Evening Bible Study
The books of 1 & 2 Samuel take their names from the prophet Samuel, who
is the first major character in the books. Originally, 1 & 2 Samuel were
considered as one book. When the Hebrew was translated into Greek with the
Septuagint, the book was divided into two parts.
Author – we don’t know who the author was. Samuel himself may have
contributed to some of the material, but not all of it since it continues long
after his death.
Historical Background – 1 & 2 Samuel covers the transition
between the times of the judges and the time of the kings.
The history revolves around three main characters, the prophet Samuel, the
first king Saul, and the second king, David.
:1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim Zophim, of the mountains of
Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu,
the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.
:1 Ramathaim Zophim
– “double height of the watchers”
Also known as “Ramah”. In the New
Testament we call it “Arimathea”, the home of Joseph who buried Jesus.
It is five miles north of Jerusalem, and fourteen miles south of Shiloh
(where the Tabernacle is located).
It is hill country. This is where Samuel will be born, one of the places he
will live, and where he will be buried.
– Elqanah – “God has possessed” or
“God has created”
:1 an Ephraimite
Even though it looks as if Elkanah is from the tribe of Ephraim, he’s not.
He’s actually from the tribe of Levi, but living in the land of Ephraim.
We find this out in 1Chronicles 6:28-38.
Elkanah and his son Samuel were from the family of the Kohathites, of the tribe
This is important because Samuel will be performing sacrifices, something
he shouldn’t be doing if he was from the tribe of Ephraim. But it’s fine if he’s a Levite.
:2 And he had two
wives: the name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other
Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
:2 Hannah – “grace”
:2 Hannah had no
Back in these days, a woman got her sense of value or self-esteem from her
If a woman had
lots of children, then she was proud of herself.
If she had no children, she
often felt worthless. This was sometimes
the very reason a man would take a second wife – in order to have children
(like Abraham with Hagar).
:3 This man went
up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. Also the two sons of Eli, Hophni and
Phinehas, the priests of the Lord,
:3 yearly to worship
Elkanah had a habit of worship. He
took his family to church. He was
– “place of rest”
This was one of the first semi-permanent locations that the Tabernacle settled.
The Tabernacle was here during the book of Judges, and will be here for a
couple of chapters in 1Samuel.
This was where all Israelites were to come and worship three times a year.
:4 And whenever
the time came for Elkanah to make an offering, he would give portions to
Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters.
:5 But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah,
although the Lord had closed her
:6 And her rival also provoked her severely, to make her miserable, because
the Lord had closed her womb.
:7 So it was, year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, that she provoked her; therefore
she wept and did not eat.
:7 did not eat
Worship on these days involved bringing a sacrifice to the Lord.
Some of these sacrifices would be “peace” offerings (Lev. 3) where a portion of the
sacrificial animal would be burnt on the altar as a gift to God, a portion
would be given to the priest who was helping you, and you and your family would
eat a portion.
The concept was
like having a Thanksgiving Dinner, and God is sitting at your table as a
Yet Hannah was so hurt over her situation that she could not eat dinner
:6 her rival also
provoked her severely
This is a man married to two women, and one of them was a bully.
Peninnah was also probably jealous that Elkanah favored Hannah.
Peninnah has one thing Hannah doesn’t.
She has kids. At least four
(“sons” and “daughters”)
Jealousy, cruelty. These are the
kinds of things that happen when people step outside of God’s best in marriage.
And of course, just like today, things were always worse during the
HBO has a series about polygamy.
sequence to “Big Love”.
took these stories in the Old Testament about the patriarchs who had multiple
wives and turned it into a doctrine. Some accounts have Joseph
Smith “married” to up to thirty women, some of them were also wives of his
The Bible is a
It is filled with imperfect people doing imperfect things, but that doesn’t
mean we should copy the mess. The Bible
doesn’t have a specific command against polygamy, so that makes it even more
The Bible does
have a perfect picture of marriage though.
