Luke 24 – The Road to Emmaus
Sunday Morning Bible Study
Since this is Resurrection Sunday, we are going to jump ahead to one of
Luke’s accounts of the resurrection.
The story takes place in the middle of the day that Jesus rose from the
But not every disciple knew or believed He had risen.
24:13-35 The Road to Emmaus
:13 Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village
called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem.
:13 two of them
Just two disciples, followers of Jesus.
Neither of these guys are part of the twelve apostles. Those fellows are back in Jerusalem.
:13 that same day
Sunday, the day of the resurrection.
:13 to a village called Emmaus
The walk to Emmaus is downhill from Jerusalem through valleys
Emmaus is about seven miles northwest from Jerusalem.
The walk would take perhaps 3-4 hours.
:14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.
:14 all these things which had happened
They had probably talked about Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem, His
teaching in the Temple, the Last Supper, Jesus’ arrest, scourging, and
crucifixion. It had all taken place in
the last week.
:15 So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew
near and went with them.
:16 But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not know Him.
:15 Jesus Himself drew near and went with them
Two men are joined on the road by a mysterious third man.
:16 their eyes were restrained
Something was keeping them from recognizing Jesus.
:17 And He said to them, “What kind of conversation is this that you
have with one another as you walk and are sad?”
:17 What kind of
conversation is this that you have
Kenneth Wuest translates this as an “animated,
:17 as you walk and are sad
It’s obvious that these guys aren’t happy.
They are quite upset.
These fellows are discouraged.
They had been thinking that Jesus was going to be the One to deliver the
Jews from the tyranny of Rome.
Instead He had been arrested and crucified.
Jesus had even said a few times that He would be arrested and put to death,
but He had also promised to rise again on the third day.
And this was the third day.
We get discouraged.
Things don’t always turn out the way we want them to.
The movie “Woodlawn” follows the true story of a high school football team
in Alabama in 1973. Early in the movie
an amazing thing happens, the entire high school football team comes to Christ.
This was followed by some wonderful moments when the team
begins to turn their season around and they win many of their games.
And then they meet their big bad crosstown rivals for the
annual rivalry game. The other team
doesn’t play nice. And the team from
Video: Woodlawn –
locker room loss (1:06 – 1:08)
Maybe some of you are discouraged today.
There are actually some things more important than winning
Sometimes our discouragement comes from our expectations
being in the wrong things.
Moses got discouraged.
The people had been delivered from Egypt.
Though the people should have loved Moses for getting them out of Egypt,
instead they just complained.
(Exodus 17:4 NKJV) So Moses
cried out to the Lord, saying,
“What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me!”
Paul was discouraged because he had some sort of affliction that made him
miserable, and even though he prayed, the affliction didn’t change.
(2 Corinthians 12:9
NKJV) And He said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength
is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore most gladly I will rather boast in my
infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
Sometimes we get ourselves into a difficult place because we expect God to
work a certain way, when in fact He wants to do something different.
These two men might think that their world has just gone through a horrible
Things didn’t turn out the way they hoped they would.
The ironic thing was, they had no reason to be discouraged.
Jesus was actually walking with them.
Sometimes we need to readjust our expectations.
Am I trusting in Jesus or am I trusting in things turning out the way I want
them to turn out?
:18 Then the one whose name was Cleopas answered and said to Him, “Are You
the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have You not known the things which
happened there in these days?”
:18 Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem
Jerusalem been filled with pilgrims or “strangers” from all over Israel who
were there for the Passover.
Cleopas and his companion assume that this person walking with them is one
of those pilgrims who is now on his way home from Jerusalem.
:18 known the things which happened there in these days
Crucifixion was meant to be a very public event.
Everyone knew what had happened to Jesus.
:19 And He said to them, “What things?”
I wonder if Jesus was hiding a little grin on His face when He said
this. He wants to hear their take on
:19 So they said to Him, “The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was
a Prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people,
:20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to be condemned
to death, and crucified Him.
:21 But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel.
Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened.
:21 was going to redeem Israel
The people had been hoping that Jesus was going free Israel from the Roman
Instead, He redeemed us from our sins.
:21 today is the third day
He died on Friday. It is now Sunday.
It could be that they knew of Jesus’ claim that He would die and come back
to life on the third day.
And as far as they were concerned, that hadn’t happened.
:22 Yes, and certain women of our company, who arrived at the tomb early,
:23 When they did not find His body, they came saying that they had also
seen a vision of angels who said He was alive.
:23 they had also seen a vision of angels
Early in the morning, some women went to the tomb and found it empty. Two angels appeared and told them that Jesus
had risen from the dead. (Luke 24:1-8)
But when the ladies got back to tell the apostles…
(Luke 24:11 NKJV) …their words
seemed to them like idle tales, and they did not believe them.
:24 And certain of those who were with us went to the tomb and found
it just as the women had said; but Him they did not see.”
:24 went to the tomb
After the report from the ladies, Peter and John ran to the tomb to see for
themselves. (John 20:3-10)
Peter and John had found the tomb empty, we know that at least John
believed, but at that point in the morning, they had not seen Jesus Himself.
:25 Then He said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in
all that the prophets have spoken!
:25 foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe
Jesus doesn’t rebuke them for not believing the women or the angels.
He rebukes them for not believing the prophets, for not believing the
:26 Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into
:27 And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in
all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.
:27 He expounded to them in all the Scriptures
Jesus is going to take them through the entire Old Testament.
This was probably the most amazing Bible Study ever given by the greatest
Teacher that has ever been.
He came to die
The arrest and execution of Jesus was not some sort of tragic mistake.
It had been planned all along by God.
From the beginning of the Bible we see it.
