Romans 15:7-14

Wednesday Evening Bible Study

December 1, 1999


Paul is winding up his letter to the Romans.


:7 Wherefore receive ye one another, as Christ also received us to the glory of God.

Last week we saw how Paul was summing up his encouragement to the church to learn to get along with each other and to accept one another. As we saw last week, we are to follow Jesus’ example. Since He received us, we ought to receive one another. Paul then goes on to talk about how Jesus has received us. All of us. Not just Jews, but even dirty, pagan Gentiles.

:8 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers:

ministerdiakonos – one who executes the commands of another, esp. of a master, a servant, attendant, minister

circumcisionperitome – circumcised; the act or rite of circumcision, "they of the circumcision" is a term used of the Jews

to confirmbebaioo – to make firm, establish, confirm, make sure

promisesepaggelia – announcement; promise

(Rom 15:8 NLT) Remember that Christ came as a servant to the Jews to show that God is true to the promises he made to their ancestors.

Jesus came to the Jews to fulfill the prophecies concerning Him.

:9 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name.

Gentilesethnos – a multitude (whether of men or of beasts) associated or living together; a tribe, nation, people group; Paul uses the term for Gentile Christians

to glorifydoxazo – to think, suppose, be of opinion; to praise, extol, magnify, celebrate; to honour, do honour to, hold in honour; to make glorious, adorn with lustre, clothe with splendour

Take note of all the different words used to describe worship and praise in these next few verses.

mercyeleos – mercy: kindness or good will towards the miserable and the afflicted, joined with a desire to help them

confessexomologeo – to confess; to profess; acknowledge openly and joyfully; to one's honour: to celebrate, give praise to

singpsallo – to pluck off, pull out; to cause to vibrate by touching, to twang; to touch or strike the chord, to twang the strings of a musical instrument so that they gently vibrate; to play on a stringed instrument, to play, the harp, etc.; to sing to the music of the harp; in the NT to sing a hymn, to celebrate the praises of God in song

Sounds like guitar music!

Jesus came also for the Gentiles, so that we Gentiles might give glory to God for His mercy, to save a people that did not belong to Him.

Paul quotes,

Psalms 18:49 Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name.

:10 And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people.

Rejoiceeuphraino – to gladden, make joyful; to be glad, to be merry, to rejoice; to rejoice in, be delighted with a thing. From the words "well" + "mind".

Paul quotes from,

Deuteronomy 32:43 Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people.

:11 And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people.

Praiseaineo – to praise, extol, to sing praises in honour to God

laudepaineo – to approve, to praise

Paul quotes from,

Psalms 117:1 O praise the LORD, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people.

:12 And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust.

trustelpizo – to hope; in a religious sense, to wait for salvation with joy and full confidence; hopefully to trust in. A better translation: "In Him shall the Gentiles hope".

Paul quotes lastly from,

Isaiah 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

The point in quoting these verses is to show that it was always God’s intention that the Gentiles also be included in salvation. There are some theologians, even today, who claim that the idea of Gentiles becoming saved was totally Paul’s idea. They say that it was Paul that made up the idea that Gentiles could be saved. Wrong. It was God’s idea all along.


Receive each other

Verses 8-12 were all meant to reinforce what Paul said in verse 7.

We are to receive each other, accept each other, get along with each other, because Jesus received us.

Jesus set the example of doing what it took to get along with yucky, icky Gentiles. In fact He had planned on getting along with us all along!

We ought to get along with each other too.

:13 Paul’s prayer

:13 Now the God of hope

hopeelpis – expectation of evil, fear; expectation of good, hope. This is the noun form of the verb used in verse 12.


He has what you need.

We saw last week how we need patience, or endurance, to receive hope as we stay in the Scriptures (Rom. 15:4). We then saw that God is the "God of patience". We need patience. He has patience.

We need hope. He has hope.

Go where you’re going to find what you need.

When you need a piece of fine china, to you go to the Auto Parts store?

