Evening Bible Study
Samuel is the
last of the “Judges”. He is the man who will bridge the gap between the time of
the Judges and the beginning of the Kings of Israel.
We’ve seen Samuel
grow up, raised in the Tabernacle by Eli the priest.
We’ve seen the
Israelites in a war with the Philistines, where they not only lost many of
their soldiers, but the Ark
of the Covenant was captured by the Philistines.
Last week we saw how God was able to handle the Philistines all by Himself
– bringing stranges plagues on the Philistines until they finally decided to
send the Ark back to Israel marked “return to sender”.
When the Ark arrived in a field at Beth Shemesh, being pulled by a
driverless oxcart, some
of the Israelites peeked inside the Ark and were killed. As a result, the people of Beth Shemesh
asked for help from the people of Kirjath-jearim, asking that they could come
and take the Ark off of their hands.
7:1-12 Ebenezer II
:1 Then the men of Kirjath Jearim came and took the ark of the Lord, and brought it into the house of
Abinadab on the hill, and consecrated Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the Lord.
– “my father is noble” or “my father is willing”
There are a couple of Abinadabs in the Bible. We don’t know much about this
man at all, except he was willing to take the Ark.
:1 consecrated Eleazar
I think it would be safe to assume that this was a family of Levites,
perhaps even priests.
:2 So it was
that the ark remained in Kirjath Jearim a long time; it was there twenty years.
And all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord.
:2 the ark remained
in Kirjath Jearim
It will be
there twenty years until Samuel steps into the role of judging Israel.
That would put Samuel in his early thirties if he received his call from
God at age 12 as is according to Jewish Tradition.
The Ark would actually be in Kirjath Jearim for a lot longer than this.
It will be
there for about 100 years until David becomes king and finally brings the Ark
to Jerusalem (2Sam. 6:3)
:2 all the house of
Israel lamented after the Lord
– nahah – to wail, lament
(1 Sa 7:2 NLT) …During
that time all Israel mourned because it seemed the Lord had abandoned them.
:3 Then Samuel spoke
to all the house of Israel, saying, “If you return to the Lord with all your hearts, then
put away the foreign gods and the Ashtoreths from among you, and prepare your
hearts for the Lord, and serve
Him only; and He will deliver you from the hand of the Philistines.”
– shuwb – to return, turn back
This is the Hebrew word for “repent”.
:3 the Ashtoreths
This is the plural form, the singular is “Ashtoreth”.
This was the main female goddess that was worshipped by just about
everybody at the time in some shape or form.
If we were to summarize the worship of Ashtoreth, it is everything pornographic. They
didn’t need Playboy magazine or Internet pornography, they had Ashtoreth.
Action, not just sorrow
During the twenty years that the Ark is at Kirjathjearim, Samuel doesn’t
speak. But now it’s time to say something, and when he does, it is to point out
something about their “mourning”, their “sorrow”.
The people had been upset over their spiritual condition and the fact that
it seemed that God was against them. But they weren’t doing anything to change.
The church in Corinth was sort of Paul’s “problem child”. In Paul’s first
letter to the Corinthians, he had to write some pretty harsh things. But his
message got through.
(2 Co 7:8–11 NLT) —8 I am not
sorry that I sent that severe letter to you, though I was sorry at first, for I
know it was painful to you for a little while. 9 Now I am glad I sent it, not because it
hurt you, but because the pain caused you to repent and change your ways. It
was the kind of sorrow God wants his people to have, so you were not harmed by
us in any way. 10 For the kind of
sorrow God wants us to experience leads us away from sin and results in salvation.
There’s no regret for that kind of sorrow. But worldly sorrow, which lacks
repentance, results in spiritual death. 11 Just see what this godly sorrow produced
in you! Such earnestness, such concern to clear yourselves, such indignation, such alarm, such longing
to see me, such zeal, and such a readiness to punish wrong. You showed that you
have done everything necessary to make things right.
Sorrow without change is worthless. Sorrow is only helpful
if it brings change.
