “homiletics” from this word. 

Homiletics is the craft of preaching.
Originally the idea of “preaching” was to simply talk about, converse about the things of the Scripture.

It wouldn’t hurt for us to work at getting back to simply talking together about the Scriptures.

:14 which had happened sumbaino – to walk with the feet near together; to come together; of things which fall out at the same time

The word is in the perfect tense, meaning the things that had happened in the past and the results of them have continued on into the present.

:14 all these things which had happened

They had probably talked about Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem, His teaching in the Temple, the Last Supper, Jesus’ arrest, scourging, and crucifixion.  It had all taken place in the last week.

:15 So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with them.

:16 But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not know Him.

conversed homileo – to be in company with; to associate with; to stay with; to converse with, talk about: with one

Same word as “talked” in verse 14.

:15 reasoned suzeteo – to seek or examine together; in the NT to discuss, dispute, question

They were having a sort of debate over what had just happened over the last few days.

Basically, neither of them knew what was going on.

drew neareggizo – to bring near, to join one thing to another; to draw or come near to, to approach

went with themsumporeuomai – to go or journey together; to come together, to assemble

This is the same word for “traveling” in vs. 13, but with the prefix “with” stuck in front.

:15 Jesus Himself drew near and went with them

Two men are joined on the road by a mysterious third man.

:16 their eyes were restrained

eyesophthalmos – the eye; metaph. the eyes of the mind, the faculty of knowing

were restrained krateo – to have power, be powerful; to be chief, be master of, to rule; to get possession of; to become master of, to obtain; to take hold of; to take hold of, take, seize; to lay hands on one in order to get him into one’s power; to hold

The word is an imperfect tense, meaning that it was continually happening in the past. Their eyes were being restrained.

The word for “restrained” is a word having to do with “power” (krateo), to get someone under your “power”.

Something was keeping them from recognizing Jesus.

:16 so that they did not know Him

know epiginosko – to become thoroughly acquainted with; to know accurately; to recognize

:17 And He said to them, “What kind of conversation is this that you have with one another as you walk and are sad?”

conversation logos – a word, what someone has said; discourse; matter under discussion.

:17 What kind of conversation is this that you have

you have antiballo – to throw in turn

They were “throwing” words back and forth.  One guy would speak and the other would reply.

Kenneth Wuest translates this as an “animated, heated conversation”.

:17 as you walk and are sad

as you walkperipateo – to walk

are sadskuthropos – of a sad and gloomy countenance

It’s obvious that these guys aren’t happy.  They are quite upset.



These fellows are discouraged.
They had been thinking that Jesus was going to be the One to deliver the Jews from the tyranny of Rome.
Instead He had been arrested and crucified.
Jesus had even said a few times that He would be arrested and put to death, but He had also promised to rise again on the third day.
And this was the third day.
We get discouraged.
Things don’t always turn out the way we want them to.
The movie “Woodlawn” follows the true story of a high school football team in Alabama in 1973.  Early in the movie an amazing thing happens, the entire high school football team comes to Christ.

This was followed by some wonderful moments when the team begins to turn their season around and they win many of their games.

And then they meet their big bad crosstown rivals for the annual rivalry game.  The other team doesn’t play nice.  And the team from Woodlawn loses.

Video:  Woodlawn – locker room loss (1:06 – 1:08)

Maybe some of you are discouraged today.

There are actually some things more important than winning football games.

Sometimes our discouragement comes from our expectations being in the wrong things.

