Evening Bible Study
time that God delivered the Israelites from slavery in Egypt to the time that
they first entered their Promised
Land, was a period of forty years. The first year was spent at Mount Sinai,
where they received
God’s commandments and built the portable worship center known as the Tabernacle.
The next thirty
nine years were spent wandering in the wilderness. They are at the end of this
time period and before they cross into the Promised Land, they are going to get
a “refresher course” on the basics of their worship, beginning last week with a
reminder of some of the basic offerings, and now we’ve begun a review of the
The Feasts were important for several reasons:
1. They taught the people history.
Sometimes a feast was tied to an historical event, and the yearly
celebration helped the people remember what God had done in the past, such as
the Passover, when God had delivered Israel out of Egypt.
2. They were opportunities to pass on the faith.
These were times to make the children ask questions and learn about their
3. They brought the people together.
These feasts were often called “holy convocations”, we call it
4. They had prophetic importance.
(Col 2:17 NKJV) which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of
We’ve already looked at two of these holidays:
1) Passover –
which was prophetically fulfilled when Jesus died on the cross and God “passed
over” our sins.
2) Feast of Weeks
/ Pentecost / First Fruits – when the Holy Spirit was poured out on the church,
the church was the first fruits of Christ’s work.
The next batch of holidays have not been fulfilled prophetically.
29:1-6 Feast of
:1 ‘And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have
a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work. For you it is a day of
blowing the trumpets.
:1 holy convocation
– a time when the people gathered together. Like going to church.
:1 blowing the
trumpets – [email protected]‘ah – alarm, signal, shout or blast of war
or alarm or joy
There are different kinds of “trumpets” in the Old Testament.
were blown on the first of each month for the “New Moon” festivals (Num. 10:10)
blown for this “Feast of Trumpets” was the ram’s horn, known as the shofar.
:2 You shall
offer a burnt offering as a sweet aroma to the LORD: one young bull, one ram,
and seven lambs in their first year, without blemish.
The offerings made on this holiday involved various sacrificial animals,
grain offerings and drink offerings.
While some of the feasts have roots in an historical event (like Passover),
there is no specific historical event that this feast represents.
There are some
rabbis who have declared that this was the day that the world was created in
declared that this was actually the day that man was created, and that the
world was created five days earlier.
this has become a sort of “New Year” for Judaism.
The Jews has two different calendars.
The “religious” calendar starts with the month of Passover
The “civil” calendar starts with this day.
it is known as “Rosh Hashanah” (“The Head of the Year”).
Hashanah for the Jewish Year 5771 (2010) will fall on September 8.
based on the oral tradition of the Jews, calls this day the “day of judgment”. We
do not take the Mishnah as Scriptural truth, but it is quite interesting. The
Mishnah states that on this day books are opened and the fate of people are
have their names written in the book of life.
have their names blotted out of the book of life.
Those in the
middle have ten days to repent and become righteous. It is ten days until Yom
Kippur, the “Day of Atonement”.
There is no clear purpose given for the Feast of Trumpets. But the very
nature of its name, and the placement of it in the calendar seem to point
toward it being a sort of “wakeup” call.
It is a call to get ready for the major “Feast” season – the upcoming Day
of Atonement and Feast of Tabernacles.
There doesn’t seem to have been any sort of fulfillment of this as of yet. There
hasn’t been any kind of trumpet blast yet to get people ready.
But one is coming!
(1 Th 4:16–17 NKJV) —16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a
shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God.
And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain
shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the
air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord.
(1 Co 15:51–52 NKJV) —51 Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep,
but we shall all be changed— 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will
sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
What’s the “last trumpet”?
1. Some think it could be the last of the seven trumpets in Revelation,
putting the rapture at the end of the Tribulation period. I wouldn’t agree.
Keep in mind, Paul wrote 1Cor. thirty years before John’s “Revelation”.
2. Could it be
Jewish tradition has an elaborate service laid out with various prayers and
readings. These are all interspersed with various blasts from the shofar.
Could it be that the Rapture will occur on Rosh Hashanah? Hmmm.
The two feasts prior to Trumpets have already been fulfilled prophetically.
This is the first one to be unfulfilled.
The principle of the Feast of Trumpets is to be ready.
We don’t have to wait until September to be ready.
