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Luke 23:1-12

Sunday Morning Bible Study

May 28, 2017


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die? Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular: 2900 words Communion: 2500 words Video=75wpm

Israel Update

We had thought that the deadline to sign up for the November Israel trip was May 1, but we have learned this week that was only the date to get your deposit back if you cancelled.

The deadline to sign up for Israel is actually the end of July.

So … if you were sad because you thought you missed the chance to go to Israel, cheer up! You can still go.

Harvest America

In two weeks we will be hosting the live webcast of Harvest America.

The “pre-concert” starts at 4:30, the actual event is 5-7pm.

Video: 2017 Harvest America Promo (short)

Memorial Day

Just a quick reminder why this weekend is a holiday weekend…

Video: A Memorial Day Prayer

Luke was a doctor and a traveling companion of the apostle Paul.

He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.

In writing this book about Jesus, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.

Jesus’ ministry is well under way, and the people have been amazed not just at the things He’s been teaching, but the things He’s been doing.

We are now at the end of Jesus’ ministry.

Jesus is hours from being crucified.

Luke has reminded us of what Jesus’ main purpose was in life:

(Luke 19:10 NKJV) for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
He would do this by dying for our sins.

We saw Jesus arrive in Jerusalem on the previous Sunday, Palm Sunday, to the shouts of an adoring crowd, crying “Hosanna”.

On the following Thursday night, Jesus celebrated the Passover with His disciples before taking them back to spend the night at the Garden of Gethsemane.

Judas showed up with a group of Jewish leaders and soldiers.

They took Jesus to the high priest’s house, and then early on Friday morning Jesus was put on trial before the Sanhedrin.

The high priest has declared Jesus guilty of blasphemy.  He was claiming to be the Messiah.  He was claiming to be God.

23:1-7 Pilate Trial #1

:1 Then the whole multitude of them arose and led Him to Pilate.

the wholehapas – quite, all, the whole, all together, all

the multitudeplethos – a multitude; a great number, of men or things; the whole number, the whole multitude, the assemblage

:1 led Him to Pilate


A Sunday school teacher asked her students to draw a picture of the Holy Family. After the pictures were brought to her, she saw that some of the youngsters had drawn the conventional pictures....the Holy Family and the manger, the Holy Family riding on the mule, etc. But she called up one little boy to ask him to explain his drawing, which showed an airplane with four heads sticking out of the plane windows. She said, “I can understand that you drew three of the heads to show Joseph, Mary, and Jesus. But who’s the fourth head?” “Oh,” answered the boy, “that’s Pontius the pilot!”

If it weren’t for the trial of Jesus, Pontius Pilate would be considered a minor figure in history.

He is mentioned by ancient historians Josephus, Philo, and Tacitus, besides the four gospels.
Yet sixty years ago, he was considered by some scholars to be nothing more than a myth.
In 1961, archaeologists turned over one of the stones in the ancient amphitheater at Caesarea, and found the name of Pilate carves into it.
The inscription, translated from Latin, is:

“To the Divine Augusti this Tiberieum … Pontius Pilate … prefect of Judea … has dedicated this”

Those of you going to Israel in November will see a replica of the stone when we visit Caesarea.

Pilate and the Jews

Pilate arrived in Palestine in AD 26, having been appointed by Emperor Tiberius.
When Pilate first showed up as governor of Palestine, he tried putting images of the Emperor in Jerusalem, and the Jews didn’t like it because it broke the Law of Moses.
They pleaded with him for five days to remove the images, and on the sixth day of protests he almost ordered his soldiers to kill all the protestors.
When the protestors told him they’d rather be slain than offend God, Pilate gave in and removed the images.