Victory from repentance
If Israel wanted to have victory over the Philistines, they needed to get
rid of the Ashtoreths.
You can’t make half-way changes. God wants all of your heart.
The guys couldn’t feel sorry during church and just wish things were
better. They needed
to go home and throw away the porn. It meant they needed to block the bad stuff
on the internet. Maybe
use one of the free filtering services like OpenDNS. They needed to tell someone they need help.
If your house was
burning down, wouldn’t you do whatever it took to put out the fire?
One dark night outside a small town in
Minnesota, a fire started inside the local chemical plant and in the blink of
an eye it exploded into massive flames. The alarm went out to all the fire
departments for miles around. When the volunteer fire fighters appeared on the scene, the
chemical company president rushed to the fire chief and said, “All our secret
formulas are in the vault in the center of the plant. They must be saved. I
will give $50,000
to the fire department that brings them out intact.” But the roaring flames
held the firefighters off. Soon more fire departments had to be called in as
the situation became desperate. As the firemen arrived, the president shouted
out that the offer was now $100,000
to the fire department who could bring out the company’s secret files. From the
distance, a lone siren was heard as another fire truck came into sight. It was
the nearby Norwegian rural township volunteer fire company comprised mainly of
Norwegians over the age of 65. To everyone’s amazement, that little run-down fire engine roared
right past all the newer sleek engines that were parked outside the plant.
Without even slowing down it drove straight into the middle of the inferno.
Outside, the other firemen watched in amazement as the Norwegian old timers
jumped off right in the middle of the fire and bravely fought it back on all
sides. It was a performance and effort never seen before. Within a short time,
the Norske old timers had extinguished the fire and had saved the secret
formulas. The grateful chemical company president announced that for such a
superhuman feat he was upping the reward to $200,000, and walked over to personally thank each
of the brave fire fighters. The local TV news reporter rushed in to capture the
event on film, asking their chief, “What are you going to do with all that
“Vell,” said Ole Larsen, the 70-year-old
fire chief, “Da first thing ve gonna do is fix da brakes on dat old truck!”
If you are really returning to the Lord, then make the
:4 So the children
of Israel put away the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and served the Lord only.
:5 And Samuel said, “Gather all Israel to Mizpah, and I will pray to the Lord for you.”
– Mitspeh – “watchtower” See map.
:6 So they gathered
together at Mizpah, drew water, and poured it out before the Lord. And they fasted that day, and
said there, “We have sinned against the Lord.”
And Samuel judged the children of Israel at Mizpah.
:6 drew water, and
poured it out
It seems that this is somehow tied to their confession as a people. It
could be a symbol of their weeping before the Lord. The Jewish Targum, which is
a sort of paraphrased translation states “they poured out their heart in repentance, as
Don’t make excuses or blame it on others.
Own your own sin. Acknowledge that you are to blame.
:6 Samuel judged
the children of Israel
This is the beginning of Samuel’s ministry as the last “judge” over Israel.
He is God’s spokesman, giving instruction and leadership to the nation.
:7 Now when the
Philistines heard that the children of Israel had gathered together at
Mizpah, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. And when the
children of Israel heard of it, they were afraid of the Philistines.
The Philistines aren’t going to let the Israelites have these national
gatherings. They smell trouble. They want to stop things before they get out of
:8 So the children of Israel said to Samuel, “Do not cease to cry out to
the Lord our God for us, that He
may save us from the hand of the Philistines.”
:8 Do not cease
– charash –to be silent, keep quiet.
silent before God”
Samuel had told the people (vs. 5) that when they got to Mizpah, he would
pray for them. Now they say to him, “Whatever you do, don’t stop praying for
Victory and prayer
God works through prayer.
NKJV) Confess your
trespasses to one another, and pray for one another, that you may be healed.
The effective, fervent prayer of a righteous man avails much.
Prayer is the way in which God becomes involved in the solving of our
home – I wonder how many marriages could be turned around if we just
learned how to pray together more. I wonder how many problems with difficult
children would melt away if we could really learn to pray together and for each
Yet sometimes the hardest person to pray with is the one closest to you. Satan
doesn’t want you coming to God together on your knees. He will make it as hard
as he can.
