Morning Bible Study
Luke told us what Jesus’ main purpose was in life:
(Luke 19:10 NKJV) for the Son
of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
He would do this by dying for our sins.
We saw Jesus arrive in Jerusalem on the previous Sunday, Palm Sunday, to
the shouts of an adoring crowd, crying “Hosanna”.
By the following Friday morning Jesus had been arrested, tried, and
He was buried in a borrowed tomb on Friday afternoon.
Early Sunday morning, some women went to the tomb, found the stone rolled
away, the tomb empty, and two angels told them that Jesus had risen from the
When the ladies went back to tell the disciples, the disciples thought the
women were crazy. Peter and John ran to
the tomb and found it empty.
Mary Magdalene went back to the tomb as well, and she would be the first
person to Jesus alive.
Last week we saw two of the disciples walking on the road to Emmaus when a
mysterious stranger appeared and began talking with them. This stranger pretended to be unaware of what
had gone on in Jerusalem, but He began to teach the Scriptures to them, showing
them that the Messiah had to be crucified.
When they sat down and broke bread with this stranger, their eyes were
opened and they realized they had been walking and talking with Jesus. Then He
24:33-43 Resurrection Proof
:33 So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the
eleven and those who were with them gathered together,
As soon as these guys had recognized Jesus, He disappeared from their
They immediately got up to tell the others what had happened.
:34 saying, “The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!”
:34 The Lord is risen indeed
This is what the eleven said to the two returning guys from the Emmaus
On Easter morning we have a routine where Dave will say, “He is risen”, and
we all respond, “He is risen indeed!”
indeed – ontos – truly, in
reality, in point of fact; that which is indeed
What’s kind of funny is that they aren’t completely convinced yet.
:34 has appeared to Simon
Before the Emmaus guys can get a word out of their own mouths, they are
told that Jesus had appeared to Simon Peter.
We don’t have any other record of this appearance in the gospels, but Paul
mentions that Jesus appeared to Peter before the rest of the apostles (1Cor.
(1 Corinthians 15:5
NKJV) and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve.
:35 And they told about the things that had happened on the road,
and how He was known to them in the breaking of bread.
:36 Now as they said these things, Jesus Himself stood in the midst of
them, and said to them, “Peace to you.”
:36 Jesus Himself stood in the midst of them
The verb “stood” is an aorist tense.
It happened at a point in time.
Jesus wasn’t there and then one moment He was there.
:37 But they were terrified and frightened, and supposed they had seen a
:37 they were terrified and frightened
The disciples at this point know that Jesus was risen. Indeed. And had appeared to several people so
He appeared to Mary Magdalene.
He appeared to the two disciples on the road to Emmaus.
He appeared to Peter.
So why were they freaked out?
John tells us that the disciples had been meeting in a room with the doors shut.
(John 20:19 NKJV) Then, the
same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors
were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came
and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace be with you.”
How did Jesus just “appear” with the doors closed?
Maybe He “beamed” Himself through the walls.
Last week in the news
Chinese researchers were the first to transport (quantum teleportation) a
photon particle from earth to a satellite in orbit.
Of course that’s a long, long, long, long way off from actually
transporting a human being like in Star Trek.
Video: Star Trek – Beam Me Aboard
Have you ever wondered why the stone at the tomb rolled away earlier that
How many of you think it was so Jesus could get out?
I don’t think so.
I think it was so the witnesses could get in to see He was gone.
Jesus no longer needed doors.
:37 supposed they had seen a spirit
We might say they, “supposed they had seen a ghost”.
One of the early heresies in the history of the church was called
One of the forms of this heresy claimed that He didn’t have a real body after
rising from the dead, He was just a “ghost”.
You’re going to see that Jesus will not leave that an option for the Bible
:38 And He said to them, “Why are you troubled? And why do doubts arise in
:39 Behold My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself. Handle Me and see,
for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see I have.”
:39 Behold My hands and My feet
Behold – eido – to see
Jesus commands the disciples to take a look at what they see.
