Evening Bible Study
anointed to be the first king, but through Saul’s continued disobedience to
God’s commands, God has told Saul that he will no
anointed the next king, a young man named David.
As God used
David to bring victory over the Philistines, Saul began to grow insanely
jealous, to the point of trying to have David killed.
Play Map to En Gedi
David is now a man on the run. He’s
been hiding out in the deserts of Judah, and last we saw, he had headed over to
the oasis at En Gedi.
:1 Now it happened, when Saul had returned from
following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, “Take note! David is
in the Wilderness of En Gedi.”
:1 En Gedi
– “spring of the young goat”
En Gedi is located on the coast of the Dead
Sea. The area all around the Dead Sea is
nothing but desert. There is a spring
that flows into a narrow canyon at En Gedi.
Play “Ein Gedi small” clip
You can see why David would hide out here.
It’s a beautiful place in the middle of a desert. It is also filled with all sorts of caves and
:2 Then Saul took three
thousand chosen men from all Israel, and went to seek David and his men on the
Rocks of the Wild Goats.
David is outnumbered five-to-one. He
has six hundred, Saul has three thousand.
Which group has the advantage?
:3 So he came to the sheepfolds by the road, where
there was a cave; and Saul went in to attend to his needs. ( David and his men were staying in the recesses of the
:3 to attend to his needs
Old King James reads “to cover his feet”.
This is a
nice way to say that he is going to the bathroom.
:3 the cave
The canyon that you can hike through at En Gedi
does have what used to be a huge cave at the end. The roof collapsed and now
there’s no cave, just a waterfall
called the “David Waterfall”.
Play En Gedi 2011 clip.
There are also lots of other caves all up in the hills.
:4 Then the men
of David said to him, “This is the day of which the Lord said to you, ‘Behold, I will deliver your enemy into
your hand, that you may do to him as it seems good to you.’ ” And David arose
and secretly cut off a corner of Saul’s robe.
:4 This is the day
Be careful about advice
Last week we talked about how important it is to listen to advice.
(Pr 12:15 NKJV) The way of
a fool is right in his own eyes, But he who
heeds counsel is wise.
David’s men are now giving him some more advice.
Apparently there had been some sort of prophetic word concerning David’s
David’s men encourage him to take advantage of the situation and kill Saul.
Even though David’s men have David’s best interests in mind, they aren’t
always the ones giving David good advice.
It seems that more often than not, David receives bad advice from his
Even well-meaning people can be telling you the wrong thing. Even well-meaning people
who seem to be basing their advice on God’s Word.
In the end, you
are the one accountable to listen to advice, weigh it, and make your choice.
Going to a pastor, counselor, or friend for advice doesn’t get you off the
hook to make a good decision.
:5 Now it happened
afterward that David’s heart troubled him because he had cut Saul’s robe.
It seems that David starts off intending to do something to Saul. When he finds Saul’s robe, he cuts a piece of
it off, but that’s as far as he goes.
David has a sensitive conscience.
Even though he is following some pretty sensible advice, his heart is
sensitive enough to notice that he’s doing the wrong thing.
:6 And he said to his men, “The Lord
forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the Lord’s anointed, to stretch out my hand against him, seeing
he is the anointed of the Lord.”
:6 the Lord’s anointed
David sees Saul as “the LORD’S anointed”, God’s chosen king.
Yet ironically, you could make a point for David being the Lord’s
anointed. After all, he has been
“anointed” by Samuel, just like Saul.
Touch not the Lord’s anointed
I have to admit this concept has been used and abused much, particularly in
the more charismatic ministries, where leaders and pastors are considered to be
This phrase is usually used when somebody in ministry is being questioned
about their practices or is being accused of something.
But for David,
this meant not killing Saul.
confront Saul. Saul will be convicted
about his actions. But David won’t kill
:7 So David restrained his
servants with these words, and did not allow them to rise against Saul.
And Saul got up from the cave and went on his way.
:8 David also arose afterward, went out of the
cave, and called out to Saul, saying, “My lord the king!” And when Saul looked
behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed down.
:8 David stooped … and bowed down
Even after Saul has been trying to kill David, David still treats Saul with
nothing but the greatest respect.
I have seen both in the church as well as out in the business world where a
subordinate gets this idea that they’re just like “David”. They feel that somehow they are the
“anointed” one, the “real” leader that everyone should be following.