:9 And Samuel
took a suckling lamb and offered it as a whole burnt offering to the Lord. Then Samuel cried out to the Lord for Israel, and the Lord answered him.
:9 burnt offering
A picture of complete dedication to the Lord. With other sacrifices, only
certain parts of the animal were burnt on the fire, and the rest was eaten by
those bringing the sacrifice. But with the burnt offering, the complete animal
was burnt, the complete animal was given to the Lord.
When you look
at a plate of ham and eggs, you
could say that the chicken was “involved” with the breakfast, but the pig was
Victory with commitment
This display of commitment with the sacrifice will bring about a great
(Ro 12:1–2 NKJV) —1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present
your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your
reasonable service. 2 And do not be
conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that
you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
In 1954, a man named Robert Boyd Munger wrote a little booklet/tract
called, “My Heart Christ’s Home”:
In the story, he describes what it’s like after you invite the Lord Jesus
into your life. He talks about Jesus coming to settle down and be comfortable
in our lives like a guest staying in our house.
As a guest, Jesus visits different rooms in the house, such as when He goes
into the “study”. Munger
“In a sense, it is the control room of the house. He
entered with me and looked around at the books in the bookcase, the magazines
upon the table, the pictures on the walls. As I followed His gaze I became
uncomfortable. Strangely, I had not felt self-conscious about this before, but
now that He was there looking at these things I was embarrassed. Some books
were there that His eyes were too pure to behold. On the table were a few
magazines that a Christian had no business reading. As for the pictures on the
walls - the imaginations and thoughts of the mind - some of these were shameful.
Red-faced, I turned to Him and said, “Master, I know that this room needs to be
cleaned up and made over. Will You help me make it what it ought to be?”
“Certainly!” He said. “I’m glad to help you. First of all, take all the things
that you are reading and looking at which are not helpful, pure, good and true,
and throw them out! Now put on the empty shelves the books of the Bible. Fill
the library with Scripture and meditate on it day and night. As for the
pictures on the walls, you will have difficulty controlling these images, but I
have something that will help.” He gave me a full-size portrait of Himself.
“Hang this centrally,” He said, “on the wall of the mind.””
Then Mr. Munger describes Jesus going through other rooms, the “dining room” where all
his appetites and desires are met. Jesus then goes into the “Living Room”, a quiet
secluded place where he and Jesus spend time together in the morning, until
Munger finds himself too busy and starts neglecting his guest. Then Jesus goes
into the “Work Room” and the “Rec Room”, cleaning up other parts of our lives
until He gets to the “hall
closet”, where a foul odor is coming from. That’s where we hide things
from Jesus, pretending they don’t exist in our lives. But Jesus wants to clean
out the closet. Jesus wants free reign in the whole house. Complete dedication.
This poor man cried
out, and the Lord heard him,
And saved him out of all his troubles.
6You are my
hiding place; You shall preserve me from trouble; You shall surround me with
songs of deliverance. Selah
:10 Now as Samuel
was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against
Israel. But the Lord thundered
with a loud thunder upon the Philistines that day, and so confused them that
they were overcome before Israel.
:11 And the men of Israel went out of Mizpah and pursued the Philistines,
and drove them back as far as below Beth Car.
:11 and pursued
There are going to be times that God will bring the victory all by Himself.
But there are also going to be times that we have a part in the victory, in
“chasing those Philistines” out of our life.
:11 Beth Car
– “house of the lamb” or “house of the ram”
They had sacrificed a lamb. Now they pursue the Philistines as far as the
“house of the lamb”
Victory in the Lamb
It may not seem to make sense that something as harmless as a Lamb could
ever bring victory to anyone.
Satan will be defeated by the Lamb.
We’ll get to this in a few weeks on Sunday:
12:10–11 NKJV) —10
Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, “Now salvation, and
strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our
brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down. 11 And they overcame him by
the blood of the
Lamb and by the word of their testimony, and they did not love their lives to
Victory comes from Jesus’ blood. He
has paid for us. He is the Lamb.
