Deuteronomy 31-32

Thursday Evening Bible Study

January 27, 2011


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision

The name Deuteronomy means “second law”. It’s God’s “review” for the people to make sure they understand His ways before they go into the land.

Deuteronomy 31

31:1-8 Joshua Will Lead

:1 Then Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

:2 And he said to them: “I am one hundred and twenty years old today. I can no longer go out and come in. Also the LORD has said to me, ‘You shall not cross over this Jordan.’

:3 The LORD your God Himself crosses over before you; He will destroy these nations from before you, and you shall dispossess them. Joshua himself crosses over before you, just as the LORD has said.

:3 Joshua himself crosses over

There is a kind of picture here that we need to keep in mind.

It wasn’t Moses that took the people into the Promised Land.
Joshua finished what Moses couldn’t do.

As much as we’ve been seeing principles from Deuteronomy that we can live our lives by, we need to keep in mind the difference between the Old and New Covenants.

Moses is the Old Covenant.  And though the Law is good and perfect, the Law only acts to show us our weakness and inability to follow God’s ways on our own.
Jesus is the New Covenant.
Jesus is the Greek name for a Jewish boy named Joshua.
Jesus is able to do what Moses couldn’t.

The Law can’t get you into heaven, into the Promised Land.

Jesus (Joshua) is the one that takes us in.

Jesus died for us, taking away our sin and giving us His righteousness.

He gets us “in”.

Play “Good-o-meter” video.

:4 And the LORD will do to them as He did to Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites and their land, when He destroyed them.

:4 as He did to Sihon and Og

With God’s help, they had already conquered the kings of the Amorites and had taken their land. (Deut. 2:26 – 3:11)


Victory builds on victory

Over and over God will remind the Israelites of the things He’s done for them, whether getting them out of Egypt or conquering the Amorites.
They are about to go into a season of warfare, and to encourage the people, God wants to remind them that He has fought for them before.
When David found the opportunity before him of facing Goliath, he drew on his prior experience as a shepherd:
(1 Sa 17:34–37 NKJV) —34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep his father’s sheep, and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock, 35 I went out after it and struck it, and delivered the lamb from its mouth; and when it arose against me, I caught it by its beard, and struck and killed it. 36 Your servant has killed both lion and bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the living God.” 37 Moreover David said, “The LORD, who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and the LORD be with you!”

David had learned from experience that God was able to give him victory in battle.

When we face our battles or temptations, we should be able to look back at past victories and remind ourselves that if God helped us then, He will help us in the future.
It’s also a good reason to remind ourselves why it is important to do well in the battle before us.
Sometimes we tell ourselves that it doesn’t much matter if we blow it in just one battle, we can always try again.
But one defeat puts us backward, not forward.

One defeat makes it easier to lose the next battle.

:5 The LORD will give them over to you, that you may do to them according to every commandment which I have commanded you.

:6 Be strong and of good courage, do not fear nor be afraid of them; for the LORD your God, He is the One who goes with you. He will not leave you nor forsake you.”

:7 Then Moses called Joshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel, “Be strong and of good courage, for you must go with this people to the land which the LORD has sworn to their fathers to give them, and you shall cause them to inherit it.

:8 And the LORD, He is the One who goes before you. He will be with you, He will not leave you nor forsake you; do not fear nor be dismayed.”

:6 Be strong and of good courage

Moses is speaks these words first to the entire nation of Israel (vs. 1,6), then he repeats it to Joshua specifically (vs. 7)


Courage is mine

I find it interesting to see how God would take these same words and repeat them over and over to Joshua, personally, in just a few days/weeks from this moment.
(Jos 1:5–9 NKJV) —5 No man shall be able to stand before you all the days of your life; as I was with Moses, so I will be with you. I will not leave you nor forsake you. 6 Be strong and of good courage, for to this people you shall divide as an inheritance the land which I swore to their fathers to give them. 7 Only be strong and very courageous, that you may observe to do according to all the law which Moses My servant commanded you; do not turn from it to the right hand or to the left, that you may prosper wherever you go. 8 This Book of the Law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate in it day and night, that you may observe to do according to all that is written in it. For then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have good success. 9 Have I not commanded you? Be strong and of good courage; do not be afraid, nor be dismayed, for the Lord your God is with you wherever you go.”
I think the real power of these words doesn’t just come when they’re spoken to a large mass of people.
The real power comes when you realize that God is speaking to YOU.
Joshua is challenged by God to spend time in His Word.

