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Luke 22:63–71

Sunday Morning Bible Study

May 21, 2017


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die?  Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular: 2900 words Communion: 2500 words Video=75wpm

Video: Harvest America – June 11

We are signed up to host the event on Sunday, June 11.  We will open the doors at 4:30 for the “pre-concert”.  The actual event starts at 5:00pm and is over by 7:00pm.

Luke was a doctor and a traveling companion of the apostle Paul.

He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.

In writing this book about Jesus, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.

Jesus’ ministry is well under way, and the people have been amazed not just at the things He’s been teaching, but the things He’s been doing.

We are now at the end of Jesus’ ministry.

Jesus is hours from being crucified.

Luke has reminded us of what Jesus’ main purpose was in life:

(Luke 19:10 NKJV) for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
He would do this by dying for our sins.

We saw Jesus arrive in Jerusalem on the previous Sunday, Palm Sunday, to the shouts of an adoring crowd, crying “Hosanna”.

We are now on Thursday night, the night of the Last Supper.

After an evening of celebrating the Passover, Jesus has taken His disciples back to the Garden of Gethsemane.

Judas showed up with a group of Jewish leaders and soldiers.

They took Jesus to the high priest’s house.

Peter followed at a distance and ended up denying that he knew Jesus three different times before the night would be over.

22:63-65 Jesus is beaten

:63 Now the men who held Jesus mocked Him and beat Him.

:64 And having blindfolded Him, they struck Him on the face and asked Him, saying, “Prophesy! Who is the one who struck You?”

:63 the men who held Jesus

the menaner – with reference to sex of a male; with reference to age, and to distinguish an adult man from a boy; any male

who heldsunecho – to hold together; to hold together with constraint, to compress; to hold completely; to hold fast; of a prisoner

blindfoldedperikalupto – to cover all around, to cover up, cover over

the faceprosopon – the face; the front of the human head

askedeperotao – to accost one with an enquiry, put a question to, enquiry of, ask, interrogate; to address one with a request or demand; to ask of or demand of one

struckpaio – to strike, smite; to sting (to strike or wound with a sting)

These things take place before Jesus is even put on trial.

mocked empaizo – to play with, trifle with; to mock; from paizo, to play like a child
beat dero – to flay, skin; to beat, thrash
they strucktupto – to strike, beat; with a staff, a whip, the fist, the hand
The practice of blindfolding a person and then hitting them in the face made the blows hurt more than usual.
If you can see the blow coming, then you can brace for it.  If you don’t see it coming, then it hits you full force.

:65 And many other things they blasphemously spoke against Him.

:65 they blasphemously spoke against Him

blasphemously blasphemeo – to speak reproachfully, to make false and defamatory statements, blaspheme

spokelego – to say, to speak

Even though the religious leaders will eventually charge Jesus Himself of blasphemy, the irony is that the real blasphemy going on was how Jesus was being treated.

It is quite ironic that the religious leaders will eventually charge Jesus with blasphemy

(Matthew 26:65 NKJV) Then the high priest tore his clothes, saying, “He has spoken blasphemy! What further need do we have of witnesses? Look, now you have heard His blasphemy!
The religious leaders’ concept of “blasphemy” was that Jesus dared to call Himself the Messiah.  He dared to call Himself divine.

In truth, it’s only blasphemy if it’s not true.

Yet Luke puts some reality of this in perspective. The real blasphemy going on was how these people were treating the King of Kings.



It’s ironic that these soldiers don’t even have a clue as to who they are mistreating.
Sometimes we don’t like the way we’re being treated.
We might feel like someone is not being “fair” with us.

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Sometimes when we’re mistreated, we can start thinking we deserve to be treated with a little more respect.
We might even say to ourselves, “Do they even know who I am?”
As a pastor I find some people treat me better after they find out I’m a pastor.
For unknown reasons, a crowded United Airlines flight was cancelled.
A single agent was rebooking a long line of inconvenienced travelers. Suddenly an angry passenger pushed his way to the desk. He slapped his ticket down on the counter and said, “I HAVE to be on this flight and it has to be first class.” The agent replied, “I’m sorry, sir. I’ll be happy to try to help you, but I’ve got to help these folks first, and I’m sure we’ll be able to work something out.”
The passenger was unimpressed. He asked loudly, so that the passengers behind him could hear, “Do you have any idea who I am?”
Without hesitating, the gate agent smiled and grabbed her public address microphone. “May I have your attention please?” she began, her voice bellowing throughout the terminal. “We have a passenger here at the gate WHO DOES NOT KNOW WHO HE IS. If anyone can help him find his identity, please come to the gate.”
With the folks behind him in line laughing hysterically, the man glared at the United agent, gritted his teeth and retreated as the people in the terminal applauded loudly. Although the flight was cancelled and people were late, they were no longer angry at United Airlines.
Think about how these soldiers are treating the King of Kings.
(Hebrews 12:1–3 NLT) —1 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a huge crowd of witnesses to the life of faith, let us strip off every weight that slows us down, especially the sin that so easily trips us up. And let us run with endurance the race God has set before us. 2 We do this by keeping our eyes on Jesus, the champion who initiates and perfects our faith. Because of the joy awaiting him, he endured the cross, disregarding its shame. Now he is seated in the place of honor beside God’s throne. 3 Think of all the hostility he endured from sinful people; then you won’t become weary and give up.
We’re just beginning to dip into the hostility that Jesus will endure from sinful people.
They beat Him. They mocked Him.
Yet Jesus knew that there was a purpose to what He was going through.

