Evening Bible Study
We have been marching with the Israelites through their forty year journey through the
wilderness on the way to the Promised Land.
The book of Numbers gets its name from the two censuses taken, one at the
beginning of the wilderness period, one at the end.
One of the purposes of the last census was to determine the population of
each tribe and when it came to dividing up the Promised Land, the bigger the
tribe, the bigger the portion of land allotted to that tribe.
It’s this issue of potential land rights that leads to the next chapter.
:1 Then came the daughters of Zelophehad the son of Hepher, the son of
Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, from the families of Manasseh
the son of Joseph; and these were the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah,
Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
What is about to happen is a bit out of the ordinary. In ancient cultures, women had NO rights
whatsoever. These gals have an important
issue and they march right up to Moses at the doorway to the Tabernacle.
:2 And they stood before Moses, before Eleazar the priest, and before the
leaders and all the congregation, by the doorway of the tabernacle of meeting,
:3 “Our father died in the wilderness; but he was not in the company of
those who gathered together against the LORD, in company with Korah, but he
died in his own sin; and he had no sons.
This is going to present a problem.
If this fellow died in the wilderness, with no sons, then his family is
going to have no right to claim any of the Promised Land.
:4 Why should the name of our father be removed from among his family
because he had no son? Give us a possession among our father’s brothers.”
:4 give us a
These gals are bold. They want a
piece of the Promised Land.
To many people, they would look at the situation and say to themselves, “Well,
it’s never been done before, why should it be any different now?”
The results of that kind of thinking are that it WON’T be any different
What harm can it do?
How many times is it that the only thing that keeps us from doing or
receiving something is because we never bothered to ask?
Don’t let your dreams or your inheritance go by the wayside simply because
you didn’t bother asking about it!
(Jas 4:2 NKJV) …Yet you do not have because you do not ask.
(Jn 16:24 NKJV) Until now you have asked nothing in My name. Ask, and you will
receive, that your joy may be full.
The worst that could happen is that you get a “no”. But what if the answer is “yes”?
:5 So Moses
brought their case before the LORD.
Lots to learn
This tells me two things:
didn’t have all the answers.
It’s okay to respond with “I don’t know”.
It’s much better to do that than just make up something stupid.
The reason we make up stupid stuff is probably due to pride. We don’t want to look ignorant.
2. Don’t know? Ask God.
Just because you don’t know doesn’t mean you can’t find out.
When you don’t have the answers, sometimes the questions of life can cause
you a lot of grief.
I wonder how much grief we endure simply because we didn’t
take the time to ask God for answers.
:6 And the LORD
spoke to Moses, saying:
:7 “The daughters of Zelophehad speak what is right; you shall surely give
them a possession of inheritance among their father’s brothers, and cause the
inheritance of their father to pass to them.
:8 And you shall speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘If a man dies
and has no son, then you shall cause his inheritance to pass to his daughter.
:9 If he has no daughter, then you shall give his inheritance to his
:10 If he has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to his
:11 And if his father has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance
to the relative closest to him in his family, and he shall possess it.’ ” And
it shall be to the children of Israel a statute of judgment, just as the LORD
:7 give them a
The Lord gave Moses the procedure of passing on an inheritance.
We follow this today, looking for the “next-of-kin”
This passage has more importance than just with probate laws.
This law opens the door for the Messiah!
Follow the logic:
1. The Messiah would come from a woman, a
(Is 7:14 NKJV) Therefore the Lord Himself will give
you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call
His name Immanuel.
2. The Messiah would be the heir to the
throne of David.
(2 Sa 7:12 NKJV) “When your days are
fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you,
who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.
3. If Messiah had no earthly father, how
could he inherit the throne of David?
Because of the Daughters of Zelophehad!
Jesus has TWO
genealogies. They’re both pretty
different in covering the period of history between David and Jesus.
the genealogy of Joseph, Jesus’ step-father.
Matt. 1 - Gives Jesus the legal right to the throne,
the genealogy of Mary and her father Joseph, Jesus’ mother and physical link
with the human race.
Luke 3 - Giving Jesus the physical right to the throne,
27:12-14 Moses gets
:12 Now the LORD said to Moses: “Go up into this Mount Abarim, and see the
land which I have given to the children of Israel.
