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Luke 22:47-62

Sunday Morning Bible Study

May 14, 2017


Do people see Jesus?  Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die?  Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular:  2900 words    Communion: 2500 words  Video=75wpm

Video:  Epic Mother’s Day Sequel

Luke was a doctor and a traveling companion of the apostle Paul.

He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.

In writing this book about Jesus, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.

Jesus’ ministry is well under way, and the people have been amazed not just at the things He’s been teaching, but the things He’s been doing.

We are now at the end of Jesus’ ministry.

Jesus is on His way to be crucified.

Luke has reminded us of what Jesus’ main purpose was in life:

(Luke 19:10 NKJV) for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”

We saw Jesus arrive in Jerusalem on the previous Sunday, Palm Sunday, to the shouts of an adoring crowd, crying “Hosanna”.

We are now on Thursday night, the night of the Last Supper.

After an evening of celebrating the Passover, Jesus has taken His disciples back to the Garden of Gethsemane.

Jesus has been spending the night in prayer.

22:47-53 Judas Betrays

:47 And while He was still speaking, behold, a multitude; and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him.

:48 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”

speakinglaleo – to utter a voice or emit a sound; to speak

:47 Judas, one of the twelve

Luke reminds us of Judas’ relationship with Jesus.

He was part of the inner circle.  He was close to Jesus.

:47 drew near to Jesus to kiss Him

drew neareggizo – to bring near, to join one thing to another; to draw or come near to, to approach

to kissphileo – to love; to treat affectionately or kindly, to welcome, befriend; to show signs of love; to kiss



Earlier in the evening, Judas given the priests a way of identifying Jesus from the disciples.
(Matthew 26:48 NKJV) Now His betrayer had given them a sign, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the One; seize Him.”
What an ironic way of betraying someone, even handing them over to be tried and crucified.
He did it with a kiss, a long-recognized symbol of affection.
Solomon wrote,

(Proverbs 27:6 NKJV) Faithful are the wounds of a friend, But the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.

Some of you know what it is to be betrayed by someone that you have cared about.
Jesus knows exactly what you’ve been through.
When you’ve been betrayed like this, be careful that you don’t fall into the trap of thinking that everyone who gets close to you will betray you.
Jesus had eleven other disciples who didn’t betray Him.
We all need loving connection with others.
There are no Lone Rangers in God’s kingdom.
God designed you with a need to love and be loved.
Be careful about shutting everyone out.

kissphilema – a kiss; the kiss with which, as a sign of fraternal affection, Christians were accustomed to welcome or dismiss their companions in the faith

betrayingparadidomi – to give into the hands (of another)to give over into (one’s) power or use; to deliver up one to custody, to be judged, condemned, punished, scourged, tormented, put to death; to deliver up treacherously; by betrayal to cause one to be taken

:48 are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?

Why did Judas betray Jesus?

Over the years, various movies have tried to soften Judas, some making it sound as if Judas was just trying to help the high priests and Jesus get along, maybe having them learn to sit down and talk about things.
Then why did Judas bring soldiers with him?
Some have made it sound as if Judas was trying to force Jesus to take control of things, forcing Him to rise up against the earthly powers.
The Bible gives us one of Judas’ motivations:
(Matthew 26:14–16 NKJV) —14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15 and said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver. 16 So from that time he sought opportunity to betray Him.

He did it for money.

:49 When those around Him saw what was going to happen, they said to Him, “Lord, shall we strike with the sword?”

:49 shall we strike with the sword?

strikepatasso – to stroke, smite: with the sword, to afflict, to visit with evils, etc. as with a deadly disease; to smite down, cut down, to kill, slay

swordmachaira – a large knife, used for killing animals and cutting up flesh; a small sword, as distinguished from a large sword

Just a few hours ago, Jesus had said they should have some swords with them (Luke 22:36-38), so someone is wondering if this would be a good time to use them.