(Mt 24:42–44 NLT) —42 “So you, too, must keep watch! For you don’t know what
day your Lord is coming.43
Understand this: If a homeowner knew exactly when a burglar was coming,
he would keep watch and not permit his house to be broken into.44 You also must be ready
all the time, for the Son of Man will come when least expected.
Play “Rapture” video clip.
Are you ready to meet your Master?
29:7-11 Day of
:7 ‘On the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy
convocation. You shall afflict your souls; you shall not do any work.
:7 holy convocation
– another time to gather
:7 you shall
afflict your souls
Traditionally this phrase carries the idea of fasting, not feasting.
:11 also one kid
of the goats as a sin offering, besides the sin offering for atonement, the
regular burnt offering with its grain offering, and their drink offerings.
:11 besides the sin
offering for atonement
This array of sacrifices would be in addition to the special offering that
would be made on this day, the actual sacrifice of atonement for the sins of
The Day of Atonement, or, Yom
Yom = Day,
Kippur = Atonement (same word used in Num.29:11) or “covering”
It falls in the September/October time frame.
Though this day was not tied specifically to an historical event, it was
one instituted for a reason – the death of Aaron’s sons Nadab and Abihu when they rushed into the
Holy of Holies and were killed (Lev. 10).
The rituals on this day were to resolve the issue of how the people were
going to approach the throne of God symbolized by the Ark of the Covenant,
without dying in God’s presence (Lev. 16:1)
As a result,
there was only one day a year when the High Priest would actually enter into
the Holy of Holies. It was only on this one day a year that the High Priest
would make atonement for the sins of the nation upon the mercy seat (God’s
properly dressed and washed, the High Priest would make a sin offering for
himself, sprinkling the blood of a bull in the holy of holies upon the mercy
seat while burning incense.
Then, the High Priest would make a sin offering for the people, and take
the blood of a goat and sprinkle it in the holy of holies on the mercy seat.
Then the High
Priest would confess the sins of the nation over the head of another goat,
which would be set free in the wilderness, to carry the people’s sins away from
(Le 16:30 NKJV) For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you
may be clean from all your sins before the Lord.
It was a day to atone for the sins of the people.
For today’s Jews, the day is handled quite differently.
There is no Temple. There is no Holy of Holies. There is no altar of
Today a good
Jew will spend the day thinking about all the good things and all the bad
things he’s done over the year.
If the good things outweigh the bad things, then everything’s fine. If not,
then you’ve got some work to do.
But where’s God’s purpose of atoning for sin? Where’s the blood that is
supposed to be spilt?
In one aspect, this has been fulfilled. In another, it hasn’t.
The Great High Priest has entered into the Holy of Holies once for all and
offered His own blood for our sins.
(Heb 9:24–26 The Message) —24 For Christ didn’t enter the earthly version of
the Holy Place; he entered the Place Itself, and offered himself to God as the
sacrifice for our sins. 25
He doesn’t do this every year as the high priests did under the old plan
with blood that was not their own; 26 if that had been the case, he would have to sacrifice himself
repeatedly throughout the course of history. But instead he sacrificed himself
once and for all, summing up all the other sacrifices in this sacrifice of
himself, the final solution of sin.
(Da 9:24 NKJV) “Seventy weeks are determined For your people and for your
holy city, To finish the transgression, To make an end of sins, To make reconciliation for
iniquity, To bring in everlasting righteousness, To seal up vision and
prophecy, And to anoint the Most Holy.
Even though atonement for sin was accomplished by Jesus on the cross, the
whole package of the seventy-weeks isn’t over until Jesus comes again.
Sin is still around. It hasn’t ended yet.
The seventy weeks end with the return of Jesus Christ.
have theorized that the day of Jesus’ coming could be on Yom Kippur.
29:12-40 Feast of Tabernacles
:12 ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy
convocation. You shall do no customary work, and you shall keep a feast to the
LORD seven days.
convocation – one more time to get together
:13 You shall present a burnt offering, an offering made by fire as a sweet
aroma to the LORD: thirteen young bulls, two rams, and fourteen lambs in their
first year. They shall be without blemish.
There is quite an elaborate array of sacrificial animals, flour, oil, and
Each day the same sacrifice is repeated except there is one less bull
sacrificed each day.
:35 ‘On the
eighth day you shall have a sacred assembly. You shall do no customary work.
