Evening Bible Study
We’ve seen the
nation transition from the time of the judges, when God used men like Samuel to
guide the nation, to the time of the kings.
anointed to be the first king, but through Saul’s continued disobedience to
God’s commands, God has told Saul that he will no longer king. Samuel snuck off and anointed a young man named David to be
17:1-58 David and
:1 Now the Philistines gathered their armies together to battle, and were
gathered at Sochoh, which belongs to Judah; they encamped between Sochoh
and Azekah, in Ephes Dammim.
:2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and they encamped
in the Valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array against the Philistines.
:3 The Philistines stood on a mountain on one side, and Israel stood on a
mountain on the other side, with a valley between them.
:1 the Philistines
The Philistines have now had quite a few wars with the Israelites.
Samson and Samuel both led wars against the Philistines.
his armor bearer started an important battle, which led to a major victory over
the Philistines at
Michmash (1Sam. 14),
which was something
like 27 years before our current time.
The Philistines are ready to take on Israel again.
:1 Sochoh … Azekah
… Ephes Dammim
This is an area about 15 miles west of Bethlehem, David’s home town.
Play Valley of
Elah map video
There’s a little stream that runs down the valley between the hill. The stream only has water in the rainy
season, the rest of the year it’s dry with plenty of smooth stones in it.
:4 And a champion
went out from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, from Gath, whose
height was six cubits and a span.
:5 He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was armed with a coat
of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze.
:6 And he had bronze armor on his legs and a bronze javelin between
:7 Now the staff of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and his iron
spearhead weighed six hundred shekels; and a shield-bearer went before
See map. One of the five main
Philistine cities. About eight miles
west of Sochoh.
:4 six cubits and a
span – or, nine feet nine inches tall.
He’s HUGE. Andrew Bynum is 7’ tall. Goliath is 2’ 9” taller
:5 five thousand shekels of bronze
alone weighed 125 pounds.
:7 iron spearhead weighed six hundred shekels
The head of the
spear weighed about 15 pounds. Think of the weight of a
heavy bowling ball, shaped into the head of a spear.
:8 Then he stood
and cried out to the armies of Israel, and said to them, “Why have you come out
to line up for battle? Am I
not a Philistine, and you the servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves,
and let him come down to me.
:9 If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your
servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our
servants and serve us.”
It’s winner take all. Whoever wins
in this contest will determine which army will win. The losers become slaves.
It sounds great, as long as you win, and as long as the other side really
keeps the agreement.
:10 And the Philistine said, “I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me
a man, that we may fight together.”
:11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were
dismayed and greatly afraid.
:12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah,
whose name was Jesse, and who had eight sons. And the man was old,
advanced in years, in the days of Saul.
:13 The three oldest sons of Jesse had gone to follow Saul to the battle.
The names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the
firstborn, next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
:14 David was the youngest. And the three oldest followed Saul.
:15 But David occasionally went and returned from Saul to feed his father’s
sheep at Bethlehem.
Last week we saw how David had been useful to Saul to play his harp and
calm Saul’s troubled spirit.
David had even taken the role as Saul’s armorbearer.
Yet he still has chores to take care of at home from time to time.
:16 And the Philistine drew near and presented himself forty days, morning
Every morning and evening Goliath came out.
Day after day for forty days.
:17 Then Jesse said to his son David, “Take now for your brothers an ephah
of this dried grain and these ten loaves, and run to your brothers at
:18 And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand,
and see how your brothers fare, and bring back news of them.”
David has the additional duty of bringing food to feed his brothers out on
the front lines.
Jesse is simply asking his youngest to run errands.
It’s a good thing he sent him.
Jesse’s “baby” has something important to do.
:19 Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the Valley
of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
:20 So David rose early in the morning, left the sheep with a keeper, and
took the things and went as Jesse had commanded him.
It would be about a fifteen mile walk to get from Bethlehem to the battle
And he came to the camp as the army was going out to the fight and shouting
for the battle.
:21 For Israel and the Philistines had drawn up in battle array, army
:22 And David left his supplies in the hand of the supply keeper, ran to
the army, and came and greeted his brothers.
:23 Then as he talked with them, there was the champion, the Philistine of
Gath, Goliath by name, coming up from the armies of the Philistines; and he
spoke according to the same words. So David heard them.
