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Luke 24:44-53

Sunday Morning Bible Study

July 23, 2017


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die?  Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular:  2900 words    Communion: 2500 words  Video=75wpm

Ruth Ann.  She’s here!  Born on Wednesday morning.

Ask the Pastor – if you have questions you’ve always wished you could ask the pastor, write them down on a card and drop them into the Agape Box, or hand them to me.  We’ll also entertain questions on Thursday Night if we have time.

Movie Nights – Movies meant to give you reasons why we believe.

Coming Sundays: Next Week Samy Tanagho, then Daniel Grant, then we start the book of Proverbs.

Luke told us what Jesus’ main purpose was in life:

(Luke 19:10 NKJV) for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”

He would do this by dying for our sins.

We saw Jesus arrive in Jerusalem on the previous Sunday, Palm Sunday, to the shouts of an adoring crowd, crying “Hosanna”.

By the following Friday morning Jesus had been arrested, tried, and crucified.

He was buried in a borrowed tomb on Friday afternoon.

Early Sunday morning, some women went to the tomb, found the stone rolled away, the tomb empty, and two angels told them that Jesus had risen from the dead.

Later that Sunday, Jesus appeared to:

Mary Magdalene

The two disciples on the road to Emmaus


The disciples gathered in the upper room.

24:44-48 The Great Commission

:44 Then He said to them, “These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me.”

mustdei – it is necessary, there is need of, it behooves, is right and proper

be fulfilledpleroo – to make full, to fill up, i.e. to fill to the full; to render full, i.e. to complete; to fulfil, i.e. to cause God’s will (as made known in the law) to be obeyed as it should be, and God’s promises (given through the prophets) to receive fulfilment

the lawnomos – anything established, anything received by usage, a custom, a law, a command

the prophetsprophetes – in Greek writings, an interpreter of oracles or of other hidden things; one who, moved by the Spirit of God and hence his organ or spokesman, solemnly declares to men what he has received by inspiration, especially concerning future events, and in particular such as relate to the cause and kingdom of God and to human salvation; the OT prophets, having foretold the kingdom, deeds and death, of Jesus the Messiah.

the psalmspsalmos – a striking, twanging; of a striking the chords of a musical instrument; of a pious song, a psalm

:45 And He opened their understanding, that they might comprehend the Scriptures.

openeddianoigo – to open by dividing or drawing asunder, to open thoroughly (what had been closed); to open the mind of one, i.e. to cause to understand a thing; to open one’s soul, i.e. to rouse in one the faculty of understanding or the desire of learning

understandingnous – the mind, comprising alike the faculties of perceiving and understanding and those of feeling, judging, determining; the intellectual faculty, the understanding; reason in the narrower sense, as the capacity for spiritual truth, the higher powers of the soul, the faculty of perceiving divine things, of recognizing goodness and of hating evil

that they might understandsuniemi – to set or bring together; to put (as it were) the perception with the thing perceived; to set or join together in the mind; i.e. to understand: the man of understanding; implies a native insight, knowledge gained through the five senses

the scripturesgraphe – a writing, thing written; the Scripture, used to denote either the book itself, or its contents; a certain portion or section of the Holy Scripture

:45 He opened their understanding

We could say, “He opened their minds”.


Taught by God

We talked a few weeks ago about how the Scriptures are impossible to understand correctly when you are an unbeliever.
(1 Corinthians 2:14 NLT) But people who aren’t spiritual can’t receive these truths from God’s Spirit. It all sounds foolish to them and they can’t understand it, for only those who are spiritual can understand what the Spirit means.
Yet when the Holy Spirit comes into our lives, we now have the “equipment” needed to learn from God.
At this moment there are all sorts of images, sounds, and data zipping through the air around us.  Unless we have appropriate TV receiver, radio, computer, or cell phone we won’t be able to receive any of it.
(John 14:26 NLT) But when the Father sends the Advocate as my representative—that is, the Holy Spirit—he will teach you everything and will remind you of everything I have told you.
The apostles were specially taught by God.
We want to pay attention to what the apostles taught.
It was part of the early church:

(Acts 2:42 NLT) All the believers devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching, and to fellowship, and to sharing in meals (including the Lord’s Supper), and to prayer.