Perhaps they were wondering if things would turn out like this…

Video:  Princess Bride – I Am Not Left-Handed

(Luke 22:36–38 NKJV) —36 Then He said to them, “But now, he who has a money bag, let him take it, and likewise a knapsack; and he who has no sword, let him sell his garment and buy one. 37 For I say to you that this which is written must still be accomplished in Me: ‘And He was numbered with the transgressors.’ For the things concerning Me have an end.” 38 So they said, “Lord, look, here are two swords.” And He said to them, “It is enough.”

:50 And one of them struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear.

:50 one of them struck the servant

struckpatasso – to stroke, smite: with the sword, to afflict, to visit with evils, etc. as with a deadly disease; to smite down, cut down, to kill, slay

Luke is kind enough to keep the swordsman’s name out of it, but John wasn’t so kind.

(John 18:10 NKJV) Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.
Peter seems to have taken Jesus’ words about a sword to mean that he should start swinging it the first chance he got.
Perhaps he wanted to show single-handedly that he would rescue Jesus.

:50 cut off his right ear

cut offaphaireo – to take from, take away, remove, carry off; to cut off

From all my years of watching TV crime dramas, this means one of two things:

1. Peter was left handed.
2. Or, Peter struck the servant from behind.

:51 But Jesus answered and said, “Permit even this.” And He touched his ear and healed him.

Permiteao – to allow, permit, let; to allow one to do as he wishes, not to restrain, to let alone

:51 He touched his ear and healed him

touchedhaptomai – to fasten one’s self to, adhere to, cling to; to touch

healediaomai – to cure, heal; to make whole

The last miracle Jesus performed before His resurrection was to correct a blunder from one of His disciples.

:52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and the elders who had come to Him, “Have you come out, as against a robber, with swords and clubs?

captainsstrategos – the commander of an army

robberlestes – a robber, plunderer, freebooter, brigand

come outexerchomai – to go or come forth of

swordsmachaira – a large knife, used for killing animals and cutting up flesh; a small sword, as distinguished from a large sword

clubsxulon – wood; a cudgel, stick, staff

:53 When I was with you daily in the temple, you did not try to seize Me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness.”

seizeekteino – to stretch out, stretch forth; over, towards, against one

This is the same word that was used to describe Jesus praying in the Garden.

(Luke 22:44 NKJV) And being in agony, He prayed more earnestly. Then His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

Here, “seize” is translated literally, “stretch out the hand”

powerexousia – power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases; physical and mental power; the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed)

darknessskotos – darkness; metaph. of ignorance respecting divine things and human duties, and the accompanying ungodliness and immorality, together with their consequent misery in hell; persons in whom darkness becomes visible and holds sway

:52 chief priests, captains of the temple, and the elders

The crowd that showed up to arrest Jesus was made up of some very important people.

:52 I was with you daily in the temple

Jesus is pointing out the cowardice of the Jewish leaders.

Jesus had been adored by the crowds, and the leaders were afraid that if Jesus was arrested publicly, they would be in trouble.

:52 this is your hour, and the power of darkness

This was “Satan’s hour”.

Satan was thrilled that the Son of God was being arrested and would now likely die.

What Satan doesn’t seem to realize is that Jesus’ death and resurrection have been part of God’s plan all along to save mankind.
Jesus would die for our sins so we could come into a relationship with God.

The Jewish leaders hadn’t arrested Jesus earlier in the Temple for two reasons:

1. They were cowards.
They were afraid of the crowds that Jesus had been drawing.  They wanted the arrest to be done secretly.  Judas was happy to accommodate them in this way:

(Luke 22:6 NKJV) So he promised and sought opportunity to betray Him to them in the absence of the multitude.

2. It wasn’t time yet.
God was in control of the last week’s events.
Jesus wouldn’t die until it was time for Him to die, and that time is now fast approaching.

Jesus needed to die as the Passover sacrifice, and that meant Friday.

Now it was the time for “darkness” to seem to get the upper hand, but only in so much as it figured into God’s plans.
Satan must have thought he was winning at the moment, but Satan’s defeat was already being lined up.
(Colossians 2:13–15 NLT) —13 You were dead because of your sins and because your sinful nature was not yet cut away. Then God made you alive with Christ, for he forgave all our sins. 14 He canceled the record of the charges against us and took it away by nailing it to the cross. 15 In this way, he disarmed the spiritual rulers and authorities. He shamed them publicly by his victory over them on the cross.