He is encouraged to be careful to do all that God has said.

It’s important to spend time in God’s Word and give God time to actually speak to you.  And then you do what God says…

31:9-13 Seven Year Law Review

:9 So Moses wrote this law and delivered it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who bore the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and to all the elders of Israel.

Moses gives a copy of the Law to the priests. They were to be the keepers and enforcers of God’s law.

:10 And Moses commanded them, saying: “At the end of every seven years, at the appointed time in the year of release, at the Feast of Tabernacles,

:11 when all Israel comes to appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses, you shall read this law before all Israel in their hearing.

:12 Gather the people together, men and women and little ones, and the stranger who is within your gates, that they may hear and that they may learn to fear the LORD your God and carefully observe all the words of this law,

:13 and that their children, who have not known it, may hear and learn to fear the LORD your God as long as you live in the land which you cross the Jordan to possess.”

:10 every seven years

This is talking about something that would take place on the year of release, every seventh year, when you were to set slaves free and not plant seed in the fields. (Deut. 15:1-11)

Once every seven years during the Feast of Tabernacles, in September-October, the whole nation was to gather at “the place” and listen to the Law.

Eventually this would be Jerusalem.


Need for review

I find it interesting that they only had to go through the Law every seven years.
When the people did this in the book of Nehemiah, the people wept when they realized how all these warnings had come true (Neh. 8).
I know I need to spend time every day reading God’s Word and taking time to think about it.
The Psalmist wrote:
(Ps 1:1–3 NKJV) —1 Blessed is the man Who walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, Nor stands in the path of sinners, Nor sits in the seat of the scornful; 2 But his delight is in the law of the Lord, And in His law he meditates day and night. 3 He shall be like a tree Planted by the rivers of water, That brings forth its fruit in its season, Whose leaf also shall not wither; And whatever he does shall prosper.

He felt a need to spend time daily in God’s Word.

Peter tells his readers that he isn’t apologetic about continually reminding them of things they probably already know:
(2 Pe 1:12 The Message) —12 Because the stakes are so high, even though you’re up-to-date on all this truth and practice it inside and out, I’m not going to let up for a minute in calling you to attention before it.

31:14-30 Israel’s Coming Failure

:14 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, the days approach when you must die; call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of meeting, that I may inaugurate him.” So Moses and Joshua went and presented themselves in the tabernacle of meeting.

:15 Now the LORD appeared at the tabernacle in a pillar of cloud, and the pillar of cloud stood above the door of the tabernacle.

:16 And the LORD said to Moses: “Behold, you will rest with your fathers; and this people will rise and play the harlot with the gods of the foreigners of the land, where they go to be among them, and they will forsake Me and break My covenant which I have made with them.

:16 play the harlot

God knew that when Moses was gone, that the people would turn their back on Him. He’s not surprised when we sin either.

:17 Then My anger shall be aroused against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide My face from them, and they shall be devoured. And many evils and troubles shall befall them, so that they will say in that day, ‘Have not these evils come upon us because our God is not among us?’

:18 And I will surely hide My face in that day because of all the evil which they have done, in that they have turned to other gods.

Notice that God is not surprised when they stumble.

:19 “Now therefore, write down this song for yourselves, and teach it to the children of Israel; put it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for Me against the children of Israel.

:19 write down this song

Moses and Joshua were to write a song (the verb is plural, they both wrote the song).

