Home  Library  Donate

1Timothy 2

Thursday Evening Bible Study

January 25, 2018


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die?  Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Target 3300 words   Video = 75 wpm

Video: The Bible Project – 1Timothy

The book of Acts ends in AD 60 with Paul being in Rome under house arrest.

We believe Paul was later released, and visited various places, including Ephesus.

While traveling, Paul left Timothy in Ephesus to pastor the church.

Timothy had spent many years with Paul and was like a spiritual “son” to Paul.

This letter was written somewhere around AD 63, to guide Timothy to correct the problems in Ephesus.

Timothy is in his mid-forties about now.

Timothy would pastor the church for 30 years, and die a martyr in AD 97.

2:1-7 Prayer

:1 Therefore I exhort first of all that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men,

:1 Therefore I exhort first of all

exhortparakaleo – to call to one’s side, call for, summon; to address, speak to, (call to, call upon), which may be done in the way of exhortation, entreaty, comfort, instruction, etc.; to admonish, exhort; to beg, entreat, beseech

Paul has mentioned that he’s going to ask Timothy to deal with the false teachers, but before he gets into those details, he sets out a “first priority” for the church … prayer.

:2 supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks

Paul mentions four types of prayer:

supplications deesis – need, want; prayer based on personal needs.

prayersproseuche – sacred prayer addressed to God

intercessions enteuxis – a childlike confidence in a conversation with God, confident access to God.

giving of thankseucharistia – thankfulness; the giving of thanks

:2 be made for all men

These types of prayers are how we pray for everyone we pray for.

Do we know what that person “needs”?
Do we have confidence in God’s answers?
Are we thankful for God’s response?

When it comes to praying for “all men”,

Don’t make it too general – “Dear God, I pray that all men would be saved.”
When Paul says “all men”, he means, “all that you are praying for”.
Expand your prayers a little.
Don’t just pray for the three people closest to you, though that’s a good place to start.
Know your limits.
If you take “all men” too literally, you will find yourself praying through the phone book.
It’s better to pray for 20 people well, then to pray for 3,000 people very little.

Prayer is powerful.  It changes things. It changes people.

Video:  The War Room – Miss Clara’s Closet.

:2 for kings and all who are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence.

:2 for kings and all who are in authority

kings basileus – leader of the people, prince, commander, lord of the land, king

authorityhuperoche – elevation, pre-eminence, superiority

These are some of the people we need to be praying for.

Keep in mind that Paul is writing about AD 63, and the emperor at that time was Caesar Nero, the great persecutor.

By AD 64, Nero would go crazy and start a significant persecution against the church.

:2 that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life

quieteremos – quiet, tranquil; the emphasis on “stillness”.

peaceablehesuchios – quiet, tranquil; “sitting still”

godlinesseusebeia – reverence, respect; piety towards God, godliness

reverencesemnotes – the characteristic of a thing or person which entitles to reverence and respect, dignity, majesty, sanctity; honor, purity

The purpose behind our prayers for our government leaders is so we might be able to have quiet and tranquil lives, lives that will reflect godliness and reverence for God.

During the early centuries of the church, there was great persecution against the church.

One of the reasons the early church was persecuted was because some within the Roman Empire considered Christians trouble, because Christians inevitably stopped worshipping and praying to the many pagan gods, and the Romans feared that this was the cause of every little trouble, earthquake, famine, or plague.
It was during this time that one of the church fathers wrote a letter to the emperor to make a case for the persecution to stop because he told the emperor that Christians weren’t against the government, in fact they were praying FOR the government, just as Paul had commanded here.

Let’s take some time to pray for our government – our president (Donald Trump), congress, supreme court, governor (Jerry Brown), mayor (Doug Chaffee).

:3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior,

goodkalos – beautiful, handsome, excellent, eminent, choice, surpassing, precious, useful, suitable, commendable, admirable; beautiful to look at, shapely, magnificent; good, excellent in its nature and characteristics, and therefore well adapted to its ends

acceptableapodektos – accepted, acceptable, agreeable

:3 good and acceptable in the sight of God

It’s a good thing that we are praying for people.