We have a record of what the apostles taught in the New Testament.

Jesus had opened their understanding.

Some churches will go beyond the apostles, and make the church fathers that followed the apostles to have as much weight as the apostles.

We can learn from the church fathers, but I’d be cautious about giving them the same authority as the original apostles.

We too can be taught by God.
Just not at the same level as the apostles.
Paul prayed for the Ephesians that…

(Ephesians 1:18 NKJV) the eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints

Some people take this concept and think that they can make the Scriptures mean whatever they want it to mean.
Peter wrote,

(2 Peter 1:20 ESV) knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation.

Scripture was written with specific words and meant to have a specific meaning.
You can see a lot of strange stuff being taught from the Scriptures regarding the Second Coming of Christ.

Be careful about getting your eschatology from the internet.

I stumbled onto a website the other day that had people making the strangest comments on it, sharing their theories about the antichrist as if they were absolute truth.

The comments I was reading were two years old.  I wonder if some of these knuckleheads still hold to their crazy ideas now that they haven’t come to pass.

Let me give you some tips.
In the movie “Karate Kid”, Daniel-son wants to learn karate from Mr. Miyagi.  Yet at the beginning all it seems Mr. Miyagi is doing is having Daniel do tedious chores like waxing his car and painting his fence.

Video:  Karate Kid – Lessons Come Together

The things I want to share may sound basic or even pointless to you, but until you start to practice them on a regular basis, you will struggle in what it means to be taught by God.

Pray before you read.

Ask God to teach you.

Read the whole book

The best commentary on the Bible is the Bible.

The more you read and understand the whole of the Bible, the better equipped you will be to understand the parts.

I’d like to challenge you to read the Bible in a year.  And then do it again.  And again.

Don’t worry about not understanding everything.  Keep a file open in your head called “waiting for further information”.  You will find that the more you read your Bible, the less things there are left in that file.

Older brothers

Don’t be afraid to ask questions from those are a little older in the Lord than you are.

A young fiery preacher named Apollos had to be pulled aside by two of Paul’s friends (Aquilla and Priscilla, Acts 18), and get some of his doctrines straightened out.

Sometimes you can find these “older brothers” in a commentary.

Fruit Inspection

In warning about false prophets, Jesus said,

(Matthew 7:16 NKJV) You will know them by their fruits.

Whether it’s a teaching from someone on the internet or some crazy idea you’ve got from reading your Bible, don’t be afraid to ask the hard question:

What happens when I live my life this way?

Do I become a hateful, angry person?

Paul told us why he wrote his letters:

(1 Timothy 1:5 NLT) The purpose of my instruction is that all believers would be filled with love that comes from a pure heart, a clear conscience, and genuine faith.

Paul wrote,

(2 Timothy 1:7 NKJV) For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind.

Is my life marked with holiness?

Peter was writing about the Second Coming when he wrote,

(2 Peter 3:11 NKJV) Therefore, since all these things will be dissolved, what manner of persons ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness,

:46 Then He said to them, “Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day,

:46 it was necessary for …

Jesus now does for the apostles what we saw Him to earlier in the day with the two fellows on the road to Emmaus.

(Luke 24:27 NKJV) And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.
Since we spent a bit of time on this two weeks ago, I’d just prefer to point you to my notes online if you want to explore further some of the Old Testament prophecies that showed that it was indeed necessary for Jesus to die and rise from the dead.

Jesus used the Old Testament to show three things (all infinitives) – that He had to die, that He would be raised, that a message should be preached (v.47).

it is writtengrapho – to write, with reference to the form of the letters; to write, with reference to the contents of the writing

it was necessarydei – it is necessary, there is need of, it behooves, is right and proper

This word is going to be followed with three verbs of what is necessary, what is necessary “to do…”

to sufferpascho – to be affected or have been affected, to feel, have a sensible experience, to undergo; in a bad sense, to suffer sadly, be in a bad plight

This is the first “infinitive”

ChristChristos – “anointed”; from chrio – to anoint

to riseanistemi – to cause to rise up, raise up; to rise, stand up

This is the second “infinitive”.

