Morning Bible Study
Jesus has been
preparing the guys for what’s up ahead of them after He leaves to go back to
He’s spent time instructing them and praying for them, and now we head into
the final stretch.
:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over
the Brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which He and His disciples entered.
:1 there was a
We know the place
(play Gethsemane map clip) as the Garden of Gethsemane (“oil press”) (Mark 14:32).
It is at the bottom of the Mount of Olives.
Today there is a place set aside with olive trees that date way, way
It is very close to the Temple Mount.
You can see the Temple Mount from the garden.
John doesn’t record the events we are most familiar with in the Garden, but
after Jesus arrives in the garden, He goes off to pray by Himself. (Lk. 22:42)
:2 And Judas,
who betrayed Him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with His
:2 Jesus often met
Like other visitors
to Jerusalem during the Passover, Jesus and His disciples had a camping spot
where they’d spend the night.
Judas knew the camping spot.
:3 Then Judas,
having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and
Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
– speira – a Roman term for the tenth
part of legion; about 600 men
reminds me of old movies… (Play Frankenstein
Chase Scene clip)
Judas shows up with a crowd. There
are Roman soldiers, Jewish Temple officers, and Pharisees ready to arrest
:4 Jesus therefore,
knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them,
“Whom are you seeking?”
:4 knowing all
Jesus steps out in front to draw the attention to Himself. He’s trying to keep the disciples from being
arrested. He wants to make sure that
He’s the only one taken.
:5 They answered
Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am He.” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them.
:6 Now when He said to them, “I am He,”
they drew back and fell to the ground.
:6 fell – pipto – to fall;
to go from standing upright to laying prostrate
It might be
that they all just fell back on their bottoms.
It might be
that they stepped back and then bowed to the ground before Jesus.
:7 Then He
asked them again, “Whom are you seeking?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
:8 Jesus answered, “I have told you that I am He. Therefore, if you seek Me, let these go their way,”
:9 that the saying might be fulfilled which He spoke, “Of those whom You
gave Me I have lost none.”
:5 I am (ego eimi)
The phrase in the Greek is simply “I am”.
This is the
Greek form of God’s name Yahweh. When
Moses asked God what His name was, God replied that His name was “I AM” (Ex. 3:14).
Jesus is the I AM
disciples in the midst of the storm at sea, He calmed their fears when He came
walking on the water ...
(Jn 6:20 NKJV) But He said to them, “It is I; do not be afraid.”
Lit., He said “I AM, do not be afraid”
To the Jews, He
made it pretty clear who He claimed to be:
(Jn 8:58 NKJV)
Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.”
They picked up stones to stone Him because He was claiming
to be God.
He told us how important it was that we believe that He is God.
(Jn 8:24 NKJV) Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if
you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins.”
Why is it important to understand that Jesus is God in
died to pay for our sins. If He
only laid down a single, finite life, He would only be able to pay for the sins
of a single person. If He laid down an
infinite, eternal life, He would be able to pay for the sins of the world.
Jesus is powerful. He is mighty. He is God.
Is it surprising that here as He is being arrested, the simple mention of
“I AM” sends these men to the ground?
I have a little bit of pity for these soldiers who are
coming to arrest the King of Kings. I’m
not sure anybody warned them about this.
:9 I have lost none
A Good Shepherd
He takes care of His flock. He
protected the disciples by making sure He was the only one arrested.
This is what a Good Shepherd does.
(Jn 10:11–13 NKJV) —11 “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for
the sheep. 12 But a
hireling, he who is not the shepherd, one who does not own the sheep,
sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf catches the
sheep and scatters them. 13
The hireling flees because he is a hireling and does not care about the
Are you the head of your household? Are you in a leadership position at
work or at school? Be a good shepherd.
It is not easy leading a group of people. Sometimes it’s like herding cats…
though, the problem isn’t with the group, the problem is with the leader.
I remember going on a retreat with one of my son’s 6th grade
classes. We had a group of twenty kids
out at Joshua
Tree. The teacher was an awesome guy,
but he was kind of new at leading a group.