:4 who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

:4 who desires all men to be saved

desiresthelo – to will, have in mind, intend; to be resolved or determined, to purpose; to desire, to wish; to love; to like to do a thing, be fond of doing; to take delight in, have pleasure

It’s God’s desire that all people be saved.  God loves to save people.
That’s why we ought to be praying for people.

Does this mean that all men will be saved?  No.

People have free will, and have the ability to reject God’s salvation.
But it does give us a clue as to God’s heart, God’s desire.
God wants people to be saved.

:4 come to the knowledge of the truth

knowledgeepignosis – precise and correct knowledge; a fuller, clearer, more thorough knowledge

God doesn’t want people knowing “about” Him, He wants them to come to “know Him”.

He wants people to have a full, intimate relationship with Him.

:5 For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus,

:5 one God and one Mediator


Only One Mediator

mediatormesites – one who intervenes between two, either in order to make or restore peace and friendship
Job in the Old Testament lamented that it seemed that there was no one to make things right between God and man.
(Job 9:33 NKJV) Nor is there any mediator between us, Who may lay his hand on us both.

Job wasn’t aware that God had plans.

The last couple of weeks I’ve been reading Eric Metaxes’ book on Martin Luther.
It’s not just a history of Martin Luther himself, but of the Reformation, the foundation of the Protestant churches.
I’ve been fascinated to read that Martin Luther didn’t come to all his ideas criticizing the Roman Catholic church all at once, but in stages.

First came his criticism of the practice of selling “indulgences”.

Then came his criticism of the pope’s authority, and the idea that the pope as well as church councils had the authority to make claims that were even more authoritative than Scripture.

Luther’s position was that the Scriptures had the supreme say so when it came to what we believe to be true.  Sola Scriptura.

Then came his recognition that salvation came through faith alone in the finished work of Christ.  That man could not achieve salvation through good works, but only by faith in Christ.

Then came his awakening to the “priesthood of all believers”.

The Roman Catholic church taught that man was able to become right with God only through the intervening of the priesthood.

You can only be forgiven by God when the priest tells you that you are forgiven.

The Bible teaches that the only One who intervenes and makes us right with God is Jesus.

And once we believe in Jesus, we are all “kings and priests”.  There are no second-class Christians, we are all the same.

:6 who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time,

:6 who gave Himself a ransom for all

ransomantilutron – what is given in exchange for another as the price of his redemption, ransom

Though Job didn’t know about the Mediator, he did have a concept of a Redeemer.

(Job 19:25 NKJV) For I know that my Redeemer lives, And He shall stand at last on the earth;

This is how Jesus is the Only Mediator.

He gave His life up in exchange for ours.
He paid a debt He didn’t owe because we owed a debt we couldn’t pay.

:7 for which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle—I am speaking the truth in Christ and not lying—a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth.

appointedtithemi – to set, put, place; to set, fix establish; to establish, ordain

preacherkerux – a herald or messenger vested with public authority, who conveyed the official messages of kings, magistrates, princes, military commanders, or who gave a public summons or demand, and performed various other duties. In the NT God’s ambassador, and the herald or proclaimer of the divine word.

apostleapostolos – a delegate, messenger, one sent forth with orders

teacherdidaskalos – a teacher

:7 for which I was appointed a preacher…

This was Paul’s calling, to make clear to people about Jesus Christ.

2:8-15 Men and Women

I believe that what Paul is going to lay out in the next couple of verses are instructions on how things are to be done in church.  The focus is on what happens in church.

:8 I desire therefore that the men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting;

:8 therefore that the men pray everywhere

I desireboulomai – to will deliberately, have a purpose, be minded; of willing as an affection, to desire

prayproseuchomai – to offer prayers, to pray

I’m afraid that when it comes to prayer, it’s usually the women of the church who pray.