:24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and
were dreadfully afraid.
:25 So the men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who has come up?
Surely he has come up to defy Israel; and it shall be that the man who
kills him the king will enrich with great riches, will give him his daughter,
and give his father’s house exemption from taxes in Israel.”
:25 riches …
daughter … exemption
There will be great rewards for killing Goliath, including wealth, a girl,
and no taxes.
Keep in mind that it’s the entire family that will become tax exempt. That’s important later on in the story.
It seems that this announcement is being made to the entire army, a general
announcement that was probably repeated each time Goliath issued his challenge.
:26 Then David
spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, “What shall be done for the man who
kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is
this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living
:27 And the people answered him in this manner, saying, “So shall it be
done for the man who kills him.”
The victor will get wealth, a girl, and tax exemption.
:28 Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and
Eliab’s anger was aroused against David, and he said, “Why did you come down
here? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know
your pride and the insolence of your heart, for you have come down to see the
:28 I know your
Just like an older brother.
It could be that Eliab is just out to protect his little brother. Perhaps he truly feels that David doesn’t
It could be that David was a little brash.
After all, he was a kid who could pick fights and have seven older
brothers come to his rescue.
Jesus’ own family didn’t seem to understand Him.
(Jn 7:5 NKJV) For even
His brothers did not believe in Him.
When the crowds around Jesus got too big …
(Mk 3:21 NLT) When his family heard what was happening, they tried to take him
away. “He’s out of his mind,” they said.
Sometimes some very good, loving people will try to keep you out of the
Sometimes we can be those well-meaning people who might keep anointed
people from their ministry. It’s hard as
a parent to allow your kids to take steps of maturity.
:29 And David said,
“What have I done now? Is there not a cause?”
:30 Then he turned from him toward another and said the same thing; and
these people answered him as the first ones did.
:31 Now when the words which David spoke were heard, they reported them
to Saul; and he sent for him.
:32 Then David said to Saul, “Let no man’s heart fail because of him; your
servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”
:32 your servant
David is not a stranger to Saul.
Saul knows David.
He has already worked for Saul for a little while as Saul’s armor-bearer
and personal musician.
Saul already has developed a love for David (1Sam. 16:21).
:33 And Saul
said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with
him; for you are a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.”
:34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep his father’s sheep,
and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock,
:35 I went out after it and struck it, and delivered the lamb from
its mouth; and when it arose against me, I caught it by its beard, and
struck and killed it.
:36 Your servant has killed both lion and bear; and this uncircumcised
Philistine will be like one of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the
:37 Moreover David said, “The Lord,
who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will
deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and
the Lord be with you!”
:37 He will deliver
Training for Victory
Don’t think that the victory over a lion and a bear were “small
victories”. Anyone here want to take on
a lion or a bear with just a sling and a club?
God had been training David, getting him ready for this challenge by
David will write,
(Ps 144:1 NKJV) Blessed be
the Lord my Rock, Who trains my
hands for war, And my fingers for battle—
We certainly don’t like going through trials and battles.
With each battle, we kind of hope that it will be the last battle we’ll
have to face.
But sometimes it’s just the “bear” that we’re facing, and we’ve got Goliath
up ahead of us.
It’s important that we learn how to fight.
We ought to grow in our abilities.
I was thinking the other day about some of the conflicts I’ve faced and how
I handle conflict a little differently now.
In the past I tended to handle conflict a little more poorly than I do now,
overreacting to things, acting out of “hurt”.
I’m trying to learn to be more patient and gracious. And sometimes because I restrained my lips
from saying harsh things, the “battles” aren’t as difficult.
I especially like how
David doesn’t express his confidence in himself (though he apparently has some
measure of confidence). His confidence
is in God.
:38 So Saul clothed
David with his armor, and he put a bronze helmet on his head; he also clothed
him with a coat of mail.
:39 David fastened his sword to his armor and tried to walk, for he had not
tested them. And David said to Saul, “I cannot walk with these, for I
have not tested them.” So David took them off.
:39 I have not
We often get the picture that David is this little boy trying on a large man’s full suit of
medieval armor, and that the little boy is lost in the huge suit. I think this is a little exaggerated.