Songs are a great way to teach things, a great way to remember things.

Close your eyes and listen to this music.  Raise your hand when you recognize the tune.  You get bonus points if you can sing along…
PlayFlintstones” clip.
PlayJetsons” clip.
PlayMr. Ed” clip.
How did you remember that? Because songs are a great way of getting something into our brain.
How about this … do any of you know the Scripture verse 1John 4:7,8 by heart? Some of us know it because we learned the song.


Write songs that teach.

Here’s a challenge to you song writers out there. Your songs don’t have to just be about worship and telling the Lord you love Him. They can also be songs that teach a principle.
One of the greatest things you can teach people is the Word of God. Take God’s Word and put it to music.

:20 When I have brought them to the land flowing with milk and honey, of which I swore to their fathers, and they have eaten and filled themselves and grown fat, then they will turn to other gods and serve them; and they will provoke Me and break My covenant.

:21 Then it shall be, when many evils and troubles have come upon them, that this song will testify against them as a witness; for it will not be forgotten in the mouths of their descendants, for I know the inclination of their behavior today, even before I have brought them to the land of which I swore to give them.”

:21 this song will testify

They’ll have probably forgotten God’s Word, but they won’t forget the song.

“Flintstones, meet the Flintstones…”

:22 Therefore Moses wrote this song the same day, and taught it to the children of Israel.

The song is the next chapter, Deut. 32

:23 Then He inaugurated Joshua the son of Nun, and said, “Be strong and of good courage; for you shall bring the children of Israel into the land of which I swore to them, and I will be with you.”

:23  inauguratedtsavah – to command, charge, give orders, lay charge, give charge to, order

NLT – “commissioned

This is God speaking directly to Joshua.  Note the “He” is capitalized.

:24 So it was, when Moses had completed writing the words of this law in a book, when they were finished,

:25 that Moses commanded the Levites, who bore the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying:

:26 “Take this Book of the Law, and put it beside the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, that it may be there as a witness against you;

:26 put it beside the ark

The scrolls of the Law were to be kept next to the Ark of the Covenant.

:27 for I know your rebellion and your stiff neck. If today, while I am yet alive with you, you have been rebellious against the LORD, then how much more after my death?

:28 Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their hearing and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

:29 For I know that after my death you will become utterly corrupt, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you. And evil will befall you in the latter days, because you will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him to anger through the work of your hands.”

:30 Then Moses spoke in the hearing of all the assembly of Israel the words of this song until they were ended:

Deuteronomy 32

32:1-43 Song of Moses

:1 “Give ear, O heavens, and I will speak; And hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.

:2 Let my teaching drop as the rain, My speech distill as the dew, As raindrops on the tender herb, And as showers on the grass.

:3 For I proclaim the name of the LORD: Ascribe greatness to our God.

:3 I proclaim the name of the LORD

I find it fascinating that in the beginning of Exodus, Moses didn’t know God’s name:

(Ex 3:13–14 NKJV) —13 Then Moses said to God, “Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they say to me, ‘What is His name?’ what shall I say to them?” 14 And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ”
Moses has come a long way since that day, forty plus years earlier.  He not only knows God’s name, now he proclaims it.

:4 He is the Rock, His work is perfect; For all His ways are justice, A God of truth and without injustice; Righteous and upright is He.

:5 “They have corrupted themselves; They are not His children, Because of their blemish: A perverse and crooked generation.

:6 Do you thus deal with the LORD, O foolish and unwise people? Is He not your Father, who bought you? Has He not made you and established you?

:7 “Remember the days of old, Consider the years of many generations. Ask your father, and he will show you; Your elders, and they will tell you:

:8 When the Most High divided their inheritance to the nations, When He separated the sons of Adam, He set the boundaries of the peoples According to the number of the children of Israel.

:8 According to the number

After the flood of Noah, we have a record of the nations that were established on the earth (Gen. 10)

(Ge 10:32 NKJV) —32 These were the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations, in their nations; and from these the nations were divided on the earth after the flood.
If you count carefully, you find there were 70 nations.