Moses got discouraged. 
The people had been delivered from Egypt.  Though the people should have loved Moses for getting them out of Egypt, instead they just complained.
(Exodus 17:4 NKJV) So Moses cried out to the Lord, saying, “What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me!”
Elisha’s servant got discouraged.
His boss had been giving the king of Israel advanced military information, straight from God.  You would think God would protect a man like that.
Yet the servant got up early one morning to get the newspaper and found that he and Elisha were surrounded by the army of the Assyrians.
Elisha wasn’t afraid though …
(2 Kings 6:17 NKJV) And Elisha prayed, and said, “Lord, I pray, open his eyes that he may see.” Then the Lord opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw. And behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha.
Paul was discouraged because he had some sort of affliction that made him miserable, and even though he prayed, the affliction didn’t change.
(2 Corinthians 12:9 NKJV) And He said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore most gladly I will rather boast in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
Sometimes we get ourselves into a difficult place because we expect God to work a certain way, when in fact He wants to do something different.
These two men might think that their world has just gone through a horrible upheaval.
Things didn’t turn out the way they hoped they would.
The ironic thing was, they had no reason to be discouraged.
Jesus was actually walking with them.     
Sometimes we need to readjust our expectations.
Am I trusting in Jesus or am I trusting in things turning out the way I want them to turn out?

:18 Then the one whose name was Cleopas answered and said to Him, “Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have You not known the things which happened there in these days?”

:18 Cleopas Kleopas – “of a renowned father”

When Jesus was crucified, there were several gals named Mary who stood at the cross.

One of them was married to a fellow named Cleopas.

(John 19:25 NKJV) Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.

:18 Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem

only monos – alone (without a companion), forsaken, destitute of help, alone, only, merely

“Are you the only stranger in Jerusalem …”

strangerparoikeo – in the NT, to be or dwell in a place as a stranger, to sojourn

Keep in mind that Jerusalem has been filled with pilgrims from all over Israel who had come for the annual celebration of the Passover feast.

Jerusalem been filled with pilgrims or “strangers” from all over Israel who were there for the Passover.

Cleopas and his companion assume that this person walking with them is one of those pilgrims who is now on his way home from Jerusalem.

:18 known the things which happened there in these days

knownginosko – to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of perceive, feel

Crucifixion was meant to be a very public event.

Everyone knew what had happened to Jesus.

Crucifixion was meant to be a deterrent against people committing certain crimes.

It was always done along main roads where the most people would see and be aware of the crime.

When Paul stood before King Agrippa, he said,

(Acts 26:26 NKJV) …for I am convinced that none of these things escapes his attention, since this thing was not done in a corner.

:19 And He said to them, “What things?”

Whatpoios – of what sort or nature

I wonder if Jesus was hiding a little grin on His face when He said this.  He wants to hear their take on things.

:19 So they said to Him, “The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a Prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people,

:19 mighty in deed and word

mananer – man, male

The NKJV doesn’t translate this word.  Should be, “Jesus of Nazareth, a man who was a prophet mighty in deed…

mightydunatos – able, powerful, mighty, strong

deedergon – business, employment, that which any one is occupied; any product whatever, any thing accomplished by hand, art, industry, or mind; an act, deed, thing done: the idea of working is emphasised in opp. to that which is less than work

wordlogos – of speech; a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea; its use as respect to the MIND alone; reason, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating

As we’ve talked all through our study of Luke, the people of Israel were not just amazed at the things that Jesus spoke, but they were also amazed at the miracles, healings, and compassion that Jesus demonstrated.

All the people knew this.

:20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to be condemned to death, and crucified Him.

deliveredparadidomi – to give into the hands (of another); to give over into (one’s) power or use; to deliver up one to custody, to be judged, condemned, punished, scourged, tormented, put to death; to deliver up treacherously

to be condemnedkrima – a decree, judgments; the sentence of a judge; the punishment with which one is sentenced; condemnatory sentence, penal judgment, sentence; a matter to be judicially decided, a lawsuit, a case in court

crucifiedstauroo – to stake, drive down stakes; to crucify

:21 But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened.

we were hopingelpizo – to hope; in a religious sense, to wait for salvation with joy and full confidence; hopefully to trust in

:21 was going to redeem Israel

who was goingmello – to be about; to be on the point of doing or suffering something; to intend, have in mind, think to

to redeem lutroo – to release on receipt of ransom; liberate by payment of ransom

The people had been hoping that Jesus was going free Israel from the Roman government.

Instead, He redeemed us from our sins.

:21 today is the third day

It might be that they were depressed because Jesus had simply been dead for three days.