He was a tall, athletic guy, at least a foot taller than any of the
kids. When we’d go hiking or rock
climbing, he’d take off at a brisk walk, expecting the kids to keep up with
him. Not many of the kids or adults
could keep up with him. I found myself
walking in the back of the group, catching all the stragglers, hoping that we’d
eventually make it to the right destination.
A good shepherd keeps his eyes out to care for His flock.
(Is 40:11 NKJV) He will feed His flock like a shepherd; He will gather the lambs
with His arm, And carry them in His bosom, And gently lead those who are with
:10 Then Simon
Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, and cut
off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.
:10 cut off his
Keep in mind, I don't think that this is what Peter intended. He most
likely was aiming to cut the guy's head off, and just missed.
:11 So Jesus
said to Peter, “Put your sword into the sheath. Shall I not drink the cup which
My Father has given Me?”
:11 Shall I not
drink the cup
Earlier in prayer in the Garden, Jesus had already resigned Himself to
doing the will of the Father.
Sometimes we think we’d be better off if we went a different direction, but
the truth is that the best place to be is right in the center of God’s will.
Here’s the tale of a 19th century New England ship captain:
“We sailed from
Kennebec on the first of October, 1876. There had been several
gales, and some of my friends thought it hardly safe to go, but after
considerable prayer I concluded it was right to undertake the voyage.
“On the 19th of October we were about one hundred and fifty
miles west of the Bahamas, and we encountered very disagreeable weather. For five or six days we seemed held by
shifting currents, or some unknown power, in and about the place. We would think we had sailed forty of fifty
miles, when, taking our observations we would find we were within three or four
miles of our position of the day before.
This circumstance occurring repeatedly, proved a trial to my faith, and
I said within my heart: “Lord, why are
we so hindered, and kept in this position?”
Day by day we were held as if by an unseen force, until at length a
change took place, and we went our way.
“On reaching port, they inquired, “Where have you been through the storm?” “What storm?”
We then learned
that a terrible hurricane had swept through that region and that all was
desolation. We afterwards learned that
this hurricane had swept around us, and had almost formed a circle around the
place occupied by us during the storm. A
hundred miles in one direction was wreck and ruin, and fifty miles in the
opposite direction all was desolation; and while that storm was raging in all
its fury, we were held in perfect safety, in quiet waters, and in continual anxiety to change our position and to
pursue our voyage. One day of ordinary
sailing would have brought us into the tacks of the storm, and sent us to the
bottom of the sea. We were anxious to
sail on, but some unseen power held us where we were, and we escaped.”
The Lesson: Don’t fight God’s
:12 Then the
detachment of troops and the captain and the officers of the Jews arrested
Jesus and bound Him.
:13 And they led Him away to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law of
Caiaphas who was high priest that year.
:14 Now it was Caiaphas who advised the Jews that it was expedient that one
man should die for the people.
Annas was a former high priest, and the head of a family of high priests,
sort of a “godfather”.
(Play “Godfather Love Theme”)
Five of his sons would eventually become high priests.
Currently, his son-in-law, Caiphas, has been quite successful in being a
high priest and dealing with the Romans.
Before Jesus has His actual trial before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin, He is
led before Annas, the “godfather”, for a private hearing.
In 1990, while building a road in Jerusalem, a large family tomb was uncovered and an ornate
ossuary (bone box) was discovered with Caiaphas’ name inscribed on it.
:15 And Simon Peter
followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the
high priest, and went with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest.
This is the apostle
John. John had some sort of connection
to the high priest and he is allowed into the courtyard when Jesus is brought
:15 the courtyard
Houses like Annas’ were built
around a central, exterior courtyard.
The trial before Annas will take place outside in the courtyard of Annas’
Peter and John were able to stand off to the side and watch the
:16 But Peter
stood at the door outside. Then the other disciple, who was known to the high
priest, went out and spoke to her who kept the door, and brought Peter in.
John goes to the girl and gives her instructions to let Peter into the
:17 Then the servant girl who kept the door said to Peter, “You are not
also one of this Man’s disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.”
:17 You are not
also one …
The way this girl is asking the question, she was expecting a negative
It’s as if she’s saying, “You’re not really one of those disciples, are you?”
She’s making it easy for Peter to say “no”.
It’s kind of like that voice that said to some of you today, “You don’t
really want to go to church today, do you?”