One of the things Moses recorded was a very bizarre story concerning
Abraham and his son Isaac in the book of Genesis. God speaks to Abraham …
(Genesis 22:2 NKJV)
He said, “Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go
to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the
mountains of which I shall tell you.”
Mount Moriah is where Jerusalem is located, where the
Temple would be built, and where Jesus would be crucified.
As you follow this story, there are three days involved,
there is a picture of a loving Father sacrificing his only son.
Abraham was interrupted the Angel of the Lord, and a ram
was sacrificed in place of the son.
In the Pastor to Person article this week, I wrote about how the Passover
feast itself was designed to get people ready to see the Messiah as the lamb
slain for their sins (Deut. 16:6)
David wrote many prophetic things concerning Jesus, including a description
of His death.
In Psalm 22 David describes bones being out of joint, His heart melting
like wax, being thirsty, surrounded by enemies, and …
(Psalm 22:16 NKJV)
…They pierced My hands and My feet;
Written hundreds of years before the practice of
crucifixion was invented by the Persians.
The prophet Isaiah wrote so clearly about Jesus’ death that when you read
Isaiah 53 to people, they assume it is from the New Testament, though it was
written over 700 years before Jesus.
(Isaiah 53:5 NKJV) But He was
wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, And by His
stripes we are healed.
You see friend, the Bible tells us that it’s our own sin
that separates us from God.
God sent Jesus to be a sacrifice for our sins.
If we will choose to turn from our sin, believe, and
follow Jesus, we can be forgiven and find eternal life.
I am only skimming the surface here.
There are over 300 prophecies in the Old Testament concerning the first
coming of Jesus.
These prophecies cover very specific things such as the place of His birth,
the family lineage He’d come from, the time of His coming, the miracles He’d
do, and the manner of death He’d die.
There is too much prophetic and historical evidence to just dismiss Jesus
as some sort of fairy tale.
:28 Then they drew near to the village where they were going, and He
indicated that He would have gone farther.
I think Jesus is trying to draw them out.
He wants to see if they are really serious about knowing what has
:29 But they constrained Him, saying, “Abide with us, for it is toward
evening, and the day is far spent.” And He went in to stay with them.
:29 Abide with us, for it is toward evening
Jews consider evening starting at 3:00 pm.
They probably started their walk with Jesus around noontime.
:30 Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took
bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them.
:31 Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from
:32 And they said to one another, “Did not our heart burn within us while
He talked with us on the road, and while He opened the Scriptures to us?”
:32 Did not our heart burn within us
What ignites faith?
For these two discouraged fellows, it wasn’t enough to have heard the
witness of the women about the empty tomb.
It wasn’t enough for them to hear that some angels said Jesus was alive.
It was when Jesus opened the Scriptures to them that their faith was
(Romans 10:17 NKJV)
then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
Perhaps you know someone who is struggling with their faith.
I think it’s important to encourage them to read and study the Scriptures.
If you’re a new Christian, or you are curious about Christianity, a good
place to start is the Gospel of John, John said,
20:31 NKJV) but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the
Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.
:33 So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the
eleven and those who were with them gathered together,
:33 the eleven … gathered together
At this point, there are only eleven of the twelve apostles left.
Judas has already killed himself.
There are also more than the eleven present.
:34 saying, “The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!”
Before the two fellows from Emmaus get a word out, they are told that Jesus
has also appeared to Simon Peter.
:35 And they told about the things that had happened on the road,
and how He was known to them in the breaking of bread.
:35 He was known to them in the breaking of bread
Some might see this as if we know Jesus through “communion” or the
But keep in mind, there is no mention of the cup, just the bread.
This isn’t communion, it’s sharing a meal.
Breaking bread was done at every meal.
We have many instances of Jesus “breaking bread” that are not “communion”.
He ate with sinners, like the time He invited Himself over
to the house of that notorious sinner Zacchaeus. (Luke 19:7)
Last week we saw that He also ate with the religious
people, the Pharisees. (Luke 11:37)
When He fed five thousand, He took a little boy’s lunch,
blessed the loaves, broke them, and distributed them (Mat. 14:19)
The early church continued this practice of “breaking bread” with each
2:46 NKJV) …breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with
gladness and simplicity of heart,
They ate some of their meals together.
This is really all about relationship
It’s important that we develop a living relationship with Jesus.
Having healthy relationships with other believers is also a part of being a
Paul wrote to the churches to…
5:13 NLT) …serve one another in love.
5:16 NKJV) Confess your trespasses to one another, and pray for one
another, that you may be healed.
It’s through the breaking of bread, through relationship and fellowship
with one another and with Jesus that we know Him better.
:35 the things that had happened on the road
On the road
Time for a musical break…
All this took place as they were walking on the road to Emmaus.
The Bible talks about walking as a way of describing how we live our lives.
NKJV) I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust
of the flesh.
If I live my life under the power and direction of the
Holy Spirit, then I will not give in to the flesh.
I like to walk.
One of the important things I’ve learned in walking is that it’s important
that you stay on the right path if you want to get where you’re headed.
I’ve tried taking shortcuts on my walks, only to find that I’ve walked into
a dead end.
My last challenge to you this morning is this, Are you on the right path? Are you walking with Jesus?
The Greek word translated here as “road” is the same word Jesus used when
14:6 NKJV) Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life.
No one comes to the Father except through Me.
He is the road. He
is the path.
When we walk this road of life, we should walk with Christ, and we also walk
CBS news has a regular segment called “On the road”… Sometimes walking on
the road looks like this:
Little Miles is like those disciples on the road, he had a good reason to
Instead, he decided to pay it forward.
The two disciples also paid if forward by going back and telling their
What are you doing on the road of life?
Are you walking with Jesus?
Are you walking with others?