He died on Friday.  It is now Sunday.

It could be that they knew of Jesus’ claim that He would die and come back to life on the third day.

And as far as they were concerned, that hadn’t happened.

:22 Yes, and certain women of our company, who arrived at the tomb early, astonished us.

astonished us existemi – to throw out of position, displace; to amaze, to astonish, throw into wonderment; to be amazed, astounded; to be out of one’s mind, besides one’s self, insane

earlyorthrios – early; rising at the first dawn or very early in the morning

tombmnemeion – any visible object for preserving or recalling the memory of any person or thing; a memorial, monument, specifically, a sepulchral monument; a sepulcher, a tomb

:23 When they did not find His body, they came saying that they had also seen a vision of angels who said He was alive.

findheurisko – to come upon, hit upon, to meet with; to find by enquiry, thought, examination, scrutiny, observation, to find out by practice and experience

visionoptasia – the act of exhibiting one’s self to view; a sight, a vision, an appearance presented to one whether asleep or awake

had … seenhorao – to see with the eyes; to see with the mind, to perceive, know; to see, i.e. become acquainted with by experience, to experience; to see, to look to

Perfect tense.  They had seen it in the past and the effects are still going.

saidlego – to say, to speak.  Present active indicative.

alivezao – to live, breathe, be among the living (not lifeless, not dead); to enjoy real life

:23 they had also seen a vision of angels

Early in the morning, some women went to the tomb and found it empty.  Two angels appeared and told them that Jesus had risen from the dead. (Luke 24:1-8)

(Luke 24:1–8 NKJV) —1 Now on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they, and certain other women with them, came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared. 2 But they found the stone rolled away from the tomb. 3 Then they went in and did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. 4 And it happened, as they were greatly perplexed about this, that behold, two men stood by them in shining garments. 5 Then, as they were afraid and bowed their faces to the earth, they said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead? 6 He is not here, but is risen! Remember how He spoke to you when He was still in Galilee, 7 saying, ‘The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.’ ” 8 And they remembered His words.

But when the ladies got back to tell the apostles…

(Luke 24:11 NKJV) …their words seemed to them like idle tales, and they did not believe them.
I mean, after all, who is going to believe a bunch of women?

:24 And certain of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said; but Him they did not see.”

:24 went to the tomb

After the report from the ladies, Peter and John ran to the tomb to see for themselves. (John 20:3-10)

Video:  Skit Guys – Peter and John

(John 20:3–10 NKJV) —3 Peter therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb. 4 So they both ran together, and the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first. 5 And he, stooping down and looking in, saw the linen cloths lying there; yet he did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb; and he saw the linen cloths lying there, 7 and the handkerchief that had been around His head, not lying with the linen cloths, but folded together in a place by itself. 8 Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first, went in also; and he saw and believed. 9 For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead. 10 Then the disciples went away again to their own homes.

Peter and John had found the tomb empty, we know that at least John believed, but at that point in the morning, they had not seen Jesus Himself.

:25 Then He said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!

:25 foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe

foolish anoetos – not understanding, unwise, foolish

slow bradus – dull, inactive, stupid, slow to apprehend or believe

heartkardia – the heart; denotes the center of all physical and spiritual life; the soul or mind, as it is the fountain and seat of the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavors; of the understanding, the faculty and seat of the intelligence; of the will and character; of the soul so far as it is affected and stirred in a bad way or good, or of the soul as the seat of the sensibilities, affections, emotions, desires, appetites, passions

to believepisteuo – to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in

have spokenlaleo – to speak; to use words in order to declare one’s mind and disclose one’s thoughts

Jesus doesn’t rebuke them for not believing the women or the angels.

He rebukes them for not believing the prophets, for not believing the Scriptures.