God said that it was not good for Adam to be alone (Gen. 2:18)
(Ge 2:21–25 NKJV) —21
And the Lord God
caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs,
and closed up the flesh in its place. 22 Then the rib which the Lord God had taken from man He made
into a woman, and He brought her to the man. 23 And Adam said: “This is now
bone of my bones And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she
was taken out of Man.” 24 Therefore a man
shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall
become one flesh.
When Jesus talked about marriage, He didn’t look back at
Jacob and his four wives, or at Elkanah and his two wives. Jesus pointed back to Adam and Eve. One man, one woman.
The enemy is
having a great time breaking up marriages these days.
It’s important to realize that God’s original plan is best. The goal in life is not moving to
where you think the grass is greener. The goal is to take care
of your own lawn so your own grass grows green.
I know that many of you have been divorced and remarried. My point is not to bring condemnation on what
has happened in the past, but to keep reminding you of taking wise steps in the
1:8-18 Hannah’s Vow
:8 Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you weep? Why do
you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”
Husbands often don’t know what to say. So we say dumb things like this.
Sometimes it would be better if I just shut up and held my wife.
:9 So Hannah arose after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh.
Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the tabernacle of
:10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish.
:10 in bitterness of soul, and prayed
That’s a great way to handle bitterness – pray
:11 Then she made a vow and said, “O Lord
of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and
remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a
male child, then I will give him to the Lord
all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head.”
:11 no razor shall
come upon his head
She is promising
that the baby will be a Nazirite (Num.
Long hair. No touching dead
bodies. No grapes or grape byproducts.
This will be a child that is “dedicated” to God.
This may have been taking place at the time when Samson, the most famous
Nazirite, was judging Israel, or shortly after.
Then the cities which
the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron to
Gath; and Israel recovered its territory from the hands of the Philistines.
Also there was peace between Israel and the Amorites.
It seems that God tends to honor a decision by parents to purposely dedicate
their children to the Lord.
We have a modern example of this in the life of Chuck Smith.
The difference between Samuel
and Chuck Smith is not with their mom’s dedicating them, but in their
:12 And it happened,
as she continued praying before the Lord,
that Eli watched her mouth.
:13 Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was
not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk.
When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with
one accord in one place. 2Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and
one sat upon each of them. 4
So they were all amazed and perplexed, saying to one
another, “Whatever could this mean?” 13
:14 So Eli said to her, “How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away
:15 But Hannah answered and said, “No, my lord, I am a woman of
sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have
poured out my soul before the Lord.
:16 Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the
abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now.”
:17 Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant
your petition which you have asked of Him.”
:18 And she said, “Let your maidservant find favor in your sight.” So the
woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.
:18 … ate, and her
face was no longer sad
She was able to participate in the “peace offering” meal. She had a renewed sense of “fellowship” with
I think there’s an initial result when we “break through” in prayer.
It’s a sense of well-being, a sense of peace, of no longer being “sad”.
It comes whether or not the actual thing we’re praying for happens yet.
And it can go just about as quickly as it comes.
(Php 4:6–7 NKJV) —6 Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by
prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to
God; 7 and the peace of
God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds
through Christ Jesus.
To me, one of the keys to prayer here is “thanksgiving”. I think if I’ve come to that point where I
truly trust that God is going to take care of the situation (however He wants
to take care of it), and I can actually say “thank you for hearing me”, then
I receive His peace.
Not all prayer ends with peace.
Sometimes I’m more worried after praying than when I started.
I think I’ve learned the older I get that I need to learn
to persevere and keep praying when this happens.
“wrestled” with the “angel” all night before facing his brother Esau, and
though he ended the match as a cripple, he had “prevailed”.
:19 Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord, and returned and came to their
house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her.
:20 So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and
bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked
for him from the Lord.”
God heard her prayer. Samuel will
also hear God.
:21 Now the man
Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the Lord the yearly sacrifice and his vow.