David is probably about 16-17 years old or so at this time.
Keep in mind, David
knows how to fight.
He’s killed lions and bears.
He’s also got a reputation as a “warrior”.
Before he got the job as musician in Saul’s court, his “bio” read like
(1 Sa 16:18 NKJV) …who is skillful in playing, a mighty man of valor, a man of war, prudent
in speech, and a handsome person; and the Lord
is with him.”
knows Saul’s armor – he’s been Saul’s armor bearer.
He knows how the stuff works, but he hasn’t used it for
He hasn’t put in the training time with Saul’s sword.
The point is that David is not Saul.
Saul’s armor is made for Saul.
Don’t try to be someone else.
What works for someone else may not work for you.
David doesn’t know how to use Saul’s sword, but he does
know how to use a sling and a stone.
Sunday morning we talked about learning to sing our own “song”, not others.
:40 Then he took
his staff in his hand; and he chose for himself five smooth stones from the
brook, and put them in a shepherd’s bag, in a pouch which he had, and his sling
was in his hand. And he drew near to the Philistine.
:40 five smooth
There is a dry creek bed that runs through the Valley of Elah. It’s a great place for finding smooth stones.
Smooth stones come out of a sling better.
Why five? Goliath has four brothers.
Timothy and I visited the Valley of Elah five years ago on a trip to
Israel. The video starts with us walking
out into the valley along the dried up creek.
:41 So the Philistine
came, and began drawing near to David, and the man who bore the shield went
:42 And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he disdained him;
for he was only a youth, ruddy and good-looking.
Goliath thinks this is ridiculous – facing a young shepherd.
:43 So the Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And
the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
:43 sticks – David doesn’t just have a sling, but he took his “staff”
:44 And the Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your
flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field!”
:45 Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword, with a
spear, and with a javelin. But I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of
Israel, whom you have defied.
:45 I come to you
in the name of the Lord of hosts
In David’s mind, the name of Yahweh was more powerful than Goliath’s sword,
spear, and javelin.
We talked Sunday about the name of Yahweh and its power.
The 144,000 witnesses will be “sealed” and protected because they have the
name of the Father on their foreheads.
David’s son would write,
(Pr 18:10 NKJV) The name
of the Lord is a strong
tower; The righteous run to it and are safe.
:46 This day
the Lord will deliver you into my
hand, and I will strike you and take your head from you. And this day I will
give the carcasses of the camp of the Philistines to the birds of the air and
the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God
While Goliath threatened to feed David’s carcass to the birds, David
threatened to feed the entire Philistine army to the birds.
:47 Then all this assembly shall know that the Lord does not save with sword and spear; for the battle is
the Lord’s, and He will give you
into our hands.”
:48 So it was, when the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet
David, that David hurried and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
:49 Then David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone; and he slung it
and struck the Philistine in his forehead, so that the stone sank into his
forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth.
:50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and
struck the Philistine and killed him. But there was no sword in the hand
:51 Therefore David ran and stood over the Philistine, took his sword and
drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. And
when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
:51 and killed him
Facing the giant
The giants in our lives are those problems that seem just too impossible.
Sometimes the thing that hurts us the most when we are facing a “giant” is
A certain man
was troubled with dizzy spells. He went from one doctor to another and none could tell him what
the problem was. He tried everything, it seemed. Finally, it was bothering him
so much he started to lose weight, and he couldn’t sleep at night. He became a
nervous wreck and his health began to deteriorate. He had lost hope that he
would ever recover. So he decided to prepare for the worst. He made out his
will, bought a cemetery plot, and even made arrangements with the local undertaker for what
he was convinced was his soon demise. He even decided to buy a new suit of
clothes to be buried in. When
he went into the haberdasher’s he was measured for everything and picked out shoes,
socks, coat, pants—and he asked for a size 14 shirt as well. The clerk said,
“But, sir, you need a size 15 1/2 shirt, not 14.” But the man insisted he wore
a size 14. Finally, in exasperation the clerk said, “But if you wear a size 14 you’ll get dizzy
Israelites first sent spies into the Promised Land, the thing that kept them
from going in to the Promised Land was their lack of faith (Heb.
Their lack of faith was cultivated by their fears.
