Exodus 20:8-11

Sunday Morning Bible Study

May 11, 2008

Introduction (play Mom’s video)

First Commandment:  God is number one (no other gods)

Second Commandment: Get the picture right (no graven images)

Third Commandment: Honor the name.  Now for number four


What would cause an innocent woman to welcome time behind bars? According to Maria Brunner, all it takes is her “lazy” husband and “demanding” children. Brunner’s husband is unemployed, so she supports their three young children by cleaning other people’s houses. Even without a job, her husband managed to run up quite a number of unpaid parking tickets. The bill totals nearly $5,000. Mr. Brunner kept the tickets a secret from his wife, but as the owner of the vehicle, she is responsible. Maria cannot pay the fine, and unless her husband can come up with the money, she will spend three months behind bars in her town of Poing, Germany. Maria’s reaction? “I’ve had enough of scraping a living for the family…. As long as I get food and a hot shower every day, I don’t mind being sent to jail. I can finally get some rest and relaxation.” Police reported that when they went to arrest Maria, “she seemed really happy to see us. . .and repeatedly thanked us for arresting her.” While most people taken into custody hide their heads in shame, Maria “smiled and waved as she was driven off to jail.”

www.timesonline.co.uk (5-15-05); "I’m Ready; Let’s Go,"


Rest and relaxation doesn't seem to come as easily or naturally to Americans as it does to those in other nations. According to the 2006 World Almanac and Book of Facts:

• a worker in Italy averages 42 vacation days per year.
• a worker in France: 37 days
• a worker in Germany: 35 days
• a worker in Brazil: 34 days
• a worker in the United Kingdom: 28 days
• a worker in Japan: 25 days
• a worker in America: just 13 days

Anyone want to move to Italy with me???

The World Almanac and Book of Facts (2006) (World Almanac Books, 2006)


A Tacoma, Washington, newspaper carried the story of Tattoo the basset hound. Tattoo didn’t intend to go for an evening run, but when his owner shut the dog’s leash in the car door and took off for a drive with Tattoo still outside the vehicle, he had no choice.

Motorcycle officer Terry Filbert noticed a passing vehicle with something dragging behind it: it was “the basset hound picking [up his feet] and putting them down as fast as he could.” He chased the car to a stop. Tattoo was rescued, but not before the dog had reached a speed of 20 to 25 miles per hour, rolling over several times.

Too many of us end up living like Tattoo, our days marked by picking them up and putting them down as fast as we can. (John Ortberg, LeadershipJournal.net (7-11-02))


A photographer was snapping pictures of first graders at an elementary school, making small talk to put his subjects at ease.

"What are you going to be when you grow up?" he asked one little girl.

"Tired," she said.

:8 "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Sabbathshabbath – Sabbath; from shabath – to cease, desist, rest

Rememberzakar – to remember, recall, call to mind

God doesn’t tell the Israelites to establish a Sabbath day, He asks them to “remember” the Sabbath day.

The principle of the Sabbath dates back to the beginning of time:
(Gen 2:2-3 NKJV)  And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. {3} Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

restedshabath – to cease, desist, rest

When the Israelites made it out of Egypt and into the wilderness, God began to feed the people with this stuff called “manna”.  All the people had to do was get up in the morning, go out of the camp, and collect the stuff.  Six days in a row there would be manna around the camp.  On the sixth day they would be allowed to collect twice as much as the other days because on the seventh day there would be no manna. 
(Exo 16:23 NKJV)  Then he said to them, "This is what the LORD has said: 'Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake today, and boil what you will boil; and lay up for yourselves all that remains, to be kept until morning.'"
For the last couple of months, the Israelites had been learning about this “Sabbath” day, a day of rest.
They needed to remember these things (Ex. 16:23)

keep it holyqadash – (Piel) to set apart as sacred, consecrate, dedicate

How were the people to make this a “holy” day? By not working and by honoring God on this day.