Mentioning His hands and feet would indicate that He’s particularly
pointing them to the places where He had been nailed to the cross.
:39 that it is I Myself
“It is I” translates the Greek phrase ego
eimi, which is sometimes used as a hint of God’s name Yahweh, which means
in Hebrew the “I Am”.
:39 Handle Me and see
Handle – pselaphao – to
handle, touch and feel
From the root of the word that “psalms” is based on (psallo) meaning to “pluck” (like strings on a guitar).
This is an imperative, a command.
The word is used in:
(1 John 1:1–3 NKJV)
—1 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we
have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled,
concerning the Word of life—2 the life was manifested, and we have seen, and bear witness, and
declare to you that eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested
to us—3 that which
we have seen and heard we declare to you, that you also may have fellowship
with us; and truly our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son
John had indeed touched Jesus.
When Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene, she “clung” to Him. She had “touched” Jesus. (John 20:17)
Examine the evidence
Luke is giving us samples of what he would write about in the book of Acts
concerning the apostles:
(Acts 1:3 NKJV) to whom He
also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs,
being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to
the kingdom of God.
The apostles would be the chief witnesses to what was happening on this
They had “seen” and “handled” Him.
They would not only tell the world that Jesus had died for their sins, but
that He had conquered death and rose from the grave.
All except John would die gruesome deaths holding fast to the claim that
Jesus had risen from the dead. John died of old age.
They had gone from being scared skeptics hiding behind closed doors, to
bold proclaimers of Jesus’ resurrection.
Why would they make that claim?
Because they had examined the evidence.
Jesus had told them to be sure, to see and touch.
Our faith isn’t a “blind faith” in that we are told to believe in something
where there is no evidence.
We are told to examine the evidence.
Thomas had been absent that Sunday evening, and when he came back later,
20:25 NKJV) The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord.” So he said
to them, “Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger
into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not
This is why we call him “doubting Thomas”.
Yet Jesus wanted Thomas to be one of His witnesses, and Jesus would show up
the following Sunday and turn the skeptic into a believer.
20:26–29 NKJV) —26 And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas
with them. Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said,
“Peace to you!” 27
He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach
your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving,
28 And Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Jesus said
to him, “Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are
those who have not seen and yet have believed.”
In the month of August we’ll be showing some movies on Thursday nights that
will give you reasons for believing.
On the final Thursday, we’ll be showing the new movie “The Case for
Christ”, which is the story of how Pulitzer prize winning journalist Lee
Strobel went from being a skeptic to a believer by investigating the facts.
Video: The Case For Christ –
Investigating the Case
Lee would investigate the evidence, and become a believer.
The problem with most unbelievers is that they don’t take the time to
examine the evidence.
Think of some of the pieces of evidence we’ve seen in the last couple of
Jesus died a horrible death.
He was certified dead by the Romans.
He was buried in a tomb carved from solid rock.
Quite a few people knew where the tomb was.
His tomb was secured by a large stone and guarded by Roman
On Sunday morning the stone was rolled away.
While the graveclothes were left
…the body was gone.
Jesus started appearing to quite a few people.
Paul will later write that Jesus appeared to over five
hundred people (1Cor. 15:5-8)
:40 When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet.
:41 But while they still did not believe for joy, and marveled, He said to
them, “Have you any food here?”
:41 they still did not believe for joy, and marveled
(Luke 24:41 NLT) Still they
stood there in disbelief, filled with joy and wonder. Then he asked them, “Do
you have anything here to eat?”
You could make a case that they don’t yet quite fully believe.
:41 Have you any food here?
Why did Jesus ask this?
Perhaps Jesus was hungry.
He did “break bread” with the two men at Emmaus.
Perhaps He is just trying to help them understand that He’s for real, that
He has a real, physical body.
Ghosts don’t eat food. I know this
from factual sources like Casper the friendly ghost…
:42 So they gave Him a piece of a broiled fish and some honeycomb.