Instead of acting with respect toward their “Saul”, they do everything they
can to cut Saul up into pieces.
If God has indeed called you to be a leader, then God will promote you
without you having to stick a knife in someone’s back.
Be a person of integrity.
:9 And David said to Saul:
“Why do you listen to the words of men who say, ‘Indeed David seeks your harm’?
O Lord my God,
in You I put my trust; Save me from all those who persecute me; And deliver me,
:10 Look, this day your eyes have seen that the Lord delivered you today into my hand
in the cave, and someone urged me to kill you. But my eye
spared you, and I said, ‘I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he
is the Lord’s anointed.’
:11 Moreover, my father, see! Yes, see the corner
of your robe in my hand! For in that I cut off the corner of your robe, and did
not kill you, know and see that there is neither evil nor rebellion in
my hand, and I have not sinned against you. Yet you hunt my life to take it.
:12 Let the Lord
judge between you and me, and let the Lord
avenge me on you. But my hand shall not be against you.
:12 my hand shall not be against
David has never done anything to hurt Saul, yet Saul has continually tried
to hurt David. And now David has
returned Saul’s continual attacks with kindness.
Paying back evil with good
David is giving us a good example of what Paul taught about:
12:17–21 NKJV) —17
Repay no one evil for evil. Have regard for good things in the sight of
all men. 18 If it is
possible, as much as depends on you, live peaceably with all men. 19 Beloved, do not
avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance
is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20 Therefore “If your enemy is hungry, feed
him; If he is thirsty, give him a drink; For in so
doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.” 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome
evil with good.
David is not giving Saul what Saul has been giving David.
David is letting God take care of handling Saul.
:13 As the proverb of the
ancients says, ‘Wickedness proceeds from the wicked.’ But my hand shall not be
:13 Wickedness proceeds from the
David is saying that he, David, must not be wicked because he is not doing
Confront with the truth
David is putting the truth right in front of Saul.
4:14–15 NKJV) —14
that we should no longer be children, tossed to and fro and carried
about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in the cunning
craftiness of deceitful plotting, 15 but, speaking the truth in love, may grow up in
all things into Him who is the head—Christ—
We all have a chance to grow up a little when we are
learning to speak and listen to the truth.
Just because you speak the truth doesn’t magically make
everything better. The other person has
to be open to listening to the truth, but at least you’ve done your part.
I’m not saying that the conflict with David and Saul is
just a small understanding, but too often little misunderstandings become big
problems because we simply don’t talk about what’s going on and discuss the
Too often we listen to the wrong ideas and make wrong
assumptions, and that gets us into trouble.
:14 After whom has the king
of Israel come out? Whom do you pursue? A dead dog? A flea?
David is saying that he’s about as harmful to Saul as a dead dog or a flea.
:15 Therefore let the Lord be judge, and judge between you and me, and see and
plead my case, and deliver me out of your hand.”
:16 So it was, when David had finished speaking
these words to Saul, that Saul said, “Is this your voice, my son David?”
And Saul lifted up his voice and wept.
Saul seems to be convicted about the things that David has been saying.
David has temporarily overcome evil with good.
I think this is a sample of what Paul (and Solomon) meant by “heaping burning
coals on their head”.
:17 Then he said to David: “You are more
righteous than I; for you have rewarded me with good, whereas I have rewarded
you with evil.
:18 And you have shown this day how you have dealt well with me; for when
the Lord delivered me into your
hand, you did not kill me.
:19 For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him
get away safely? Therefore may the Lord
reward you with good for what you have done to me this day.
:20 And now I know indeed that you shall surely be
king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand.
It seems that Saul has known that David would one day be king, but he had
been fighting against the truth.
:21 Therefore swear now to me by the Lord that you will not cut off my
descendants after me, and that you will not destroy my name from my father’s
It was a common thing when a person became king to kill all the descendants
of the previous king to keep there from being any competition for the throne.
:22 So David swore to Saul. And Saul went home,
but David and his men went up to the stronghold.
:22 David and his men went up to
Play En Gedi to Masada clip.
It might be that David went to Masada.
stronghold – matsuwd – fastness, stronghold (Masada)
Watching for repentance
Saul has been sorry before … before trying to kill David again.
David doesn’t take this apology from Saul and go back to work as Saul’s
Sometimes we get confused with apologies, repentance, forgiveness, and
We are taught that the Christian response to an apology is to forgive the
And that’s correct.