In the Garden of Gethsemane He had already wrestled with the unfairness of it all and had committed Himself to God’s will.

You might feel like quitting when you think you’re not getting the respect you deserve.

Stop thinking that way.  Put your eyes back on Jesus and follow His example.  Keep going.

22:66-71 Sanhedrin Trial

:66 As soon as it was day, the elders of the people, both chief priests and scribes, came together and led Him into their council, saying,

came togethersunago – to gather together, to gather; to bring together, assemble, collect

the elderspresbuterion – body of elders, presbytery, senate, council

the chief priestsarchiereus – chief priest, high priest

scribesgrammateus – a clerk, scribe, esp.a public servant, secretary, recorder, whose office and influence differed in different states

In the Bible, a man learned in the Mosaic law and in the sacred writings, an interpreter, teacher. Scribes examined the more difficult and subtle questions of the law; added to the Mosaic law decisions of various kinds thought to elucidate its meaning and scope, and did this to the detriment of religion. Since the advice of men skilled in the law was needed in the examination in the causes and the solution of the difficult questions, they were enrolled in the Sanhedrin; and are mentioned in connection with the priests and elders of the people.

:66 led Him into their council

council sunedrion – the Sanhedrin.

The Sanhedrin was the group of 71 men that formed the religious leadership of the nation.
The Sanhedrin was composed of elders, chief priests, and scribes. 
With Luke mentioning all three, it is most likely that a majority of the Sanhedrin is represented at this meeting early on Friday morning.

:67 “If You are the Christ, tell us.” But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will by no means believe.

:68 And if I also ask you, you will by no means answer Me or let Me go.

:67 If You are the Christ, tell us.

ChristChristos – “anointed”; the Messiah

“Christ” is the Greek word for the Hebrew term “Messiah”.

They are asking if He is the promised Jewish Savior.

:67 you will by no means believe

Jesus uses a very strong negative (ou me) here, “You will absolutely not believe”.  He knows where their hearts are.

by no meansou me – there’s that doubly strong negative again

answerapokrinomai – to give an answer to a question proposed, to answer

let Me goapoluo – to set free; to let go, dismiss, (to detain no longer)

:69 Hereafter the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God.”

the powerdunamis – strength, power, ability

:69 the Son of Man

This is a phrase that simply means a person is human, descended from a man.

(Psalm 8:4 NKJV) What is man that You are mindful of him, And the son of man that You visit him?
The prophet Ezekiel uses this title to describe himself some 90 times.
The gospels use this phrase some 84 times, it’s always used to refer to Jesus, and most of the time Jesus is the one using it to refer to Himself.

From the time of the prophet Daniel, the title went beyond a simple human to describe the Messiah.

Daniel had a strange vision in his old age where he saw the end of the antichrist’s empire and the Second Coming of the Messiah.
(Daniel 7:13–14 NKJV) —13 “I was watching in the night visions, And behold, One like the Son of Man, Coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, And they brought Him near before Him. 14 Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, That all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, Which shall not pass away, And His kingdom the one Which shall not be destroyed.

:69 will sit on the right hand of the power of God

Jesus’ words not only remind us of Daniel’s vision, but also the picture in Psalm 110, where God asks the Messiah to sit at His right hand.

(Psalm 110:1 NKJV) The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”
The person who sits on the right-hand side of a king is always the person with the greatest influence in the kingdom.
The Jews understood this to be the Messiah.

In answer to their question, Jesus is very clearly laying claim to being the Messiah.