:47 and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

should be preached kerusso – to be a herald, to officiate as a herald; to proclaim after the manner of a herald; always with the suggestion of formality, gravity and an authority which must be listened to and obeyed; to publish, proclaim openly: something which has been done; used of the public proclamation of the gospel and matters pertaining to it, made by John the Baptist, by Jesus, by the apostles and other Christian teachers

In the Greek, this is the third “infinitive”.

The message we have is not our own message.  We are simply heralds of the King.  We simply have His Message to tell the people.

nameonoma – name: univ. of proper names; the name is used for everything which the name covers, everything the thought or feeling of which is aroused in the mind by mentioning, hearing, remembering, the name, i.e. for one’s rank, authority, interests, pleasure, command, excellences, deeds etc.

repentancemetanoia – a change of mind, as it appears to one who repents, of a purpose he has formed or of something he has done

remissionaphesis – release from bondage or imprisonment; forgiveness or pardon, of sins (letting them go as if they had never been committed), remission of the penalty

nationsethnos – a multitude (whether of men or of beasts) associated or living together; a multitude of individuals of the same nature or genus; a tribe, nation, people group; in the OT, foreign nations not worshipping the true God, pagans, Gentiles; Paul uses the term for Gentile Christians

beginningarchomai – to be the first to do (anything), to begin; to begin, make a beginning

:47 repentance and remission of sins

This is Luke’s record of what we call “The Great Commission”.

Matthew has a little fuller version:

(Matthew 28:19–20 NKJV) —19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen.
I used to think that this was only something commanded of preachers until I looked a little closer and realized that all the things Jesus commanded the apostles, they were to pass on to us as well.


Our Message

Luke says our message has two parts to it.
We often think of “repentance” to mean “stop sinning”.

And that’s certainly a part of it, but the concept goes a little deeper than that.

repentancemetanoia – a change of mind
Away from sin

Repentance means to change the way you think about your sin.

(Matthew 9:13 NKJV) …For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance.”

Repentance means that you realize that your sin is wrong, and that you need help.

Toward God

Repentance isn’t just turning away from something, but turning to something.  It’s about turning to God.  Paul talked about…

(Acts 20:21 NKJV) …repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

If you are travelling down the road of sin in your life, repentance doesn’t just stop heading towards “Sin City” and then heads just anywhere (like heading towards “boy scout city”)

It means you make a complete turn around and start heading towards God.  It means you get on the path God wants for you.

It means you start trusting in Jesus.

Produces change

Though metanoia is a change of mind, it’s a change that’s so deep that it leaks out into the way you live.

John the Baptist said,

(Matthew 3:8 NKJV) Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance

People around you won’t know of your repentance because you go forward at a church service, or even because you tell them you’ve changed. 

They will know you’ve repented because your life will begin to actually change.

Forgiveness (remission of sins)
remissionaphesis (“let go”) – release from bondage; forgiveness or pardon
This is what happens when you turn to God in repentance and faith.
He forgives your sins.  He lets it go.  He no longer holds your sins against you.
(1 John 1:9 NKJV) If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

He is faithful in that He will let it go if you will confess.

He is “just” because His Son Jesus has paid the penalty for our sins by dying on a cross in our place.

Jesus paid our debt.

Our message is about repentance and forgiveness.
Our sins are the great wall that keeps us from knowing God.

When God forgives our sins, the wall comes down and we can know and enjoy fellowship with God.

(Psalm 103:12 NKJV) As far as the east is from the west, So far has He removed our transgressions from us.
Our message is:  “Turn to God and be forgiven”
Is that Good News or what?  The word “gospel” means “Good News”

:48 And you are witnesses of these things.

:48 witnesses of these things

witnessesmartus – a witness.  This is where our word “martyr” comes from.

We talked about this last week.

The apostles would be the primary witnesses of His death, resurrection, and teaching.
Jesus made sure they had irrefutable proof of these things before He ascended into heaven.

Luke recorded how Jesus prepared these “witnesses” for what was up ahead…

(Acts 1:3 NKJV) to whom He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs, being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.