– “regions beyond”
range that contains Mt. Nebo, which was also known as Pisgah. Play “Pisgah view” video.
:13 And when
you have seen it, you also shall be gathered to your people, as Aaron your
brother was gathered.
:14 For in the Wilderness of Zin, during the strife of the congregation,
you rebelled against My command to hallow Me at the waters before their eyes.”
(These are the waters of Meribah, at Kadesh in the Wilderness of Zin.)
:14 you rebelled
Moses would be able to see the land, but not go in.
He had rebelled against God, didn’t treat God as holy, and misrepresented
God before the people at the waters of Meribah (Num.20:9-13).
When He should have spoken to the Rock to make the water come he struck the
Rock in anger instead.
Sometimes we give in to sin because we are afraid we’re going to “miss out”
on all the fun.
little guy sitting in a bar just looking at his drink. He sits that way for a
half an hour. Then
this big trouble-making truck driver step up next to him; takes the drink from
the guy and drinks it. The poor man starts crying. The trucker says, “Come on,
man, I was just joking. Here, I’ll buy you another one. I can’t stand to see a
man cry.” “No, that’s not it, “the little guy says to the thug. “It’s just that
today was the worst day of my life. First, I overslept and missed an important meeting and the
boss fired me. When I walked outside to drive home, my car was stolen. The police said they could
do nothing. “I got a cab to return home, and after I paid the driver and the cab was
gone I discovered I had left my wallet in the cab. “I got home only to find my wife kissing the
gardener. I left home and came to this bar. And just when I was thinking about
putting an end to my life, you
show up and drink my poison.”
If we would learn to say “no”, we only end up missing out on the poison,
not the “fun”.
Moses’ sin led to disqualification.
(1 Co 9:24–27 NKJV) —24 Do you not know that those who run in a race all run,
but one receives the prize? Run in such a way that you may obtain it. 25 And
everyone who competes for the prize is temperate in all things. Now they do it
to obtain a perishable crown, but we for an imperishable crown. 26 Therefore I run
thus: not with uncertainty. Thus I fight: not as one who beats the air. 27 But
I discipline my body and bring it into subjection, lest, when I have preached
to others, I myself should become disqualified.
Note: Moses’ disqualification was
from entering into the Promised Land, not from going to heaven.
Who was Jesus talking with on the mountain of
transfiguration (Mat.17)? He was talking
with Moses and Elijah. Moses made it to
But Moses didn’t make it to the final goal of his whole
You may not lose your salvation because of sin in your life, but you
certainly won’t be able to achieve the same kinds of things you could have if
you had dealt with your sin.
:15 Then Moses spoke to the LORD, saying:
:16 “Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the
You have to hand it to Moses, many leaders become so paranoid, that the
last thing they would ever think of is giving someone else a chance, let alone
turning over their leadership to another person.
:17 who may go out before them and go in before them, who may lead them out
and bring them in, that the congregation of the LORD may not be like sheep
which have no shepherd.”
:18 And the LORD said to Moses: “Take Joshua the son of Nun with you, a man
in whom is the Spirit, and lay your hand on him;
:19 set him before Eleazar the priest and before all the congregation, and
inaugurate him in their sight.
:20 And you shall give some of your authority to him, that all the
congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient.
:21 He shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire before the
LORD for him by the judgment of the Urim. At his word they shall go out, and at
his word they shall come in, he and all the children of Israel with him—all the
:21 the judgment of
We are simply not exactly sure exactly what the “Urim and Thummin” are.
think they are special magic glasses that enabled Joseph Smith to translate the
Book of Mormon from nonexistent golden plates written in a language that
doesn’t exist. I think not.
likely that they were some kind of stones that worked within the pocket of the
breast piece that the high priest wore. (Ex.28:30)
:22 So Moses
did as the LORD commanded him. He took Joshua and set him before Eleazar the
priest and before all the congregation.
It’s important in passing authority from one person to the next to do it in
front of the people who count, the people who will be led.
:23 And he laid his hands on him and inaugurated him, just as the LORD
commanded by the hand of Moses.