:12 Then Samuel
took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and Shen, and called its name
Ebenezer, saying, “Thus far the Lord
has helped us.”
– ‘Eben ha-‘ ezer – “stone of help”
This stone was meant to be a reminder of how far God had helped them.
It was also a chance to undo the bad memories of the defeat twenty years
earlier at a previous “Ebenezer” (1Sam.
4:1). (that’s why this is
It was not meant to limit how far God could take them.
Going past the marker
God’s victory doesn’t end with “hitherto”. He isn’t finished with us.
confident of this very thing, that He who has begun a good work in you will
complete it until the day of Jesus Christ;
It’s not until we see Jesus in heaven that God is done
with us. He isn’t finished yet with us, He hasn’t yet taken us to the outer
boundaries of how far we can go with Him.
At one time
Andrew Carnegie was the wealthiest man in America. He came to America from his
native Scotland when he was a small boy, did a variety of odd jobs, and eventually
ended up as the largest steel manufacturer in the United States. At one time he
millionaires working for him. In those days a millionaire was a rare person;
conservatively speaking, a million dollars in his day would be equivalent to at
least twenty million dollars today.
A reporter asked Carnegie how he had hired forty-three millionaires. Carnegie
responded that those men had not been millionaires when they started working
for him but had become millionaires as a result.
The reporter’s next question was, “How did you develop these men to become
so valuable to you that you have paid them this much money?” Carnegie replied
that men are developed the same way gold is mined. When gold is mined, several tons of dirt must be
moved to get an ounce of gold; but one doesn’t go into the mine looking for
dirt—one goes in looking for the gold.
That’s how God views us. He isn’t focused on all the dirt that needs to be
moved, though it still needs to be moved. He knows what He’s making of us. He’s
looking for the gold.
NKJV) Now to Him
who is able to keep you from stumbling, And to present you faultless
Before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy,
:13 So the Philistines were subdued, and they did not come anymore into the
territory of Israel. And the hand of the Lord
was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel.
:14 Then the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were
restored to Israel, from Ekron to Gath; and Israel recovered its territory from
the hands of the Philistines. Also there was peace between Israel and the
:14 were restored
See map. The Philistines had been
pushing inland, and
now Israel pushes back.
Victory leads to restoration
Because Israel had victory over the Philistines, they regained the cities
that they had lost.
I think that God’s heart is that when we’ve fallen, but we repent and come
back to Him, that there be a measure of restoration.
if a man is overtaken in any trespass, you who are spiritual restore
such a one in a spirit of gentleness, considering yourself lest you also be
This may not be possible in every situation, but I think
it is God’s heart.
:14 peace …
This was a term used to describe the people in the land of Israel, the
Victory over the Philistines brought peace with the Amorites.
Victory in one area of our lives can often help us find greater strength in
other areas of our lives.
:15 And Samuel judged
Israel all the days of his life.
:16 He went from year to year on a circuit to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah,
and judged Israel in all those places.
:17 But he always returned to Ramah, for his home was there. There
he judged Israel, and there he built an altar to the Lord.
:16 Bethel, Gilgal,
See map. Samuel
was sort of a “circuit rider”, going from town to town to help the people.
:16 his home was
Play map clip
Today, on a hill in Ramah you can see a large building that they say is the
tomb of Samuel. But there is another church that figured that the one place wasn’t
the proper site, so they built another church on another hillside, and they say
that’s the tomb of Samuel. So now you have a problem, there are two tombs of
Samuel. One guide in Israel has solved it: he said, “The one tomb is First
Samuel, and the other is Second Samuel.”
8:1-5 Give us a
:1 Now it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges
:1 when Samuel was
It is thought that Samuel
may be 65-70 years old at this time. It’s harder for Samuel to get around. He
wants to pass on his ministry to his sons.
:2 The name of his
firstborn was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges
– “Yahweh is God”
– “Yahweh is my father”
The city at the
far south of Israel. See map
:3 But his sons
did not walk in his ways; they turned aside after dishonest gain, took bribes,
and perverted justice.