When Jacob went down to Egypt, his family consisted of 70 people. (Gen. 46:26-27)

(Ge 46:26–27 NKJV) —26 All the persons who went with Jacob to Egypt, who came from his body, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, were sixty-six persons in all. 27 And the sons of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt were two persons. All the persons of the house of Jacob who went to Egypt were seventy.

This is a bit of a mystery to me, why God divided the earth into 70 nations, the same number as the number of Jacob and his descendants when they went to Egypt. But that’s the way God did it.

The Number 70

The number 70 is kind of interesting in its use. It seems to be tied to the nation of Israel. In fact God says here it’s the “number of the children of Israel”.
It was the number of elders in Israel (Num. 11:24)
(Nu 11:24 NKJV) —24 So Moses went out and told the people the words of the LORD, and he gathered the seventy men of the elders of the people and placed them around the tabernacle.
Gideon had 70 sons (Judg 8:30)
Ahab had 70 sons (2Ki. 10:1)
Israel was kept in Babylon for 70 years
(2 Chr 36:21 NASB) to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy years were complete.

They hadn’t kept seventy years’ worth of sabbaths (which would be 70 years times 7 years they were disobedient).

Daniel’s prophecy concerning the Messiah had to do with 70 weeks
(Dan 9:24 NASB) “Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy place.
Jesus’ rule of forgiveness
(Mt 18:21–22 NKJV) —21 Then Peter came to Him and said, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?” 22 Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.

Where do you suppose that He came up with the “seventy times seven”? Was it just a way of exaggerating Peter’s suggestion?

Perhaps it was a way of saying that just as God has been completely forgiving to all of Israel, so we ought to be forgiving to others as well.

:9 For the LORD’s portion is His people; Jacob is the place of His inheritance.

God’s treasure is His people.

:10 “He found him in a desert land And in the wasteland, a howling wilderness; He encircled him, He instructed him, He kept him as the apple of His eye.

:10 He kept him as the apple of His eye.

apple = pupil

When someone tries to hurt you, it’s like they’re poking God in the eye.

PlayThree Stooges Eye Poke

Pity someone who pokes God in the eye.

(NLT) he guarded them as his most precious possession.


You are God’s treasure

This is the way that God views His people:
(Zec 2:8 NKJV) —8 For thus says the LORD of hosts: “He sent Me after glory, to the nations which plunder you; for he who touches you touches the apple of His eye.

:11 As an eagle stirs up its nest, Hovers over its young, Spreading out its wings, taking them up, Carrying them on its wings,

:11 carrying them on its wings


God’s protection.

God has mentioned this before, regarding the time He delivered them through the Red Sea:
(Ex 19:4 NKJV) ‘You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself.
An eagle teaches it’s young to fly in a very different way. Eagles’ nests are located on very high, out of the way places. When it’s time for a flying lesson, the mother eagle will push the baby out of the nest. The baby will start flailing at the air, trying to fly, but falling like a rock to the canyon floor. At just the last moment, the mother will swoop down, and scoop up the baby on top of its wings. Then they try it all over again.
God never promises to keep us away from problems, but He always promises to rescue us in the nick of time.
In talking about how the Israelites gave us examples of how to live, and how not to live, Paul writes:

(1 Co 10:13 NKJV) —13 No temptation has overtaken you except such as is common to man; but God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will also make the way of escape, that you may be able to bear it.

He will deliver us.

:12 So the LORD alone led him, And there was no foreign god with him.

:12 So the LORD alone led him

By pushing him out of the nest.


It’s scary learning to fly.