1. (55) But now Pilate, the procurator of Judea, removed the army from Cesarea to Jerusalem, to take their winter quarters there, in order to abolish the Jewish laws. So he introduced Caesar’s effigies, which were upon the ensigns, and brought them into the city; whereas our law forbids us the very making of images; (56) on which account the former procurators were wont to make their entry into the city with such ensigns as had not those ornaments. Pilate was the first who brought those images to Jerusalem, and set them up there; which was done without the knowledge of the people, because it was done in the nighttime; (57) but as soon as they knew it, they came in multitudes to Cesarea, and interceded with Pilate many days, that he would remove the images; and when he would not grant their requests, because it would tend to the injury of Caesar, while yet they persevered in their request, on the sixth day he ordered his soldiers to have their weapons privately, while he came and sat upon his judgment seat, which seat was so prepared in the open place of the city, that it concealed the army that lay ready to oppress them: (58) and when the Jews petitioned him again, he gave a signal to the soldiers to encompass them round, and threatened that their punishment should be no less than immediate death, unless they would leave off disturbing him, and go their ways home. (59) But they threw themselves upon the ground, and laid their necks bare, and said they would take their death very willingly, rather than the wisdom of their laws should be transgressed; upon which Pilate was deeply affected with their firm resolution to keep their laws inviolable, and presently commanded the images to be carried back from Jerusalem[1]

Pilate’s second incident with the Jews took places when Pilate decided to use Temple treasury funds to pay for more aqueducts.
The Jews were upset at this use of funds and the this time Pilate had his soldiers beat the protestors with clubs.
4. (175) After this he raised another disturbance, by expending that sacred treasure which is called Corban upon aqueducts, whereby he brought water from the distance of four hundred furlongs. At this the multitude had great indignation; and when Pilate was come to Jerusalem, they came about his tribunal, and made a clamor at it. (176) Now when he was apprised aforehand of this disturbance, he mixed his own soldiers in their armor with the multitude, and ordered them to conceal themselves under the habits of private men, and not indeed to use their swords, but with their staves to beat those that made the clamor. He then gave the signal from his tribunal (to do as he had bidden them). (177) Now the Jews were so sadly beaten, that many of them perished by the stripes they received, and many of them perished as trodden to death, by which means the multitude was astonished at the calamity of those that were slain, and held their peace. [2]
The third incident involved Pilate wanting to honor the Emperor by putting shields with Tiberius’ name in Herod’s palace in Jerusalem.
The Jews protested, sent a delegation to the Emperor to complain, and ended up making the Emperor angry with Pilate for stirring up trouble.
Philo describes an incident where Pilate, in an attempt to honor the Emperor Tiberius, placed shields bearing the emperor’s name in the former palace of Herod in Jerusalem. By placing the shields in the headquarters of the Roman administration, not the temple, Herod was attempting not to offend the Jews (Bond, Pontius Pilate, 36–48; Thatcher, “Philo on Pilate”, 215–18). However, the leading Jews, along with four of Herod’s sons, requested that Pilate remove the shields. When he refused, they appealed to Emperor Tiberius by letter. Tiberius was infuriated and ordered Pilate to remove the shields and place them at the temple of Augustus at Caesarea. Pilate’s attempt to honor Tiberius caused him to fall into disfavor.[3]
The last Pilate problem involved a Samaritan false prophet who wanted to lead his followers to Mount Gerizim.  Pilate didn’t like what was happening and sent soldiers to stop them. Some Samaritans fled, others were killed, and others were taken prisoner.
When the Samaritans protested to the governor of Syria, Pilate was ordered to go to Rome and stand trial, and that’s the last anyone ever heard of Pilate.

1. (85) But the nation of the Samaritans did not escape without tumults. The man who excited them to it, was one who thought lying a thing of little consequence, and who contrived everything so, that the multitude might be pleased; so he bade them get together upon Mount Gerizzim, which is by them looked upon as the most holy of all mountains, and assured them that, when they were come thither, he would show them those sacred vessels which were laid under that place, because Moses put them there. (86) So they came thither armed, and thought the discourse of the man probable; and as they abode at a certain village, which was called Tirathaba, they got the rest together to them, and desired to go up the mountain in a great multitude together. (87) But Pilate prevented their going up, by seizing upon the roads with a great band of horsemen and footmen, who fell upon those that were gotten together in the village; and when they came to an action, some of them they slew, and others of them they put to flight, and took a great many alive, the principal of whom, and also the most potent of those that fled away, Pilate ordered to be slain.