Jesus would win over Satan’s plans by dying for our sins, and rising from the dead.

22:54-62 Peter Denies

:54 Having arrested Him, they led Him and brought Him into the high priest’s house. But Peter followed at a distance.

arrestedsullambano (“with” + “receive”) – to seize, take: one as prisoner

ledago – to lead, take with one

:54 brought Him into the high priest’s house

broughteisago – to lead in; to bring in, the place into which not being expressly stated

In Jerusalem, there is a site known as the “Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu” (the church of the rooster’s crow)

It is also called “Caiaphas’ House” (we should be visiting it in November)

The site was mentioned in the diary of a fourth century Christian pilgrim. There was a Byzantine church built here in 457 AD, destroyed by the Muslims, and rebuilt by the Crusaders. The modern church on the site was built in 1931.

The church is built on top of the ruins of a large 1st century house, and there are several reasons to believe it could possibly be the house of the high priest.

I’m going to take you below the level of the church, down to the 1st century house…
Video:  Caiaphas’ House - Gallicantu

:54 Peter followed at a distance

Peter had followed the crowd that had come to arrest Jesus.

He just doesn’t follow too closely.

:55 Now when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat among them.

kindledhapto – to fasten to, adhere to; to fasten fire to a thing, kindle, set of fire

firepur – fire

courtyardaule – the uncovered courtyard of the house.

The dwellings of the higher classes usually had two, one exterior, between the door and the street; the other interior, surrounded by the buildings of the dwelling itself. That’s the courtyard mentioned here.

sat down togethersugkathizo – to cause to sit down together, place together; to sit down together

:55 Peter sat among them

Upper class homes were built in a square, with an open courtyard in the middle.

Peter made it past the gates to Caiaphas’ property and sat down with others at the fire.

:56 And a certain servant girl, seeing him as he sat by the fire, looked intently at him and said, “This man was also with Him.”

seeinghorao – to see with the eyes; to see with the mind, to perceive, know

servant girlpaidiske – a young girl; a maid-servant, a young female slave

Emphasis on “young”.

firephos – light; fire because it is light and sheds light

looked intentlyatenizo – to fix the eyes on, gaze upon

:56 a certain servant girl

The words Luke uses indicates that this servant girl was quite young.

She recognizes Peter as having been one of Jesus’ disciples.  Perhaps she has seen them in the Temple.  Perhaps she was related to or knew Malchus, the guy with the severed ear.

:57 But he denied Him, saying, “Woman, I do not know Him.”

:57 he denied Him

deniedarneomai – to deny

Here’s the first denial.

Mark gives us another detail about Jesus’ earlier warning …

(Mark 14:30 NKJV) Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you that today, even this night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times.”

Mark tells us that with Peter’s first denial …

(Mark 14:68 NKJV) But he denied it, saying, “I neither know nor understand what you are saying.” And he went out on the porch, and a rooster crowed.
Sound:  Rooster 1

You might think that Peter would pay attention to this first rooster crowing and change his behavior.  He doesn’t.

Womangune – a woman of any age, whether a virgin, or married, or a widow

knowoida – to see; to know

:58 And after a little while another saw him and said, “You also are of them.” But Peter said, “Man, I am not!”

a little whilebrachus – short, small, little; of time, a short time, for a little while

saidphemi – to make known one’s thoughts, to declare; to say

Mananthropos – a human being, whether male or female; indefinitely, someone, a man, one

:58 Man, I am not!

A second person confronts Peter, this time it’s a man.

Peter again denies that he is a follower of Jesus.

:59 Then after about an hour had passed, another confidently affirmed, saying, “Surely this fellow also was with Him, for he is a Galilean.”

had passeddiistemi – to place separately, put asunder, disjoin; to stand apart, to part, depart

confidently affirmeddiischurizomai (“through” + “strong”) – to lean upon; to affirm stoutly, assert confidently

Surelyaletheia – truth

GalileanGalilaios – a native of Galilee

:60 But Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are saying!” Immediately, while he was still speaking, the rooster crowed.