:9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

:10 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.

labor‘abad – to work, serve; to labor, work, do work; to work for another, serve another by labor; to serve as subjects

work[email protected]’kah – occupation, work, business; from mal’ak – messenger, representative

work[email protected]’kah – occupation, business; from mal’ak – messenger, representative – it’s what you do for a living, it’s what you’re “sent” to do, it’s your “calling”.

cattle – note that God is concerned that even the animals get a Sabbath rest.


Work is good.

We’re going to be talking a lot today about rest, but keep it in perspective, rest comes after you’ve worked hard.
There are some folks who have it in their head that they don’t need to work.  They expect you to support them.  From time to time we will be some of these folks coming to church and asking for money.  Please don’t misunderstand me – church is a fine place to come to when you need help.  But some of the folks that show up on our doorstep aren’t looking for help, they’re looking for a free ride.
The Bible says:
(Eph 4:28 NKJV)  Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather let him labor, working with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give him who has need.
As we mature as Christians, we should be giving out more than we get.  Work is good.

:11 For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

God is reminding the people of what we just read in Genesis 2.  The principle of the Sabbath rest dates back to God’s own example.

God worked for six days and then rested on the seventh.  God has already set apart the Sabbath day as special, it’s our job to honor it.

The Israelites had been slaves for four hundred years.  I’m not sure they had any days off in Egypt.

God has now delivered them from the slavery of Egypt and wants them to experience His rest.


As with all of the law a good concept can get twisted by our stupid legalism.  Though I’m not sure where the good ideas are here …


Young girls are never allowed to walk a tightrope in Wheeler, Mississippi, unless it’s in a church.

In Blackwater, Kentucky, tickling a woman under her chin with a feather duster while she’s in church service carries a penalty of $10.00 and one day in jail.

No one can eat unshelled, roasted peanuts while attending church in Idanha, Oregon.

Turtle races are not permitted within 100 yards of a local church at any time in Slaughter, Louisiana.

-- Robert W. Pelton in The Door.  Christian Reader, Vol. 33, no. 5.

Judaism & Traditions

The Jews don’t believe that the first five books of the Bible were all that Moses received from God.  They also believe that God told him a lot more things, things that were passed down from rabbi to rabbi until they were finally written down 200 years after Jesus.  These teachings – six volumes - are called the Mishna.

The Mishna has an entire book that gives lots of details just about the Sabbath Law (the entire section has 24 chapters)

Chapter 1: Regulations Regarding Transfer
…A tailor shall not go out with his needle when it is nearly dark on Friday, lest he forget and go out (carrying it about with him) after dark …nor shall one search for vermin in his garments …
Chapter 3: Regulations Concerning stones, hearths, and ovens.
MISHNA II.: (Victuals) shall not be put either inside or on top of an oven that was heated with straw or with stubble; a firing-pot that was heated with straw or with stubble is (considered by the law) as a stone, but if it was heated with pressed poppy seed or with wood it is considered as an oven.
MISHNA III.: An egg shall not be put close to a boiler to get it settled, nor must it be wrapped in a hot cloth. R. Jose permits it; also it must not be put into hot sand or in the (hot) dust of the road that it be roasted (by the heat of the sun). It once happened that the inhabitants of Tiberias had laid a pipe of cold water through the arm of their hot springs. But the sages explained to them that on the Sabbath this water is considered like any other warmed on the Sabbath, and must not be used either for washing or drinking; and should this be done on a feast day, it is like water heated by fire, which may be used for drinking only, but not for washing.
MISHNA V.: Into a kettle, the hot water of which has been spilt out and which has been removed from the fire, cold water is not permitted to be poured, for the purpose of heating; but it is permitted to pour water into the kettle, or into a cup, for the purpose of making such water lukewarm.
Chapter 5: Regulations concerning what may and may not be worn by animals on the Sabbath
MISHNA I.: What gear may we let animals go about in and what not? The male camel in a bridle; the female cannel with a nose-ring; Lybian asses in a halter, and a horse in a collar.
Chapter 15:  Regulations concerning the tying and untying of knots
A woman may tie the slit of her tunic, the bands of her hood, the bands of her girdle, the straps of her shoes and sandals…R. Eliezer, the son of Jacob, says: "One may tie a rope in front of cattle, in order that they may not escape." One may tie a bucket (over the well) with his girdle, but not with a rope.
Chapter 18:  Regulations regarding the clearing off of required space, the assistance to be given cattle when given birth to their young and to women about to be confined.