:21 his vow
When a woman
made a vow, a husband could nullify it if he wanted to (Num. 30:6-8). If the husband
didn’t say anything, then the vow would stand. It is possible that this “vow”
the Elkanah is going to fulfill has to do with Hannah’s promise to dedicate
this child to the Lord.
:22 But Hannah
did not go up, for she said to her husband, “Not until the child is
weaned; then I will take him, that he may appear before the Lord and remain there forever.”
:23 So Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you; wait
until you have weaned him. Only let the Lord
establish His word.” Then the woman stayed and nursed her son until she had
:23 until she had
Weaning is when the child no longer is being fed by breast milk.
In Hannah’s culture, a child
might be breast fed for 3-5 years.
Samuel won’t be
an infant when he’s taken to the Tabernacle, he’s probably more “Pre-K”.
:23 Only let the Lord establish His word
(NLT) “may the LORD help you keep your promise.”
I would imagine that Hannah’s promise to give the child to the Lord would
be a hard one to keep.
:24 Now when
she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bulls, one ephah of
flour, and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the Lord in Shiloh. And the child was
:24 three bulls,
one ephah of flour …
says “a three-year-old bullock”. Perhaps
one the age of Samuel?
Perhaps some of this offering is to help pay for the raising of this boy.
:25 Then they
slaughtered a bull, and brought the child to Eli.
:26 And she said, “O my lord! As your soul lives, my lord, I am the
woman who stood by you here, praying to the Lord.
:27 For this child I prayed, and the Lord
has granted me my petition which I asked of Him.
:28 Therefore I also have lent him to the Lord;
as long as he lives he shall be lent to the Lord.”
So they worshiped the Lord there.
:28 they worshiped
– shachah – to bow down; before God
Who worshipped? Perhaps they all did. Perhaps Samuel did as well.
We’ll get a taste now of what some of the content of Hannah’s “worship”.
:1 And Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the Lord; My horn is exalted in the Lord. I smile at my enemies, Because I
rejoice in Your salvation.
:2 “No one is holy like the Lord,
For there is none besides You, Nor is there any rock like our
:3 “Talk no more so very proudly; Let no arrogance come from your mouth,
For the Lord is the God of
knowledge; And by Him actions are weighed.
:3 Talk no more so
This seems to be aimed at Peninnah.
Watch out for pride
For Peninnah, her pride was demonstrated in how she made life difficult for
Don’t put others down. Don’t be a Peninnah.
(1 Pe 5:5–6 NKJV) —5 Likewise
you younger people, submit yourselves to your elders. Yes, all of you
be submissive to one another, and be clothed with humility, for “God resists
the proud, But gives grace to the humble.” 6 Therefore humble yourselves under the
mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you in due time,
Hannah is a beautiful example how God gives grace to the
It is more
important that we watch over our hearts than that our circumstances be pleasant.
God can change
our circumstances at any time.
We need to be careful that our hearts stay in the right
place before the Lord.
People who seem to have it made can be brought down. People who are
struggling can be delivered.
:4 “The bows of
the mighty men are broken, And those who stumbled are girded with
:5 Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread, And the
hungry have ceased to hunger. Even the barren has borne seven, And she
who has many children has become feeble.
:5 the barren has borne seven
Hannah may be simply making a general statement, but she would go on to
have more children. She would have three more sons and two daughters (1Sam. 2:21).
:6 “The Lord kills and makes
alive; He brings down to the grave and brings up.
:7 The Lord makes poor and
makes rich; He brings low and lifts up.
:8 He raises the poor from the dust And lifts the beggar from the
ash heap, To set them among princes And make them inherit the throne of
glory. “For the pillars of the earth are the Lord’s, And He has set the world upon them.
:9 He will guard the feet of His saints, But the wicked shall be silent in
darkness. “For by strength no man shall prevail.
:10 The adversaries of the Lord
shall be broken in pieces; From heaven He will thunder against them. The Lord will judge the ends of the earth.