2. (88) But when this tumult was appeased, the Samaritan senate sent an embassy to Vitellius, a man that had been consul, and who was now president of Syria, and accused Pilate of the murder of those that were killed; for that they did not go to Tirathaba in order to revolt from the Romans, but to escape the violence of Pilate. (89) So Vitellius sent Marcellus, a friend of his, to take care of the affairs of Judea, and ordered Pilate to go to Rome, to answer before the emperor to the accusation of the Jews. So Pilate, when he had tarried ten years in Judea, made haste to Rome, and this in obedience to the orders of Vitellius, which he durst not contradict; but before he could get to Rome, Tiberius was dead. [4]

Nothing is recorded about Pilate after having arrived in Rome.

Some think he was exiled to France.

Eusebius recorded that Pilate committed suicide.

It is worthy of note that Pilate himself, who was governor in the time of our Saviour, is reported to have fallen into such misfortunes under Caius, whose times we are recording, that he was forced to become his own murderer and executioner; and thus divine vengeance, as it seems, was not long in overtaking him. This is stated by those Greek historians who have recorded the Olympiads, together with the respective events which have taken place in each period.4[5]

This last episode with the Samaritans took place in AD 36, after Jesus had been crucified.
Pilate got along with the Jews like President Trump gets along with the Democrats.
They are not fans of one another.

This trial before Pilate was early in the morning.

Roman officials only met with the public from sunrise until noon.
Though Pilate spent most of his time in the coastal city of Caesarea, Pilate is in Jerusalem to keep an eye on things during the Passover.
The reason the Sanhedrin brings Jesus to Pilate is because at the moment there was a ban on the Jews carrying out executions (John 18:31)

John gives us more details about what happened when the Jews brought Jesus to Pilate:

(John 18:28–32 NKJV) —28 Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat the Passover. 29 Pilate then went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?” 30 They answered and said to him, “If He were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered Him up to you.” 31 Then Pilate said to them, “You take Him and judge Him according to your law.” Therefore the Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,” 32 that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled which He spoke, signifying by what death He would die.
The Praetorium is the building that served as headquarters for Roman military generals, governors, or traveling officials.

There are two theories as to where this building was located.

Some feel it was the Antonio Fortress, located near the Temple mount, and where the Roman troops would have been stationed.

Others feel it may have been the palace of Herod, which might have been a more fitting place for the governor to hang out in when in Jerusalem.

There are differing opinions regarding the exact location of the praetorium in Jerusalem. Two possible options include:

1.  the Antonia fortress

2.  Herod’s palace[6]

Somewhere around AD 30, the Roman government limited the Jews’ ability to pronounce and carry out death sentences.

In Jesus’ case, the Jews did not have the authority to put Jesus to death, so they needed Pilate to condemn Him.

If Jesus was condemned and executed by the Jews, He would have been stoned.

The Romans were the ones who practiced crucifixion.

In being crucified, Jesus fulfilled specific prophecies about His death (like Ps. 22), as well as His own predictions of being crucified.

:2 And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, saying that He Himself is Christ, a King.”

:2 they began to accuse Him

to accusekategoreo – to accuse; before a judge: to make an accusation

we foundheurisko – to come upon, hit upon, to meet with; to find by enquiry, thought, examination, scrutiny, observation, to find out by practice and experience

The Sanhedrin accuses Jesus of three things.

