Morning Bible Study
We’ve arrived at the pinnacle of Jesus’ ministry.
Luke told us what Jesus’ main purpose was in life:
(Luke 19:10 NKJV) for the Son
of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
He would do this by dying for our sins.
We saw Jesus arrive in Jerusalem on the previous Sunday, Palm Sunday, to
the shouts of an adoring crowd, crying “Hosanna”.
By the following Friday morning Jesus had been arrested, tried, and
He was buried in a borrowed tomb on Friday afternoon.
Early Sunday morning, some women went to the tomb, found the stone rolled
away, the tomb empty, and two angels told them that Jesus had risen from the
When the ladies went back to tell the disciples, the disciples thought the
women were crazy. Peter and John ran to
the tomb and found it empty. Mary
Magdalene went back to the tomb as well, and she would be the first person that
Jesus appeared to.
24:13-32 The Road to Emmaus
:13 Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village
called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem.
:13 to a village called Emmaus
Today the spot is known as the town of Al-Qubeiba in the West Bank.
Video: Road to Emmaus map
We’ll take a helicopter down Israeli Highway #1 which is the road from
Jerusalem to Tel-Aviv. Then we veer off
into the Palestinian foothills until we reach Emmaus.
Being a seven-mile walk, this is going to take a couple of hours.
:14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.
:15 So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew
near and went with them.
:15 while they conversed and reasoned
They are taking turns discussing and questioning the other over the things
they had seen and heard the last few days.
And Jesus shows up.
:16 But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not know Him.
:16 their eyes were restrained
These guys don’t recognize Jesus.
:17 And He said to them, “What kind of conversation is this that you
have with one another as you walk and are sad?”
:17 as you walk and are sad
It is good that they were talking about Jesus and debating ideas.
It was good that Jesus was walking with them.
But it wasn’t enough. They are still
sad. They still don’t recognize that
Jesus is there.
:18 Then the one whose name was Cleopas answered and said to Him, “Are You
the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have You not known the things which
happened there in these days?”
:18 the one whose name was Cleopas answered
He was married to one of the gals named “Mary” who was at the crucifixion
:18 Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem…
During the Passover, the city was filled with pilgrims, Jews from around
Cleopas can’t believe that this fellow they’re talking to doesn’t know
what’s happened over the last few days.
:19 And He said to them, “What things?”
I can’t help but think that Jesus is trying to hide a little grin on His
face as He’s saying this.
:19 So they said to Him, “The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was
a Prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people,
:20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to be condemned
to death, and crucified Him.
:21 But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel.
Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened.
:21 today is the third day
We tend to think of the “third day” as referring to resurrection as if they
were actually expecting the resurrection and have been disappointed.
They’re just surprised that after three days this guy they’re talking to still
doesn’t know what just happened.
Jesus was buried on Friday afternoon.
On Saturday, the Sabbath, none of them would have traveled, and now on
Sunday, these guys are heading home.
:21 we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel
Not What I Expected
Some things are not what we expect.
These fellows had been hoping that Jesus would have freed the nation from
their Roman overlords.
Instead, Jesus was crucified.
Jesus did come to deliver us, but not from some of the troubles we’re
having, He came to free us from our sins.
Peter 1:18–19 NKJV) —18 knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like
silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from
your fathers, 19
with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without
Some folks expect the wrong things at church.
Some people come to church when their life falls apart and are expecting
that God will give them a new job, a new wife, and maybe a new car to boot.
Some people listen a little too much to TBN, and expect that when they are
sick, that Jesus will always heal all their diseases.
Some people are hoping to get instantly delivered from their addiction to
drugs, alcohol, or drinking.
Sometimes God will work this way, but not all the time.
Some of us have learned we need to work our program
Some people are hoping that being a Christian will allow them to be happy
all the time.
These are not healthy expectations.
Jesus can do these things, but those aren’t His highest
goal for you.
If you are expecting this, you’re probably going to be
On the other hand, if you’ve come to church because you want to know God,
you’re not going to be disappointed.
NLT) —7 I once thought these things were valuable, but now I consider them
worthless because of what Christ has done. 8 Yes, everything else is worthless
when compared with the infinite value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his
sake I have discarded everything else, counting it all as garbage, so that I
could gain Christ 9 and become one with him. I no longer count on my own righteousness
through obeying the law; rather, I become righteous through faith in Christ.
For God’s way of making us right with himself depends on faith. 10 I want to
know Christ and experience the mighty power that raised him from the dead. I
want to suffer with him, sharing in his death, 11 so that one way or another I will
experience the resurrection from the dead!
The highest expectation is to know God, not to have an
:22 Yes, and certain women of our company, who arrived at the tomb early,
:23 When they did not find His body, they came saying that they had also
seen a vision of angels who said He was alive.
:24 And certain of those who were with us went to the tomb and found
it just as the women had said; but Him they did not see.”