:3 his sons did not
walk in his ways
Raising bad kids
Just like his mentor, Eli, Samuel’s sons do not follow the Lord.
We could look at this and point a finger to condemn Samuel.
Perhaps he spent too much time at church. Perhaps he
didn’t have family devotions with his children. Perhaps he didn’t spank his
Perhaps he learned his bad parenting skills from Eli.
I’m not sure that’s the point.
I think the point is, even the godliest people can have
Adam and Eve could be considered God’s kids. And they rebelled. Even God
has rebellious kids.
Hope for families
Though Samuel’s sons were bad, his grandson would be good.
(1 Ch 6:31–34 NKJV) —31 Now these are the
men whom David appointed over the service of song in the house of the Lord, after the ark came to rest. 32 They were
ministering with music before the dwelling place of the tabernacle of meeting,
until Solomon had built the house of the Lord
in Jerusalem, and they served in their office according to their order. 33 And these are
the ones who ministered with their sons: Of the sons of the Kohathites were
Heman the singer,
the son of Joel,
the son of Samuel, 34 the son of
Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Eliel, the son of Toah,
Heman (“hey-mawn” – with a Jamaican accent) was one of the
worship leaders in the temple, appointed by David before the Temple was even
(1 Ch 25:1
NKJV) —1 Moreover
David and the captains of the army separated for the service some of the
sons of Asaph, of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps,
stringed instruments, and cymbals. And the number of the skilled men performing
their service was:
Heman’s descendants were to “prophesy with harps …”. You
could either look at this as if they were to prophesy and also play
instruments. Sometimes I kind of wonder if a person can’t speak for God while
playing instrumentally, to “prophesy through the instrument …”
:4 Then all the
elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah,
:5 and said to him, “Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your
ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.”
:5 your sons do not
walk in your ways
Perhaps the people were afraid that Samuel’s sons were going to end up
being like Eli’s sons. Nobody wanted to go back to that.
:5 make us a king
The idea of a king itself was not a bad idea. God had thought of it a long
(Dt 17:14–20 NKJV) —14 “When you come
to the land which the Lord your
God is giving you, and possess it and dwell in it, and say, ‘I will set a king
over me like all the nations that are around me,’
This is exactly what is happening with the people and Samuel. I think
perhaps that the idea of “like all the nations” isn’t what the problem is. God
doesn’t seem to think it’s a problem here in Deuteronomy.
15 you shall surely set a king over you whom
the Lord your God chooses; one
from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a
foreigner over you, who is not your brother.
God is concerned that whatever happens, the people would pick the king that
God would choose. And God would be picking the king.
The Israelite king should be an Israeli.
16 But he shall not multiply horses for himself,
nor cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, for the Lord has said to you, ‘You shall not
return that way again.’ 17 Neither shall he
multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly
multiply silver and gold for himself.
The king needs to be careful that he isn’t carried away with power
(horses), women or wealth. These would be the very things that would bring
18 “Also it shall be, when he sits on the
throne of his kingdom, that he shall write for himself a copy of this law in a
book, from the one before the priests, the Levites. 19 And it shall
be with him, and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn
to fear the Lord his God and be
careful to observe all the words of this law and these statutes, 20 that his heart may
not be lifted above his brethren, that he may not turn aside from the
commandment to the right hand or to the left, and that he may
prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children in the midst of
The king was to make his own handwritten copy of the Scriptures and to
study God’s Word every day of his life. Could you imagine if this was a
requirement of every new president of the United States?
He was to guard himself from pride (something that would be Saul’s
8:6-9 Samuel is
:6 But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge
us.” So Samuel prayed to the Lord.
Samuel is having a hard time with the king thing. I imagine he’s taking
this a bit personally. He thinks that the people are making a judgment on his
Samuel does respond correctly. He takes his problem to the Lord.
:7 And the Lord said to
Samuel, “Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they
have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over
:7 they have not
Don’t take it personally
I think that sometimes people treat us differently simply because we are
Christians, simply because we are following the Lord.