:26 Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into His glory?”

to have sufferedpascho – to be affected or have been affected, to feel, have a sensible experience, to undergo; in a bad sense, to suffer sadly, be in a bad plight

to enter intoeiserchomai – to go out or come in: to enter

glorydoxa – opinion, judgment, view; in the NT always a good opinion concerning one, resulting in praise, honor, and glory; splendor, brightness; a most glorious condition, most exalted state

:26 Ought not the Christ to have …

He’s telling them it was absolutely necessary for the Christ to have suffered.

ought dei – it is necessary, there is need of, is right and proper

wasn’t it necessary …”
According to the prophets, it was absolutely necessary that the Christ suffer and to afterwards enter into glory.

:27 And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.

:27 beginning at Moses and all the Prophets

He’s going to take them through the entire Old Testament.

“Moses” refers to the first five books of the Old Testament, known as the Pentateuch or the Torah.

“all the Prophets” refers to the rest of the Old Testament.

beginningarchomai – to be the first to do (anything), to begin; to begin, make a beginning

the scriptures graphe – a writing, thing written; the Scripture, used to denote either the book itself, or its contents; a certain portion or section of the Holy Scripture

Note:  Jesus used the Old Testament to teach about Himself.

Some people think that we ought to only read the New Testament.  Jesus didn’t seem to think so.

We’ve seen through the book of Psalms on Thursday night that the entire book is about Him.

David wrote prophetically when he said,

(Psalm 40:7 NKJV) Then I said, “Behold, I come; In the scroll of the book it is written of me.

:27 He expounded to them in all the Scriptures

He expounded diermeneuo – to unfold the meaning of what is said, explain, expound; to translate into one’s native language

from hermeneuo – to explain in words, expound; to interpret; to translate what has been spoken or written in a foreign tongue into the vernacular
We get our word “hermeneutics” from this word.

This is what Ezra the scribe and his helpers did as well.

(Nehemiah 8:8 NKJV) So they read distinctly from the book, in the Law of God; and they gave the sense, and helped them to understand the reading.

Hermeneutics is what I try to practice every time I teach.

My calling is to take the passages we study, dig into them, chew on them, understand them, and then work to carefully unfold the meaning of the text in a way that we all understand it.

The writer of Hebrews quotes Psalm 40, saying that Jesus was speaking through David when he wrote,

(Hebrews 10:7 NKJV) …In the volume of the book it is written of Me…
The entire Old Testament is ultimately about Jesus.

Jesus is going to take them through the entire Old Testament.

This was probably the most amazing Bible Study ever given by the greatest Teacher that has ever been.


He came to die

The arrest and execution of Jesus was not some sort of tragic mistake.
It had been planned all along by God.
From the beginning of the Bible we see it.
When Adam and Eve sinned, God spoke to the serpent,
(Genesis 3:15 NKJV) And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.”

There is a hint here of a Savior coming from the “seed” of the woman.

Even though Satan would cause hurt to Jesus at the cross, ultimately Jesus would stomp Satan on the head.

One of the things Moses recorded was a very bizarre story concerning Abraham and his son Isaac in the book of Genesis.  God speaks to Abraham …
(Genesis 22:2 NKJV) Then He said, “Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.”

Mount Moriah is where Jerusalem is located, where the Temple would be built, and where Jesus would be crucified.

As you follow this story, there are three days involved, there is a picture of a loving Father sacrificing his only son.

Abraham was interrupted the Angel of the Lord, and a ram was sacrificed in place of the son.

In the Pastor to Person article this week, I wrote about how the Passover feast itself was designed to get people ready to see the Messiah as the lamb slain for their sins (Deut. 16:6)
When God delivered Israel from their bondage in Egypt, there was death among firstborns involved, and there was the sacrifice of lambs.

Every house that had lamb’s blood on its doorposts would be protected and the angel bringing death would “pass over” their house.

The Jews were commanded by God to celebrate this event every year, not just any old place …

(Deuteronomy 16:6 NKJV) but at the place where the Lord your God chooses to make His name abide, there you shall sacrifice the Passover at twilight, at the going down of the sun, at the time you came out of Egypt.

That place God would choose would be Jerusalem, where the nation would gather every year, putting them in the place to witness God’s Lamb being sacrificed for their sins as Jesus was crucified.