We no longer need to hold a grudge, or should seek revenge
Forgiveness doesn’t necessarily mean that we go back to the way things
The person who apologizes may mean well and intend to
change, but until they do change and show that they are actually making right
choices, I think there’s a place to put some distance between you and them.
Saul goes one way, David goes another.
Paul gave us a good standard to measure the sincerity of a person’s
(2 Co 7:11
NLT) Just see
what this godly sorrow produced in you! Such earnestness, such concern to clear
yourselves, such indignation, such alarm, such longing to see me, such zeal,
and such a readiness to punish wrong. You showed that you have done everything
necessary to make things right.
When you are being abused by another person, sometimes it
is not the right thing to just “turn the other cheek”. There’s nothing wrong with making choices for
yours or your family’s safety and watch for true repentance.
It’s a good thing that David separates from Saul. This won’t be the last time that Saul pursues
David. He will try to kill David one more
time (1Sam. 26).
25:1 Samuel Dies
:1 Then Samuel died; and the Israelites gathered
together and lamented for him, and buried him at his home in Ramah. And David
arose and went down to the Wilderness of Paran.
:1 lamented for him
This morning we were reading this Psalm of David. It made me wonder if it might have been
written when Samuel died.
12:1–2 ESV) —1 Save, O Lord, for the godly one is
gone; for the faithful have vanished from among the children of man.
utters lies to his neighbor; with flattering lips and a double heart they
:1 the Wilderness of Paran
– “the place of caverns”
An area far to the south.
25:2-44 David, Nabal, and Abigail
:2 Now there was a man in Maon whose business was in Carmel, and the man was
very rich. He had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And he was
shearing his sheep in Carmel.
Play Masada to Carmel
David was in Maon in last week’s study (1Sam. 23:24-25) when he was
running from Saul.
Carmel is an area near Maon. Don’t confuse this with Carmel in the north
on the coast. Or with
the one in northern California.
:2 three thousand sheep …
He is a wealthy man.
:3 The name of the man was
Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail. And she
was a woman of good understanding and beautiful appearance; but the man was
harsh and evil in his doings. He was of the house of Caleb.
– Nabal (naw-bawl) – “fool”
Do you remember Gayle talking about the significance of a person’s
name? Sometimes a name is a pretty good
indication of a person’s character. This
is one of the best instances where that is true.
Don’t be a fool
The book of Proverbs has a lot to say about “fools”, the English word is
found 78 times!
There are several words for “fool” in the Hebrew. The type of “fool” that Nabal is NOT is “stupid”, the guy with a lot of air between
the ears. He probably was not blonde.
The Blonde and the Lawyer
A blonde and a
lawyer are seated next to each other on a flight from LA to NY. The lawyer asks
if she would like to play a fun game? The blonde,
tired, just wants to take a nap, politely declines and rolls over to the window
to catch a few winks. The lawyer persists and explains that the game is easy
and a lot of fun. He explains, “I ask you a question, and if you don’t know the
answer, you pay me $5.00, and vise versa. Again, she declines and tries to get
some sleep. The lawyer, now agitated, says, “Okay, if you don’t know the answer
you pay me $5.00, and if I don’t know the answer, I will pay you $500.00.” This
catches the blonde’s attention and, figuring there will be no end to this
torment unless she plays, agrees to the game. The lawyer asks the first
question. “What’s the distance from the earth to the moon?” The blonde doesn’t say a
word, reaches into her purse, pulls out a $5.00 bill and hands it to the
lawyer. Okay says the lawyer, your turn. She asks the lawyer, “What goes up a hill with three
legs and comes down with four legs?” The lawyer, puzzled, takes out his laptop
computer and searches all his references, no answer. He logs into the airplanes
WiFi and searches the net and the library of
congress, no answer. Frustrated, he sends e-mails to all his friends and
coworkers, to no avail. After
an hour, he wakes the blonde, and hands her $500.00. The blonde says,
“Thank you,” and turns back to get some more sleep. The lawyer, who is more
than a little miffed, wakes the blonde and asks, “Well, what’s the answer?
“Without a word, the blonde
reaches into her purse, hands the lawyer $5.00, and goes back to sleep. And you
thought blondes were dumb.
– nabal – foolish; senseless. There are several ideas behind this word.
– this is a person who doesn’t care about other people.
