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Luke 11:14-26

Sunday Morning Bible Study

March 6, 2016


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die?  Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular:  2900 words    Communion: 2500 words  Video=75wpm

Luke was a doctor and a travelling companion of the apostle Paul.

He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.

In writing this book about Jesus, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.

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Jesus’ ministry is well under way, and the people have been amazed not just at the things He’s been teaching, but the things He’s been doing.

11:14-26 Demons and God

:14 And He was casting out a demon, and it was mute. So it was, when the demon had gone out, that the mute spoke; and the multitudes marveled.

casting outekballo – to cast out, drive out, to send out. Present participle

mutekophos – blunted, dull; blunted (or lamed) in tongue, dumb

had gone outexerchomai – to go or come forth of

Aorist active participle

spokelaleo – to utter a voice or emit a sound; to speak

Aorist active indicative

marveledthaumazo – to wonder, wonder at, marvel; to be wondered at, to be had in admiration

Aorist active indicative

:14 casting out a demon, and it was mute

In the New Testament, demon possession was manifested in many different ways –

One person was blind and mute (Mat. 12:22)
(Matthew 12:22 NKJV) —22 Then one was brought to Him who was demon-possessed, blind and mute; and He healed him, so that the blind and mute man both spoke and saw.
One man had great strength (Mk 5:4)
(Mark 5:4 NKJV) —4 because he had often been bound with shackles and chains. And the chains had been pulled apart by him, and the shackles broken in pieces; neither could anyone tame him.
A child would have seizures and throw himself into fire or water (Mat. 17:15)
(Matthew 17:15 NKJV) —15 “Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is an epileptic and suffers severely; for he often falls into the fire and often into the water.
One man spoke with a loud voice (Luke 4:33)
(Luke 4:33 NKJV) —33 Now in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried out with a loud voice,

Not everyone with a malfunctioning body is possessed by a demon.

It’s not the odd behavior that proves a person is demon possessed, it’s the discerning of a demon that shows it.

Not all people who are “mute” are demon-possessed.

Some are just mimes.
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:15 But some of them said, “He casts out demons by Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons.”

:15 He casts out demons by Beelzebub

rulerarchon – a ruler, commander, chief, leader

Some of the people watching attributed Jesus’ power to:


“Beelzebub” was one of the names of the Philistine god Baal (2 Kings 1:1-3).
Baal” means simply “lord”, and “zebub” means “flies”
Beelzebub means literally “lord of the flies”. 

Did you have to read that book in high school? It was the one about a group of boys marooned on an island and how they descend into savagery until they are rescued.

Elijah had a brief encounter connected to this god in regards to King Ahaziah.
(2 Kings 1:2–4 NKJV) —2 Now Ahaziah fell through the lattice of his upper room in Samaria, and was injured; so he sent messengers and said to them, “Go, inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover from this injury.”

Ekron is one of the chief Philistine cities, located southwest of Samaria near the coast of the Mediterranean.

3 But the angel of the Lord said to Elijah the Tishbite, “Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say to them, ‘Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are going to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron?’ 4 Now therefore, thus says the Lord: ‘You shall not come down from the bed to which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.’ ” So Elijah departed.

Ahaziah was rebuked because he felt he could get help from Baal-Zebub instead of God Himself.

These people were having a hard time thinking that Jesus could be performing miracles, so they attributed His miracles to Satan.
There are some well-meaning Christians who have difficulty believing that God could be doing miracles today.
Some churches teach that the gift of tongues is not for today, and they inevitably conclude that if someone speaks in tongues that it must be the devil.

That is so, so wrong.


Lord of the house

The actual form of the name used by Luke in the Greek is a variation of Beelzebub. 
Beelzebul – “Lord of the house”.
Pay attention to our passage because Jesus is going to refer to “houses” in several different ways.
The Jews often used beelzebul when referring to Satan (Wiersbe).

The concept of demon possession is the idea that there is a demonic spirit living inside of your body, affecting and controlling your body.