David wrote many prophetic things concerning Jesus, including a description of His death.
In Psalm 22 David describes bones being out of joint, His heart melting like wax, being thirsty, surrounded by enemies, and …
(Psalm 22:16 NKJV) …They pierced My hands and My feet;

Written hundreds of years before the practice of crucifixion was invented by the Persians.

The prophet Isaiah wrote so clearly about Jesus’ death that when you read Isaiah 53 to people, they assume it is from the New Testament, though it was written over 700 years before Jesus.
(Isaiah 53:5 NKJV) But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, And by His stripes we are healed.

You see friend, the Bible tells us that it’s our own sin that separates us from God.

God sent Jesus to be a sacrifice for our sins.

If we will choose to turn from our sin, believe, and follow Jesus, we can be forgiven and find eternal life.

I am only skimming the surface here.
There are over 300 prophecies in the Old Testament concerning the first coming of Jesus.
These prophecies cover very specific things such as the place of His birth, the family lineage He’d come from, the time of His coming, the miracles He’d do, and the manner of death He’d die.
There is too much prophetic and historical evidence to just dismiss Jesus as some sort of fairy tale.

:28 Then they drew near to the village where they were going, and He indicated that He would have gone farther.

:28 they drew near to the village

drew neareggizo – to bring near, to join one thing to another; to draw or come near to, to approach

the villagekome – the common sleeping place to which laborers in the field return, a village

They are getting close to Emmaus.

The walk from Jerusalem was about seven miles, perhaps a three or four hour walk.

:28 He indicated that He would have gone farther

he indicated thatprospoieomai (“toward” + “to make”)– to take or claim a thing to one’s self; to conform one’s self to a thing, or rather to affect to one’s self; to pretend

fartherporrho – far, at a distance, a great way off

I think Jesus is trying to draw them out.  He wants to see if they are really serious about knowing what has happened.

If they don’t want Him to continue with them, He will move on.

:29 But they constrained Him, saying, “Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent.” And He went in to stay with them.

:29 they constrained Him

they constrained parabiazomai – to employ force contrary to nature and right; to compel by employing force; to constrain one by entreaties

They aren’t going to let this fellow go.  They twist His arm to make Him stay.

:29 Abide with us

They want Jesus to spend the night with them since daylight is almost over.

The writer of Hebrews says,

(Hebrews 13:2 NKJV) Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so doing some have unwittingly entertained angels.
He is probably referring to the incident where Abraham had some guests, one which turned out to be the Lord, while the others were angels on their way to destroy Sodom. (Gen. 18)

(Genesis 18:2–3 NKJV) —2 So he lifted his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing by him; and when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground, 3 and said, “My Lord, if I have now found favor in Your sight, do not pass on by Your servant.

:29 Abide with us, for it is toward evening

abidemeno – to remain, abide; in reference to place; to sojourn, tarry; not to depart; to continue to be present

eveninghespera – evening, eventide

is far spentklino – to recline; in a place for repose; of the declining of the day

The verb is perfect tense – Evening has happened and it’s going to be nighttime for a while.

to staymeno – to remain, abide; in reference to place; to sojourn, tarry; not to depart; to continue to be present

Jews consider evening starting at 3:00 pm.

They probably started their walk with Jesus around noontime.

:30 Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them.

He satkataklino – in the NT in reference to eating, to make to recline; to recline (at a table)

:30 He took bread, blessed and broke it

He tooklambano – to take; to take with the hand, lay hold of, any person or thing in order to use it

breadartos – food composed of flour mixed with water and baked

blessedeulogeo – to praise, celebrate with praises; to invoke blessings; to consecrate a thing with solemn prayers

brokeklao – to break; used in the NT of the breaking of bread or communion

gave itepididomi – to hand, give by hand

If this phrase sounds familiar, it should.  Paul wrote,

(1 Corinthians 11:23–25 NKJV) —23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”

:31 Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from their sight.