(Nu 13:32 NKJV) And they
gave the children of Israel a bad report of the land which they had spied out,
saying, “The land through which we have gone as spies is a land that
devours its inhabitants, and all the people whom we saw in it are men of
Joshua and Caleb had the right idea, they tried to encourage the people…
14:8–9 NKJV) —8 If the Lord delights in us, then He will bring
us into this land and give it to us, ‘a land which flows with milk and honey.’ 9 Only do not rebel
against the Lord, nor fear the
people of the land, for they are our bread; their protection has
departed from them, and the Lord is
with us. Do not fear them.”
It would be Caleb would be the first to take on the
giants, as he was given the city of Hebron to conquer. He was in his eighties when he did it.
If you want to face your “giants”, you need someone bigger than you to
You need a big
I like to think that when David faced Goliath, he had a better perspective
on the reality of the problem. Goliath
may have been big, but God is bigger. I
think it helps to put your problem in perspective to just how big God is.
Our God is the
One who is big enough to hold the whole world in His hands.
(Is 40:12 NKJV) Who has
measured the waters in the hollow of His hand, Measured heaven with a span And
calculated the dust of the earth in a measure? Weighed the mountains in scales
And the hills in a balance?
With whom did He take counsel, and who instructed
Him, And taught Him in the path of justice? Who taught Him knowledge, And
showed Him the way of understanding? 15And Lebanon is not sufficient to burn, Nor its beasts
sufficient for a burnt offering. 17
Can you trust God? Is He big enough
to handle your problem?
:52 Now the men
of Israel and Judah arose and shouted, and pursued the Philistines as far as
the entrance of the valley and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the
Philistines fell along the road to Shaaraim, even as far as Gath and Ekron.
Play Map to
They sent the Philistines home to their main cities. It is about a seven mile run to Ekron.
:53 Then the
children of Israel returned from chasing the Philistines, and they plundered
They came back to the camp of the Philistines that they had abandoned at
Shochoh, and took all of the Philistines’ stuff.
:54 And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem,
but he put his armor in his tent.
:55 When Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner,
the commander of the army, “Abner, whose son is this youth?” And Abner
said, “As your soul lives, O king, I do not know.”
:56 So the king said, “Inquire whose son this young man is.”
:55 whose son is
This will sound confusing at first.
It sounds as if Saul doesn’t know who David is. And this doesn’t make sense if David has been
Saul’s armor-bearer and the one who plays the harp for Saul.
But pay attention to the actual question Saul is asking. Saul is wanting to know who David’s father
is. Why does he want to know the name of
whole family is now going to be able to live “tax-free” in Israel. Remember the reward promised for killing
17:25 NKJV) …it shall be that the man who kills him the king will enrich
with great riches, will give him his daughter, and give his father’s house
exemption from taxes in Israel.”
Even though Saul knows who David is, he can’t remember the name of David’s
:57 Then, as David
returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him
before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
It seems that David keeps Goliath’s head as a sort of trophy. I wonder what his mom said when he brought
that thing home after being sent to take bread and cheese to his brothers.
:58 And Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” So David
answered, “I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”
:1 Now when he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was knit
to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
:1 Jonathan loved
There is nothing
impure here. The homosexual community likes
to point to this verse, but this is so far from the truth it’s not even funny.
Can you understand why Jonathan would love David?
David is just like Jonathan, but younger.
:2 Saul took him
that day, and would not let him go home to his father’s house anymore.
He’s in the army now.
:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own
:4 And Jonathan took off the robe that was on him and gave it to
David, with his armor, even to his sword and his bow and his belt.
:4 took off the
robe …gave it to David
At one time, Saul and Jonathan were the only two who own swords in all of
Israel (1Sam. 13:22). Though there may be more swords now that
they’ve had some victories over the Philistines, Jonathan has just given his
Humility and giving
I think there are a couple of things going on.
demonstrating his love for David by sharing his own honor with him. Jonathan is the crown prince of Israel, yet
he has no problem with giving his own robe to this young man.
David is also a
poor shepherd boy and was ill-equipped for what was ahead of him. Jonathan is equipping David for being a
:5 So David went
out wherever Saul sent him, and behaved wisely. And Saul set him over
the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people and also in
the sight of Saul’s servants.
There’s something likeable about this kid.
