1Chronicles 13-15

Sunday Evening Bible Study

October 6, 2002

Introduction

David has just been made king over the entire nation of Israel.  Now, his first move is not a political one, but a spiritual one.  He wants his city not only to be the political capital of the nation, but the spiritual one as well.

Now that I’m king …

Lessons about making decisions and making mistakes

David has just been made king over the entire nation of Israel. As king, he’s going to start making some decisions, guiding the nation.

I think that for all of us, we have times in our lives where we learn to make decisions.  There are things in our lives that we have control over, choices that we make.  I may be the head of a Fortune 500 company, or I may be a young child living with my parents, but either way, I will make decisions.  Sometimes I make good decisions, sometimes I make bad ones.

One of the first decisions that David makes concerns that Ark of the Covenant.

This is that wooden box that is covered with gold that contains the stone tablets with the Ten Commandments on them.  It had a solid gold lid on it that was called the “Mercy Seat”.

At one point, it had been the central focal point of Israelite worship. It was supposed to be the place where God would meet with man.

But now, for almost a hundred years, the Ark has sat in the city of Kirjath-jearim, mostly forgotten.

The Israelites had taken the Ark into battle and had lost it to the Philistines. When the Philistines took it home with them, they developed a lot of strange problems and decided to send the Ark back to Israel. It was delivered by two cows pulling a cart. It first arrived at the city of Beth-shemesh, but the people of Beth-shemesh were a curious sort, and when some of them peeked into the Ark, a plague broke out and 50,000 people were killed. The Ark was then taken to Kirjath-jearim, where it has stayed, mostly forgotten.

David has a heart for God. He wants to be close to God. He wants the nation to be close to God. And he comes up with this idea of bringing the Ark home with him to his new capital in Jerusalem.

1Chronicles 13

:1 David consulted with the captains

Lesson

Now that I’m king … Stay Teachable

David took time to listen to counsel.
Just because you’re in charge doesn’t mean that you can’t listen to advice.
When you find yourself in a position where you are the one who is going to make the decision (like being a king), you still need to listen to advice.
We would be foolish if we didn’t pay attention to good advice.
(Prov 12:15 KJV) The way of a fool is right in his own eyes: but he that hearkeneth unto counsel is wise.
(Eccl 5:1 KJV)  Keep thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools: for they consider not that they do evil.

The fool doesn’t stop and think, “Hey, maybe I’ve done something wrong”.

Note: David went to leaders to ask advice.  He went to other people who were experienced in making decisions.
I think there are a lot of people in our lives that we can draw upon for wisdom.  Professional Christian counselors are fine. Parents are good.  Look to people who display God’s wisdom.
It is good to get counsel from several viewpoints, from several counselors
(Prov 11:14 KJV) Where no counsel is, the people fall: but in the multitude of counsellors there is safety.
(Prov 15:22 KJV) Without counsel purposes are disappointed: but in the multitude of counsellors they are established.
(Prov 20:18 KJV) Every purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war.
Yet not everything that will come out of these counseling sessions that David will have will be correct. Some of the decisions were good, some of them were bad.
If David made a mistake here, it was in that he didn’t also ask advice from the Lord.  Later he will correct his mistake by finding the answers in God’s Word.
(Prov 19:21 KJV)  There are many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.
Does God’s Word say something about your situation?

:3 let us bring again the ark …

Saul seemed to be resistant to the things that God wanted to do. David wants to change all that.  What David wants is a good thing.  What David wants is the right thing.

:5 from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hamath,

From the farthest south to the farthest in the north.

:7 they carried the ark of God in a new cart

It seems kind of harmless, putting the Ark on a cart. Yet it will cause great trouble.

Where did they get the idea of putting the Ark on a cart?

The last time someone moved the Ark, about a 100 years ago, the Philistines had put it on an oxcart (1Sam. 6).  The problem is, God designed the Ark to be carried by men, not pulled by oxen.