:60 Man, I do not know what you are saying!

Mananthropos – a human being, whether male or female; indefinitely, someone, a man, one

knowoida – to see; to know

It’s been about an hour since the last confrontation, but once again someone wonders if Peter is one of the disciples.

Peter’s speech gave him away.  Galileans spoke with a distinct accent (Mat. 26:73)

(Matthew 26:73 NKJV) —73 And a little later those who stood by came up and said to Peter, “Surely you also are one of them, for your speech betrays you.”

Peter denies for the third time that he doesn’t know Jesus.

:60 Immediately … the rooster crowed

immediatelyparachrema – immediately, forthwith, instantly

crowedphoneo – to sound, emit a sound, to speak; of a cock: to crow

roosteralektor – a cock, or male of any bird, a rooster

Peter hasn’t even finished speaking when he’s interrupted by the second rooster crowing.

Sound:  Rooster2


The Road to Denial

There were some warning signs on the road that led to Peter denying Jesus.
You see it in Peter’s response when Jesus warned Peter about his upcoming failure.  He said,

(Matthew 26:33 NKJV) … “Even if all are made to stumble because of You, I will never be made to stumble.”

You see it again when Peter decides he will takes up the sword and single-handedly defend Jesus.

Yet Jesus shut Peter’s efforts down

(Matthew 26:52 NKJV) But Jesus said to him, “Put your sword in its place, for all who take the sword will perish by the sword.

You’re in a dangerous place if you think you will never be the one who stumbles.

Test at Duke

This was taken out of Duke University’s Staff newsletter.

At Duke University, there were four sophomores taking Organic Chemistry. They did so well on all the quizzes, midterms and labs, etc., that each had an “A” so far for the semester. These four friends were so confident that the weekend before finals, they decided to go up to University of Virginia and party with some friends up there. They had a great time. However, after all the partying, they slept all day Sunday and didn’t make it back to Duke until early Monday morning. Rather than taking the final then, they decided to find their professor after the final and explain to him why they missed it. They explained that they had gone to UVA for the weekend with the plan to come to study, but, unfortunately, they had a flat tire on the way back, didn’t have a spare, and couldn’t get help for a long time. As a result, they missed the final. The Professor thought it over and then agreed they could make up the final the following day. The guys were elated and relieved. They studied that night and went in the next day at the time the professor had told them. He placed them in separate rooms and handed each of them a test booklet, and told them to begin. They looked at the first problem, worth 5 points. It was something simple about free radical formation. “Cool,” they thought at the same time, each one in his separate room, “this is going to be easy.” Each finished the problem and then turned the page. On the second page was written: (For 95 points): Which tire?

Overconfidence leads to failure.

(Proverbs 16:18 NKJV) Pride goes before destruction, And a haughty spirit before a fall.

As Jesus was led off for trial, Peter still followed Jesus, but he followed at a distance.
It’s a question that gets asked all the time:

How far can I go with this thing I’m doing and still be a Christian?

That’s the wrong question.

We shouldn’t be asking how far we can get from the Lord.

We should be asking ourselves how close we can get to the Lord.

Wrong fire
Peter was warming himself at the enemy’s fire.
I think it’s a metaphor for the things we allow into our lives that provide a type of “warmth”, comfort, or pleasure.
When you’re going through a difficult night like Peter was, you can find yourself seeking certain things to give you comfort.

Addicts call this “self-medicating”.

We can self-medicate with all sorts of things. Which do you think is healthiest?

Drugs, alcohol, sex.

Movies, TV, Internet.

Prayer, Scripture, Fellowship (call a friend).

What kinds of “fires” do you warm yourself at on a cold, dark night?

Ignoring warnings
Peter ignored the warnings.
According to Mark’s account, there was that first rooster that crowed.
That should have gotten Peter’s attention, but he just blows right past it.