“He will give strength to His king, And exalt the horn of His anointed.”
:10 His anointed
– mashiyach – anointed one; Messiah
This is the first time that the word mashiyach
occurs in a place where it can refer to the Messiah. (it is used to refer to
the anointed priest four times in Leviticus)
The first reference to “Messiah” comes from Hannah (“grace”).
:10 king … anointed
There was not yet a king in Israel. Hannah is speaking prophetically. Not
just about the kings
like Saul and David, but
even in looking to Jesus.
Hannah’s song is interestingly very parallel to part of the song of Mary…
1:46–53 NKJV) —46
And Mary said: “My soul magnifies the Lord, 47 And my
spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior. 48 For He has regarded the lowly state of His maidservant; For behold,
henceforth all generations will call me blessed. 49 For He who is mighty has done great
things for me, And holy is His name. 50 And His mercy is on those
who fear Him From generation to generation. 51 He has shown strength with His
arm; He has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. 52 He has put down
the mighty from their thrones, And exalted the lowly. 53 He has
filled the hungry with good things, And the rich He has sent away
empty.He has helped His servant Israel, In remembrance of His
I wonder if Mary wasn’t aware of Hannah’s song and sang something very
similar because her circumstance was similar. Both had unusual pregnancies in
unusual circumstances. Both would give birth to children that the Lord would
:11 Then Elkanah
went to his house at Ramah. But the child ministered to the Lord before Eli the priest.
:11 But the child ministered
to the Lord
While his parents go home, Samuel stays at Shiloh and is given jobs to do
around the tabernacle.
uses the word leitourgeo here, which carries the idea of the service or work that the
priests and Levites would do in the sacred rites in the temple or tabernacle.
It’s possible that Samuel was given little things to do like light lamps,
sweep the floors, clean the bowls, etc.
NOTE to parents: If you drop your child off at church and
expect us to raise him, we will return him to you. We are not a full service outfit like Eli.
:12 Now the sons of Eli were corrupt; they did not know the Lord.
:13 And the priests’ custom with the people was that when any man
offered a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come with a three-pronged
fleshhook in his hand while the meat was boiling.
:14 Then he would thrust it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or
pot; and the priest would take for himself all that the fleshhook brought up.
So they did in Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there.
:15 Also, before they burned the fat, the priest’s servant would come and
say to the man who sacrificed, “Give meat for roasting to the priest, for he
will not take boiled meat from you, but raw.”
:16 And if the man said to him, “They should really burn the fat
first; then you may take as much as your heart desires,” he would
then answer him, “No, but you must give it now; and if not, I
will take it by force.”
:13 the priests’
God gave the Israelites some very specific instructions as to how He was to
be worshipped. Included
in God’s instructions were instructions to make sure that the priests who
helped with the sacrifice would be paid for their work. The part of the sacrifice that the priests
were to receive as payment for their work was the shoulder and the breast of
the animal (Ex 29:27
But Eli’s sons weren’t satisfied with what God said was to be theirs. They were selfish pigs. They
sent their servants to the people who were making their sacrifices and
basically took whatever they wanted.
Do it right
God isn’t just concerned with “what” we do, but “how” we do things.
These priests did help the people with their sacrifices, but they did it in
the wrong way.
Mike had gotten
a part time job at the Post Office and the supervisor there had been warned
that he was somewhat of a dullard, but the supervisor took a liking to him and
agreed to let Mike help him. If nothing else, he would be an extra set of
hands. The supervisor gives Mike the job of sorting, and much to everyone’s
surprise, Mike separated the letters so fast that his motions were literally a
blur. Extremely pleased by this, the supervisor approached Mike at the end of
the day. “I just want you to know,” he said, “that we’re all very proud of you.
You’re one of the fastest workers we have ever had.” “Thank you,” said Mike,
“and tomorrow I’ll try to do even better.” “Better?” the supervisor asked with
astonishment. “How can you possibly do better?” Mike replied, “Tomorrow I am
going to read the addresses.”