Lesson

Now that I’m king … Do the right things the right way

It’s not just important to do the right thing, but sometimes it’s also important how we do it.
For example – take the laundry – it’s important to do the laundry, but sometimes it’s also important how you do the laundry:
Illustration
LAUNDRY CRISIS
Copyright 2000 W. Bruce Cameron http://www.wbrucecameron.com
As usual, I’m the one who was blamed for the recent family crisis, even though, as readers of this column well know, I am a sensitive and humble husband who is right pretty much 100 percent of the time. I do admit that when it comes to the system that runs the laundry at the Cameron house, I have been a tad...oblivious. By “system” I mean, of course, my wife, who takes care of washing clothes for the rest of us without complaint—until recently, as you will soon see. My oldest daughter has never mastered the tricky mechanism required to open and shut her dresser drawers, with the result that her clean laundry winds up right where my wife has stacked it—on the bed, where it tips onto the floor and mingles with the dirty clothes residing there. “I have nothing to wear!” she’ll shriek every once in awhile, despite the fact that she is standing ankle deep in her entire wardrobe. When I get tired of this ransacked condition and advise her she can’t go to a friend’s party until her room is cleaned up, ignoring her claim that “these are the most important people in my life I PROMISED I’d be there,” she’ll take care of the problem by gathering up everything and trucking it down to the laundry room, even if my wife just washed it that very day. For my youngest daughter, the issue is the competency of the laundress. “I told you that this blouse has to be washed separately,” she’ll scold. “You’re supposed to soak it in rain water and then dry it with cotton balls!” Apparently everything she owns was hand-sewn by movie stars out of butterfly silk, and my wife is constantly “ruining” things by not treating them with gentle cycles and soft murmurs. My son never gripes about clothes—as far as he is concerned, the laundry area could be converted into a video game room. He generally wears the same outfit until it becomes toxic; the EPA has been to our house twice to see if his clothing should be awarded Superfund status. Often, peering at the condition of his attire, I realize he has more dirt on him than I have in my yard. Cleaning his apparel causes the washing machine to make a grinding, gritty noise, as if sand has gotten into the bearings. Against all this, my complaint seems a pretty mild irritant: I’ve begun noticing that whatever wash cycle she is employing, my wife is causing my pants to shrink around the waist. “You’re shrinking them so bad, I can barely button them,” I grumble. “Look at this!” She regards me wearily. “Those are new pants. I haven’t even washed them yet,” she advises. “What’s your point?” I demand. Sometimes she can’t seem to stay focused. “Meaning, I couldn’t have done anything to shrink them. They came like that.” “Defective trousers?” I sputter. How much more am I supposed to endure? She pokes me lightly in the stomach. “No, they’re the right size,” she claims. “So you did shrink them!” I accuse. Now, even though all I am doing is serving in my prosecutorial capacity as the man of the family, she completely over-reacts. “You know what? You’re right. I must not know what I am doing. So from now on, everyone in the family has to wash their own clothes. I am through doing laundry!” At first I believe this is a bluff. Each of us have our family responsibilities, after all—for her not to take care of the clothes would be like me no longer bothering to decide what we will watch on television. But when, after a few days, it becomes apparent that she has no intention of calling off her unauthorized labor action, I summon the children for an emergency session of arguing over who should take over laundry duties. We decide on a system based on blame and denial. This leads to a minor disaster in which everyone’s clothing somehow becomes pink, and a demand from my children, “How are you going to get Mom back in the laundry business?” I don’t know, but I suspect it will involve a lot of chocolate.