MISHNA: One may set a basket on end for chickens, in order that they may climb up or down upon it. A runaway hen may be chased until she goes back again. One may lead about calves or young asses to exercise them. A woman may lead her son about to give him exercise. R. Jehudah says: "When (may she do) this? If the child lifts one foot and sets down the other; but if it trails (its leg) behind, she must not."

Chapter 23:  Regulations concerning borrowing, casting lots, waiting for the close of the Sabbath and attending to a corpse.

MISHNA: A man may borrow of an acquaintance jugs of wine or oil (on Sabbath), provided he does not say to him: "Lend (them to) me…."

The traditions of the Mishna weren’t actually given to Moses, but made up by the rabbis over the years.  This is one of the things that Jesus confronted the Pharisees about continually, that they held the traditions of men more important than the commandments of God.  They dishonored God with their traditions, including their Sabbath laws.

In the New Testament, we see Jesus getting into trouble for healing people, for asking people to pick up their bed, allowing His disciples to pick grain, and for having someone wash mud from their eyes on the Sabbath.

In one instance Jesus healed a woman who had been crippled for eighteen years…

(Luke 13:14-16 NKJV)  But the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath; and he said to the crowd, "There are six days on which men ought to work; therefore come and be healed on them, and not on the Sabbath day." {15} The Lord then answered him and said, "Hypocrite! Does not each one of you on the Sabbath loose his ox or donkey from the stall, and lead it away to water it? {16} "So ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has bound; think of it; for eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the Sabbath?"
You would help your animal on the Sabbath, why not help people too?  In another confrontation over the Sabbath Jesus said,
(Mark 2:27 NKJV)  "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.

The Sabbath was intended to be a good thing for man, not some complicated law that makes life more difficult.

Saturday or Sunday?

There are some churches that say we must worship on Saturday instead of Sunday because of the Sabbath Law.  Here are some things to keep in mind:

1. It was to be sign between Israel and God (not a Gentile thing)

(Exo 31:13 NKJV)  "Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: 'Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you.

Eze 20:12 "Moreover I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign between them and Me, that they might know that I [am] the LORD who sanctifies them.

2. Sunday honors the resurrection

(John 20:1 NKJV)  Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.

We set aside Sunday as a day of worship because Jesus rose on a Sunday.

3. The early church met on Sunday

(Acts 20:7 NKJV)  Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight.

(1 Cor 16:2 NKJV)  On the first day of the week let each one of you lay something aside, storing up as he may prosper, that there be no collections when I come.

4. Any day is okay with God

(Rom 14:5 NKJV)  One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind.

The Principles

Lesson #1

You need rest

It’s good for you.  You need rest.
(Deu 5:14 NKJV)  … the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God …that your … servant …may rest as well as you.
Rest gives us “margin”
In 2005, a team in the Netherlands worked with meticulously to break the world record for falling dominoes. To accomplish the feat, they needed to set up over four million dominoes.
Their painstaking labor came within inches of destruction when, after a long day of setting up the plastic rectangles, one of the team members left a window open. A sparrow flew in and knocked down approximately 25,000 dominoes.
The reason all the dominoes did not fall is interesting. The organizers placed 750 built-in gaps intermittently throughout the succession of dominoes. The intentional gaps were a safety device, allowing enough space for a domino to fall without knocking over the ones behind it. This way, any accidental domino-knocking would be contained and would not totally devastate their efforts.