Even though Saul puts him over the army, they don’t seem to have a
problem with that. Hey, he’s a giant
:6 Now it had happened as they were coming home, when David was
returning from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women had come out of
all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with
tambourines, with joy, and with musical instruments.
:7 So the women sang as they danced, and said: “Saul has slain his
thousands, And David his ten thousands.”
:7 Saul has slain
This became one of the “top
forty” tunes of the day. One of
the top downloads from iTunes.
Saul was known for killing “thousands”, but David was known for killing
this was a bit of a stretch. Scripture
doesn’t say how many Philistines were killed, though Josephus tells us that
there were 30,000 killed. Yet if you
include Saul’s wars on the Ammonites, the Philistines, and the Amalekites, Saul
has been responsible for killing far more than this.
How do you respond when people say things about you that aren’t true and
others are exalted over you?
:8 Then Saul
was very angry, and the saying displeased him; and he said, “They have ascribed
to David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed only thousands. Now
what more can he have but the kingdom?”
:8 Saul was very
How do you feel when God blesses … someone else?
Baptist had been used by God to impact lots of people. But there came a day when the crowds began to
follow someone else.
3:25–30 NKJV) —25
Then there arose a dispute between some of John’s disciples
and the Jews about purification. 26 And they came to John and said to him,
“Rabbi, He who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have
testified—behold, He is baptizing, and all are coming to Him!” 27 John answered
and said, “A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from
heaven. 28 You yourselves bear me
witness, that I said, ‘I am not the Christ,’ but, ‘I have been sent before
Him.’ 29 He who has
the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and
hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice. Therefore this
joy of mine is fulfilled. 30 He must increase,
but I must decrease.
In reality, we
need to be in the place where the good of God’s kingdom is what’s important to
If God begins to work in the life of someone else, we need to be glad for
them, not jealous.
(1 Co 13:4 NKJV) …love does not envy…
(Ro 12:15 NKJV) Rejoice with those who rejoice…
We need to be willing to be more like Jonathan, and load the other person
up with whatever we can to help, rather than be like Saul and stand in the back
and throw javelins.
Saul seems to
have boatloads of insecurity.
He is developing resentment
against David, and that resentment is going to bubble over into all sorts of
Learn to deal with resentment. Learn
to recognize it.
:9 So Saul eyed David
from that day forward.
:10 And it happened on the next day that the distressing spirit from God
came upon Saul, and he prophesied inside the house.
spirit … he prophesied
One of the ancient concepts of prophecy is to “bubble over”, the idea that God’s Spirit just “bubbles”
out with words. Here it seems that it’s
an evil spirit that starts to “bubble” out of Saul.
18:10 NLT) The very next day a tormenting spirit from God overwhelmed Saul,
and he began to rave in his house like a madman.
So David played
music with his hand, as at other times; but there was a spear in
David responds to this evil spirit by playing his harp like he has done in
:11 And Saul cast the spear, for he said, “I will pin David to the wall!”
But David escaped his presence twice.
:11 Saul cast the
I think that when we allow certain fleshly, sinful attitudes to take hold
in our life, we can open up a door for the enemy to influence us. We give Satan a “foothold” in our
lives, something to grab onto and push us.
Here we see the influence of fleshly jealousy. Before, Saul would simply go nutty when he
was troubled by this spirit, but now there is a new focus, now Saul is trying
to kill David. Why focus on David? Because of jealousy.
I think we can see a similar thing happen in the New Testament.
In the very beginning of the church, people were overcome with love for
each other and were moved by God to sell pieces of property and give the proceeds
to the church so the church could in turn meet the needs of others in the
church. It seems that these acts of
charity brought recognition to those who were giving to the church. One couple took note of this recognition and
decided they wanted some. In a sense,
they were “jealous” for recognition.
(Ac 5:1–4 NLT) —1 But there
was a certain man named Ananias who, with his wife, Sapphira, sold some
property. 2 He brought part of
the money to the apostles, claiming it was the full amount. With his wife’s consent,
he kept the rest. 3 Then Peter
said, “Ananias, why have you let Satan fill your heart? You lied to the Holy
Spirit, and you kept some of the money for yourself. 4 The property was yours to sell or not sell, as
you wished. And after selling it, the money was also yours to give away. How
could you do a thing like this? You weren’t lying to us but to God!”