The Cameron Column, a free Internet newsletter; copyright W. Bruce Cameron 2000

God isn’t just concerned that we do the right things.
He is also concerned how we do it and why we do it.
Paul wrote,
(1 Cor 13:1-3 NLT) If I could speak in any language in heaven or on earth but didn't love others, I would only be making meaningless noise like a loud gong or a clanging cymbal. {2} If I had the gift of prophecy, and if I knew all the mysteries of the future and knew everything about everything, but didn't love others, what good would I be? And if I had the gift of faith so that I could speak to a mountain and make it move, without love I would be no good to anybody. {3} If I gave everything I have to the poor and even sacrificed my body, I could boast about it; but if I didn't love others, I would be of no value whatsoever.

God is concerned that all we do is done in love.  If we don’t do things in love, they are worthless.

Is there an issue in your life of doing the “right thing”?
God is concerned with how you do it and why you do it.

(Prov 12:18 NASB)  There is one who speaks rashly like the thrusts of a sword, But the tongue of the wise brings healing.

It’s not just what you say, but how you say it that counts.

:10 anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzza

Why? Because he, being a sinner, put his hand on the Ark, which was holy.

One commentator wrote (K&D) - “he had no idea of the unapproachable holiness of the ark of God, and had to expiate his offense with his life, as a warning to all the Israelites.”

You might ask me, “Well, would it have been better if Uzza had let the ark fall off?”

Actually Uzza was in a “no-win” situation. The problem started long before the cart started to wobble.  The moment they put the ark on an oxcart, they were headed for trouble.

Lesson

Now that I’m king … Respect God’s Holiness

Holiness is that quality about God describing His absolute purity, glory, power, and absence of sin.
Lev.9:22 - 10:3 Nadab and Abihu. The tabernacle had just been set up, God sent fire upon the sacrifice, and Nadab and Abihu thought they as priests needed to be doing something. They rushed into the Holy of Holies to offer some kind of unprescribed incense, and were killed instantly.  They were out of order.
We will find that the closer we get to God, to more we realize that we aren’t like Him at all.
We down here on earth really have no idea what it is to be holy. It's getting so bad, that people now even have the gall to say that man is basically good.
The difference between us and God in holiness:
It's like being invited to a dinner party. You open the door and every body is dressed extremely formally. You think you're at a fashion show. Then you look at yourself and realize that you wore your dirty overalls and are covered with grease and dirt from changing your car's oil that afternoon, you're filthy, slimy, and you stink.
Jesus told a story about this:
(Mat 22:2-14 KJV)  The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son, {3} And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come. {4} Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage. {5} But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise: {6} And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them. {7} But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city. {8} Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy. {9} Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. {10} So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests. {11} And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment: {12} And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless. {13} Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. {14} For many are called, but few are chosen.
God is going to have a wedding feast one day.  You’ll have to be dressed appropriately to get in the door.  If you are counting on wearing what you have on right now, you’re going to have a problem. 
You need new clothes.  You need new clothes that have been washed correctly, by someone who knows how to do the laundry.  The Bible tells us that when Jesus died on the cross, He paid for our sins and made it possible for us to be clean. The Bible tells us that the blood of Jesus cleanses us from all sin.

It’s only with Jesus that we have the right clothes for God’s wedding feast.

:11 David was displeased

NASB - "David became angry"

Lesson

Now that I’m king … Don’t be angry at what you don’t understand

It’s funny how we can get angry with God when things go wrong, when the actual fault doesn’t lie with God, but in us because we are being disobedient.
David was angry at God for Uzzah dying, yet David actually owned part of the blame because he has been moving the Ark improperly.
Sometimes anger comes not just because we don’t understand what God is doing, but because we don’t take time to understand each other.
(Prov 18:13 KJV) He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.
Be careful not to overreact and do something stupid.
Illustration
A couple of New Jersey hunters are out in the woods when one of them falls to the ground. He doesn’t seem to be breathing, his eyes are rolled back in his head. “The other guy whips out his cell phone and calls the emergency services. He gasps to the operator: ‘My friend is dead! What can I do?’ “The operator, in a calm, soothing voice, says: ‘Just take it easy. I can help. First, let’s make sure he’s dead.’ “There is a silence, then a shot is heard. The guy’s voice comes back on the line. He says: ‘OK, now what?’
I think we ought to be careful that we don’t end up shooting each other, especially if we’ve misunderstood each other.
A king needs to learn to understand. It will take David three months, but he will find out that they made a mistake in trying to move the Ark by oxcart.