Sometimes God has to make things uncomfortable for us to get us to move along. A baby eagle can’t spend its entire life in the nest. There comes a time when it needs to get out on its own and fly.
There’s a story about a photographer for a national magazine who was assigned to take pictures of a great forest fire. He was advised that a small plane would be waiting to fly him over the fire. The photographer arrived at the airstrip just an hour before sundown. Sure enough, a small Cessna airplane was waiting. He jumped in with his equipment and shouted, “Let’s go!” The tense man sitting in the pilot’s seat swung the plane into the wind and soon they were in the air, though flying erratically. “Fly over the north side of the fire,” said the photographer, “and make several low-level passes.” “Why?” asked the nervous pilot. “Because I’m going to take pictures!” yelled the photographer. “I’m a photographer, and photographers take pictures.” After a long pause, the “pilot” replied: “You mean, you’re not my instructor?”

:13 “He made him ride in the heights of the earth, That he might eat the produce of the fields; He made him draw honey from the rock, And oil from the flinty rock;

:14 Curds from the cattle, and milk of the flock, With fat of lambs; And rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, With the choicest wheat; And you drank wine, the blood of the grapes.

:15 “But Jeshurun grew fat and kicked; You grew fat, you grew thick, You are obese! Then he forsook God who made him, And scornfully esteemed the Rock of his salvation.

:15 Jeshurun – “upright one”, a term of endearment, referring to the nation of Israel.

There’s a danger that comes when your life smoothes out and becomes “nice”.

When Israel became “fat” and wealthy, they stopped seeking God.

I ache when some of you are going through the difficulties you’ve faced.

But I’ve also learned to be a little concerned when things begin to get “comfortable”.

:16 They provoked Him to jealousy with foreign gods; With abominations they provoked Him to anger.

:17 They sacrificed to demons, not to God, To gods they did not know, To new gods, new arrivals That your fathers did not fear.

:17 sacrificed to demons

The other “gods” are often just demons in disguise.

(1 Co 10:20 NKJV) —20 Rather, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice they sacrifice to demons and not to God, and I do not want you to have fellowship with demons.

There are other spiritual forces out there, Satanic forces.

:18 Of the Rock who begot you, you are unmindful, And have forgotten the God who fathered you.

:19 “And when the LORD saw it, He spurned them, Because of the provocation of His sons and His daughters.

:20 And He said: ‘I will hide My face from them, I will see what their end will be, For they are a perverse generation, Children in whom is no faith.

:21 They have provoked Me to jealousy by what is not God; They have moved Me to anger by their foolish idols. But I will provoke them to jealousy by those who are not a nation; I will move them to anger by a foolish nation.

:21 I will provoke them to jealousy

Israel made God jealous by their worshipping other gods, so God would make them jealous by turning to other nations with salvation.

(Ro 11:11 NKJV) —11 I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But through their fall, to provoke them to jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles.
When they rejected the Lord, He turned to the Gentiles with salvation, not because He’s totally rejected them, but in the hopes of provoking them to jealousy. Hopefully they’ll want what we have.

Paul told the Romans about how God was using the ministry to Gentiles to do this very thing:

(Ro 10:19 NKJV) But I say, did Israel not know? First Moses says: “I will provoke you to jealousy by those who are not a nation, I will move you to anger by a foolish nation.”
God loves the Jewish people.  We ought to love the Jewish people.

:22 For a fire is kindled in My anger, And shall burn to the lowest hell; It shall consume the earth with her increase, And set on fire the foundations of the mountains.

:23 ‘I will heap disasters on them; I will spend My arrows on them.

:23 I will heap disasters on them

God is referring to the discipline He would be bringing on Israel to bring them back to Him, encouraging them to turn around.

Now God has built this warning into the song that the people might remember and be warned.

:24 They shall be wasted with hunger, Devoured by pestilence and bitter destruction; I will also send against them the teeth of beasts, With the poison of serpents of the dust.

:25 The sword shall destroy outside; There shall be terror within For the young man and virgin, The nursing child with the man of gray hairs.