24:49-53 The Ascension

:49 Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high.”

:49 the Promise of My Father

Jesus is talking about the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

I sendapostello – to order (one) to go to a place appointed; to send away, dismiss

the Promiseepaggelia – announcement; promise; the act of promising, a promise given or to be given; a promised good or blessing

tarry kathizo – to make to sit down; to sit; to sojourn, to settle, settle down

endued enduo – to sink into (clothing), put on, clothe one’s self

power dunamis – strength, power, ability

highhupsos – height; of place, heaven

:50 And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them.

led … outexago – to lead out

BethanyBethania – “house of dates” or “house of misery”; a village at the Mount of Olives, about two miles (3 km) from Jerusalem, on or near the normal road to Jericho

he lifted upepairo – to lift up, raise up, raise on high

blessed eulogeo – to praise, celebrate with praises; to invoke blessings; to consecrate a thing with solemn prayers; to ask God’s blessing on a thing

:50 He led them out as far as Bethany

Video:  Bethany Map

Bethany is a village located on the Mount of Olives, two miles east of Jerusalem.

It’s where Martha, Mary, and Lazarus were from.

It was about 2 miles from Jerusalem on the road towards Jericho.

:50 He lifted up His hands and blessed them

As I’ve been learning about Church History, I have found it amazing that the church will argue about all sorts of things.

One church split occurred in England over whether the priest was to “bless” his congregation with two fingers raised, or three.

Though we don’t have a record of the blessing Jesus pronounced on His disciples, I think there’s a slight chance it might have been the one from Numbers 6:

(Numbers 6:24–26 NKJV) —24 “The Lord bless you and keep you; 25 The Lord make His face shine upon you, And be gracious to you; 26 The Lord lift up His countenance upon you, And give you peace.” ’
What about the hands?
Video:  Star Trek – Spock Live Long and Prosper Amok Time
Leonard Nimoy based the greeting on what he saw growing up in the Jewish synagogue.
The Jewish priests would pronounce this blessing in a manner similar to Spock’s “live long and prosper” gesture. 

:51 Now it came to pass, while He blessed them, that He was parted from them and carried up into heaven.

he blessedeulogeo – to praise, celebrate with praises; to invoke blessings; to consecrate a thing with solemn prayers; to ask God’s blessing on a thing

parteddiistemi – to place separately, put asunder, disjoin; to stand apart, to part, depart

carried upanaphero – to carry or bring up, to lead up

:51 carried up into heaven

Luke tells us in Acts:

(Acts 1:9 NKJV) Now when He had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight.


The Ascension

We call this event the “Ascension”
Jesus died, and rose from the dead, but He’s still alive today.
He’s alive and well in heaven.
This was a fulfillment of an important prophecy:
(Psalm 110:1 NKJV) The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”

This is Father God talking to David’s “Lord” (Jesus).

This speaks of Jesus being in the most exalted place in the universe, sitting at the right hand of God.

He will be there until He returns and sets up His kingdom on earth.

What is Jesus doing in heaven?
He’s praying for us.

(Hebrews 7:25 NKJV) Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.

When you put your trust in Jesus, Jesus will make sure you make it into heaven because HE is praying for you.

The ascension is also tied to the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost.
The night before He died, Jesus told the disciples this:

(John 16:7 NKJV) Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you.

After Jesus rose from the dead, He spent forty days appearing to the disciples and teaching them before ascending into heaven.
Ten days later, on the day of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit was poured out.