If you need hope, you need to go to God. It might help getting a new loan, it might help to get counseling for your difficult relationship, but you need to be going to God for the real kind of hope.

There are even stores that ought to have what you need, but when you go there, they don’t have the right thing. We have a certain kind of office supply store near our house, and I don’t even know why I bother to go there, but whenever I do, they never have what I’m looking for.

God always has hope. It’s never on back order.

:13 fill you with all joy and peace in believing,

fillpleroo – to make full, to fill up, i.e. to fill to the full; to cause to abound, to furnish or supply liberally; to render full, i.e. to complete; to fill to the top: so that nothing shall be wanting to full measure, fill to the brim

joychara – joy, gladness

peaceeirene – a state of national tranquillity; peace between individuals, i.e. harmony, concord; of Christianity, the tranquil state of a soul assured of its salvation through Christ, and so fearing nothing from God and content with its earthly lot, of whatsoever sort that is

believingpisteuo – to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in


Joy and peace come through trusting.

We often think of joy as being the result of fortunate circumstances. Good things happen and I’m happy.

God’s kind of joy comes when we are trusting Him.

It doesn’t matter what my circumstances are. I know He’s God. I know He’s in control. I can get excited about waiting to see what He’s going to do. Father always knows best.

We often think of peace as coming when we get rid of all conflict. If I can just get rid of this person who bugs me, I can have a little peace in my life.

God’s kind of peace comes when we are trusting in Him.

I can have peace in the middle of a storm because I know Who is in control. And I’m trusting Him to take care of me.

Have you ever been faced with a huge problem that you couldn’t figure out? And then you called up somebody you trust and asked them to help. When they said, "No problem, I’ll take care of it", it brings a sense of peace because you trust they can handle it. Even when the problem still hasn’t been solved yet, you can have peace because you know Who is handling the problem.

:13 that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.

may aboundperisseuo – to exceed a fixed number of measure, to be left over and above a certain number or measure; to abound, overflow; to be abundantly furnished with, to have in abundance, abound in (a thing), to be in affluence; "Abounding" is used of a flower going from a bud to full bloom.

God doesn’t want you to feel satisfied with just a little bit of hope. He doesn’t believe in pulling into a gas station on empty and being satisfied with just a quarter’s worth of gas. He wants to fill your tank to overflowing with hope.

powerdunamis – strength, power, ability. This is what Jesus promised would be given to us when the Holy Spirit comes upon us:

(Acts 1:8 KJV) But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

In Acts, it’s the power to be witnesses. Here it’s the power to have hope.

Our God is the God of hope. There is no hope apart from Him. Paul prays that this God of hope might fill the Christians with joy and peace in their relationship of trusting Him. The result of God filling us with joy and peace is that the Holy Spirit enables us to overflow with hope.

When I trust God, He gives me joy and peace. The Holy Spirit is able to use the joy and peace to overflow me with hope.



There’s an equation of sorts here to find hope.

Trust + God of hope = joy and peace

Joy and peace + Holy Spirit = hope.

The only thing in the equation that I have any control over is "Trust".

Mark 9:14-29 And when he came to his disciples, he saw a great multitude about them, and the scribes questioning with them. {15} And straightway all the people, when they beheld him, were greatly amazed, and running to him saluted him. {16} And he asked the scribes, What question ye with them? {17} And one of the multitude answered and said, Master, I have brought unto thee my son, which hath a dumb spirit; {18} And wheresoever he taketh him, he teareth him: and he foameth, and gnasheth with his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast him out; and they could not. {19} He answereth him, and saith, O faithless generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him unto me. {20} And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare him; and he fell on the ground, and wallowed foaming. {21} And he asked his father, How long is it ago since this came unto him? And he said, Of a child. {22} And ofttimes it hath cast him into the fire, and into the waters, to destroy him: but if thou canst do any thing, have compassion on us, and help us. {23} Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth. {24} And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief. {25} When Jesus saw that the people came running together, he rebuked the foul spirit, saying unto him, Thou dumb and deaf spirit, I charge thee, come out of him, and enter no more into him. {26} And the spirit cried, and rent him sore, and came out of him: and he was as one dead; insomuch that many said, He is dead. {27} But Jesus took him by the hand, and lifted him up; and he arose. {28} And when he was come into the house, his disciples asked him privately, Why could not we cast him out? {29} And he said unto them, This kind can come forth by nothing, but by prayer and fasting.