:13 David brought not the ark home to himself

Lesson

Now that I’m king … Don’t let difficult times drive you away from the Lord.

We can get discouraged, but we need to keep pressing on.
David’s desire had been to bring the Ark home so he could be closer to God, and now he is temporarily abandoning that hope.

:14 the LORD blessed the house of Obededom,

Obed-edom was a Levite, from the family of Korah, whose responsibility it was to take care of the ark of the covenant. (1Chron.26:4)

The parallel passage states:

(2 Sam 6:11 KJV) And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.

Just how did God bless Obededom? How could David tell that God had blessed him?

(1 Chr 26:4-5 KJV) Moreover the sons of Obededom were, Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel the fifth, {5} Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth: for God blessed him.
God blessed Obededom with lots of kids.  I wonder if Obededom’s wife and daughters-in-law didn’t all become pregnant while the Ark was at his house.

Lesson

Now that I’m king … Let God bless you!

Sometimes we can get a little frightened with the power of God. Sometimes we go through difficult times and can think, “If this is what I get for following the Lord, I’m not sure I’m going to do this!”
Beloved, it is the right thing to follow the Lord.
There are great blessings in following the Lord.
Jesus said,
(John 10:10 KJV)  The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.
We had a wedding yesterday.  It was a wonderful time.  There was even a wedding feast filled with guests who were dressed for the occasion.
But it all started last May when a guy named Caleb asked a gal named Kim to marry him.  He was in love.  He wanted her to be with him forever.  After he asked her, she responded by saying, “Yes”.
Jesus is in love with you.  He wants you to live with Him forever.  He wants you to come to His wedding feast.  Will you say “Yes”?

Now that I’m king … I realize that there is another King.  He invites me to come and follow Him.

1Chronicles 14

:1 Hiram king of Tyre …to build him an house

These were the Phoenicians. They were famous for their building skills.  Hiram was also the king the Solomon worked with in building the temple (1Kings 5).

In the Near East, it was considered essential for a king to build his own royal palace to authenticate his kingdom.

:2 David perceived that the LORD had confirmed him king over Israel,

Lesson

Seeing what God has done.

It’s after this point, after he has been made king, after a palace has been built for him, that it begins to sink in to David.
He is king over Israel.
I think it’s interesting to contrast David with Absalom, who felt he ought to be king before he was.
With David, it doesn’t dawn on him until after he’s king.

I like that.

:3 David took more wives

Also important for a king to do in those days was to establish a large harem of wives and concubines.  Sometimes wives were taken as a form of political treaty with another nation.  The idea was that the other king wouldn't come and attack you because his daughter was your wife.  We know that David did this at least once, his son Absalom was born by his wife Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur (2Sam.3:3).

This action of David's, taking more wives was expressly forbidden by the Lord.

David had at least seven wives by this time already (six mentioned in 2Sam.3:2-5 plus Michal).

Deuteronomy 17:14-20 - God's laws for the king.

Deuteronomy 17:17 Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.

:8 all the Philistines went up to seek David.

They weren’t seeking his friendship, even though David has been friends with the Philistines.

They’ve come to attack.

Lesson

The enemy is ready to attack.

Sometimes it seems to come after those “high points”, like being anointed king.

:9 valley of Rephaim

giants” - Located a few miles southwest of Jerusalem.

:10  David enquired … Shall I go up …

David didn’t assume that he should face the Philistines.

Lesson

Enquiring of God

How did David enquire of God?
We don’t really know for sure.  It may have had something to do with priests, ephods, prophets, things like the Urim and Thummim, perhaps even the Ark.  How this worked we aren’t sure.
How do we “enquire of God”?
We need to be going to the Word of God.