:52 And they worshiped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy,

they worshippedproskuneo – to kiss the hand to (towards) one, in token of reverence; among the Orientals, esp. the Persians, to fall upon the knees and touch the ground with the forehead as an expression of profound reverence; in the NT by kneeling or prostration to do homage (to one) or make obeisance, whether in order to express respect or to make supplication

returnedhupostrepho – to turn back; to turn about; to return

joychara – joy, gladness

greatmegas – great

:53 and were continually in the temple praising and blessing God. Amen.

continuallydia pantos – constantly, always, continually

the templehieron – a sacred place, temple

The temple of Jerusalem consisted of the whole of the sacred enclosure, embracing the entire aggregate of buildings, balconies, porticos, courts (that is that of the men of Israel, that of the women, and that of the priests), belonging to the temple; the latter designates the sacred edifice properly so called, consisting of two parts, the “sanctuary” or “Holy Place” (which no one except the priests was allowed to enter), and the “Holy of Holies” or “the most holy place” (which was entered only on the great day of atonement by the high priest alone). Also there were the courts where Jesus or the apostles taught or encountered adversaries, and the like, “in the temple”; also the courts of the temple, of the Gentiles, out of which Jesus drove the buyers and sellers and the money changers, court of the women.

praisingaineo – to praise, extol, to sing praises in honour to God

blessingeulogeo – to praise, celebrate with praises; to invoke blessings; to consecrate a thing with solemn prayers

:49 tarry … power from on high

endued enduo – to sink into (clothing), put on, clothe one’s self

Jesus told the apostles to not leave town until they had received God’s power, which is the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

Luke told us why Jesus wanted them to wait for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

(Acts 1:8 NKJV) But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”
The Holy Spirit would give them “power” to be the “witnesses” God wanted them to be.
The Greek word for “power” (dunamis) comes from the Greek word “to be able”.

We often hear about the power as “dynamite”, but I think it’s better to think of it as “dynamic”.

The Holy Spirit gives you the ability to do all that God wants you to do.  He gives you the ability to live for God and serve God.


Wait for it

tarry kathizo – to sit; settle down
What Jesus is talking about here is something different than being born again.
When you became a believer, the Holy Spirit came to be inside you.
When Jesus talks about this “Promise” of the Father, He’s talking about the “baptism” of the Holy Spirit, or the “filling” of the Holy Spirit.
A person is like an empty glass.  When you become born again, God puts water in the glass.

The filling of the Holy Spirit is when God keeps pouring water into the glass and the glass starts overflowing, getting everything around it wet.

We need God’s help in our lives.
We need the ability to say “no” to temptation.
We need the ability to get over our reluctance and share Jesus with our friends.
How do we receive this power?
Jesus told His disciples to wait for it.


When you check in at the doctor’s office, they tell you to “have a seat” in the “waiting room”.

I think one of the least exciting things about going to the doctor is having to sit in the “waiting room”.

Sometimes you only have to wait for a few minutes, but sometimes you have to wait for an hour or two.

I remember taking my boys to the pediatrician, and waiting for two hours with three little boys.  You have to learn a few parenting tricks to keep everyone sane, like playing “I spy with my little eye”.

Yet you do it because it’s worth the wait.  There is great benefit to seeing the doctor, whether it’s medicine for an ear infection, or advice after a checkup.

It hasn’t been easy for David and Sarah to wait for Ruthie to be born.  Especially when she was 9 days late.  But she’s every bit worth the wait.

Learn to wait for the filling of the Holy Spirit.

Jesus also said,

(John 7:37–38 NKJV) —37 On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.”


You need to know that you need the Holy Spirit.


Last year’s movie “Hidden Figures” follows the story of three black women in the south who helped NASA in the beginning of the space program.  They were mathematical and engineering geniuses. They did things that nobody thought they could do.

Here’s a clip where one of the gals is asking a judge to allow her to attend classes at an all-white high school so she can become an engineer.

Video:  Hidden Figures – Make You The First

Maybe you think that you’d never be able to be a bold witness for Jesus. 

Maybe you think there’s no way you will ever be able to conquer a certain sin in your life.

Without God’s help, without the power of the Holy Spirit, you may be right.

I’m not saying that the Holy Spirit is a racist white judge, but He is like that judge in that He has the power and authority to “make you the first”, to help you do things you didn’t think possible.

The question is, how bad do you want it? How thirsty are you?

You also need to come to Jesus and receive it (drink).


We receive the work of the Holy Spirit by faith.

It’s okay to have people lay hands on you and pray over you, but you still need to believe if you want to be filled.

The Holy Spirit wants to empower us.  He wants to help.

We need to wait on Him.

We need to be thirsty.

We need to believe.