God is not just
concerned that we work, but how we work:
3:22–23 The Message) —22 Servants, do what you’re told by your earthly masters. And don’t
just do the minimum that will get you by. Do your best. 23 Work from the heart for your real Master, for
God doesn’t just want us doing what the boss says, but to
do it “from the heart”, do it right, as if we’re doing it for Jesus.
:15 before they
burned the fat
One of the things these fellows did wrong had to do with the “fat”.
In all of the sacrifices, the “fat” of the animal was considered to be God’s portion.
“Fat” was always thought to be good, and God deserves only the best.
We may not think “fat” is good, but to be honest, we do love good, rich, ice cream. And that’s all about the “fat” content.
2You eat the fat and
clothe yourselves with the wool; you slaughter the fatlings, but you do
not feed the flock. 4The weak you have not
strengthened, nor have you healed those who were sick, nor bound up the broken,
nor brought back what was driven away, nor sought what was lost; but with force
and cruelty you have ruled them.
the sin of the young men was very great before the Lord, for men abhorred the offering of the Lord.
:17 for men
abhorred the offering of the Lord
Because of the actions of Eli’s sons, the people didn’t like going to
Ministry abuse drives people away
We need to be careful to keep our hearts in the right place, doing things
Test of Faith
There was a
story on the radio years ago which will bring a lot of comfort to those who are
taunted with the “if you had more faith you would be healed...” issue. There
was a lady who called a radio pastor. The pastor was a wise, grandfatherly
gentleman who has that calm reassuring voice that can melt all fear. The lady,
who was obviously crying, said, “Pastor, I was born blind, and I’ve been blind all my life. I
don’t mind being blind but I have some well meaning friends who tell me that if
I had more faith I could be healed.” The pastor asked her, “Tell me, do you
carry one of those white canes?” “Yes I do,” she replied. “Then the next time
someone says that hit them over the head with the cane,” He said. “Then tell
them ‘If you had more faith that wouldn’t hurt!’”
:18 But Samuel ministered before the Lord,
even as a child, wearing a linen ephod.
:19 Moreover his mother used to make him a little robe, and bring it
to him year by year when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly
:18 linen ephod – An ephod was a tunic or apron worn by
priests or Levites. The idea is that little Samuel had his own little priest’s
Hannah visited her son every year. She made him new clothes each year.
:20 And Eli would
bless Elkanah and his wife, and say, “The Lord
give you descendants from this woman for the loan that was given to the Lord.” Then they would go to their own
I get the feeling that Eli had become partial to little Samuel. He didn’t
curse them for leaving the kid with him, he blessed them. he asks God to give
them more children to take the place of the one they have given to the Lord.
:21 And the Lord visited
Hannah, so that she conceived and bore three sons and two daughters. Meanwhile
the child Samuel grew before the Lord.
It’s been said that “You can’t out give the Lord”. I think this is true.
You might think that Hannah gave too much, but God gives back to her many
times what she gave to Him.
:22 Now Eli was very old; and he heard everything his sons did to all
Israel, and how they lay with the women who assembled at the door of the
tabernacle of meeting.
Phinehas were a bunch of sleazy scuzballs who misused their position in
ministry to seduce women at the Tabernacle.
:23 So he said
to them, “Why do you do such things? For I hear of your evil dealings from all
:24 No, my sons! For it is not a good report that I hear. You make
the Lord’s people transgress.
:25 If one man sins against another, God will judge him. But if a man sins
against the Lord, who will
intercede for him?” Nevertheless they did not heed the voice of their father,
because the Lord desired to kill
What a sad thing that a godly man has sons who aren’t following God.
:26 And the child Samuel grew in stature, and in favor both with the Lord and men.
:26 in favor both with the Lord
Even though the people couldn’t stand Hophni and Phinehas, everybody seems
to love Samuel.