1. Perverting the nation

pervertingdiastrepho – to turn aside from the right path, to pervert, corrupt
the nationethnos – a multitude (whether of men or of beasts) associated or living together; a company, troop, swarm; a multitude of individuals of the same nature or genus; a tribe, nation, people group; in the OT, foreign nations not worshipping the true God, pagans, Gentiles
It's true that Jesus was definitely making a change in the nation, but He was purifying it, not corrupting it.

2. Forbidding paying of taxes.

forbiddingkoluo – to hinder, prevent forbid; to withhold a thing from anyone; to deny or refuse one a thing
tributephoros – tribute, esp. the annual tax levied upon houses, lands, and persons
This would certainly get Pilate’s attention, yet it is an outright lie.
Jesus had just taught, “render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s” (Luke 20:25)
Earlier the Jewish leaders had tried to trick Jesus by asking about the paying of taxes.

(Luke 20:25 NKJV) And He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”

People will lie about you. An amazing thing.

Be careful when you hear strange things about people. Not everything you hear is true.

(1 Timothy 5:19–20 NKJV) —19 Do not receive an accusation against an elder except from two or three witnesses. 20 Those who are sinning rebuke in the presence of all, that the rest also may fear.

3. He was a king

The Christ, the Messiah, was indeed a king, and Jesus had indeed claimed to be the Messiah.
Christ – Christos – “anointed”
a King – basileus – leader of the people, prince, commander, lord of the land, king
This was true.
But the Sanhedrin wants Pilate to think Jesus is a threat to Rome.  Jesus is not a threat at all.
What’s ironic is that while the Jews as a whole were hoping for the Messiah to come and free Israel from the Romans, here were the leaders of Israel turning the actual Messiah over to the Romans.
This is the charge that Pilate will focus on.


Don’t be surprised

Sometimes things in life go very wrong.
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Believe it or not, you and I will go through times like Jesus went through.
People will lie about us.  They will try to hurt us.  All because of our relationship with Jesus.
Jesus said,
(John 15:18–21 NKJV) —18 “If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me before it hated you. 19 If you were of the world, the world would love its own. Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you. 20 Remember the word that I said to you, ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you. If they kept My word, they will keep yours also. 21 But all these things they will do to you for My name’s sake, because they do not know Him who sent Me.
Peter wrote,
(1 Peter 4:12–16 NLT) —12 Dear friends, don’t be surprised at the fiery trials you are going through, as if something strange were happening to you. 13 Instead, be very glad—for these trials make you partners with Christ in his suffering, so that you will have the wonderful joy of seeing his glory when it is revealed to all the world. 14 If you are insulted because you bear the name of Christ, you will be blessed, for the glorious Spirit of God rests upon you. 15 If you suffer, however, it must not be for murder, stealing, making trouble, or prying into other people’s affairs. 16 But it is no shame to suffer for being a Christian. Praise God for the privilege of being called by his name!

There is no blessing when you are insulted because you are a jerk.

There is a “blessing” that comes when people give you a hard time for being a follower of Jesus.

Jan Hus was born in 1369 and became a priest in the country of Bohemia, modern Czechoslovakia.  He was a reformer of the church a hundred years before Martin Luther.
He taught against the practice of indulgences and the immoral state of the church leaders.  He taught that Jesus was the head of the church, not the pope.
Guess what?  The pope wasn’t happy with Jan Hus.
He was eventually put on trial and ordered to recant all the charges brought against him.  The problem was that most of the charges were made up and Hus refused to recant things that he had never said.
He was convicted and burned at the stake on July 6, 1415.
Be careful about becoming a “people pleaser”.
We all want people to like us.
When we compromise our faith for the sake of people liking us, we are not only causing harm to ourselves, but especially to those very people who need to hear the truth about Jesus, even if it offends them.

:3 Then Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” He answered him and said, “It is as you say.”

askedeperotao – to accost one with an enquiry, put a question to, enquiry of, ask, interrogate; to address one with a request or demand

:3 Are You the King of the Jews?

The force of the Greek could be translated: “YOU are the king of the Jews?!”

