Morning Bible Study
We have begun
working our way through this little letter written by one of Jesus’
Half-brother? They had the same mother (Mary) but different
fathers (Jesus was God’s Son, Jude was Joseph’s son).
Jude is apparently
the youngest of Mary’s five sons. To
help you remember that he’s the youngest brother …
last week that there are quite a few parallels between Jude and 2Peter. Did any of you read 2Peter? You get extra credit!
We mentioned last week that Jude’s main theme is his concern for the false teachers
that are beginning to crop up in the church.
As Jude begins
to lay out his instruction about false teachers, he starts with a pretty heavy
Those who cannot remember the past
are condemned to repeat it.
Jude is going to give us seven historical examples that ought to make us
shudder when it comes to the seriousness of false teachers.
But I want to remind you, though you once knew this, that
the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed
those who did not believe. 6Likewise also these dreamers defile the flesh, reject
authority, and speak evil of dignitaries. 9Yet Michael the archangel, in contending with the devil,
when he disputed about the body of Moses, dared not bring against him a
reviling accusation, but said, “The Lord rebuke you!” 10But these speak evil of whatever they do not know; and
whatever they know naturally, like brute beasts, in these things they corrupt
:5-11 Lessons from
:5 But I want to remind you, though you once knew this, that the Lord,
having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who
did not believe.
:5 destroyed those
who did not believe
Just because God got the people out of Egypt safe didn’t keep them from
being destroyed. They needed to believe.
Many times after having come through the Red Sea, the people complained about how hard
it was living in the wilderness.
They complained about the water.
They complained about the food.
They complained because Moses was spending too much time with God.
After the Israelites came out of Egypt, Moses sent twelve spies into the
Promised Land so the people would know what was up ahead of them (Num. 13-14)
They came back reporting on what the Promised Land was like.
had lots of benefits – milk and honey, fruit. It also had problems – giants.
Then they told him, and said: “We went to the land where you
sent us. It truly flows with milk and honey, and this is its fruit. 28Nevertheless the people who dwell in the land are
strong; the cities are fortified and very large; moreover we saw
the descendants of Anak there.
When the people heard about the giants, they responded,
(Nu 14:3 NKJV) Why has
the Lord brought us to this land
to fall by the sword, that our wives and children should become victims? Would
it not be better for us to return to Egypt?”
God’s reply to the people’s response was,
(Nu 14:11 NKJV) Then the Lord said to Moses: “How long will these
people reject Me? And how long will they not believe Me, with all the signs which I have
performed among them?
As a result, the people who did not “believe” did not make
it into the Promised Land.
(Nu 14: 23 NKJV) they
certainly shall not see the land of which I swore to their fathers, nor shall
any of those who rejected Me see it.
The writer of Hebrews records,
(Heb 3:19 NKJV)
So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
Our eternal salvation
is based on what Jesus did for us.
He died on the cross in order to pay for the sins of the world.
But the whole world isn’t going to be saved, just like the Israelites
coming out of Egypt weren’t all “saved”.
Salvation isn’t just based on what Jesus did, but on you choosing to
(Jn 3:16 NKJV) For God so
loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should
not perish but have everlasting life.
:6 And the angels
who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved
in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day;
:6 angels who did
not keep their proper domain
We don’t have clear documentation in the Scriptures of these events.
It seems that Jude
is quoting from the apocryphal Book of Enoch
There are some Scriptures that might be speaking about the events that Jude
that the angels leaving their “proper domain” might refer to angels cohabiting with humans before the flood of
Noah. (Gen. 6:1-4) I say “might” because
not everyone agrees that this is what it’s talking about.
And the Lord
said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed
flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.” 4There were giants on the earth in those days, and also
afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children
to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of
This might be what Peter is referring to when he wrote,
(2 Pe 2:4–5 NKJV) —4 For if God
did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and
delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; 5 and did
not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, one of eight people,
a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood on the world of the ungodly…
If God didn’t spare them, then He knows how to punish the ungodly…
suggested that the place of imprisonment is the “bottomless pit”, the abyss (abussos),
mentioned in Revelation 9:1-2
Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from
heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. 2And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the
pit like the smoke of a great furnace. So the sun and the air were darkened
because of the smoke of the pit.