Think of what
Tim Tebow faces because of his stand for the Lord. The next new “athlete” is a young Asian kid
named Jeremy Lin playing
for the New York Knicks. He too is a
You may not be the one people have a problem with. It may be the Lord.
:8 According to
all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of
Egypt, even to this day—with which they have forsaken Me and served other
gods—so they are doing to you also.
:9 Now therefore, heed their voice. However, you shall solemnly forewarn
them, and show them the behavior of the king who will reign over them.”
:9 heed their voice
God won’t force you
God is giving in to the demands of the people.
God will not force you against your will to serve Him.
If you don’t want to serve God, He’s not going to force you to serve Him.
:10 So Samuel told all the words of the Lord
to the people who asked him for a king.
Samuel tells the people just what it’s going to be like having a king.
:11 And he said, “This will be the behavior of the king who will reign over
you: He will take your sons and appoint them for his own chariots and to
be his horsemen, and some will run before his chariots.
:11 He will take
The draft – men would be forced to be in the king’s army. This is exactly
what the first king Saul would do:
14:52 NKJV) Now there was fierce war with the Philistines all the days of Saul.
And when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself.
:12 He will appoint
captains over his thousands and captains over his fifties, will set some
to plow his ground and reap his harvest, and some to make his weapons of
war and equipment for his chariots.
:13 He will take your daughters to be perfumers, cooks, and bakers.
:14 And he will take the best of your fields, your vineyards, and your
olive groves, and give them to his servants.
:15 He will take a tenth of your grain and your vintage, and give it to his
officers and servants.
:15 a tenth of your
There is a great benefit with government. It provides order, protection. But
there’s a cost as well.
There will be
taxes, taxes, and more taxes.
What a terrible travesty that the people will now have to give the government 10% of
Oh wait … 10% sounds good, doesn’t it?
:16 And he will
take your male servants, your female servants, your finest young men, and your
donkeys, and put them to his work.
:17 He will take a tenth of your sheep. And you will be his servants.
:18 And you will cry out in that day because of your king whom you have
chosen for yourselves, and the Lord
will not hear you in that day.”
They’ve been warned what it will be like being ruled by man rather than God.
If they complain, God isn’t going to listen.
:19 Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they
said, “No, but we will have a king over us,
:20 that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge
us and go out before us and fight our battles.”
:21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he repeated them in
the hearing of the Lord.
:22 So the Lord said to
Samuel, “Heed their voice, and make them a king.” And Samuel said to the men of
Israel, “Every man go to his city.”
:22 make them a
Right idea, wrong reasons
It was a good idea to have a king. God even thought it was a good enough
idea to give detailed instructions for the time when it happened (Deut. 17)
The problem was in the reason for the people wanting a king.
God cares about the motivation for our actions.
13:1–3 NKJV) —1 Though I
speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I have become
sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. 2 And though I have the gift of
prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and though I have all
faith, so that I could remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. 3 And though I bestow
all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned,
but have not love, it profits me nothing.
God doesn’t just care whether we do good things like feeding the poor, He
is concerned about why we do it.
It’s good for a
pastor to want his church to grow.
God’s hope for churches is that they reach out to lost people and that lost
people get saved.
That ought to mean that a church grows.
But sometimes a pastor wants his church to grow so he can have a bigger
salary. Sometimes a pastor wants a church to grow so he can feel better about
himself. Sometimes a pastor wants a church to grow so he can become famous.
Those are WRONG reasons.
It’s a good
thing that your spouse knows the Lord and is walking with God.
We ought to have a heart for everyone to know the Lord, walk with God, and
eventually end up with us in heaven.
But sometimes when they aren’t walking with God, we can want it for the
Sometimes I don’t want to be embarrassed when my friends
ask where my spouse is. Sometimes I don’t want to seem like a “failure” because
my spouse isn’t walking with God. Sometimes it’s simply because I hope that
he’ll learn to take out the trash more often or she’ll cook me my favorite