:31 their eyes were opened

were openeddianoigo –to open thoroughly (what had been closed)

eyesophthalmos – the eye; metaph. the eyes of the mind, the faculty of knowing

they knewepiginosko – to become thoroughly acquainted with; to know accurately

Earlier, their eyes “were restrained” (vs. 16) so they didn’t recognize Jesus.

Now their eyes are opened.

:31 He vanished from their sight

vanishedaphantos (“not” + “shining”) – taken out of sight, made invisible

Jesus no longer needed to be there.  His work there was done.

They understood about His death and resurrection.

:32 And they said to one another, “Did not our heart burn within us while He talked with us on the road, and while He opened the Scriptures to us?”

:32 Did not our heart burn within us

burnkaio – to set on fire, light, burning; to burn, consume with fire

The burning heart doesn’t come as a sign that something is the Scripture, it comes when the Scriptures themselves are opened to us.


What ignites faith?

For these two discouraged fellows, it wasn’t enough to have heard the witness of the women about the empty tomb.
It wasn’t enough for them to hear that some angels said Jesus was alive.
It was when Jesus opened the Scriptures to them that their faith was stirred up.
Paul wrote,
(Romans 10:17 NKJV) So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
Perhaps you know someone who is struggling with their faith.
I think it’s important to encourage them to read and study the Scriptures.
If you’re a new Christian, or you are curious about Christianity, a good place to start is the Gospel of John, John said,

(John 20:31 NKJV) but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

It’s when we read God’s words, learn the principles and lessons of the Scriptures, and hear the stories of those who have gone before us that our faith is ignited and grows.

the roadhodos – a way; a travelled way, road; a travellers way, journey, travelling

While Jesus had been speaking to them as they walked along the road.

Jesus wants to talk to us as WE walk through life.

openeddianoigo – to open by dividing or drawing asunder, to open thoroughly (what had been closed); to open the mind of one, i.e. to cause to understand a thing; to open one’s soul, i.e. to rouse in one the faculty of understanding or the desire of learning

the Scripturesgraphe – a writing, thing written; the Scripture, used to denote either the book itself, or its contents; a certain portion or section of the Holy Scripture

:33 So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven and those who were with them gathered together,

:33 they rose up that very hour and returned

They didn’t wait until the next morning. 

They couldn’t wait to tell the other disciples.

:33 the eleven … gathered together

At this point, there are only eleven of the twelve apostles left.

Judas has already killed himself.

There are also more than the eleven present.

they rose up anistemi – to cause to rise up, raise up; raise up from laying down; to raise up from the dead

gathered togethersunathroizo (“together” + “to hoard”) – to gather together with others; to assemble; to be gathered together i.e. to come together

:34 saying, “The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!”

Before the two fellows from Emmaus get a word out, they are told that Jesus has also appeared to Simon Peter.

:34 The Lord is risen …appeared to Simon!

risenegeiro – to arouse, cause to rise; to arouse from sleep, to awake; to arouse from the sleep of death, to recall the dead to life

indeedontos – truly, in reality, in point of fact, as opp. to what is pretended, fictitious, false, conjectural; that which is truly etc., that which is indeed

has appearedoptanomai – to look at, behold; to allow one’s self to be seen, to appear

Jesus’ first appearance had actually been to Mary Magdalene, at the empty tomb. (John 20:14-16)

(John 20:14–16 NKJV) —14 Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?” She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, “Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.” 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him, “Rabboni!” (which is to say, Teacher).

:35 And they told about the things that had happened on the road, and how He was known to them in the breaking of bread.

:35 they told about the things

they toldexegeomai – to draw out in narrative, unfold a teaching

This too is what I try to do each time we study together.

This is the root of the word “exegesis”, where we draw out the meaning of the text from the text itself.

:35 He was known to them in the breaking of bread

the roadhodos – a way; a travelled way, road; a travellers way, journey, travelling

He was knownginosko – to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of perceive, feel

breakingklasis – a breaking

breadartos – food composed of flour mixed with water and baked



Some might see this as if we know Jesus through “communion” or the “Eucharist”.
But keep in mind, there is no mention of the cup, just the bread.
The Roman Catholic church teaches that when the priest recites the lines, “This is my body…”, that the bread in his hand magically turns into the actual, literal flesh of Jesus.