(2 Tim 3:16-17 KJV)  All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: {17} That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.

This is our best source for guidance in life.

There may be times when we feel that God is speaking to our heart.

We need to be careful that it lines up with Scripture.

It would be a wise thing to have your thought “tested” – check it out with another person – get wise counsel

(1 Cor 14:29 KJV)  Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge.

(1 John 4:1 KJV)  Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.

:11 Baal-perazim

“Lord of the breakthrough”, God broke through the enemy like flood waters.

Lesson

Remember God’s deliverance.

Because God had done such a great deliverance, David named the place for the victory.
Every time someone would go by that valley and ask, “What is this place”, they would hear the answer, “Baal-perazim”.  If that person said, “What do you mean, “Lord of the Breakthrough?” they would hear the story of God’s deliverance.
It’s good to remind ourselves of God’s deliverances in our lives.  Write them down. 
Remember.  It will encourage you during the times you face new trials.
When David himself faced Goliath, he did so remembering how God had delivered him from earlier problems...
I Samuel 17:34-37 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock:  And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered [it] out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught [him] by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.  Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.  David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.

:12 burned with fire

David here was following what the scripture said should be done with idols.

Deuteronomy 7:5 But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.

Lesson

Leave the old life behind

You don’t need to make a museum for your old nature.  Get rid of the stuff that used to make you sin.

:13  the Philistines yet again spread …

The enemy keeps coming back

:14 Go not up … come upon them …

Don’t put God in a box

God may want to do a new thing.

Lesson

Don’t second guess God’s answer.

Here is David getting attacked again by the Philistines.  Why bother asking God?  Why not just do what God said last time?
Sometimes we find ourselves in trouble, and we go to God for help.  He tells us what to do, we do it, and we’re delivered.
But when the same situation occurs again, we often don’t bother asking God for help.  After all, plan “A” worked the first time, it will work again.  But God might have a plan “B” in mind.
Pulpit Commentary:  “God will have his people entirely dependent upon himself, and not upon past experiences.”
Isaiah wrote,
(Isa 43:18-19 KJV)  Remember ye not the former things, neither consider the things of old. {19} Behold, I will do a new thing; now it shall spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.

:15 a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees

God was going to give David a signal to start fighting.  The sound was going to be like that of an army marching, coming from the tops of the trees.  I believe God was sending His angelic army into the battle because God was going to fight this battle.

:16  David therefore did as God commanded him

It’s important to get God’s instructions and then obey them.

Lesson

Do what He says.

David didn’t just hear, he did.
James 1:22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.

:16 Gibeon even to Gazer

Two cities located northwest of Jerusalem, the distance between them about 15 miles.

1Chronicles 15

:1  prepared a place for the ark

Why didn’t David do this the first time? Hmmm.

It would seem that David must have been just planning on bringing in the ark and waiting until he got to Jerusalem before figuring out what to do with it.

Or perhaps he was planning on keeping it in his living room.

But this time he’s not taking anything for granted.

Lesson

Be prepared

Illustration
A Scout Master was teaching his boy scouts about survival in the desert. “What are the three most important things you should bring with you in case you get lost in the desert?” he asked. Several hands went up, and many important things were suggested such as food, matches, etc. Then one little boy in the back eagerly raised his hand. “Yes Timmy, what are the three most important things you would bring with you?” asked the Scout Master. Timmy replied: “A compass, a canteen of water, and a deck of cards.” “Why’s that, Timmy?” “Well,” answered Timmy, “the compass is to find the right direction, the water is to prevent dehydration...” “And what about the deck of cards?” asked the Scout Master impatiently. “Well, sir, as soon as you start playing Solitaire, someone is bound to come up behind you and say, ‘Put that red nine on top of that black ten!’”
Actually, this is a pretty important lesson in life.
If you aim at nothing, you’ll surely hit it.
Do you know where you’re going?