Jesus said,
(Luke 16:13 NKJV) “No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other.
There’s only room for one Lord in your life.
Your “Lord” is the one who sits on the throne, the one who calls the shots.
Who is it?
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:16 Others, testing Him, sought from Him a sign from heaven.

testingpeirazo – to try whether a thing can be done; to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quantity, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself; in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments

:16 sought from Him a sign

signsemeion – a sign, mark, token; that by which a person or a thing is distinguished from others and is known

; a sign, prodigy, portent, i.e. an unusual occurrence, transcending the common course of nature; of miracles and wonders by which God authenticates the men sent by him, or by which men prove that the cause they are pleading is God’s

What’s silly about this is that Jesus has already done more than enough to prove who He was.

He’s cast out demons (Luke 4:35)
(Luke 4:35 NKJV) —35 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him in their midst, it came out of him and did not hurt him.
He’s healed the sick (Luke 4:39)
(Luke 4:39 NKJV) —39 So He stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her. And immediately she arose and served them.
He’s cleansed the leper (Luke 5:13)
(Luke 5:13 NKJV) —13 Then He put out His hand and touched him, saying, “I am willing; be cleansed.” Immediately the leprosy left him.
He’s healed the paralytic (Luke 5:24)
(Luke 5:24 NKJV) —24 But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins”—He said to the man who was paralyzed, “I say to you, arise, take up your bed, and go to your house.”
He’s even raised the dead (Luke 7:14)
(Luke 7:14 NKJV) —14 Then He came and touched the open coffin, and those who carried him stood still. And He said, “Young man, I say to you, arise.”
John wrote that the miracles that Jesus did were enough to prove who He was.
(John 20:31 NKJV) …these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

There comes a point where you need to open your eyes and realize who Jesus is.

:17 But He, knowing their thoughts, said to them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and a house divided against a house falls.

knowingoida – to see; to perceive, notice, discern, discover; to know

Perfect active participle

thoughtsdianoema – a thought

divideddiamerizo – to cleave asunder, cut in pieces; to be divided into opposing parts, to be at variance, in dissension

brought to desolationeremoo – to make desolate, lay waste; to ruin, bring to desolation; to despoil one, strip her of her treasures

from eremos – solitary, lonely, desolate, uninhabited; a desert, wilderness

houseoiκος – a house; an inhabited house, home

:17 knowing their thoughts

These fellows before Jesus were just thinking about these things.

Jesus knew what they were thinking.

He knows what you’re thinking.

:17 Every kingdom divided against itself

The civil war

:17 a house divided against a house falls

Remember that Beelzebul means “Lord of the house”


Dividing the house

I know that Jesus is talking about Satan’s kingdom, but the principle translates into areas as well.
We’re seeing the Republican party wrestle with this right now.
The campaign has gotten so ugly with insults, that if they don’t work to mend fences soon and coalesce behind a single candidate, there may be too much bitterness and acrimony to unite for the presidential election.
There was a story about two unmarried sisters who lived together. Because of a slight disagreement over an insignificant issue, they stopped speaking to each other.  Unable and unwilling to move out of their small house, they continued to use the same rooms, eat at the same table (separately), and sleep in the same bedroom.  Without one word.  A chalk line divided the sleeping area into two halves, separating a doorway and fireplace.  Each could come and go, cook and eat, sew and read without crossing over into her sister's domain. Through the night each could hear the breathing of the foe, but because neither was willing to take the first step to reconciliation and forgiveness, they coexisted for years in grinding silence.

Their unforgiving hearts left them in a prison of affliction.

Is this a picture of what goes on in your house?

No marriage or family is “perfect”.
Everyone has difficulties.
The question is: Are you going to fight “for” your marriage, or fight each other?

Are you going to humble yourself and talk to the other person?

Are you going to learn to forgive and let it go?