“Sparrow Nearly Ruins Record,” news.yahoo.com (11-14-05)

That’s what a day of rest gives us – those “gaps”, the “margin” we need in our lives to slow down and do things right.
It can actually make you more productive to take a day of rest.

The story is told of two men who had the tiring job of clearing a field of trees. The contract called for them to be paid per tree.  Bill wanted the day to be profitable, so he grunted and sweated, swinging the axe relentlessly. Ed, on the other hand, seemed to be working about half as fast. He even took a rest and sat off to the side for a few minutes. Bill kept chopping away until every muscle and tendon in his body was screaming. At the end of the day, Bill was terribly sore, but Ed was smiling and telling jokes. Amazingly, Ed had cut down more trees! Bill said, "I noticed you sitting while I worked without a break. How'd you outwork me?" Ed smiled. "Did you notice I was sharpening my axe while I was sitting?"

Stand Firm (June 2000), p.13; submitted by Bonne Steffen, Wheaton, Illinois

The Sabbath is supposed to be a day to get closer to God.
It was supposed to be a day marked with prayer (Lev. 24:8) and sacrifice (Num. 28:9).  It was to be “holy”

 We are too busy to pray, and so we are too busy to have power. We have a great deal of activity, but we accomplish little; many services, but few conversions; much machinery, but few results.

—R. A. Torrey, American evangelist (1856–1928)

 “I’m of the opinion that busyness is a deeper threat to the soul than pornography ever was.”

—Author and speaker Gordon MacDonald

There is hardly ever a complete silence in our soul. God is whispering to us well-nigh incessantly. Whenever the sounds of the world die out in the soul, or sink low, then we hear these whisperings of God. He is always whispering to us, only we do not always hear, because of the noise, hurry, and distraction which life causes as it rushes on.

—Frederick W. Faber (1814-1863)

Pastor John Ortberg writes:
Not long after moving to Chicago, I called a wise friend to ask for some spiritual direction. I described the pace of life in my current ministry. The church where I serve tends to move at a fast clip. I also told him about our rhythms of family life: we are in the van-driving, soccer-league, piano-lesson, school-orientation-night years. I told him about the present condition of my heart, as best I could discern it. What did I need to do, I asked him, to be spiritually healthy? Long pause. “You must ruthlessly eliminate hurry from your life,” he said at last. Another long pause. “Okay, I’ve written that one down,” I told him, a little impatiently. “That’s a good one. Now, what else is there?” I had many things to do, and this was a long-distance call, so I was anxious to cram as many units of spiritual wisdom into the least amount of time possible. Another long pause. “There is nothing else,” he said. “You must ruthlessly eliminate hurry from your life.” I’ve concluded that my life and the well-being of the people I serve depends on following his prescription, for hurry is the great enemy of spiritual life in our day. Hurry destroys souls.

John Ortberg, LeadershipJournal.net (7-4-02)

Do you need this too???

Lesson #2

Resting grows faith

Faith that God will supply if I take a day off each week.
Manna - God promised to provide enough for them to take a day off.
While there are some people who like to work as little as possible, there are some of you who have the mentality that you must work as much as you can because it all depends on you.
You see the economic problems up ahead.  If you take on that second or third job, you might be able to make it.

I’m not trying to discourage you from being responsible.  I applaud you for being responsible.

Sherman James, an epidemiologist [someone who researches epidemic diseases] at the University of Michigan, describes a personality type named John Henryism. The name refers to the American folk hero who, hammering a six-foot-long steel drill, tried to out-race a steam drill tunneling through a mountain. John Henry beat the machine, only to fall dead from the superhuman effort.
As James defines it, John Henryism involves the belief that any and all demands can be vanquished, so long as you work hard enough. On questionnaires, John Henry individuals strongly agree with statements such as “When things don’t go the way I want, it just makes me work even harder,” or “Once I make up my mind to do something, I stay with it until the job is completely done.” They believe that with enough effort and determination they can regulate all outcomes.
Robert M. Sapolsky, Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers, (W.H. Freman and Co., 1998)
What if God wants you to leave a little room for Him to work?
When the Israelites were facing an invasion from Assyria, they had a choice to make.  They could either trust God or trust in Egypt.  They could ask God to deliver them or they could make an alliance with Egypt and ask the Egyptians to save them.