Jesus rebuked the "faithless generation" for having a difficulty in trusting Him, but He didn’t rebuke the individual man who admitted he had a problem with believing.

It’s okay to struggle with trusting Him. Just trust Him anyway. Ask Him to help you trust Him.


:14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness

persuadedpeitho – persuad; to be persuaded, to suffer one's self to be persuaded; to be induced to believe: to have faith: in a thing; to trust, have confidence, be confident

full ofmestos – full; in reference to persons, whose minds are as it were filled with thoughts and emotions, either good or bad

goodnessagathosune – uprightness of heart and life, goodness, kindness

I think we sometimes can tend to look at others and question what they’re filled with. Paul was persuaded that they were filled with goodness.


Believe the best.

Paul wasn’t blindly ignorant of the problems in the Roman church. He was aware of the problems:

(Rom 16:17-18 KJV) Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them. {18} For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.

But he didn’t let the problem people spoil his heart towards the rest.

Love …

(1 Cor 13:7 KJV) Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.

:14 filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another.

filled withpleroo – to make full, to fill up, i.e. to fill to the full; to cause to abound, to furnish or supply liberally; to render full, i.e. to complete

knowledgegnosis – knowledge signifies in general intelligence, understanding

abledunamai – to be able, have power whether by virtue of one's own ability and resources, or of a state of mind, or through favourable circumstances, or by permission of law or custom; to be able to do something; to be capable, strong and powerful

to admonishnoutheteo – to admonish, warn, exhort, literally, "to put in mind". It’s a word that can describe much of what we would call "counseling".


You can counsel.

God has given you quite a lot to help others.

I remember seeing studies done on people who were complaining of certain emotional problems and the statistics of recovery for those who used professional counseling as opposed to those who just had some good friends. The rates of recovery were the same.

Now before you go out and start your own counseling clinic, I realize there are limitations here. I think there are certainly times when people will come to us with problems that are way bigger than we’re equipped to handle. There’s nothing wrong with encouraging someone to seek good counsel.

There’s a lot you have to offer:

1. You can listen.

To tell you the truth, most of my "counseling" consists of listening. I have to admit that having the "aura" of being a pastor can make people think you have all the answers, but to tell you the truth, much of what I do is listen.

(James 1:19 KJV) Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:

2. You have God’s Word.

There is incredible wisdom in God’s Word. If you’ll take time to learn it and hide it in your heart, you’ll find that you’ll have lots of very good, practical answers for people in need.

(2 Tim 3:16-17 NLT) All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful to teach us what is true and to make us realize what is wrong in our lives. It straightens us out and teaches us to do what is right. {17} It is God's way of preparing us in every way, fully equipped for every good thing God wants us to do.

3. Relate to them.

Share what God has done for you. It’s not uncommon for you to find that something you’ve learned in your life will apply to the other person. God will use the things in your life to encourage others.

(2 Cor 1:3-4 KJV) Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort; {4} Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God.

When we’ve been comforted by God, we can share that comfort with others.

4. You can pray.

You may not feel like you can find a Bible verse for every situation. You may not even have a clue as to what the person is going through because you’ve lived such a sheltered life.

But you can pray. You can always pray. It’s really not a last resort, it’s our first resort.

(James 5:13-16 KJV) Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms. {14} Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord: {15} And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him. {16} Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.

Keep in mind that in Rom. 15:13, Paul is praying for the Romans!