What kind of person does God choose for leadership?
with the Spirit
(vs. 18) “Take Joshua the son of Nun with you, a man in whom is the
You can lead with your own strength and wisdom, or you can learn to lead
with the strength and wisdom that the Spirit gives.
Learning to live a life of being yielded to the Spirit doesn’t begin when
you find yourself in a place to lead, it begins before you lead.
The first time we encounter Joshua, it was in a war:
(Ex 17:9 NKJV) And Moses said to Joshua,
“Choose us some men and go out, fight with Amalek…
Joshua was kind of one of Israel’s first generals. He was a warrior.
(Eph 6:10–13 NKJV) —10 Finally, my
brethren, be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might. 11 Put on the whole armor
of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 12 For we do not wrestle
against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against
the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness
in the heavenly places. 13
Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to
withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
The battle is going on around us whether we are aware of
it or not, whether we like it or not.
A leader is always going to be a prime target of the
If you get the leader, the rest of the army is going to
If you step out to serve God, expect to be attacked. The greater the responsibility, the greater
Num.13 - the twelve spies are sent into the land. One of them is Joshua.
When the spies came back with their report, ten of them
discouraged the people by not just pointing out the giants in the land, but by
saying that the people would be unable to conquer the giants.
Look what Joshua said at that time:
(Nu 14:7–9 NKJV) —7 and they spoke to all
the congregation of the children of Israel, saying: “The land we passed through
to spy out is an exceedingly good land. 8 If the Lord delights in us, then He will bring
us into this land and give it to us, ‘a land which flows with milk and honey.’ 9 Only do not rebel
against the Lord, nor fear the people of the land, for they are our bread;
their protection has departed from them, and the Lord is with us. Do not fear
What does it mean to be a man of faith?
Play “I’m against it” video
Faith is not “against” the things God might want to do.
It’s being a man who is confident that God can handle
Moses was the most humble man on earth (Num.12:3), at least that’s what
Moses tells us! But Joshua was the servant of Moses. (Ex.24:13; 33:11)
Even after Moses was gone, Joshua was still known as Moses’ servant.
(Jos 1:1 NASB) Now it came about after
the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, that the Lord spoke to Joshua the
son of Nun, Moses’
God’s greatest leaders are not those who give orders best,
but those who learn to serve.
We’re now going to enter a section where we have two chapters full of
instructions for various offerings.
Offerings are categorized by daily, weekly, monthly, and special
holidays during the year.
Some of this is review. Some of this
is filling in the blanks. It’s been forty years since some of this has been
talked about. The rituals are going to
be expanded a bit as they enter the Promised Land.
:1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
:2 “Command the children of Israel, and say to them, ‘My offering, My food
for My offerings made by fire as a sweet aroma to Me, you shall be careful to
offer to Me at their appointed time.’
:2 sweet aroma
Sometimes we can fall into the trap of thinking that “sacrifice” is only
for when you need to make things right with God.
There is a place for that – that is why Jesus came, to be our sacrifice, to pay for our
But we need to remember that God wants our obedience, our heart, not our
Saul to wipe out the Amalekites.
And he did, sort of. Just not
completely. In fact he kept some of the
spoils of war … for a good reason.
(1 Sa 15:15 NKJV) And Saul said, “They have
brought them from the Amalekites; for the people spared the best of the sheep
and the oxen, to sacrifice to the Lord your God; and the rest we have utterly
Saul thought that it was more important to have lots of sacrifices than to
simply to what God had asked him to do.
(1 Sa 15:22 NKJV) —22 So Samuel said: “Has the Lord as great delight in burnt
offerings and sacrifices, As in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey
is better than sacrifice, And to heed than the fat of rams.
God loves our “sacrifices”, the things we offer Him from a right heart.
The problem is when we think that we can just ignore the
sin in our lives because we plan on giving God a really great Father’s Day
:3 “And you shall
say to them, ‘This is the offering made by fire which you shall offer to the
LORD: two male lambs in their first year without blemish, day by day, as a
regular burnt offering.
:4 The one lamb you shall offer in the morning, the other lamb you shall
offer in the evening,
:4 in the evening
This was the “time of the evening offering”, which was one of the times you
could set your watch by in Bible times.
us that it occurred at the ninth hour (3:00 in the afternoon), while the Mishna
taught that it actually took place at 3:30 p.m.