Earlier in the week, Jesus had been challenged by the various religious groups in the Temple.  After He silenced all their foolish questions…

(Luke 20:41–44 NKJV) —41 And He said to them, “How can they say that the Christ is the Son of David? 42 Now David himself said in the Book of Psalms: ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, 43 Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” ’ 44 Therefore David calls Him ‘Lord’; how is He then his Son?”
Jesus was quoting a famous Messianic Psalm (Psalm 110), where David shares a conversation he overheard in heaven where Yahweh is speaking to someone that David calls his “lord”, and how God tells this person to sit at God’s own right hand.

:70 Then they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?” So He said to them, “You rightly say that I am.”

:71 And they said, “What further testimony do we need? For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth.”

needchreia – necessity, need

testimonymarturia – a testifying

:70 You rightly say that I am

This is how Jesus replied when asked if He was “divine”, the Son of God.

The phrase “you rightly say” is a Greek idiom that means “yes”. We’ll see it used again (Lk. 23:3).

But here Jesus adds two additional words to the idiom.  He says,

I am

Jesus uses two Greek words, ego eimi.
Though these Greek words can be used to express the phrase “I am”, it would have been simpler to just have used the single word eimi.
When Jesus says, “ego eimi”, He’s using the words that harken back to how God described Himself to Moses at the burning bush.
(Exodus 3:14 NKJV) And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ”
God’s name “Yahweh” is a form of the verb “to be”, or, “I am”.
Though the passage in Exodus 3:14 was written in Hebrew, when the Jewish scholars translated the Old Testament into Greek around 200 BC, they translated the phrase “I AM” with the two Greek words ego eimi.
The apostle John recorded Jesus using this phrase ego eimi quite a few times in ways that most translations don’t do justice to. For example:
(John 8:24 NKJV) Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins.”

The “He” is in italics because it’s not in the Greek text.  The translators added it to make it sound smoother.

Jesus will die on the cross to pay for our sins. If you want forgiveness for your sins, you need to believe that Jesus is God (“the I AM”).

(John 8:28 NKJV) Then Jesus said to them, “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He, and that I do nothing of Myself; but as My Father taught Me, I speak these things.

Jesus’ death on the cross will be associated with His deity.  It’s interesting that in our passage we’re hours away from the cross, and Jesus is calling Himself the I AM.

(John 8:58 NKJV) Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.”

Jesus said this to the Jewish leaders who were debating with Him.  After He said this, they picked up stones to stone Him because He was claiming to be God.

Just hours earlier in our timeline when Judas showed up in the Garden of Gethsemane with the soldiers, John recorded Jesus asking them who they were looking for…

(John 18:5–6 NKJV) —5 They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am He.” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them. 6 Now when He said to them, “I am He,” they drew back and fell to the ground.

Some people like to say that Jesus never claimed to be God.
The Bible says different.


The Nature of Jesus

During the first couple of centuries of the church, various heretics forced the church to define just who Jesus was.
Some said Jesus was just a man.
Others said Jesus was a ghostly divine spirit.
Some said He was half-man and half-god.
Others said Jesus was a man who became adopted by God.
Going back to the Scriptures, the church has always concluded that the correct view of Jesus is that He is:
Fully God and fully man.

You see glimpses of this in our passage.

As the “Son of God”, Jesus is powerful and able to help us.
(Jeremiah 32:17 NLT) “O Sovereign Lord! You made the heavens and earth by your strong hand and powerful arm. Nothing is too hard for you!
As the “Son of Man”, Jesus understands our weakness and limitations.
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(Hebrews 2:18 NLT) Since he himself has gone through suffering and testing, he is able to help us when we are being tested.

:71 What further testimony do we need?

Mark records that when they asked Jesus if He was the Son of God,

(Mark 14:62–63 NKJV) –62 Jesus said, “I am. And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven.” 63 Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, “What further need do we have of witnesses?

:67 If I tell you, you will by no means believe

Jesus was reluctant to say too much to these religious leaders because they already had their minds made up.

(Psalm 25:14 NKJV) The secret of the Lord is with those who fear Him, And He will show them His covenant.
I wonder how much God has to withhold from us because we simply won’t believe, we are unwilling to trust Him.

Jesus uses a very strong negative (ou me) carrying the idea of “you will absolutely not believe”.  He used the same strong negative in saying they won’t even answer Him (vs. 68).


Already decided

The great hope of Judaism is that one day the Messiah will come and deliver their nation.
The Essene community living in the area of Qumran were preaching that Messiah was coming.
John the Baptist had been used by God to get the nation ready for Jesus.
These religious leaders SHOULD have been aware of the possibility of the Messiah coming.
The saddest thing in history is that the very people who should have welcomed Him, rejected Him.

(John 1:11 NKJV) He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.

The truth
Some people make up their minds about Jesus without doing any homework.
He’s already given them more than enough proof.