Yet because of what Paul has just talked about – that we ought to be praying, and that God wants people saved …

Paul wants the men of the church be about prayer.

:8 lifting up holy hands

lifting upepairo – to lift up, raise up, raise on high

holy hosios – undefiled by sin, free from wickedness

…religiously observing every moral obligation, pure holy, pious; used of persons or things, describes that which is in harmony with the divine constitution of the moral universe. Hence, it is that which is in accordance with the general and instinctively felt idea of right, “what is consecrated and sanctioned by universal law and consent” (Passow), rather than what is in accordance with any system of revealed truth.
It’s not necessarily what is correct in God’s laws, but what is naturally right, what everyone in the world recognizes as right.
This isn’t the normal word for “holy” (hagios).  This isn’t holiness in the sense of meeting God’s requirements for what is good and right, but “holy” in the sense of doing what is “naturally right”, what everyone in the world recognizes as being right.
The idea is that Paul wants the men who are going to pray in public in church to be men who live lives that are above reproach, lives that everyone recognizes are “good” lives.
I’m not sure this is “holy” in the sense that your prayers aren’t going to be heard by God unless you are right with God (which is true), but the idea of setting before the world that needs to know God, that God’s people who are praying for them are good examples to follow.

:8 without wrath and doubting

wrathorge – anger, the natural disposition, temper, character; movement or agitation of the soul, impulse, desire, any violent emotion, but esp. anger

doubtingdialogismos – the thinking of a man deliberating with himself; a deliberating, questioning about what is true; hesitation, doubting; disputing, arguing

(1 Timothy 2:8 The Message) Since prayer is at the bottom of all this, what I want mostly is for men to pray—not shaking angry fists at enemies but raising holy hands to God.

:9 in like manner also, that the women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with propriety and moderation, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or costly clothing,

in like mannerhosautos – in like manner, likewise

womengune – a woman of any age, whether a virgin, or married, or a widow; a wife; of a betrothed woman

apparelkatastole – a lowering, letting down; a garment let down, dress, attire

modestkosmios – well arranged, seemly, modest

proprietyaidos – a sense of shame or honour, modesty, bashfulness, reverence, regard for others, respect; the feeling of innate moral repugnance to doing a dishonorable act.

moderationsophrosune – soundness of mind; self-control, sobriety; self-command, it expresses positively that which aidos expresses negatively.

adornkosmeo – to put in order, arrange, make ready, prepare; to ornament, adore; metaph. to embellish with honour, gain honour

braided hair plegma what is woven, plaited, or twisted together; a web, plait, braid; of a net; of a basket, in which the infant Moses was laid; of braided hair

goldchrusos precious things made of gold, golden ornaments

pearlsmargarites a pearl

costlypoluteles precious; requiring very great outlay, very costly; excellent, of surpassing value

clothinghimatismos clothing, apparel

:10 but, which is proper for women professing godliness, with good works.

is properprepo – to stand out, to be conspicuous, to be eminent; to be becoming, seemly, fit

professingepaggello – to announce that one is about to do or furnish something; to promise (of one’s own accord) to engage voluntarily; to profess

godlinesstheosebeia (“God” + “worship”) – reverence towards God’s goodness

worksergon – business, employment, that which any one is occupied; that which one undertakes to do, enterprise, undertaking

goodagathos – of good constitution or nature; good, pleasant, agreeable, joyful, happy; excellent, distinguished; upright, honourable

:9 that the women adorn themselves

In some churches the culture is to dress up for Sunday morning.

Going to church can seem like going to a fashion show.
It would seem that there’s nothing new.  It was that way in Paul’s day as well.

Video:  Sunday Morning Perfect Family

The problem with the fashion show church is that there is no such thing as the “perfect family”.

:10 with good works

If you’re going to get “dressed” for church, then get dressed with good works.

The life that you live is more important than the clothes that you wear.