This little tidbit will come in handy in your Bible reading when you come
up on passages like these:
(1 Ki 18:36 NKJV) And it came to pass, at the time of the offering of the
evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near and said, “Lord God of
Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, let it be known this day that You are God in Israel
and I am Your servant, and that I have done all these things at Your word.
:5 and one-tenth
of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering mixed with one-fourth of a hin of
:6 It is a regular burnt offering which was ordained at Mount Sinai for a
sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD.
:7 And its drink offering shall be one-fourth of a hin for each lamb; in a
holy place you shall pour out the drink to the LORD as an offering.
:8 The other lamb you shall offer in the evening; as the morning grain
offering and its drink offering, you shall offer it as an offering made by
fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
:3 a regular burnt
The KJV – “a continual burnt offering”
Israel was to have a lamb burning on the altar, night and day, day in and
There are two pictures this represents:
1. Jesus, our
Jesus was undoubtedly the picture behind the Passover Lamb.
(Jn 1:29 NKJV) The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold!
The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!
Jesus’ blood covers us so God is able to “Pass Over” our sins.
The Passover lamb was to be an unblemished male lamb, one year old. Same as in the daily sacrifice.
Jesus is constantly available to bear our sins.
(Heb 10:14 NKJV) For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are
Forgiveness is available
He wants to pay for your sins!
2. A living
The idea of the burnt offering was that the lamb was taking your place on
the altar. You somehow imparted yourself
into that lamb, then it was slaughtered, cut into pieces, and completely
consumed on the altar. Nothing was to be
left behind but ashes.
God desires much of the same of our lives, in a spiritual way.
He desires that we place our entire lives:
Our hopes, our wishes, our plans, our emotions, upon His altar. Then the fire is lit. And we are completely consumed. We are completely given over to God.
(Ro 12:1–2 NKJV) —1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that
you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is
your reasonable service. 2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be
transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good
and acceptable and perfect will of God.
Stay on the altar
The problem with living sacrifices is that they tend to
crawl off the altar.
Perhaps that’s why the sacrifice is repeated morning and
It starts in the morning. How about this prayer:
“Lord, I have been so
good today. I haven’t raised my voice to
anyone. I haven’t called anyone rude
names. I haven’t yelled and screamed,
ranted and raved at anyone. I haven’t
even broken anything or hurt anybody.
But Lord, I’m about to get out of bed in about five minutes and I will
probably need your help then.”
And as important as having time with God in the morning,
perhaps we ought to consider spending time with God in the evening as well.
Climb back up on the altar in the morning, get back on at
The famous English preacher, Charles Spurgeon, wrote a
book for devotions called “Morning and Evening”.
:9 ‘And on the Sabbath day two lambs in their first year, without blemish,
and two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with oil,
with its drink offering—
:10 this is the burnt offering for every Sabbath, besides the regular burnt
offering with its drink offering.
It does not say when these were to be sacrificed, but the Jews by practice
did it right after the morning sacrifice.
Many people settle for just the Sabbath Offerings, enjoying Jesus and giving
themselves to the Lord once a week. But
God desires these things every day!
It is neat that it seems like we get a double portion (two
lambs, not just one) of the Lord when we all get together and have church
:11 ‘At the beginnings of your months you shall present a burnt offering to
the LORD: two young bulls, one ram, and seven lambs in their first year,
without blemish; …
God goes on to lay out the offerings given monthly month…
The Jews use a lunar calendar, and their months follow the phases of the
That’s why Passover is on a different day each year, sometimes a different
month – because our calendar does NOT follow the phases of the moon.
These sacrifices at the beginning of the month were known as “New Moons”.
In addition to
the sacrifices, trumpets were to be blown. (Num. 10:10)
apparently became feast days.
(1 Sa 20:5 NKJV) And David said to Jonathan, “Indeed tomorrow is
the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. But let me go,
that I may hide in the field until the third day at evening.
The problem with things like this is that we get into doing rituals rather
than understanding what we’re supposed to be doing. God would rather that we use the time to draw
near to God. We want to say the magic
words and eat our supper and not get too close to God.