:26 I would have said, “I will dash them in pieces, I will make the memory of them to cease from among men,”

:27 Had I not feared the wrath of the enemy, Lest their adversaries should misunderstand, Lest they should say, “Our hand is high; And it is not the LORD who has done all this.” ’

:27 Had I not feared the wrath of the enemy

This is God speaking about Israel’s enemies. God didn’t want Israel’s enemies to get the wrong idea about what was happening to Israel, as if somehow Israel’s God was weaker than theirs. And so God would limit the victories that Israel’s enemies would have over her.

:28 “For they are a nation void of counsel, Nor is there any understanding in them.

Speaking of Israel’s enemies …

:29 Oh, that they were wise, that they understood this, That they would consider their latter end!

:30 How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had surrendered them?

:30 one chase a thousand

This is talking about the defeats that Israel would face from their enemies when they had walked away from God.

One enemy soldier would chase a thousand Israelis.

The truth is that Israel would not have suffered these kinds of defeats unless God had stopped protecting them.

:31 For their rock is not like our Rock, Even our enemies themselves being judges.

(Dt 32:31 The Message) —31 For their rock is nothing compared to our Rock; even our enemies say that.

:32 For their vine is of the vine of Sodom And of the fields of Gomorrah; Their grapes are grapes of gall, Their clusters are bitter.

:33 Their wine is the poison of serpents, And the cruel venom of cobras.

:32  their vine is of the vine of Sodom

The enemies of Israel would not be good people, but wicked people.  God would use wicked people to judge His people.

:34 ‘Is this not laid up in store with Me, Sealed up among My treasures?

You get the idea that God’s plans are all locked away in a vault somewhere in heaven.

:35 Vengeance is Mine, and recompense; Their foot shall slip in due time; For the day of their calamity is at hand, And the things to come hasten upon them.’

:35 Vengeance is Mine

Even Israel’s enemies, whom God used to bring judgment on Israel with, even they will have to face God’s judgment.


Let God take care of it.

Vengeance is one of God’s job descriptions. It is not one of yours, yet we like to think that we can handle it:

I heard a story about a truck driver who dropped in at an all-night restaurant in Broken Bow, Nebraska. The waitress had just served him when three swaggering, leather-jacketed motorcyclists—of the Hell’s Angels type—entered and rushed up to him, apparently spoiling for a fight. One grabbed the hamburger off his plate; another took a handful of his French fries; and the third picked up his coffee and began to drink it.

The trucker did not respond as one might expect. Instead, he calmly rose, picked up his check, walked to the front of the room, put the check and his money on the cash register, and went out the door. The waitress followed him to put the money in the till and stood watching out the door as the big truck drove away into the night.

When she returned, one of the cyclists said to her, “Well, he’s not much of a man, is he?”

She replied, “I can’t answer as to that, but he’s not much of a truck driver. He just ran over three motorcycles out in the parking lot.”

Vengeance is God’s job. Let go of the bitterness and let Him handle it.
(Ro 12:17–21 NKJV) —17 Repay no one evil for evil. Have regard for good things in the sight of all men. 18 If it is possible, as much as depends on you, live peaceably with all men. 19 Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20 Therefore “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; If he is thirsty, give him a drink; For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.” 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

When the first missionaries came to Alberta, Canada, they were opposed by a young Cree Indian chief named Maskepetoon. But eventually he responded to the gospel and accepted Christ. Shortly afterward, a member of the Blackfoot tribe who hated Maskepetoon killed his father. The chief rode into the murderer’s village and demanded that he be brought before him. Confronting the guilty man he said, “You shall ride my best horse and wear my best clothes.”

In utter amazement and remorse his enemy exclaimed, “My son, now you have killed me.” The hate in his heart had been erased by Maskepetoon’s forgiveness and kindness.

How do you treat those who’ve hurt you? Repay evil with good.

:36 “For the LORD will judge His people And have compassion on His servants, When He sees that their power is gone, And there is no one remaining, bond or free.

:37 He will say: ‘Where are their gods, The rock in which they sought refuge?