:36 You shall present a burnt offering, an offering made by fire as a sweet
aroma to the LORD: one bull, one ram, seven lambs in their first year without
And then we are given all the accompanying animal sacrifices, grain offerings,
and drink offerings. The eighth day only
has one bull sacrificed.
Also called “Sukkoth”,
“Feast of Booths”, as well as “Feast of Ingathering”. It was celebrated at the
time when the crops were all harvested and the barns were full.
It had a double purpose:
1. Remember the
forty years in the wilderness
It was to remind the people of how the Israelites wandered in the wilderness for forty
years, living in tents (“Tabernacles” or “Sukkoth”)
To celebrate this, the people would set up booths made of branches and live
outside with their families, kind of like camping out.
The farmers’ growing
season was over, the crops have all been harvested and the farmers had a chance
The requirements here had to do with sacrifices.
On the first
day of the feast the sacrifices involved thirteen bulls. (Num. 29:13)
sacrifices were accompanied with grain offerings and drink offerings (wine was
There would be sacrifices every day for seven days. The only difference was
that each day there would be one less bull offered as a burnt offering.
In total, there would be 70
bulls sacrificed over a period of seven days (that’s a lot of bull), and
according to Jewish tradition, they saw this as a bull being sacrificed for every
nation of the world.
The first seven days of the feast were to symbolize the forty years in the
But as you know, there came a day when they actually made it into the
Promised Land, and apparently that was what the eighth day represented, when
they left the wilderness and entered the Land.
On the eighth
day there was only one bull sacrificed (Num. 29:36) , and to the Jews, this was
a bull sacrificed for them, the nation of Israel.
Through time, there became a couple more additions to Sukkoth.
On the evening
of the first night, a golden candlestick was lit in the Court of the Women at
the temple. This was a picture of the pillar of fire by night that led Israel
in the wilderness.
There was a
ceremony was added to Sukkoth that had to do with water.
Every day of Sukkoth, at daybreak, a priest would lead a procession of
people from the Temple to the go to the pool of Siloam.
The choir would sing a song from:
(Is 12:3 NKJV) Therefore with joy you will draw water From the wells of
It was a time known as extreme joy.
This is the
only feast that we know for sure will be celebrated after Jesus returns.
14:16 NKJV) And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the
nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship
the King, the Lord of hosts, and
to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.
Why is this feast going to be celebrated during the Millennial Kingdom?
Because the Kingdom is when Jesus will live and rule among us. He will
permanently “tabernacle” (“dwell”) with us.
The Kingdom is when God has done his final “Ingathering” of his people.
So, the Feast of Tabernacles speaks of the Kingdom Age.
It will be a
time of great joy.
(Ps 16:11 NKJV) You will show me the path of life; In Your presence is
fullness of joy; At Your right hand are pleasures forevermore.
What greater joy could there be but to live with Jesus face to face.
:1 Then Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes concerning the children of
Israel, saying, “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded:
:2 If a man makes a vow to the LORD, or swears an oath to bind himself by
some agreement, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that
proceeds out of his mouth.
:2 vow –
neder – a promise to do something
A “oath to bind” was a
promise not to do something
Sometimes these were made in kind of a “deal” with God, like Jacob did at
(Ge 28:20–22 NKJV) —20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God will be with
me, and keep me in this way that I am going, and give me bread to eat and
clothing to put on, 21 so
that I come back to my father’s house in peace, then the Lord shall be my God. 22 And this stone which I
have set as a pillar shall be God’s house, and of all that You give me I will
surely give a tenth to You.”
Sometimes a vow was made simply to devote yourself to God for a period of
time like the Nazirite
vow (Num. 6).
There have been some famous Nazirites:
the prophet, John the Baptist.
:2 he shall do
Be a person of your word.
One of the reasons people swear an oath or take a vow is to help people
believe what they’re saying, kind of like putting your hand on the Bible in
court and swearing to tell the truth, the whole truth, nothing but the truth. It’s
like the person who says, “May God strike me dead if I’m not telling the
(Jas 5:12 NKJV) But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by
earth or with any other oath. But let your “Yes” be “Yes,” and your “No,” “No,”
lest you fall into judgment.
The whole point is that we should be men and women of our
You shouldn’t have to go through some elaborate oath to
convince someone that you are telling the truth.
If you say, “Yes, I will”, that should be enough.
Your life should be enough to validate your word.
Be careful what you promise.