Peter told men how they are to treat their wives:
(1 Pe 3:7 NLT) In the
same way, you husbands must give honor to your wives. Treat your wife with
understanding as you live together. She may be weaker than you are, but she is your equal partner in
God’s gift of new life. Treat her as you should so your prayers will not be
Men are to study their wives. Get to know everything about them. Treat them as fragile, expensive, fine china.
– a person you can’t talk to without being insulted or offended.
David writes about the “fool”,
(Ps 14:1 NKJV) The fool has said in his
no God.” They are corrupt, They have done abominable
works, There is none who does good.
There is nothing so insensitive
or foolish as the person who refuses to acknowledge God.
You’re going to see all these ideas in Nabal.
:4 When David heard in the
wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep,
Sheep shearing usually took place around June or July. A feast usually was held at that time, a time
of celebration (Gen. 38:12).
:5 David sent ten young men; and David said to the
young men, “Go up to Carmel, go to Nabal, and greet
him in my name.
:6 And thus you shall say to him who lives in prosperity:
‘Peace be to you, peace to your house, and peace to all that you have!
:7 Now I have heard that you have shearers. Your
shepherds were with us, and we did not hurt them, nor was there anything
missing from them all the while they were in Carmel.
Remember that David had been in Maon earlier (1Sam. 23:24-25).
While David had been in the area, he had taken it upon himself to protect Nabal’s shepherds while they were in the fields.
:8 Ask your young men, and they will tell you.
Therefore let my young men find favor in your eyes, for we come on a
feast day. Please give whatever comes to your hand to your servants and to your
son David.’ ”
This is not an unreasonable thing for David to request in that he had been
a help to Nabal. David doesn’t ask for anything
specific, just whatever Nabal would care to give.
David asks with humility and respect, calling himself “your son”.
:9 So when David’s young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in the name of David,
:10 Then Nabal answered
David’s servants, and said, “Who is David, and who is the son of
Jesse? There are many servants nowadays who break away each one from his
Nabal accuses David of being a rebellious
servant, having rebelled against Saul.
:11 Shall I then take my bread and my water and my
meat that I have killed for my shearers, and give it to men when I do
not know where they are from?”
Nabal is insinuating that David and his men were
:12 So David’s young men turned on their heels and
went back; and they came and told him all these words.
:13 Then David said to his men, “Every man gird on
his sword.” So every man girded on his sword, and David also girded on his
sword. And about four hundred men went with David, and two hundred stayed with
It seems to me that David has simply hit his limit. He’s been abused and
accused. And he’s not going to take it anymore, least of all from this “fool”.
I have actual footage of David’s response.
It’s strange how much he looks like “Twisted Sister”. Play “We’re not going
to take it” clip.
:14 Now one of the young men
told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, saying, “Look, David sent
messengers from the wilderness to greet our master; and he reviled them.
It seems to me that some of Nabal’s servants
realize what a fool he is as well, and that Abigail was the one with the wisdom
in the family.
:15 But the men were very good to us, and
we were not hurt, nor did we miss anything as long as we accompanied them, when
we were in the fields.
:16 They were a wall to us both by night and day,
all the time we were with them keeping the sheep.
There could have been attacks from the Philistines, who had just plundered
the city of Keilah. There could also have been
attacks from Ishmaelites or from wild animals.
:17 Now therefore, know and consider what you will
do, for harm is determined against our master and against all his household.
For he is such a scoundrel that one cannot speak to him.”
:17 scoundrel – literally,
“son of Belial”, “son of Satan”
I find it interesting that Abigail doesn’t seem to be offended at this
young man calling her husband a “son of Belial”.
:18 Then Abigail
made haste and took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five
sheep already dressed, five seahs of roasted grain,
one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded them
This is a nice gift to bring, but certainly not huge or anything that Nabal couldn’t afford. The guy had 3,000 sheep. Certainly
he could afford to give David and his men five sheep.
:19 And she said to her servants, “Go on before
me; see, I am coming after you.” But she did not tell her husband Nabal.
:19 she did not tell her husband Nabal
Abigail sends the servants ahead of her with the gift for David.
This is similar to what Jacob did when he met his brother Esau. He sent a
gift ahead of him so that when he met Esau, Esau would be in a good mood and
not kill him.
She wants David to be in a good mood before she meets him and tries to
apologize for her husband.
Teaching your husband a lesson
The Bible does give women a preferred way to teach their husbands a lesson.