Cleopas is talking about Peter and John going to the tomb and finding it
Even though by this time Mary Magdalene has seen the risen Christ, these
fellows don’t know that.
:25 Then He said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in
all that the prophets have spoken!
:25 foolish … slow of heart to believe
The words Jesus uses aren’t pretty.
foolish – anoetos – not understood, unintelligible
slow – bradus – slow; dull; stupid, slow to
These guys were “foolish” and “slow”.
:26 Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into
:26 Ought not the Christ to have suffered
ought – dei – it is necessary, there is need of,
is right and proper
We saw this last week when the angels told the women that it was necessary
for Jesus to be crucified. (Luke 24:7)
These men were having problems with the idea of Jesus dying, yet that was
the very reason He came to earth in the first place.
He needed to die. It was necessary.
Our sins separate us from God.
Someone needed to do something to pay for our sins by dying in our place.
This is why Jesus said,
14:6 NKJV) …“I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father
except through Me.
He is the only one who has paid for your sins.
:27 And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in
all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.
:27 He expounded … all the Scriptures
It’s all about Jesus
I am sure that’s one Bible study we’d all have loved to have heard.
The phrase “Moses and all the Prophets” means that Jesus taught these guys
from the entire Old Testament.
Perhaps Jesus talked about …
Gen 22 – the picture of Father Abraham being willing to sacrifice his only
son. And in the end God provided the
Exo 12 – the Passover Lamb dying to deliver the nation out of slavery in
Psalm 22 – David describes the crucifixion.
His bones are out of joint, they pierced His hands and His feet, and
cast lots for His clothes.
Isaiah 53 –
53:5 NKJV) But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for
our iniquities; The
chastisement for our peace was upon Him, And by His stripes we are healed.
There are over 300 prophecies in the Old Testament that speak of His first
:28 Then they drew near to the village where they were going, and He
indicated that He would have gone farther.
:29 But they constrained Him, saying, “Abide with us, for it is toward
evening, and the day is far spent.” And He went in to stay with them.
:30 Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took
bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them.
:31 Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from
:31 and He vanished from their sight
Jesus had done what He set out to do.
It was time to move on to the next encounter, this time with the eleven
:32 And they said to one another, “Did not our heart burn within us while
He talked with us on the road, and while He opened the Scriptures to us?”
:31 Then their eyes were opened
were opened – dianoigo –
to open by dividing or drawing asunder, to open thoroughly
It’s literally pulling back the curtain.
Sometimes we are disappointed when the curtain is pulled back
When these guys had the curtain pulled back, they were NOT disappointed!
I think there are several things that have been happening in our passage
that lead to these guys having their eyes opened. It started with:
(Luke 24:15 NKJV) So it was,
while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with
These two had a bit of a walk ahead of them.
The words “conversed” and “reasoned” speak of a rousing
discussion going on between the two.
They were talking about the events of the last week.
As they walked together, they had a third person join
18:20 NKJV) For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there
in the midst of them.”
Having your eyes opens starts with hanging out with people and talking
about Jesus and life.
It didn’t open their eyes, but it started something.
As they are walking along, Jesus begins to teach to them the Scriptures.
He uses the whole scope of Scripture, not just a few favorite verses.
The Bible says that the person who doesn’t know God will have a hard time
understanding the Scriptures.
Corinthians 2:14 NLT) But people who aren’t spiritual can’t receive these truths from
God’s Spirit. It all sounds foolish to them and they can’t understand it, for
only those who are spiritual can understand what the Spirit means.
Some of you may recall before you became a Christian how
difficult it was to read the Bible.
Yet when you open your heart to Jesus, something wonderful happens and the
Holy Spirit came to dwell inside of you.
14:26 NKJV) But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My
name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things
that I said to you.
All you need to learn is a Bible, and the Holy Spirit.
When these two fellows head back to Jerusalem …
24:35 NKJV) And they told about the things that had happened on the
road, and how He was known to them in the breaking of bread.
I want to be careful here on a couple of points because “breaking of bread”
isn’t a term exclusive to communion.
The text doesn’t mention anything about sharing a cup of
wine, just the breaking of bread.
Breaking bread with people is about hanging out and eating
with them, what we’d call “fellowship”
The Greek word for “fellowship” and “communion” are the
same – koinonia.
Our passage has elements of both “fellowship” as well as “communion”.
We read about the Last Supper:
22:19 NKJV) And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it
to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in
remembrance of Me.”
Communion was meant to stir up your memory, to remind you of Him.
I believe that the presence of Jesus can be very real during communion, but
it’s not because the bread becomes His literal flesh and the grape juice
becomes His literal blood. It’s because
you and I have a chance to draw near to God, and when we do that, God will draw
near to us.
Want a good picture of having your eyes opened for the first time? This baby’s eyesight was so bad, he had never
seen his mother’s face…
Video: USA Today - Baby glasses
Open your heart to Jesus today and you’ll see for the first time.