:11 Let a woman learn in silence with all submission.

:11 Let a woman learn in silence

in silencehesuchia – quietness; description of the life of one who stays at home doing his own work, and does not officiously meddle with the affairs of others; silence

subjectionhupotage – the act of subjecting; obedience, subjection

Before the Christian church, women were typically not allowed into places of worship.  Knowing God was a guy thing. 

Jesus changed all that.  He broke down the barriers between men and women.
(Galatians 3:28 NKJV) There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Yet when Jesus broke down the barriers between men and women, some of the gals didn’t know how to conduct themselves in church. 
Also keep in mind, men and women typically sat in different places in the church.
Apparently some of the gals would interrupt the teacher to ask questions, or they would yell across the room to their husbands to ask about a point in the message.
Paul would write to the Corinthians:

(1 Corinthians 14:34–35 NLT) —34 Women should be silent during the church meetings. It is not proper for them to speak. They should be submissive, just as the law says. 35 If they have any questions, they should ask their husbands at home, for it is improper for women to speak in church meetings.

This isn’t about not speaking at all, but about interrupting.

Women were apparently allowed to pray or prophesy at church:

(1 Corinthians 11:5 NKJV) But every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head, for that is one and the same as if her head were shaved.

In Corinth, the prostitutes were the gals in town who didn’t cover their heads or shaved them.  Paul was encouraging the women to not look like a prostitute when they prayed or prophesied.

Here in Timothy the issue is the same.  Instead of interrupting the teacher.

And whether you are a man or a woman, please don’t interrupt the teacher.

If you have any questions, ask later.

:12 And I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man, but to be in silence.

:12 to teach or to have authority over a man


Women in Ministry

There is a different issue here than the previous verse. The issue here is not about keeping things orderly during the public services, but about who is leading the church, the public services.
What I’m going to talk about is not very politically correct today.
Today there is a great movement, some of it justified, to put women in charge of everything.
In TV and movies, you are seeing more and more stories about women heroes, stories written by women, directed by women, and starring women.

And in light of the Harvey Weinstein garbage and the subsequent “#MeToo” movement, I get it.

There is a temptation by some to take this and the following verses to be a “cultural” thing – that in Paul’s day women weren’t thought of as much, and so Paul tells them to be quiet, but since today things are different, then the rule doesn’t change.
Keep in mind though, Paul is going to give two reasons why he has said this, and they are not cultural reasons, but Biblical ones.  Paul will base this statement on something from the Scriptures.
You might not like what I’m going to say, but when you argue against it, be sure you do what Paul does, and use Scripture.
Some will take this to mean that a woman is not allowed to ever teach a man.
Pastor Chuck’s wife Kay used to teach a Friday morning Ladies’ study at Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa.  She felt much stronger about this than her husband Chuck used to.  While she was teaching in their large sanctuary filled with women, if she ever saw a man walk into the back of the sanctuary, she would sit down.
The problem with this view is that there are Biblical references to women teaching or instructing men.

One example is that of Paul’s friends Priscilla and Aquila.  Half of the time they are mentioned in Scripture, the wife’s name is first, the other half the husband is mentioned first.  Paul had discipled them and had left them in Ephesus for awhile when they met a young man…

(Acts 18:24–26 NLT) —24 Meanwhile, a Jew named Apollos, an eloquent speaker who knew the Scriptures well, had arrived in Ephesus from Alexandria in Egypt. 25 He had been taught the way of the Lord, and he taught others about Jesus with an enthusiastic spirit and with accuracy. However, he knew only about John’s baptism. 26 When Priscilla and Aquila heard him preaching boldly in the synagogue, they took him aside and explained the way of God even more accurately.

“They” took Apollos aside and taught him.

For me, I prefer to take the “teaching” to be joined with “authority”.
I see this as a rule to not have a woman be the Sr. Pastor of a church, where she is both teaching, and in authority over the church.
There are denominations today who allow women to be Sr. Pastors, and the other day I met the gal who is the Pastor of the Methodist church – I liked her a lot.