He has fulfilled the ancient prophecies.

He was from the lineage of King David. (2Sam. 7:12)

(2 Samuel 7:12 NKJV) “When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.

He was born in Bethlehem (Mic. 5:2)

(Micah 5:2 NKJV) —2 “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, From everlasting.”

He was preceded by a messenger (Is. 40:3), John the Baptist.

(Isaiah 40:3 NKJV) —3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness: “Prepare the way of the Lord; Make straight in the desert A highway for our God.

He performed the miracles the Messiah was supposed to perform. (Is. 35:5)

(Isaiah 35:5–6 NKJV) —5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, And the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. 6 Then the lame shall leap like a deer, And the tongue of the dumb sing. For waters shall burst forth in the wilderness, And streams in the desert.

He even arrived in Jerusalem on the day the prophet Daniel predicted the Messiah would appear, on Palm Sunday (Dan. 9:25; Luke 19:42).

(Daniel 9:25 NKJV) —25 “Know therefore and understand, That from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince, There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall, Even in troublesome times.

I’ve just shared five prophecies, but the Old Testament has over 300 prophecies concerning the first coming of Jesus Christ.

What are the odds?

Peter Stoner wrote a book called Science Speaks (Moody Press, 1963), that applies the science of probability to the prophesies of Jesus.

First, Stoner looks at just eight of the prophecies and considers the probability of just these being fulfilled by one man. (from Evidence That Demands A Verdict… pg.174-176)

Being born in Bethlehem (Mic.5:2)

Preceded by a messenger (Is.40:3)

Entering Jerusalem on a donkey (Zec 9:9)

Betrayed by a friend (Ps.41:9)

Sold for 30 pieces of silver (Zec 11:12)

Money thrown in the temple, buying a potter's field (Zech 11:13)

Dumb before accusers (Is.53:7)

Hands and feet pierced, crucified with thieves (Ps.22:16; Is.53:12)

Stoner concludes that the odds of any man that might have lived down to the present time fulfilling all eight of these prophecies are 1 in 1017. That's a one with seventeen zeroes after it!

To grasp the size of this number …

“Suppose we take 1017 silver dollars and lay them on the face of Texas. They will cover all of the state two feet deep. Now mark one of these silver dollars and stir the whole mass thoroughly, all over the state. Blindfold a man and tell him that he can travel as far as he wished, but he must pick up one silver dollar and say that this is the right one. What chance would he have of getting the right one? Just the same chance that the prophets would have had of writing these eight prophecies and having them all come true in any one man, from their day to the present time, providing they wrote them in their own wisdom.”

But keep in mind, that's with only EIGHT of the prophecies! Don’t forget that there were over 300 prophecies concerning Jesus

What keeps people from accepting the truth about Jesus?
We know that one of the issues involved with the Jewish leaders was the jealousy they had towards the crowds that followed Jesus.

Pontius Pilate could see it.

(Matthew 27:18 NKJV) For he knew that they had handed Him over because of envy.

In other words, their pride stood in the way of making a good decision.
Sometimes people just don’t want to admit that they’ve been wrong about Jesus rather than humbling themselves to recognize who Jesus is.
Some people don’t want to acknowledge the truth about Jesus because they don’t want to give up their sin.

(John 3:19–20 NKJV) —19 And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. 20 For everyone practicing evil hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed.

Even though some people want to think they aren’t that bad of people, the Bible says that we are ALL sinners.

(Romans 3:23 NKJV) for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

Your sin and my sin are the very reasons Jesus took on human flesh and was crucified.  Remember…

(Luke 19:10 NKJV) for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”

He died to pay the penalty for your sin.

If you were honest with yourself, you would have to admit that you might do anything to get rid of guilt and condemnation.  There’s a part of you that would love to be free from sin.

It starts by admitting your sin and asking Jesus for help.

Some people don’t believe in Jesus because we haven’t done a very good job in telling them about Jesus.

Sometimes we give people the wrong idea of what it means to follow Jesus.

Sometimes rather than sharing the gospel, we act like Vikings who are out to conquer the world.

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(Romans 10:14–15 NKJV) —14 How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher? 15 And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, Who bring glad tidings of good things!”

God calls us to share the good news of Jesus’s love, forgiveness, and salvation with the world.

Some people don’t believe in Jesus because we haven’t told them about Jesus yet.

Video:  Harvest – Pray, Invite, Bring
Though it is really important to know how to share your faith with someone, sometimes all you need to do is invite them to something like church or Harvest America.

What about you?

Where are you at with Jesus?
Do you need to make a choice to believe and follow Him today?

(John 3:16 NKJV) For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.