:27 Then a man of God came to Eli and said to him, “Thus says the Lord: ‘Did I not clearly reveal Myself
to the house of your father when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh’s house?
:27 a man of God
We don’t know his name. Just a prophet.
:27 your father
Aaron, the first high priest.
:28 Did I not
choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be My priest, to offer
upon My altar, to burn incense, and to wear an ephod before Me? And did I not
give to the house of your father all the offerings of the children of Israel
made by fire?
:28 give …all the offerings
God is reminding Eli that their family’s income comes from Him. God gave Aaron’s family the right to take a
portion of the offerings as their payment for work.
:29 Why do you kick at My sacrifice and My offering which I have commanded in
My dwelling place, and honor your sons more than Me, to make yourselves fat
with the best of all the offerings of Israel My people?’
:29 honor your sons
more than Me
God or kids?
Eli was more concerned about what his sons thought than what God thought.
That’s a tough thing for a parent.
Is it more important that your child is “happy”, or
that you raise them in the ways of God?
That’s the choice we face when we discipline our kids.
Are we more concerned for their “happiness”, or that we
raise them the way that God wants?
Apparently Eli had some concern for his sons, but he didn’t mind too much
that his sons brought home some of those great looking steaks every day.
the Lord God of Israel says: ‘I
said indeed that your house and the house of your father would walk
before Me forever.’ But now the Lord
says: ‘Far be it from Me; for those who honor Me I will honor, and those who
despise Me shall be lightly esteemed.
“Therefore whoever confesses Me before men, him I will also
confess before My Father who is in heaven. 33But whoever denies Me before men, him I will also deny
before My Father who is in heaven.
:31 Behold, the days are coming that I will cut off your arm and the arm of
your father’s house, so that there will not be an old man in your house.
:32 And you will see an enemy in My dwelling place, despite
all the good which God does for Israel. And there shall not be an old man in
your house forever.
:33 But any of your men whom I do not cut off from My altar shall
consume your eyes and grieve your heart. And all the descendants of your house
shall die in the flower of their age.
:34 Now this shall be a sign to you that will come upon your two
sons, on Hophni and Phinehas: in one day they shall die, both of them.
:34 Now this shall
be a sign to you
All of these things will take place when we get to 1Samuel 4.
will be cut off – he and his sons will die.
An enemy in
God’s dwelling – the Philistines will capture the Ark
In one day –
Hophni and Phinehas will both die on the same day.
:35 Then I will
raise up for Myself a faithful priest who shall do according to what is
in My heart and in My mind. I will build him a sure house, and he shall walk
before My anointed forever.
:36 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left in your house will
come and bow down to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread,
and say, “Please, put me in one of the priestly positions, that I may eat a
piece of bread.” ’ ”
:35 a faithful
priest … before My anointed
There would be a faithful priest who would minister before the “anointed”,
or the king.
This might be a reference to Samuel, but though Samuel did priestly things,
he was never considered the “high priest”.
There will be two ways in which this will be fulfilled.
First, in the immediate future
There were two
lines of priests coming from Aaron, one line from his son Eleazar, the other
from his son Ithamar. In Eli’s day, the
different “lines” took turns being high priest.
Eli was from Ithamar. This is the line that would be cut
off, not with the death of Eli’s sons, but when Solomon was king and he removed the priest
Abiathar from being priest. Abiathar had been a part of the conspiracy to have
Adonijah become king instead of Solomon. (1Ki. 2:27)
At this point, the High Priesthood stopped bouncing back
and forth from Eleazar’s and Ithamar’s lines and stayed with Eleazar, with
Zadok being named the High Priest.
was an ultimate fulfillment in Jesus.
We know Jesus is the “anointed”,
the Messiah, the King. It’s even written
on His robe:
(Re 19:16 NKJV) —16
And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING
OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
Jesus is also a
(Heb 2:17 NKJV) Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His
brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining
to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.