(Prov 20:25 NLT) It is dangerous to make a rash promise to God before counting
Take the time to consider what you’re doing.
Make sure you are going to be able to fulfill your promise.
If you promise your kids a trip to Disneyland tomorrow, you’d better come
through with it.
As our kids got older, we began to learn the hard way that
they will remind you about your promises.
It’s better not to promise something than to let them down
by not keeping your promise.
If you borrow
money, you had better really be sure you are going to pay it back. Credit cards,
loans, these are all things that follow the rules of these “vows”.
(Ec 5:4–5 NKJV) —4 When you make a vow to God, do not delay to pay it; For
He has no pleasure in fools. Pay what you have vowed— 5 Better not to vow than
to vow and not pay.
God wants us bound together in love, learning to trust one another, and
this doesn’t happen when we lie or break promises to each other.
I know that sometimes we have good intentions and make promises that we
intend to keep, and then for some reason we are not able to keep that promise. I
think we can be gracious to each other over these kinds of things.
But sometimes we make promises only to manipulate people into doing what we
want with no intention of ever following through. This is what’s wrong.
30:3-5 A Young
:3 “Or if a woman makes a vow to the LORD, and binds herself by some
agreement while in her father’s house in her youth,
:4 and her father hears her vow and the agreement by which she has bound
herself, and her father holds his peace, then all her vows shall stand, and
every agreement with which she has bound herself shall stand.
:5 But if her father overrules her on the day that he hears, then none of
her vows nor her agreements by which she has bound herself shall stand; and the
LORD will release her, because her father overruled her.
A dad has a responsibility over his daughter.
If a daughter makes a commitment and the dad either agrees to it or simply
doesn’t say anything, then the daughter is still obligated to her commitment.
If a daughter makes a foolish commitment, a dad had the ability to nullify
30:6-8 A Wife’s Vow
:6 “If indeed she takes a husband, while bound by her vows or by a rash
utterance from her lips by which she bound herself,
:7 and her husband hears it, and makes no response to her on the day that
he hears, then her vows shall stand, and her agreements by which she bound
herself shall stand.
:8 But if her husband overrules her on the day that he hears it, he shall
make void her vow which she took and what she uttered with her lips, by which
she bound herself, and the LORD will release her.
A husband is responsible for his wife’s decisions.
A husband could get his wife out of a foolish vow.
Some would look at some of this and think that the Bible is all about men
ruling the world and women being their servants…
One man was
from Texas, one from Florida and one from Kansas. They got acquainted and
started talking about their problems with their wives. The guy from Texas began
by saying “I told my wife clearly that from now on she would have to do all of
the cooking. Well,
the first day after I told her, I saw nothing. The second day I saw nothing,
but on the third day when I came home from work, the table was set, and a
wonderful dinner was prepared with wine and even dessert.” Then the man from
Florida spoke up “I sat my wife down and told her, that from now on she would
have to do all the grocery shopping and all of the house cleaning. The first day I saw
nothing. The second day I saw nothing. But the third day, when I came home, the
whole house was spotless, and in the pantry the shelves were filled with
groceries.” The fellow from Kansas was married to a woman who had grown up in Kansas
all her life. He sat up straight on the bar stool, pushed out his chest and
said. “I gave my wife a stern look and told her that from now on she would have
to do the shopping,
cleaning, and cooking. Well, the first day I saw nothing. The second day I saw
nothing. But by the third
day, I could see a little bit out of my right eye.”
I have come to look at these kinds of Scriptures in a little different
Interestingly enough, it doesn't seem like a wife could get her husband out
of a foolish vow.
It doesn't seem fair to me!
This goes to prove an idea I've had about the relationship between a man
and his wife from the Scripture.
In our passage we see that a man is stuck with his word. Nobody gets him
out of it.
A woman on the other hand can be bailed out by her husband.
I believe that what God's intent all along is for husbands to learn how to
make good decisions.
(1 Pe 3:1–2 NKJV) —1 Wives, likewise, be submissive to your own husbands, that even
if some do not obey the word, they, without a word, may be won by the conduct
of their wives, 2 when they observe your chaste conduct accompanied by fear.
I have learned by observation that it appears that the
female of the species makes decisions easier than do the male. They also make
Yet what sometimes happens in marriage is that after the
husband makes his fourth or fifth Bozo-headed decision, the wife is tempted to
just step in and take over.