How are you going to get there?

Solomon wrote,
(Prov 6:6-11 NLT)  Take a lesson from the ants, you lazybones. Learn from their ways and be wise! {7} Even though they have no prince, governor, or ruler to make them work, {8} they labor hard all summer, gathering food for the winter. {9} But you, lazybones, how long will you sleep? When will you wake up? I want you to learn this lesson: {10} A little extra sleep, a little more slumber, a little folding of the hands to rest-- {11} and poverty will pounce on you like a bandit; scarcity will attack you like an armed robber.

:1  pitched for it a tent

David would eventually want to build a temple, but for now he makes a tent for the Ark.  Moses’ Tabernacle is still being used, and was located at Gibeon at this time.

:2  … for them hath the Lord chosen to carry the ark …

How did David know what the Lord wanted? 

Somebody took the time to read the Scriptures.

(Deu 10:8 KJV)  At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister unto him, and to bless in his name, unto this day.

Lesson

Learn from your mistakes

Illustration
John received a parrot for his birthday. This parrot was fully grown with a bad attitude and worse vocabulary. Every other word was an expletive. Those that weren’t expletives were, to say the least, rude. John tried hard to change the bird’s attitude and was constantly saying polite words, playing soft music, anything he could think of. Nothing. He yelled at the bird and it got worse. He shook the bird; it got madder and ruder. Finally, in a moment of desperation, John put the parrot in the freezer. For a few moments he heard the bird squawking and kicking and screaming expletives, then suddenly there was quiet. Frightened that he might have actually hurt the bird, he quickly opened the freezer door. The parrot calmly stepped out onto John’s extended arm and said, “I’m sorry that I might have offended you with my language and actions and ask for your forgiveness. I will endeavor to correct my behavior.” Astounded at the bird’s change, John was about to ask what had brought this about when the parrot continued, “May I ask what the chicken did?”
We need to learn from our mistakes. But I find that sometimes the hard thing is determining just what the mistake was.
We might be tempted to think that Uzzah made a mistake in touching the Ark.
The actual mistake was in putting the Ark on an oxcart.  The actual mistake took place long before Uzzah reached out to steady the Ark.

:5-10  KohathMerariGershom

These were the main three families of the Levites

Elizaphan, Hebron, Uzziel were all families within the family of Kohath.

David chooses 6 leaders (4 from Kohath) and 862 helpers (512 of Kohath).

:11  Zadok and Abiathar

David continues the priesthood.  Descendants from Aaron.

:12  sanctify (consecrate) yourselves

sanctifyqadash (kaw-dash') - to be clean, ceremonially and morally.  Set aside for the worship of God.  Kept separate from the world's defilement.  A possession of God.

It's like my toothbrush.  I'm the only one who uses it.  Yuck! if anyone else uses it.  It's sanctified unto me.  For my exclusive use.

The Levites were to be "sanctified" before their serving.

I Peter 1:13-16  Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;  As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:  But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;  Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

We too, just like the Levites, are to be holy, because our Father is holy.

:13  we sought him not after the due order

(1 Chr 15:13 NLT) …We failed to ask God how to move it in the proper way."

(1 Chr 15:13 NASB) …we did not seek Him according to the ordinance."

(1 Chr 15:13 NKJV) …we did not consult Him about the proper order."

Lesson

God’s ways are orderly

It seems that sometimes God has ways about doing things.
In the church, when we spend time exercising the gifts of the Spirit, there needs to be order.  Paul gives us some instruction:
(1 Cor 14:26-33 KJV)  How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying. {27} If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course; and let one interpret. {28} But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God.

Earlier, Paul had said that when a person speaks out loud with a tongue, and there is no interpretation, that the church isn’t built up.  There needs to be interpretation when tongues are used out loud in a group.  Otherwise it’s just noise.

{29} Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge.

There’s a limit to the number of prophets.  There needs to be “judgment”.