But notice what happens here.

The act of breaking bread opened their eyes and they remembered Him.

Yet Jesus in His body is already there with them.

Keep in mind that there is no mention of the cup, so if this was communion or “Eucharist”, it seems incomplete.
This isn’t communion, it’s sharing a meal.
Breaking bread was done at every meal.
Bread was the “utensil” used for eating.
We have many instances of Jesus “breaking bread” that are not “communion”.

He ate with sinners, like the time He invited Himself over to the house of that notorious sinner Zacchaeus. (Luke 19:7)

(Luke 19:7 NKJV) …they all complained, saying, “He has gone to be a guest with a man who is a sinner.”

Last week we saw that He also ate with the religious people, the Pharisees. (Luke 11:37)

(Luke 11:37 NKJV) And as He spoke, a certain Pharisee asked Him to dine with him. So He went in and sat down to eat.

When He fed five thousand, He took a little boy’s lunch, blessed the loaves, broke them, and distributed them (Mat. 14:19)

(Matthew 14:19 NKJV) —19 Then He commanded the multitudes to sit down on the grass. And He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, He blessed and broke and gave the loaves to the disciples; and the disciples gave to the multitudes.

The early church continued this practice of “breaking bread” with each other.

(Acts 2:46 NKJV) …breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart,

They ate some of their meals together.

The word “communion” is also the same word as “fellowship” in the Greek (koinonia).
It’s about sharing something in common.
(1 John 1:3 NKJV) that which we have seen and heard we declare to you, that you also may have fellowship with us; and truly our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ.
This is really all about relationship
It’s important that we develop a living relationship with Jesus.
Having healthy relationships with other believers is also a part of being a Christian.
Paul wrote to the churches to…

(Romans 12:10 NLT) Love each other with genuine affection…

(Romans 12:16 NLT) Live in harmony with each other…

(Galatians 6:2 NLT) Share each other’s burdens…

(Galatians 5:13 NLT) …serve one another in love.

James wrote,

(James 5:16 NKJV) Confess your trespasses to one another, and pray for one another, that you may be healed.

It’s through the breaking of bread, through relationship and fellowship with one another and with Jesus that we know Him better.

:35 the things that had happened on the road


On the road

Time for a musical break…
Video:  On the road again
All this took place as they were walking on the road to Emmaus.
The Bible talks about walking as a way of describing how we live our lives. For example:
(Galatians 5:16 NKJV) I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh.

If I live my life under the power and direction of the Holy Spirit, then I will not give in to the flesh.

(2 Corinthians 5:7 NKJV) For we walk by faith, not by sight.
(1 Thessalonians 2:12 NKJV) that you would walk worthy of God who calls you into His own kingdom and glory.
(1 John 1:7 NKJV) But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.
I like to walk.
I try to walk almost every day.
It’s my favorite form of exercise.
I learn a lot on my walks.

I meet all kinds of people.

I learn about commitment, trying to walk even when it’s cold, dark, foggy, or rainy.

One of the important things I’ve learned in walking is that it’s important that you stay on the right path if you want to get where you’re headed.
I’ve tried taking shortcuts on my walks, only to find that I’ve walked into a dead end.
My last challenge to you this morning is this, Are you on the right path?  Are you walking with Jesus?
The Greek word translated here as “road” is the same word Jesus used when He said,

(John 14:6 NKJV) Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.

He is the road.  He is the path.

When we walk this road of life, we should walk with Christ, and we also walk with others.
CBS news has a regular segment called “On the road”… Sometimes walking on the road looks like this:
Video:  On the road – Boy pays it forward
Little Miles is like those disciples on the road, he had a good reason to be discouraged.
Instead, he decided to pay it forward.
The two disciples also paid if forward by going back and telling their story.
What are you doing on the road of life?
Are you walking with Jesus?
Are you walking with others?