Some husbands may put up a fight over this.
Some of us just step back and let her fix things.
Ladies have the ability to help train their husbands to make good decisions.
Sometimes that means letting him make a few Bozo
decisions, and then having to pay for them as well. God is going to keep him at
The best way to make good decisions is to know that you
have the support behind you. Even if you make a bonehead decision, you know
you’re going to be loved anyway.
This doesn’t mean you don’t offer advice or give your
opinion. Yet hopefully after a few stupid mistakes in a row, a husband might
possibly learn that he ought to listen to his wife’s ideas.
30:9-12 Widow or
Divorced Woman’s Vow
:9 “Also any vow of a widow or a divorced woman, by which she has bound
herself, shall stand against her.
A widow or divorced woman is accountable for her decisions.
:10 “If she vowed in her husband’s house, or bound herself by an agreement
with an oath,
:11 and her husband heard it, and made no response to her and did not
overrule her, then all her vows shall stand, and every agreement by which she
bound herself shall stand.
:12 But if her husband truly made them void on the day he heard them, then
whatever proceeded from her lips concerning her vows or concerning the
agreement binding her, it shall not stand; her husband has made them void, and
the LORD will release her.
Any agreements that she made when still married fell under the “married”
:13 Every vow and every binding oath to afflict her soul, her husband may
confirm it, or her husband may make it void.
Keep in mind, these are the laws for the ancient nation of Israel.
Even though there are principles we can learn from, these are not legally
binding in the year 2010 in the United States.
If a gal signs up for every new credit card offer that comes in the mail,
and then charges each card to the limit, you can’t get out of the credit
agreement just because you did it without your husband’s okay.
:14 Now if her husband makes no response whatever to her from day to day,
then he confirms all her vows or all the agreements that bind her; he confirms
them, because he made no response to her on the day that he heard them.
:15 But if he does make them void after he has heard them, then he shall
bear her guilt.”
:16 These are the statutes which the LORD commanded Moses, between a man
and his wife, and between a father and his daughter in her youth in her
:14 her husband
makes no response
If a husband heard about a vow that his wife made, and simply doesn’t say
anything about it, but then later on down the road decides that it’s wrong, too
bad! It’s too late! He has to pay the price of her vow!
He’s watching the ball game on TV. She tells him she’s going shopping for a
new wardrobe. He nods his head and grunts. A month later he gets the VISA bill
and gets upset. Too bad. He should have said something earlier.
We get into more trouble because of bad communication.
Sometimes things just get lost in translation:
bandit made a specialty of crossing the Rio Grande from time to time and
robbing banks in Texas. Finally, a reward was offered for his capture. An
Ranger decided to track him down. After a lengthy search, he traced the bandit
to his favorite cantina, snuck up behind him, put his trusty six-shooter to the
bandit’s head, and said, “You’re under arrest. Tell me where you hid the loot
or I’ll blow your brains out.” But the bandit didn’t speak English and the
Ranger didn’t speak Spanish! Fortunately, a bilingual lawyer was in the saloon and translated
the Ranger’s message. The terrified bandit blurted out, in Spanish, that the
loot was buried under the oak tree in back of the cantina. “What did he say?”
asked the Ranger. The lawyer answered, “He said, ‘Get lost, you turkey. You
wouldn’t dare shoot me.’”
Sometimes we get into trouble because we just don’t speak up.
A man and his wife were having some problems at home and were
giving each other the silent treatment. Suddenly, the man realized that the
next day, he would need his wife to wake him at 5:00 AM for an early morning
business flight. Not wanting to be the first to break the silence (and LOSE),
he wrote on a piece of paper, “Please wake me at 5:00 AM.” He left it where he knew she would
find it. The next morning, the man woke up, only to discover it was 9:00 AM and
he had missed his flight. Furious, he was about to go and see why his wife
hadn’t wakened him, when he noticed a piece of paper by the bed. The paper
said, “It is 5:00
AM. Wake up.”
Don’t let things go unsaid. We need to keep
communication clear between us.
If I have a problem with something you’re
doing, I need to begin talking about it, and not wait until it becomes a bigger
(Eph 4:25 NKJV) —25 Therefore, putting away lying, “Let each one of you speak
truth with his neighbor,” for we are members of one another.
Truth is spoken to each other.
Nobody can read your mind.
If you let things go unsaid, you will pay a price later on, just as in