{30} If any thing be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace. {31} For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be comforted.

When you are in a group that is allowing folks to speak, make your point and let others have a chance to speak as well.  Give everyone a chance. 

I don’t think this means that the teacher is supposed to stop his teaching either.  That is another type of setting.

{32} And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.

Some people claim that they lose control under the power of the Holy Spirit.  Not so.  You have the ability to control what comes out of your mouth.

{33} For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.

God doesn’t do the “confusion” thing.

(1 Cor 14:40 KJV)  Let all things be done decently and in order.

There is an order to things.

:15  upon their shoulders

According to God's Word.

Numbers 7:6-9 And Moses took the wagons and the oxen, and gave them unto the Levites.  Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto the sons of Gershon, according to their service:  And four wagons and eight oxen he gave unto the sons of Merari, according unto their service, under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.  But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none: because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them [was that] they should bear upon their shoulders.

I imagine that this was kind of a scary thing after what happened to Uzzah.  I wonder how many volunteers David had to carry the Ark.

:16  David spake … to appoint … singers

to appoint amad – (Hiphil)  to station, set; to cause to stand firm, maintain; to cause to stand up, cause to set up, erect; to present (one) before (king); to appoint, ordain, establish

There was direction in worship

The leaders were to appoint the singers.  It wasn’t “whoever wants to sing …”

:16  by lifting up the voice with joy

(to raise sounds of joy)

Worship should be characterized by joy.

Though there is a place for sad-sounding songs (Psalms has lots of them), the overall tone of worship should be one of joy.

To the musicians:  I think that we set the mood.  We need to be careful to pick joyful songs, and we need to keep ourselves in the joy of the Lord.

Why joy?

Psalms 16:11 Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence [is] fulness of joy; at thy right hand [there are] pleasures for evermore.

If we find ourselves truly in God's presence, then we will truly be surrounded with joy.
We’re going to see in Philippians that you can have joy even in tough times.

:17  Heman, the son of Joel

1Chron.6:33 - Heman was the grandson of Samuel the prophet.

Again, as mentioned with 1Chron.6:33, I think it's neat that though Samuel's sons didn't walk with the Lord, he had a grandson that took after his grandfather!

:17  Asaph the son of Berechiah

Asaph became the head of the musicians.

I Chronicles 16:5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obed-edom: and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps; but Asaph made a sound with cymbals;

I Chronicles 16:37  So he left there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD Asaph and his brethren, to minister before the ark continually, as every day's work required:

The ministry of music fell to Asaph and his descendants.

I Chronicles 25:1 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:

Asaph wrote a twelve psalms. (Ps.50, 73-83)

Psalms 50:1 {A Psalm of Asaph.}

Psalms 73:1 {A Psalm of Asaph.}

Psalms 74:1 {Maschil of Asaph.}

Psalms 75:1 {To the chief Musician, Al-taschith, A Psalm [or] Song of Asaph.}

Psalms 76:1 {To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song of Asaph.}

Psalms 77:1 {To the chief Musician, to Jeduthun, A Psalm of Asaph.}

Psalms 78:1 {Maschil of Asaph.}

Psalms 79:1 {A Psalm of Asaph.}

Psalms 80:1 {To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim-Eduth, A Psalm of Asaph.}

Psalms 81:1 {To the chief Musician upon Gittith, [A Psalm] of Asaph.}

Psalms 82:1 {A Psalm of Asaph.}  

Psalms 83:1 {A Song [or] Psalm of Asaph.}

:18 and Obededom, and Jeiel, the porters.

portersshow‘er – gatekeeper, porter

:19 to sound with cymbals of brass;

to soundshama– (Hiphil)  to cause to hear, tell, proclaim, utter a sound; to sound aloud (musical term)

cymbals[email protected] – cymbals

brass[email protected] – copper, bronze

:20  with psalteries on Alamoth;

psalteriesnebel – a skin-bag, jar, pitcher; harp, lute, guitar, musical instrument

These “harps” were a neck at an angle to the body of the instrument.