I don’t think Pilate expected such an ordinary looking of a man to be a king.

(Isaiah 53:2 NKJV) For He shall grow up before Him as a tender plant, And as a root out of dry ground. He has no form or comeliness; And when we see Him, There is no beauty that we should desire Him.

:3 It is as you say

As we saw last week (Luke 22:70), this is a Greek way of saying, “Yes” or “You said it!”.

(Luke 22:70 NKJV) Then they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?” So He said to them, “You rightly say that I am.”

:4 So Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no fault in this Man.”

the crowdochlos – a crowd; a throng; a multitude; the common people, as opposed to the rulers and leading men

I findheurisko – to come upon, hit upon, to meet with; to find by enquiry, thought, examination, scrutiny, observation, to find out by practice and experience

faultaition – cause, fault; It means one who is the author, the cause of or responsible for anything.

:4 I find no fault in this Man

John shows us how Pilate came to this conclusion regarding the claim that Jesus was a king.

(John 18:33–38 NKJV) —33 Then Pilate entered the Praetorium again, called Jesus, and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” 34 Jesus answered him, “Are you speaking for yourself about this, or did others tell you this concerning Me?” 35 Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You to me. What have You done?” 36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here.” 37 Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a king then?” Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am a king. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.” 38 Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no fault in Him at all.
Pilate did not see Jesus as a threat to Roman rule because His kingdom was not of this world.

John 18:37 “bear witness to the truth”



It’s at this crucial point that Jesus reminded His accusers that He’s all about truth.
We live in a society that is having a lot of trouble with the truth.
Our kids are taught in school that truth is “relative”.
What is true to me might not be true to you.

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I find it interesting that some of the same people who teach that truth is relative are now complaining about “fake news”.

I think our nation’s dilemma with “fake news” is rooted in the fact that we don’t know what truth is anymore so we spin things to make them sound the way we want them to.

This is a clip from the old TV show “E.R.” where a man facing death wants to know if there’s forgiveness.
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There are real, true answers.
Jesus came to tell us the truth and to show us how we could find real forgiveness and be right with God.

The truth is we are all sinners.

The truth is Jesus died to pay for our sins.

The truth is we can find forgiveness if we will acknowledge our sins and ask Jesus for help.

After Pilate spoke with Jesus, he responded, “I find no fault in this Man.”
You’re going to see that not finding fault in Jesus is not enough.
Pilate is going to eventually give in to crowd pressure and put Jesus to death.

Matthew tells us that Pilate understood the real reason the Sanhedrin wanted to get rid of Jesus.

(Matthew 27:18 NKJV) For he knew that they had handed Him over because of envy.

:5 But they were the more fierce, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place.”

the more fierceepischo – to give additional strength, to make stronger; to receive greater strength, grow stronger

He stirs upanaseio – to shake up; to stir up, excite, rouse

teachingdidasko – to teach; to hold discourse with others in order to instruct them, deliver didactic discourses; instill doctrine into one

allholos – all, whole, completely

JudeaIoudaia – “he shall be praised”; Judaea; in a narrower sense, to the southern portion of Palestine lying on this side of the Jordan and the Dead Sea, to distinguish it from Samaria, Galilee, Peraea, and Idumaea; in a broader sense, referring to all Palestine

from Galilee

A Galilean had led the tax revolt of a.d. 6; Judeans also tended to view Galileans as inferior to themselves, although much of Galilee was urban and in touch with the larger Mediterranean culture, as Jerusalem was.[7]

:6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked if the Man were a Galilean.

:7 And as soon as he knew that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

as soon as he knewepiginosko – to become thoroughly acquainted with, to know thoroughly; to know accurately, know well; to know i.e. to understand

jurisdictionexousia – power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases; the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege); the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed); jurisdiction

he sentanapempo – to send up; to a higher place; to a person higher in office, authority, or power; to send back

:7 He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction

This “Herod” is Herod Antipas.