(Isa 30:15 NKJV)  For thus says the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel: "In returning and rest you shall be saved; In quietness and confidence shall be your strength." But you would not,

For some of us, we need to ask ourselves, “Can I trust God enough to take a day off and leave things in His hands?”

Lesson #3

Trust God’s rest

The writer of Hebrews (Heb. 4) takes our idea of a Sabbath rest and moves it one step further.
He uses the picture of Israel coming into the Promised Land as a type of this Sabbath “rest”.

The first generation of people in the wilderness didn’t enter into the Promised Land because they didn’t trust God.

The “rest” becomes a picture of eternal life, the ultimate rest, the rest that Jesus gives.

If some of those people didn’t make it into the Promised Land because of unbelief, we ought to be careful that this same fate doesn’t befall us.

(Heb 4:1-11 NKJV)  Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. {2} For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it.

The first generation of Israelites coming out of Egypt were told that God would take care of them.  They were promised that God would take them into the Promised Land.  But they didn’t believe it.

The writer is now going to quote from Psalm 95 which talks about the Israelites not coming into God’s “rest”…

{3} For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He has said: "So I swore in My wrath, 'They shall not enter My rest,' " although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For He has spoken in a certain place of the seventh day in this way: "And God rested on the seventh day from all His works"; {5} and again in this place: "They shall not enter My rest."

The writer now reminds us that back in Genesis 2 God had already established “rest”.  And yet by Psalm 95, the people had not yet entered into that rest.

{6} Since therefore it remains that some must enter it, and those to whom it was first preached did not enter because of disobedience, {7} again He designates a certain day, saying in David, "Today," after such a long time, as it has been said: "Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts." {8} For if Joshua had given them rest, then He would not afterward have spoken of another day.

Joshua took a later generation of Israelites into the Promised Land, but they didn’t actually enter God’s “rest”.  David wrote four hundred years later that they had not entered God’s “rest”, and that we should not harden our hearts like they did.

{9} There remains therefore a rest for the people of God. {10} For he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His. {11}
(Heb. 4:11 NKJV) Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience.

God has a place of rest for you.

There is “rest” that comes from knowing God. 

Knowing Jesus gives us God’s peace in our heart.

There is an ultimate “rest” that we will have in heaven.

God’s rest doesn’t come from works.  God’s rest comes from believing.

What is it that God wants you to believe?

(John 3:16 NKJV)  "For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

Misc. Sabbath notes:

No fire was to be kindled on the Sabbath day

(Exo 35:3 NKJV)  "You shall kindle no fire throughout your dwellings on the Sabbath day."

For modern Jews, this means you can’t turn on your electric lights on Saturday.  In Israel the lights in your hotel room can be programmed to come on by themselves on the Sabbath.  Half of the hotel elevators are programmed for orthodox Jews – they stop on every floor – you don’t have to press a button to get an elevator, just wait for it.

Pentecost (Sunday May 11, today) or “first fruits”, was celebrated one day plus seven Sabbaths after the Passover.

(Lev 23:15-16 NKJV)  'And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. {16} 'Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the LORD.

It’s kind of interesting that God sent tongues of “fire” on the disciples on the day of Pentecost.  Maybe it wasn’t on a Sabbath… but maybe if their fires had all gone out the day before (a Sabbath), God is showing them how to light their “fires”.

The Sabbath principle applied to years as well – to the land…

(Lev 25:4 NKJV)  'but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the LORD. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

When the Jews did not follow this principle, they were taken off to Babylon while the land got all the Sabbaths it missed.