:42 a piece of a broiled fish and some honeycomb
For you skeptics out there, take notice.
It wasn’t fried “fish”, but “broiled fish”.
What’s with the honeycomb? It was evening, not breakfast time! 😉
This is not the language of some practiced, ritual mantra repeated over the
centuries, otherwise they might have served Him bread and wine.
This is the language of eye-witnesses.
:43 And He took it and ate in their presence.
:43 He took it and ate in their presence
In talking about the nature of our future resurrected body, Paul compares
the body we received from Adam to the body we will receive from Christ.
15:49 NKJV) And as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall
also bear the image of the heavenly Man.
John the apostle wrote,
(1 John 3:2 NKJV) Beloved, now
we are children of God; and it has not yet been revealed what we shall be, but
we know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as
We will have real, physical resurrected bodies like Jesus
I listened an old (1998) message by
Tim Keller on this passage a few days ago on the recommendation of a friend
(thanks Frank Lindley!)
Keller made a great point about the significance of the resurrection of
Jesus’ physical body.
Tim pointed out that many people in life are afraid of “missing out” on the
experiences of life.
They don’t want to miss out on the chance to be loved, and
will do anything to get others to love them.
They don’t want to miss out on visiting the great places
of the world, so they spend money in travel.
They don’t want to miss out on the great physical pleasures
in life, whether it’s the pleasures of sex, the high of drugs, enjoying a good
meal, or just watching a beautiful sunset.
Some of these people are a bit reluctant to become
Christians because they’re afraid they are going to have to give up on these things. They’re afraid they might miss out on them.
Yet think about the truth we’re looking at here.
We too will have real, physical bodies.
We will no longer have a sin nature, so some of the things
people are looking for in life will change.
Think about what we’ll enjoy.
I don’t expect there to be sex in heaven, but there will
be an intimacy like we’ve never known before.
We’ll be able to travel anywhere.
There will be no need for drugs because we’ll be on an
16:11 NKJV) You will show me the path of life; In Your presence is fullness
of joy; At Your
right hand are pleasures forevermore.
Healthy, wholesome pleasures.
And there will be food.
We’ll be eating at the Marriage Supper of the Lamb.
We will eat, drink, dance, and love one another.
When you have an eternal perspective, you will find that you don’t need to
worry about “missing out” on things.
You can learn to abstain from bad things.
You can sacrifice.
You can give to others. You can
lay down your life.
Because what’s up ahead will surpass everything you’ve
The Real Deal
One of Paul’s missionary journeys took him to Mars Hill, the place in
Athens where the philosophers liked to spend their days arguing and debating
The philosophers heard about Paul, and asked him to give them a “TED Talk”
on his ideas.
Paul started off by complementing them on their sense of religion,
especially their altar to the “Unknown God”.
Paul then explained to them that God could actually be known. Then he said,
17:30–31 NKJV) —30 Truly, these times of ignorance God overlooked, but now commands
all men everywhere to repent, 31 because He has appointed a day on which He will judge the world in
righteousness by the Man whom He has ordained. He has given assurance of this
to all by raising Him from the dead.”
Philosophers like to sit around and debate things that really can’t be
Paul spoke to them about something with certainty.
Jesus rose from the dead.
The evidence proves it.
You can still try and dispute whether this is a true fact or not, but if it
is a true fact, then it changes everything.
Jesus’ resurrection proved that He was like no other.
When God says that He will one day judge the world through
this One who has done the impossible, you better pay attention.
If God is going to one day judge you, then you better
figure out how you are going to survive God’s judgment.
The truth is, we are all guilty before God because we are
If we want to make it past God’s judgment, we better pay
attention to God’s recommendations on how to do that.
God sent His Son to die on a cross and pay for our sins so
we might be forgiven if we will only turn from our sins and trust in Him.
3:16–18 NKJV) —16 For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that
whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 17 For God did
not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world
through Him might be saved. 18 “He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not
believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the
only begotten Son of God.