(1 Pe 3:1–6 NKJV) —1 Wives, likewise, be
submissive to your own husbands, that even if some do not obey the word, they,
without a word, may be won by the conduct of their wives, 2 when they
observe your chaste conduct accompanied by fear. 3 Do not let your adornment be merely
outward—arranging the hair, wearing gold, or putting on fine apparel— 4 rather let it
be the hidden person of the heart, with the incorruptible beauty of
a gentle and quiet spirit, which is very precious in the sight of God. 5 For in this manner,
in former times, the holy women who trusted in God also adorned themselves,
being submissive to their own husbands, 6 as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord,
whose daughters you are if you do good and are not afraid with any terror.
Gals, the preferable way to teach your husband is through your
submission. It’s not by insulting him or
taking control of the household. This
doesn’t mean that you don’t share your ideas or opinions. Sarah is held up as an example, and she told
Abraham what to do all the time. But at some point you need to let your husband learn to make good
decisions, and that means letting him fail every once in a while. If you never let him make any decisions,
how’s he ever going to grow to be the man God wants him to be?
A time to intervene
Even though the “norm” is for a wife to submit, there will be times like
with Abigail and Nabal, where a wife is doing the
right thing by stepping up and protecting the family.
But it’s the exception, not the standard.
If a gal is always “stepping in” to take over, the man will never learn.
Caution: Be careful about doing things behind another person’s back,
especially your spouse.
Usually, if you are doing things behind their back, you’re the one in
:20 So it was, as
she rode on the donkey, that she went down under cover of the hill; and there
were David and his men, coming down toward her, and she met them.
:21 Now David had said, “Surely in vain I have
protected all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing
was missed of all that belongs to him. And he has repaid me evil for
:22 May God do so, and more also, to the enemies
of David, if I leave one male of all who belong to him by morning
:22 if I leave one male
Before David meets Abigail, he has made these statements to his men.
David has done good to Nabal,
and Nabal has returned the favor with insulting
Out of control
Don’t try and
justify David’s anger.
He’s gone too far with his anger.
1:19–20 NKJV) —19
So then, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow
to speak, slow to wrath; 20 for the wrath of man does not produce the righteousness of God.
:23 Now when Abigail saw
David, she dismounted quickly from the donkey, fell on her face before David,
and bowed down to the ground.
:24 So she fell at his feet and said: “On me, my
lord, on me let this iniquity be! And please let your
maidservant speak in your ears, and hear the words of your maidservant.
:24 on me let this
Bearing the cost.
Abigail wants to pay for the sin of Nabal. She wants David to consider her to be the
sinner and let her pay for the crime.
Paul did this with a runaway slave named Onesimus. He wrote to Onesimus’
master, Philemon and said,
(Phm 18 NKJV) But if he has wronged you or owes
anything, put that on my account.
Ultimately, this is what Jesus did for us.
Just as Abigail is going to make peace with David by paying for Nabal’s sins, Jesus made peace with God for us by paying for our sins. This is why He died on the cross. We can come to have a relationship with God
not by our own efforts, but when we come to trust in what Jesus did for us on
:25 Please, let not my lord
regard this scoundrel Nabal. For as his name is,
so is he: Nabal is his name, and folly is
with him! But I, your maidservant, did not see the young men of my lord whom
:26 Now therefore, my lord, as the Lord
lives and as your soul lives, since the Lord has held you back from coming to bloodshed and from
avenging yourself with your own hand, now then, let your enemies and those who
seek harm for my lord be as Nabal.
:27 And now this present which your maidservant
has brought to my lord, let it be given to the young men who follow my lord.
:28 Please forgive the trespass of your
maidservant. For the Lord will
certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord fights the
battles of the Lord, and evil is not
found in you throughout your days.
She doesn’t see David as a disobedient servant of Saul, but someone who
fights the God’s battles.
:29 Yet a man has risen to pursue you and seek
your life, but the life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living
with the Lord your God; and the
lives of your enemies He shall sling out, as from the pocket of a sling.
:29 bound in the bundle of the living
with the Lord
The Jews have taken this phrase to be referring to eternal life. The Jewish
paraphrase, the Targum, translates this as, “the
soul of my lord shall be treasured up in the treasury of eternal life, before
the Lord thy God”
Ryrie: The figure is taken from the custom of binding valuables in a bundle
to protect them from injury. God cares for His own as a man does his treasure.