His father was known as “Herod the Great”, and he was the one that not only built great structures like the city of Caesarea, Masada, and the expansion of the Temple, he was the one who had all the babies killed when Jesus was born.
Herod Antipas ruled over the area of Galilee and Perea (east of the Jordan River).
(Luke 3:1 NKJV) Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,

:7 he sent Him to Herod

Pilate was not required to send Jesus to Herod, but keep in mind the tension that Pilate has had with the Jews.

Pilate doesn’t want to do anything to upset the Jews.

Herod also was not normally in Jerusalem, but because it was the Passover, he too was in Jerusalem like Pilate was.

Luke is the only writer who records this meeting with Herod.

23:8-12 Herod Trial

:8 Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad; for he had desired for a long time to see Him, because he had heard many things about Him, and he hoped to see some miracle done by Him.

gladchairo – to rejoice, be glad; to rejoice exceedingly

exceedinglian – greatly, exceedingly, exceedingly beyond measure

he had desiredthelo – to will, have in mind, intend; to be resolved or determined, to purpose; to desire, to wish; to love; to like to do a thing, be fond of doing; to take delight in, have pleasure

he hopedelpizo – to hope; hopefully to trust in

miracle semeion – a sign, mark, token; that by which a person or a thing is distinguished from others and is known; a sign, prodigy, portent, i.e. an unusual occurrence, transcending the common course of nature; of signs portending remarkable events soon to happen; of miracles and wonders by which God authenticates the men sent by him, or by which men prove that the cause they are pleading is God’s

:8 he was exceedingly glad

John the Baptist had been a constant nuisance to Herod.

John kept rebuking Herod for his own immoral lifestyle.
Herod arrested John and eventually had him beheaded.
Then Herod started hearing stories about Jesus, and some were telling him that Jesus was John risen from the dead.
(Luke 9:9 NKJV) Herod said, “John I have beheaded, but who is this of whom I hear such things?” So he sought to see Him.

Later Jesus was warned…

(Luke 13:31 NKJV) On that very day some Pharisees came, saying to Him, “Get out and depart from here, for Herod wants to kill You.”

Herod is quite the conflicted man when it came to Jesus, and now he gets his chance to finally meet Him.

:9 Then he questioned Him with many words, but He answered him nothing.

he questionedeperotao – to accost one with an enquiry, put a question to, enquiry of, ask, interrogate; to address one with a request or demand; to ask of or demand of one

manyhikanos – sufficient; many enough, enough

nothingoudeis – no one, nothing

he answeredapokrinomai – to give an answer to a question proposed, to answer; to begin to speak, but always where something has preceded (either said or done) to which the remarks refer

:9 He answered him nothing

This fulfilled prophecy:

(Isaiah 53:7 NKJV) He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He opened not His mouth; He was led as a lamb to the slaughter, And as a sheep before its shearers is silent, So He opened not His mouth.

:10 And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him.

stoodhistemi – to cause or make to stand, to place, put, set; to stand


vehementlyeutonos – vehemently, forcibly

accusedkategoreo – to accuse; before a judge: to make an accusation

:11 Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate.

treated Him with contemptexoutheneo (“out of” + “nothing”) – to make of no account, despise utterly; a variation of exoudenoo, to hold and treat as of no account, utterly to despise; to set at nought, treat with contempt

men of warstrateuma – an army; a band of soldiers; bodyguard, guards men

mockedempaizo – to play with, trifle with; to mock; to delude, deceive; from paizo, to play like a child; to play, sport, jest; to give way to hilarity, esp. by joking singing, dancing

This is what the Jewish temple guards had done already,

(Luke 22:63 NKJV) Now the men who held Jesus mocked Him and beat Him.

arrayedperiballo – to throw around, to put around

robeesthes – clothing, raiment, apparel

gorgeouslampros – shining; brilliant; splendid, magnificent; splendid things i.e. luxuries or elegancies in dress or style

sent Him backanapempo – to send up; to a higher place; to a person higher in office, authority, or power; to send back

:12 That very day Pilate and Herod became friends with each other, for previously they had been at enmity with each other.

friendsphilos – friend, to be friendly to one, wish him well; an associate; he who associates familiarly with one, a companion

previouslyprouparcho – to be before, exist previously

at enmityechthra – enmity; cause of enmity

:12 Pilate and Herod became friends

Herod appreciated Pilate sending him some entertainment.