It’s easy to say “no”.
:17 the servant
Jesus warned Peter that he would deny Jesus three times. It has started.
Danger: Little Girl Ahead
Somehow we get
the idea that it’s going to be a great big bully with a knife at our throat
that’s going to make us deny the Lord.
Peter is in fact pretty good with bullies.
He was willing to take out his sword and use it!
Peter denying that he knows Jesus in front of a little slave girl.
Beware of the “little” denials.
Be careful of not mentioning you’re a Christian because it’s just not
It might make it easier to deny Him next time.
:18 Now the servants
and officers who had made a fire of coals stood there, for it was cold, and
they warmed themselves. And Peter stood with them and warmed himself.
:18 Peter stood
with them and warmed himself
warming himself at the enemy’s fire
It’s almost like he just wants to blend in and not cause any trouble.
Maybe they all joked about the latest soccer match between Jerusalem and
Caesarea. There’s nothing wrong with that.
He wants to just be “one of the guys”. But he’s about to deny Jesus again.
Sometimes we need to speak up about knowing Jesus.
Is it clear to your non-believing friends that you love and follow the
Lord? Or are you just “one of the gang”?
:19 The high priest
then asked Jesus about His disciples and His doctrine.
:20 Jesus answered him, “I spoke openly to the world. I always taught in
synagogues and in the temple, where the Jews always meet, and in secret I have
:21 Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard Me what I said to them.
Indeed they know what I said.”
:22 And when He had said these things, one of the officers who stood by
struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, “Do You answer the high priest
:22 Do You answer
the high priest like that?”
Do you see the irony of this? This officer has just struck and rebuked the
King of Kings, Heaven’s own Great High Priest.
– rhapisma –a blow with the flat of
the hand, a slap in the face
:23 Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil;
but if well, why do you strike Me?”
– dero – to flay, skin; to beat,
It’s possible that Jesus is bleeding from this blow.
:23 If I have
spoken evil …
In other words, “If I’ve said something wrong, tell me what it is,
otherwise you shouldn’t be hitting Me!”
:24 Then Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
:24 bound to
Jesus would actually have several trials that night and early the next day.
Jesus would be on trial before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin.
Then He would
be sent to Pilate.
Pilate would send Jesus to Herod, and then Herod sends Jesus back to Pilate.
John doesn’t record the details of the trial before Caiaphas. (Luke does Lk. 22:66-71)
:25 Now Simon
Peter stood and warmed himself. Therefore they said to him, “You are not also
one of His disciples, are you?” He denied it and said, “I am not!”
:26 One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of him whose ear
Peter cut off, said, “Did I not see you in the garden with Him?”
:27 Peter then denied again; and immediately a rooster crowed.
:27 Peter then
Matthew records that Peter got a little dramatic here:
(Mt 26:74 NKJV)
Then he began to curse and swear, saying, “I do not know the Man!” Immediately
a rooster crowed.
:27 immediately a
Remember that this is all taking place in the outdoor courtyard?
Luke tells us what else took place as the rooster crowed:
(Lk 22:61–62 NKJV) 61 And the Lord turned and looked at Peter.
Then Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, “Before the
rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” 62 So Peter went out and wept
He sees me
It’s bad enough to fall into sin.
But to realize
that my Savior, who paid the penalty for all my sin by dying on the cross, is
watching me sin!
I can understand Peter weeping.
If I’m honest with myself, I have admit that I probably wouldn’t sin as
much as I do if I knew that somebody was watching me.
Have you ever been watching something on TV or on your computer and
somebody walks in and you feel like you need to switch channels or close out
the program you’re in?
God spoke to Ezekiel:
(Eze 8:12 NKJV) —12
Then He said to me, “Son of man, have you seen what the elders of the house of
Israel do in the dark, every man in the room of his idols? For they say, ‘The Lord does not see us, the Lord has forsaken the land.’ ”
The leaders of the nation had been doing bad things in the
dark. They thought that God didn’t see
Yet God not only saw them, God was telling AND showing Ezekiel
about it 500 miles away.
Though it may
be frightening to realize that heaven is watching you, it’s also comforting to
know that heaven is watching you.
God knows what you’re going through.
He cares. You are not alone.