I think there are going to be times and situations where there are no men to step up to be pastors, and God will use whom He will.

But the preferred method is for the Sr. Pastor to be a man.

I think it’s okay for a woman to be in ministry and even to teach, as long as the Sr. Pastor is a man.
Why does Paul say this?
to teachdidasko – to teach; to hold discourse with others in order to instruct them, deliver didactic discourses; to be a teacher; to teach one; instill doctrine into one
permitepitrepo – to turn to, transfer, commit, instruct; to permit, allow, give leave
have authority overauthenteo – one who with his own hands kills another or himself; one who acts on his own authority, autocratic; an absolute master; to govern, exercise dominion over one
silencehesuchia – quietness; description of the life of one who stays at home doing his own work, and does not officiously meddle with the affairs of others; silence

:13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve.

firstprotos – first in time or place; in any succession of things or persons; first in rank; influence, honor

formedplasso – to form, mold (something from clay, wax, etc.); used of a potter

:13 Adam was formed first, then Eve

Paul’s first reason has to do with the order of creation, putting Adam first.

Of course what Paul doesn’t tell you is…


10.  God worried that Adam would always be lost in the garden because he knew men would never ask directions.
9.   God knew that Adam would one day need someone to hand him the TV remote because men don’t want to see what’s on television, they want to see WHAT ELSE is on television.
8.  God knew that Adam would never buy a new fig leaf when the seat wore out and therefore would need Eve to get one for him.
7.  God knew that Adam would never make a doctors appointment for himself.
6.  God knew that Adam would never remember which night was garbage night.
5.  God knew that if the world was to be populated there would have to be someone to give birth, and men would never be able to handle it.
4.  As “Keeper of the Garden” Adam would never remember where he put his tools.
3.  The scripture account of creation indicates that Adam needed someone to blame his troubles on when God caught him hiding in the garden.
2.  As the Bible says, “It is not good for man to be alone.”  He only ends up getting himself in trouble.
1.  When God finished the creation of Adam, he stepped back, scratched his head and said, “I can do better than that.”

:14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.

deceivedapatao – to cheat, beguile, deceive

transgressionparabasis – a going over; metaph. a disregarding, violating; the breach of a definite, promulgated, ratified law; It is the breaking of a distinctly recognized commandment. It consequently means more than amartia (the word for “sin”).

:14 Adam was not deceived

Eve was deceived by Satan the serpent in the Garden of Eden.

(Genesis 3:2–6 NKJV) —2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; 3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’ ” 4 Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. 5 For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.
We might think that Eve deceived Adam into eating the fruit, but that’s not what happened.

Paul says that Adam wasn’t deceived.

Adam disobeyed.  He apparently knew exactly what he was doing.

I’ve heard some suggest that Adam went ahead and ate the fruit so he wouldn’t be separated from his wife – as if he did it because of his love for her, but that’s a bit of a stretch.

Adam simply disobeyed, and his disobedience brought sin into all of mankind. (Rom. 5:19)

You may want to ask me, “How can being deceived be any worse than disobeying, and how does this all work?”

I’m not sure I have that answer.  I’m just reporting what Paul says.

(Romans 5:19 NKJV) —19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.

:15 Nevertheless she will be saved in childbearing if they continue in faith, love, and holiness, with self-control.

:15 she will be saved in childbearing

childbearingteknogonia – childbearing

continuemeno – to remain, abide

self-controlsophrosune – soundness of mind; self-control, sobriety

This kind of sounds as if a woman can only be saved if she bears children.  Wrong.

The issue has to do with the dangers to women in Paul’s day of bearing children.  Without modern medical procedures, giving birth was always a risky thing for a woman.  Many women died while giving birth to their children.

But a woman who trusted in the Lord would be saved even in the middle of her worst trial, giving birth.
It’s the same for all of us.  We need to continue in faith…