A new bromance started that day.

:8 he hoped to see some miracle done by Him


Miracles and Faith

I think that sometimes we don’t really understand how things work.
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Things don’t always work the way people think they do, and miracles are one of those things.
Some folks have this notion that if God did more miracles, then more people would believe.

Not so.

People want to see miracles for all sorts of reasons, and they’re not always good reasons.
Yes, some people need a miracle because of a desperate need. But…
Herod wanted to be entertained.

There are churches where the main purpose clearly seems to be entertainment.

Others just like things done the easy way.

When Jesus fed 5,000 people with a few loaves of bread and a couple of fish, the people followed Him, for awhile.

(John 6:26 NKJV) Jesus answered them and said, “Most assuredly, I say to you, you seek Me, not because you saw the signs, but because you ate of the loaves and were filled.

After Jesus did this miracle, Jesus began to teach some difficult things.

(John 6:66 NKJV) From that time many of His disciples went back and walked with Him no more.

They were following Him for the wrong reasons.

After Jesus rose from the dead, there was one disciple who had missed church one Sunday and wasn’t there when Jesus had appeared to the others.
(John 20:25 NKJV) The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord.” So he said to them, “Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe.”

Jesus did show up again and challenged Thomas to believe,

(John 20:28–29 NKJV) —28 And Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Jesus said to him, “Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”

I would define “faith” or “belief” as trusting in someone or something that you can’t see.
There are going to be times when you simply don’t see, and you will still need to believe.
Faith like that is what pleases God.

(Hebrews 11:6 NKJV) But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.

Hebrews 11 is filled with stories of men and women who learned to trust God, even when things were tough, even when things didn’t look like they were going in the right direction.

Don’t get me wrong.
God does miracles.
God heals.
Yet if you’re looking for the miracles as your reason to believe, you’re missing the whole point.
God wants you to trust Him, even if you don’t see everything He’s doing.
(2 Corinthians 5:7 NKJV) For we walk by faith, not by sight.


[1] Josephus, F., & Whiston, W. (1987). The works of Josephus: complete and unabridged (pp. 479–480). Peabody: Hendrickson.

[2] Josephus, F., & Whiston, W. (1987). The works of Josephus: complete and unabridged (p. 609). Peabody: Hendrickson.

[3] Massey, M. B. (2016). Pontius Pilate. In J. D. Barry, D. Bomar, D. R. Brown, R. Klippenstein, D. Mangum, C. Sinclair Wolcott, … W. Widder (Eds.), The Lexham Bible Dictionary. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.

[4] Josephus, F., & Whiston, W. (1987). The works of Josephus: complete and unabridged (p. 482). Peabody: Hendrickson.

[5] Eusebius of Caesaria. (1890). The Church History of Eusebius. In P. Schaff & H. Wace (Eds.), A. C. McGiffert (Trans.), Eusebius: Church History, Life of Constantine the Great, and Oration in Praise of Constantine (Vol. 1, p. 110). New York: Christian Literature Company.

[6] Aernie, M. D. (2016). Praetorium. In J. D. Barry, D. Bomar, D. R. Brown, R. Klippenstein, D. Mangum, C. Sinclair Wolcott, … W. Widder (Eds.), The Lexham Bible Dictionary. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.

[7]Keener, C. S. (1993). The IVP Bible background commentary : New Testament (Lk 23:5). Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press.