A priest and a pastor from two local churches are standing by the road, pounding a sign into the ground, that reads:

The End is Near! Turn Yourself Around Now Before It’s Too Late!

As a car sped past them, the driver yelled, “Leave us alone, you religious nuts!” From the curve they heard screeching tires and a big splash. The priest turns to the pastor and asks, “Do you think the sign should just say ‘Bridge Out’?”

Paul wrote,
(1 Corinthians 10:13 NKJV) No temptation has overtaken you except such as is common to man; but God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will also make the way of escape, that you may be able to bear it.

I have to admit that when I’m facing a temptation, there is usually some kind of obvious opportunity for me to take that way of escape.

It might be a simple thought that this is not a good idea.

Perhaps it will be a phone call that interrupts me. Or a rooster.

What do I do when I’m warned?

:61 And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.”

turnedstrepho – to turn, turn around

rememberedhupomimnesko – to cause one to remember, bring to remembrance, recall to mind

It’s not just the simple word for “remember” (mimnesko), but the prefix intensifies it.

It all came back to Peter only all too clearly.

will denyaparneomai – to deny; to affirm that one has no acquaintance or connection with someone

In contrast, Jesus said that if we want to follow Him,

(Matthew 16:24 NKJV) —24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me.

:61 the Lord turned and looked at Peter

lookedemblepo – to turn one’s eyes on; look at

I imagine that this was the worst part of the whole evening for Peter.

Their eyes locked on each other and
Peter knew
that Jesus knew

that Peter had denied Him.

:62 So Peter went out and wept bitterly.

wentexerchomai – to go or come forth of

outexo – without, out of doors

Peter leaves Caiaphas’ courtyard

weptklaio – to mourn, weep, lament

bitterlypikros – bitterly; metaph. with poignant grief

:62 Peter went out and wept bitterly


It ain’t over

Both Judas and Peter blew it that night.
It was over for Judas.
Judas will go out and hang himself very shortly.
That’s part of the horrible consequences of suicide – there’s no chance to see things turn around.
When a person contemplates suicide, they forget that their present pain isn’t going to last for the rest of their life. 
Things will change if you give them time.
As much pain as Judas must have felt, think about Peter’s pain.
Judas’ betrayal had been kept secret by Jesus.
Peter was the one that Jesus had pointed out as denying Him.

And then Peter went and did that very thing.

Jesus would send word to Peter after the resurrection.  An angel appeared to the women explaining that Jesus had rose from the dead, and…
(Mark 16:7 NKJV) But go, tell His disciples—and Peter—that He is going before you into Galilee; there you will see Him, as He said to you.”

Of all the disciples, Jesus made a point of mentioning Peter.  Peter needed to hear that it wasn’t over.

When the disciples went to Galilee after the resurrection, Jesus showed up and they had a fish breakfast on the beach by the Sea of Galilee.
(John 21:15 NKJV) So when they had eaten breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me more than these?” He said to Him, “Yes, Lord; You know that I love You.” He said to him, “Feed My lambs.”

Three times Jesus would ask Peter about loving Him.

What was Jesus doing?  Jesus wasn’t trying to make subtle insinuations about Peter’s three denials. Jesus was restoring Peter, reminding him that He knew Peter loved Him, and that Jesus still had things for Peter to do.

Earlier Jesus had told Peter there was something he should do after he failed,
(Luke 22:32 NKJV) But I have prayed for you, that your faith should not fail; and when you have returned to Me, strengthen your brethren.”

Peter needed to get back to doing what he was supposed to do, set the example, and take care of the flock.

Video: Cute Lil’ Baby Ducks Jumping off a Dock

A word for Moms on Mother’s Day – Don’t forget you set the example for the little ones behind you.  Show your little ones how to take those important leaps of faith.

Show them how to jump into grace.

If you feel like you’ve let God down, I’ve got news for you.

It ain’t over.

To get through this dark time, you too need to turn back to God, and let God work in your life.  Set an example for others.

(Psalm 30:5b NKJV) …Weeping may endure for a night, But joy comes in the morning.