:38 Who ate the fat of their sacrifices, And drank the wine of their drink offering? Let them rise and help you, And be your refuge.

:36 and have compassion

God will have compassion on His people when they are broken and realize they’ve been trusting in the wrong things, things that don’t really help.

:39 ‘Now see that I, even I, am He, And there is no God besides Me; I kill and I make alive; I wound and I heal; Nor is there any who can deliver from My hand.

:40 For I raise My hand to heaven, And say, “As I live forever,

:41 If I whet My glittering sword, And My hand takes hold on judgment, I will render vengeance to My enemies, And repay those who hate Me.

:42 I will make My arrows drunk with blood, And My sword shall devour flesh, With the blood of the slain and the captives, From the heads of the leaders of the enemy.” ’

:43 “Rejoice, O Gentiles, with His people; For He will avenge the blood of His servants, And render vengeance to His adversaries; He will provide atonement for His land and His people.”

:43 He will avenge the blood of His servants

This is the end of the song of Moses.

There is mention in Revelation of a “song of Moses”, sung by the saints of the Tribulation who have had victory over the antichrist:

(Re 15:2–4 NKJV) —2 And I saw something like a sea of glass mingled with fire, and those who have the victory over the beast, over his image and over his mark and over the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God. 3 They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: “Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints! 4 Who shall not fear You, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy. For all nations shall come and worship before You, For Your judgments have been manifested.”
Some have suggested that the “song of Moses” may refer to Ex. 15 where Israel triumphed over the Egyptians.  Others suggest it’s this song of Ex. 32, which gives a comprehensive review of God’s faithfulness to Israel.
I think it might be talking about our passage.  God warns that He is going to take vengeance on those (like the antichrist) who have tried to come against His people.

32:44-52 Moses ready to die

:44 So Moses came with Joshua the son of Nun and spoke all the words of this song in the hearing of the people.

:45 Moses finished speaking all these words to all Israel,

:46 and he said to them: “Set your hearts on all the words which I testify among you today, which you shall command your children to be careful to observe—all the words of this law.

:47 For it is not a futile thing for you, because it is your life, and by this word you shall prolong your days in the land which you cross over the Jordan to possess.”

:47 it is not a futile thing

Obeying God isn’t a waste of your time.

:48 Then the LORD spoke to Moses that very same day, saying:

:49 “Go up this mountain of the Abarim, Mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, across from Jericho; view the land of Canaan, which I give to the children of Israel as a possession;

:50 and die on the mountain which you ascend, and be gathered to your people, just as Aaron your brother died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people;

:49 Abarim – The range of mountains overlooking (from the E) the Jordan valley and the Dead Sea.

:49 Nebo – also known as Pisgah

Note:  Moses would be looking from the top of Pisgah, looking over his people scattered on the Plains of Moab, looking across the Jordan River towards the Promised Land, where he would not be allowed to go.

Play video clip “View from Pisgah”

:51 because you trespassed against Me among the children of Israel at the waters of Meribah Kadesh, in the Wilderness of Zin, because you did not hallow Me in the midst of the children of Israel.

:52 Yet you shall see the land before you, though you shall not go there, into the land which I am giving to the children of Israel.”

:51 Meribah Kadesh

Moses didn’t represent God correctly. He struck the Rock when he should have spoken to it. (Num. 20)


Don’t jeopardize your witness

This isn’t about Moses losing his salvation. We know that Moses is in heaven. After all, Jesus spoke with him on the Mount of Transfiguration (Mat. 17).
This is about not being able to finish your ministry.
(1 Co 9:24–27 NKJV) —24 Do you not know that those who run in a race all run, but one receives the prize? Run in such a way that you may obtain it. 25 And everyone who competes for the prize is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a perishable crown, but we for an imperishable crown. 26 Therefore I run thus: not with uncertainty. Thus I fight: not as one who beats the air. 27 But I discipline my body and bring it into subjection, lest, when I have preached to others, I myself should become disqualified.