2Ch 36:21 to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her Sabbaths. As long as she lay desolate she kept Sabbath, to fulfill seventy years.

It was to be a day of worship.

Prayer and service:

Le 24:8 "Every Sabbath he shall set it in order before the LORD continually, [being taken] from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant.


Nu 28:9 ‘And on the Sabbath day two lambs in their first year, without blemish, and two–tenths [of an ephah] of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with oil, with its drink offering––

God was grieved when His people didn’t obey the Sabbath:

Eze 20:24 "because they had not executed My judgments, but had despised My statutes, profaned My Sabbaths, and their eyes were fixed on their fathers’ idols.
Eze 22:8 "You have despised My holy things and profaned My Sabbaths.
Eze 23:38 "Moreover they have done this to Me: They have defiled My sanctuary on the same day and profaned My Sabbaths.

In Nehemiah’s day, the Sabbath was being broken.

Ne 13:15 In those days I saw [people] in Judah treading wine presses on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and loading donkeys with wine, grapes, figs, and all [kinds of] burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And I warned [them] about the day on which they were selling provisions.

Ne 13:17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said to them, "What evil thing [is] this that you do, by which you profane the Sabbath day?

The disciples pick grain on the Sabbath. 

(Mark 2:23-28 NKJV)  Now it happened that He went through the grainfields on the Sabbath; and as they went His disciples began to pluck the heads of grain. {24} And the Pharisees said to Him, "Look, why do they do what is not lawful on the Sabbath?" {25} But He said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he was in need and hungry, he and those with him: {26} "how he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the showbread, which is not lawful to eat, except for the priests, and also gave some to those who were with him?" {27} And He said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. {28} "Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath."

It’s not wrong to take care of your hunger on the Sabbath.
The Sabbath is made for man, not man for the Sabbath.
Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath.

Jesus heals a withered hand on the Sabbath.

(Luke 6:6-11 NKJV)  Now it happened on another Sabbath, also, that He entered the synagogue and taught. And a man was there whose right hand was withered. {7} So the scribes and Pharisees watched Him closely, whether He would heal on the Sabbath, that they might find an accusation against Him. {8} But He knew their thoughts, and said to the man who had the withered hand, "Arise and stand here." And he arose and stood. {9} Then Jesus said to them, "I will ask you one thing: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy?" {10} And when He had looked around at them all, He said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he did so, and his hand was restored as whole as the other. {11} But they were filled with rage, and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.

It’s not wrong to do good on the Sabbath.

Jesus healing the man at Bethesda, taking up his bed on the Sabbath.

(John 5:8-18 NKJV)  Jesus said to him, "Rise, take up your bed and walk." {9} And immediately the man was made well, took up his bed, and walked. And that day was the Sabbath. {10} The Jews therefore said to him who was cured, "It is the Sabbath; it is not lawful for you to carry your bed." {11} He answered them, "He who made me well said to me, 'Take up your bed and walk.'" {12} Then they asked him, "Who is the Man who said to you, 'Take up your bed and walk'?" {13} But the one who was healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, a multitude being in that place. {14} Afterward Jesus found him in the temple, and said to him, "See, you have been made well. Sin no more, lest a worse thing come upon you." {15} The man departed and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well. {16} For this reason the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to kill Him, because He had done these things on the Sabbath. {17} But Jesus answered them, "My Father has been working until now, and I have been working." {18} Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God.

Jesus worked on the Sabbath because God worked on the Sabbath.
Jesus made Himself equal with God.

Jesus healed a blind man with spit and clay on the Sabbath:

(John 9:14-16 NKJV)  Now it was a Sabbath when Jesus made the clay and opened his eyes. {15} Then the Pharisees also asked him again how he had received his sight. He said to them, "He put clay on my eyes, and I washed, and I see." {16} Therefore some of the Pharisees said, "This Man is not from God, because He does not keep the Sabbath." Others said, "How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?" And there was a division among them.