(Is 1:13–14 NKJV) —13 Bring no more futile sacrifices; Incense is an abomination to
Me. The New Moons, the Sabbaths, and the calling of assemblies— I cannot endure
iniquity and the sacred meeting. 14 Your New Moons and your appointed feasts My
soul hates; They are a trouble to Me, I am weary of bearing them.
(Col 2:16–17 NKJV) —16 So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a
festival or a new moon or sabbaths, 17 which are a shadow of things to come,
but the substance is of Christ.
Don’t let your worship be a hollow shell.
Let it express a heart of love for God.
28:16-25 Passover Offerings
Now we move to things that will happen once a year, the holidays or
We’re going to be looking at the major feast or “festivals” of the Jewish
These were important for several reasons:
1. They taught
the people history.
The Passover was a yearly reminder of the historical event when God had
delivered Israel out of Egypt.
2. They were
opportunities to pass on the faith.
The Feast of Unleavened Bread was a time of “cleaning out the leaven”,
removing not only leaven, but sin from our lives.
3. They brought
the people together.
These feasts were often called “holy convocations”
4. They had
(Col 2:17 NKJV) which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of
The feasts were pictures of future events, and God seems to be fond of
making those events happen on the Feast Days.
The Passover was a picture of God passing over our sins – and Jesus ended
up dying on the Passover.
Pentecost was the feast of “first fruits”, and the Holy Spirit was poured
out on the church at Pentecost, bringing the “first fruits” of God’s work
:16 ‘On the
fourteenth day of the first month is the Passover of the LORD.
was to commemorate every year how God mightily delivered Israel out of Egypt on
the night when all the first born were slain, except in those houses that had
blood on the door.
Jesus is our
Passover. God passed over our sins.
:17 And on the fifteenth day of this month is the feast; unleavened bread
shall be eaten for seven days.
The Passover was a one day event followed by a seven day event called the
Feast of Unleavened Bread.
This was a seven day feast to remember how the people didn’t have time to
sit around and use leaven to allow bread to rise, but had to eat unleavened
bread when they fled out of Egypt.
For the practicing Jews, who take this very seriously, part of the ritual
in preparing for this feast is to send your kids all through the house looking
for leaven. The entire house must be
leaven free! Part of the fun is to hide
little packets of leaven for the kids to find, then to remove from the house,
preparing you for the feast.
Leaven in the Bible is often a picture of sin.
Leaven works by corruption. The
yeast is actually causing a type of spoilage that creates gas, that rises the
Sin also brings corruption in our lives.
So the yearly feast of Unleavened Bread speaks about cleaning house not
just physically, but spiritually as well.
(1 Co 5:8 NKJV) Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor
with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of
sincerity and truth.
Perhaps we ought to take time every once in a while and
Keep your life pure before the Lord.
:18 On the
first day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work.
:18 holy convocation – Translation:
Getting together for church.
:19 And you shall present an offering made by fire as a burnt offering to
the LORD: two young bulls, one ram, and seven lambs in their first year. Be
sure they are without blemish. …
More details on the various sacrifices for this feast…
28:26-31 Feast of
:26 ‘Also on the day of the firstfruits, when you bring a new grain
offering to the LORD at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation.
You shall do no customary work. …
:26 holy convocation – another one
:27 You shall present a burnt offering as a sweet aroma to the LORD: two
young bulls, one ram, and seven lambs in their first year…
:26 Feast of Weeks
This feast was called “First
Fruits” because it celebrated the period when the harvest of the wheat crops
When you picked the first fruit from your field, you would turn and offer
it up to God, recognizing who it was who gave you the fruit in the first place.
The feast was called “Weeks” because it was celebrated after a week of weeks (seven
times seven days, or forty-nine days, plus one), on the fiftieth day after
Passover. We also call it Pentecost (Greek for “fifty”).
This is one of the few feasts that Biblically is not tied to a part of the
history of Israel.
Later, Jewish tradition added that this was the day when Moses was given
the Law of God on Mount Sinai.
A wonderful thing happened on the fiftieth day after the Real Passover,
when Jesus’ blood was spilt to cover our sins.
God brought in the first Harvest of souls by sending the Holy Spirit on
the people gathered together, and the church was born.