Their sin wasn’t in keeping back some of the money for
themselves. Their sin was in pretending
to give everything to the church when in fact they weren’t. Satan used this desire for recognition to
“fill their heart” and lie.
Another area to be careful of seems to be anger.
4:26–27 NKJV) —26
“Be angry, and do not sin”: do not let the sun go down on
your wrath, 27
nor give place to the devil.
When we hold on to our anger, we give a foothold, a
“place” for the devil to work in our lives.
:12 Now Saul
was afraid of David, because the Lord
was with him, but had departed from Saul.
:13 Therefore Saul removed him from his presence, and made him his captain
over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
Going out and coming in speaks of taking his troops out and returning from
Because Saul was afraid of David, he puts him in a position to get him away
:14 And David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the Lord was with him.
:15 Therefore, when Saul saw that he behaved very wisely, he was afraid of
:16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in
:17 Then Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter Merab; I will give
her to you as a wife. Only be valiant for me, and fight the Lord’s battles.” For Saul thought, “Let
my hand not be against him, but let the hand of the Philistines be against
:17 Here is my
older daughter Merab
Part of the reward for killing Goliath was supposed to be the marriage to
Saul’s daughter. Saul now decides that
he could use this to his advantage and work things around so that the
Philistines kill David.
:18 So David said
to Saul, “Who am I, and what is my life or my father’s
family in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king?”
Even though David is being exalted by the people, and Saul is now intensely
jealous of David, David doesn’t see himself as being worthy of marrying a
:19 But it happened at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have
been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.
At the last minute, Saul gives Merab to someone else.
:20 Now Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David. And they told Saul, and the
thing pleased him.
:21 So Saul said, “I will give her to him, that she may be a snare to him,
and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” Therefore Saul said
to David a second time, “You shall be my son-in-law today.”
:22 And Saul commanded his servants, “Communicate with David secretly, and
say, ‘Look, the king has delight in you, and all his servants love you. Now
therefore, become the king’s son-in-law.’ ”
:23 So Saul’s servants spoke those words in the hearing of David. And David
said, “Does it seem to you a light thing to be a king’s
son-in-law, seeing I am a poor and lightly esteemed man?”
David does not have the money to pay a proper dowry to marry the daughter
of a king.
A dowry was money paid to the father-in-law in case the marriage doesn’t
work out. It’s kind of like alimony in
:24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, “In this manner David
:25 Then Saul said, “Thus you shall say to David: ‘The king does not desire
any dowry but one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to take vengeance on
the king’s enemies.’ ” But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the
:25 one hundred
There are only two ways this could happen.
Either a Philistine would need to willingly be circumcised (which ain’t
gonna happen), or he would have to be killed.
Saul is hoping that along the way one of the Philistines will succeed in
killing David instead.
:26 So when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to
become the king’s son-in-law. Now the days had not expired;
There must have been some sort of a time limit on this proposition, such
as, “As long as you bring me a hundred foreskins in the next two months …”
:27 therefore David arose and went, he and his men, and killed two hundred
men of the Philistines. And David brought their foreskins, and they gave them
in full count to the king, that he might become the king’s son-in-law. Then
Saul gave him Michal his daughter as a wife.
:27 two hundred
David wasn’t satisfied to just meet the minimum requirement. He brought twice as much.
Not only will this show that David is serious about marrying Michal, but it
is also going to leave no room for Saul to back out.
:28 Thus Saul saw
and knew that the Lord was
with David, and that Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved him;
:29 and Saul was still more afraid of David. So Saul became David’s enemy
:30 Then the princes of the Philistines went out to war. And so it
was, whenever they went out, that David behaved more wisely than all the
servants of Saul, so that his name became highly esteemed.
:29 Saul was still
more afraid of David
Not only is God with David, but Saul’s own daughter (and son, Jonathan)
love him as well. And now, with marrying
his daughter, David even has an outside sort of claim to the throne as well.
I’m not sure how this all works, but it seems to me that I’m tempted to do
some pretty stupid things because of my own insecurity.
When you’re insecure, you do stupid things to get people to like you.
When you’re insecure, you lash out at people that you feel are a threat.