The abyss is where Satan will be bound for 1,000 during the time when
Christ reigns on the earth Rev. 20:1-3)
Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key
to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 2He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the
Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; 3and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up,
and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the
thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a
At the end of the 1,000 years, the abyss is opened, Satan has one last
chance to deceive the nations, and then he is tossed into the Lake of Fire for
the rest of eternity. (Rev. 20:10)
The devil, who
deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and
the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever
God created you for a purpose, just like He created the angels for a
The evil angels went against God’s purpose for them.
You can think
of the “pie” as your finances, or just all that you have in life, including
How concerned are you that you are using what God has given you for the
God did not create you for evil.
God created you for good works – things to do
(Eph 2:10 NKJV) For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works,
which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.
Have you found your purpose? Are you
giving Him a piece of your pie?
:7 as Sodom and
Gomorrah, and the cities around them in a similar manner to these, having given
themselves over to sexual immorality and gone after strange flesh, are set
forth as an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
:7 as Sodom and
The story is
found in Genesis 19.
nephew Lot had been living in the city of Sodom.
God had seen the wickedness going on in Sodom, and was going to destroy the
God sent two angels to pull Lot out of the city before it was destroyed.
(Ge 19:4–5 NLT) —4 But before
they retired for the night, all the men of Sodom, young and old, came from all
over the city and surrounded the house. 5 They shouted to Lot, “Where are the men who came to spend the night
with you? Bring them out to us so we can have sex with them!”
People like to
point out that the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah was homosexuality, and that
certainly was a part of it.
But the picture
being painted isn’t limited to homosexuality, but all forms of immorality.
We were reading
the other day in Leviticus 18 about the “laws of sexual morality”.
Yes, homosexuality is mentioned in one verse (vs.22) as something horribly wrong, but
it’s just one verse out of thirty, detailing stuff that’s just too strange to
think about like having sex with your mom, or your sister, or animals.
I was asking myself, “Why does God mention all these strange behaviors?”
people do them.
People will go down one wrong path after another looking
you for purity.
It’s like your car – designed
for a special kind of fuel. Most of our
cars are designed for normal, regular gasoline.
But there are other kinds of fuels out there. If you put diesel into your gasoline engine – it will make a
mess. If you put that special E85 biofuel in
your car, it might actually run, for a few miles, and then you are going to have an expensive
mess on your hands.
wrong. It’s just designed to operate on one fuel: Marriage.
:8 Likewise also
these dreamers defile the flesh, reject authority, and speak evil of
Jude is making
the connection between the false teachers and the historical examples he’s been given.
They defile the
flesh – like Sodom
authority – like the people
coming from Egypt as well as the angels who rebelled
They speak evil
of dignitaries – like
what we’ll see in verse 9
:9 Yet Michael
the archangel, in contending with the devil, when he disputed about the body of
Moses, dared not bring against him a reviling accusation, but said, “The Lord
:10 But these speak evil of whatever they do not know; and whatever they
know naturally, like brute beasts, in these things they corrupt themselves.
:9 he disputed
about the body of Moses
Again, we don’t have a Scriptural account of this incident.
It appears that Jude is quoting from the apocryphal book “The Assumption of Moses”.
We do not believe that this book was an inspired, infallible part of
Scripture, but at the very least this part that Jude quotes is authoritative.
We will just have to take Jude’s word for it.
:9 The Lord rebuke
Jude’s point is that these false teachers aren’t following Michael’s
example of treating even the devil with respect.
We ought to “be
afraid” of the devil.
As one of God’s former cherubim, he is a being of enormous intelligence and power.
against the devil comes solely from Jesus.
Jesus gave His disciples authority over demons.
(Lk 10:17–20 NKJV) —17
Then the seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons
are subject to us in Your name.” 18 And He said to them, “I saw Satan fall
like lightning from heaven. 19 Behold, I give
you the authority to trample on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power
of the enemy, and nothing shall by any means hurt you. 20 Nevertheless do not rejoice in this, that the
spirits are subject to you, but rather rejoice because your names are written
You too have authority, but it’s Jesus’ authority.