:30 And it shall come to pass, when the Lord
has done for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning
you, and has appointed you ruler over Israel,
:31 that this will be no grief to you, nor offense
of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood without cause, or that my
lord has avenged himself. But when the Lord
has dealt well with my lord, then remember your maidservant.”
She knows that David will one day become king.
She is trying to keep David from ruining his reputation. If David wipes out
Nabal, he will gain the same type of reputation that
Saul has, someone who is quick to anger.
:32 Then David said to Abigail: “Blessed is
the Lord God of Israel, who sent
you this day to meet me!
:33 And blessed is your advice and blessed are you, because
you have kept me this day from coming to bloodshed and from avenging myself
with my own hand.
:34 For indeed, as the Lord
God of Israel lives, who has kept me back from hurting you, unless you had
hurried and come to meet me, surely by morning light no males would have been
left to Nabal!”
:33 kept me … from avenging myself
Abigail had been used by God to keep David from making a huge mistake.
David has been learning to let God take care of revenge.
In the last chapter, David passed a huge test.
David didn’t kill Saul when he had the chance.
He let God take care of his enemy.
Now David has another “enemy” of a sort – Nabal.
What is David going to do with Nabal?
Sometimes we recognize that we’re “taking a test”, and it’s a little easier
to make the right choice (like David in the cave).
Sometimes we don’t realize that we’ve got the same lesson to learn, but it
looks a little different (like with Nabal)
:35 So David received from
her hand what she had brought him, and said to her, “Go up in peace to your
house. See, I have heeded your voice and respected your person.”
:36 Now Abigail went to Nabal,
and there he was, holding a feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabal’s heart was merry within him, for he was
very drunk; therefore she told him nothing, little or much, until morning
:37 So it was, in the morning, when the wine had
gone from Nabal, and his wife had told him these
things, that his heart died within him, and he became like a stone.
It sounds like he either had a heart attack or a stroke.
Some have suggested that when he finds out how much Abigail gave to David,
that this caused the reaction. I think that perhaps the realization that David
almost wiped him out caused the shock.
:38 Then it happened, after about ten days,
that the Lord struck Nabal, and he died.
:39 So when David heard that Nabal
was dead, he said, “Blessed be the Lord,
who has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal,
and has kept His servant from evil! For the Lord
has returned the wickedness of Nabal on his own
head.” And David sent and proposed to Abigail, to take her as his wife.
:39 For the Lord has returned the wickedness of Nabal
David again has learned that God can take care of “revenge”
:39 proposed to Abigail
Here’s another warning from the story of Abigail.
Don’t be dreaming of David
You might feel as if you’re married to “Nabal”, a “fool”, an
And then a “David”
comes along, a nice, caring, loving person. And you start thinking of how
Abigail ended up with David.
Don’t go there.
Abigail doesn’t do the things she does hoping that Nabal
will keel over and she’ll end up with David. Her actions are done to save her
Don’t give up on your home. Don’t give up on your marriage.
:40 When the servants of
David had come to Abigail at Carmel, they spoke to her saying, “David sent us
to you, to ask you to become his wife.”
:41 Then she arose, bowed her face to the earth,
and said, “Here is your maidservant, a servant to wash the feet of the servants
of my lord.”
:42 So Abigail rose in haste and rode on a donkey,
attended by five of her maidens; and she followed the messengers of David, and
became his wife.
:43 David also took Ahinoam
of Jezreel, and so both of them were his wives.
:43 David also took Ahinoam
Ahinoam seems to have been married to David
before Abigail. She would be the wife that would give birth to David’s first
Ahinoam is from the northern part of Israel (Jezreel)
David is practicing polygamy.
Polygamy is against God’s original design for marriage, which involved one
man and one woman (Gen. 2:24).
Though God seems to tolerate the people in the Old Testament practicing
polygamy, it seems to have always caused nothing but trouble (1Sam. 1:6-7).
It could be that David is following the example of the King before him,
Saul. Saul had more than one wife. Yet this wasn’t God’s originally design for
17:17 NKJV) Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn
away; nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself.
David’s son, Solomon, would also have more than one wife.
He’d break the world record. And his many wives did turn his heart away from
:44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter,
David’s wife, to Palti the son of Laish,
who was from Gallim.
This was David’s first wife, the daughter of Saul. She was the one who
rescued him by having him escape out of the window while she made excuses to
her father’s messengers (1Sam. 19).
Now we see that Saul has given her to another man.
Perhaps Saul is trying to change people from thinking that David is his