Alamoth  Alamowth – from almah – virgin, young woman; young women, soprano?; a term in psalm heading-Alamoth

:21  with harps on the Sheminith to excel

harpskinnowr – lyre, harp (from a unused root meaning to twang)

These “lyres” had a body, two arms, a crossbar, and were strung from the body to the crossbar.

Sheminith[email protected] – from [email protected] – eighth (ordinal number); perhaps an eight-stringed musical instrument; perhaps a musical notation, i.e. an octave

Another possibility could be a translation of “fat, dull, heavy”, meaning the “dull, heavy range” (ie. bass guitar?)

to excelnatsach – to excel, be bright, be preeminent, be perpetual, be overseer, be enduring; (Piel) to act as overseer or superintendent or director or chief

This was the “lead” instrument.

:22  Chenaniah … because he was skilful

Chenaniah[email protected] – “Jehovah establishes”

Lesson

Skill is important in music

There is a place in music ministry for skill.
He taught people how to sing, he didn’t just do all the singing by himself, but helped others to sing.  Interesting for a worship leader.

:24 did blow with the trumpets

blowchatsar – to sound a trumpet

trumpets[email protected] – trumpet, clarion

This was done ceremonially as prescribed in God's Word.

Numbers 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I [am] the LORD your God.

:24 Obededom and Jehiah were doorkeepers for the ark.

doorkeepersshow‘er – gatekeeper, porter

This was also mentioned back in verse 18:  and Obededom, and Jeiel, the porters.

This is all describing a procession, and the order was probably something like this:

The singers and players in front, in three divisions

Chenaniah, chief singer

Two doorkeepers

Priests with trumpets

Ark

Two doorkeepers

King, elders, captains of thousands.

:25  out of the house of Obededom with joy.

Lesson

Stay connected

Even though the ark would no longer be at Obededom’s house, notice how he’s staying connected with it.
He can’t get enough of the Lord.

:26  when God helped the Levites

(NASB - "because God was helping the Levites...they sacrificed)

God never asks us to do something that He doesn't then give us the ability or strength to do it.

God helps us in our service to Him.

Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of [his] good pleasure.

Are you feeling overwhelmed by something that God has laid before you?

I Thessalonians 5:24 Faithful [is] he that calleth you, who also will do [it].

:27  David [was] clothed with a robe of fine linen

There’s a been suggestions made that David had been dancing naked before the Lord.

II Samuel 6:20  Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!

What she was saying was that David was making a fool of himself by being an exhibitionist in his zeal, not that he was naked, but that his actions were “below someone of his class”.

:27  David also [had] upon him an ephod of linen

A priest’s garment, it was a vest that covered your tunic.

This was not the high priest’s ephod though.  It was also made of linen, but had gold, blue, purple, and red woven into it, with precious stones decorating it.  (Ex.28:4-12)

David is a type of Jesus.  Both priest and king.  A priest after the order of Melchizedek, not of the line of Levi (Heb.6:20; 7:14,15)

:29  David dancing and playing

(NASB - “saw David leaping and making merry”)

Apparently the word “dancing” describes a dance in a circle, probably like what we think of as “Hebrew folk dancing”.

Not ballroom dancing.  Not square dancing.  Not disco dancing.  Nothing “sensual” or erotic about this kind of dancing.

:29  she despised him in her heart

Lesson

Don’t miss out

Perhaps Michal had very good reasons why she should be upset at David.
Even though she loved David at one point in her life, she could make a point at saying that David ruined her life.
Also, she has her ideas of what a king should act like by what she saw in her father.

But David is not her father.  And her father really wasn’t the best of role models for her to be following.  David is the man “after God’s heart”, not Saul.

But she’s missing out on one of the most wonderful things to have happened in a long time.
Don’t let bitterness or misunderstandings cause you to miss out on what God is wanting to do.