It’s not up to you.
You cannot handle it on your own.
We ought to learn from Michael’s example and simply reply to demonic forces
with, “The Lord rebuke you!”
When Satan comes knocking on the door, turn to Jesus and say, “Lord, it’s
And then we stand behind Jesus and let Him answer the door.
Honor all people. Love the brotherhood. Fear God.
Honor the king.
:11 Woe to them!
For they have gone in the way of Cain, have run greedily in the error of Balaam
for profit, and perished in the rebellion of Korah.
:11 the way of Cain
Cain was the
first son (Gen. 4) born to Adam and Eve.
Cain had a problem, his younger brother Abel. Cain hated Abel because it seemed that Abel did everything
right, including pleasing God.
In the end, Cain killed his brother Abel.
(1 Jn 3:11–12 NKJV) —11
For this is the message that you heard from the beginning, that we
should love one another, 12 not as Cain who was of the wicked one and murdered his
brother. And why did he murder him? Because his works were evil and his
The false teachers of Jude’s day were just like Cain, full of hatred.
Are there people you hate?
If you are
giving yourself excuses to hate people, you are in danger.
:11 the error of
Balaam was the
fellow (Num. 22-25) who was paid by the king of Moab to put a curse on the
Israelites as they were moving through his country on the way to the Promised
As Balaam was on his way to pronounce a curse on Israel, God warned Balaam
about what he was going to say.
(2 Pe 2:15–16 NKJV)
They have forsaken the right way and gone astray, following the way
of Balaam the son of Beor, who loved the wages
of unrighteousness; 16 but he was rebuked for his iniquity: a dumb donkey speaking with a
man’s voice restrained the madness of the prophet.
Balaam was the
fellow whose donkey turned around and spoke to him. And to make things funnier,
he spoke back to the donkey.
As Balaam tried to conjure up a curse, he kept coming out with blessings on
Israel instead of curses.
The story sounds as if he goes home without getting paid, but if you follow
the story more fully you realize that he eventually found a way to earn his
He came up with the idea of using the young, cute Moabite women to entice
the Israelite men into sexual
immorality, and then bringing God’s judgment on them.
That’s the opposite of “greed”.
The false teachers of Jude are cut out of the same cloth as Balaam.
motto: Do anything for a buck.
It’s all about the money.
It’s possible you
might make a few bucks if this is your motto, but there’s a very good chance
you will also end up in hell. Paul
(1 Ti 6:9–10 NLT) —9 But people
who long to be rich fall into temptation and are trapped by many foolish and
harmful desires that plunge them into ruin and destruction. 10 For the love of money
is the root of all kinds of evil. And some people, craving money, have wandered
from the true faith and pierced themselves with many sorrows.
:11 the rebellion
was a man who wanted to be a priest, to be in charge (Num. 16). The problem was, God didn’t want him to be a
priest. God had chosen Aaron to be the
organized a rebellion among the Israelites to force his way into the
Moses didn’t know what to do with Korah, and so
God told him to simply make a test and have both Korah
and Aaron offer incense to God. In the
end, Korah was destroyed and Aaron saved the people.
As Americans, we have problems with the concept of submitting.
We think it’s simply “American” to rebel against the “man”.
comes when you find that what you might be rebelling against is actually God.
What if God has allowed that difficult boss to be in your life to teach you
some important life lessons?
(1 Pe 2:13–17 NKJV) —13
Therefore submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the
Lord’s sake, whether to the king as supreme, 14 or to governors, as to those who are sent by him
for the punishment of evildoers and for the praise of those who do good.
15 For this is the
will of God, that by doing good you may put to silence the ignorance of foolish
men— 16 as free, yet not
using liberty as a cloak for vice, but as bondservants of God. 17 Honor all people.
Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.
Submission is not fun.
Yet it’s a lesson we all need to learn, every single one of us.
Ultimately submitting to others is about developing our
skills of submitting to God.
seven lessons from history:
Believe, Purpose, Purity, Respect, Love, Generosity, and Submit.
These are the things the false teachers were not.
These are the things we ARE to be.