Solomon wrote,
(Ecclesiastes 4:9–12 NKJV) —9 Two are better than one, Because they have a good reward for their labor. 10 For if they fall, one will lift up his companion. But woe to him who is alone when he falls, For he has no one to help him up. 11 Again, if two lie down together, they will keep warm; But how can one be warm alone? 12 Though one may be overpowered by another, two can withstand him. And a threefold cord is not quickly broken.

:18 If Satan also is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? Because you say I cast out demons by Beelzebub.

be divideddiamerizo – to cleave asunder, cut in pieces; to be divided into opposing parts, to be at variance, in dissension

Same word as vs. 17

SatanSatana – adversary (one who opposes another in purpose or act), the name given to the prince of evil spirits, the inveterate adversary of God and Christ

BeelzebubBeelzeboul – “lord of the house”

:18 If Satan also is divided against himself

Jesus is pointing out that their reasoning is ridiculous. If Jesus were empowered by Satan, why would He be tearing apart His own kingdom?

:19 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges.

:19 by whom do your sons cast them out?

There are records of all sorts of rituals that Jewish exorcists would perform in order to cast demons out of people.

Josephus wrote about one fellow who performed exorcisms in the presence of the emperor using magic rings and encantations.

Josephus speaks of many exorcists in his time, who had this power of healing; and he himself saw one Eleazar, in the presence of Vespasian, his children, officers, and soldiers, cure many that were possessed of devils: and his method was, by putting a ring to the nose of the possessed, under the seal of which, was a root directed to by Solomon, and thereby brought out the unclean spirit; and as soon as the man was healed, he adjured the devil never to return more; at which time he made mention of the name of Solomon, and rehearsed the enchantments written by him: the said Eleazar, to give a specimen of the efficacy of his art, set a cup full of water upon the ground, and commanded the devil when he went out of the man, to turn it over, as a sign that he had left the man, and the devil immediately obeyed his order:
Antiquities, Book 8; Chapter 2:46f

Luke tells a story in the book of Acts about seven sons of a Jewish priest who were not always successful at casting out demons (Acts 19:13-16).

(Acts 19:13–16 NKJV) —13 Then some of the itinerant Jewish exorcists took it upon themselves to call the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had evil spirits, saying, “We exorcise you by the Jesus whom Paul preaches.” 14 Also there were seven sons of Sceva, a Jewish chief priest, who did so. 15 And the evil spirit answered and said, “Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are you?” 16 Then the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, overpowered them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.

:19 Therefore they will be your judges

If Jesus is casting out demons by Beelzebub, then how can you say the Jewish exorcists were any different?

On the judgment day, their own exorcists would stand as witnesses against these people.

:20 But if I cast out demons with the finger of God, surely the kingdom of God has come upon you.

:20 if I cast out demons with the finger of God

fingerdaktulos – a finger

When Moses was working to have Pharaoh release the Israelites from their slavery, there was a sort of “contest” between God’s miracles and the tricks that the Egyptian magicians were able to perform.

Yet there came a time when God’s miracles proved to be much greater than magicians’ tricks.

Even the magicians realized this was God at work.
(Exodus 8:19 NKJV) Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God.” But Pharaoh’s heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, just as the Lord had said.

Jesus didn’t have to perform elaborate rituals, He simply told the demons to leave.

He’s laying claim to the same power that Moses used in Egypt.
He has been demonstrating the power of God.

The people Jesus is talking to are making a big mistake in not recognizing that God has been at work.

:20 surely the kingdom of God has come upon you

surelyara – therefore, so then, wherefore

has come uponphthano – to come before, precede, anticipate; to come to, arrive at; to reach, attain to

Aorist active indicative


When is the kingdom?

A kingdom of God is the realm where God is the king.
People have silly disagreements over the kingdom of God and when it comes.
There are two simple truths that Jesus taught about when the kingdom of God is coming.

Jesus taught us to pray,

(Luke 11:2b NKJV) …Your kingdom come. Your will be done On earth as it is in heaven.

It is coming.  It’s on its way.

At the last supper, Jesus talked about the next time He would drink wine:

(Luke 22:18 NKJV) for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”

The full kingdom of God has not yet come.  It is established when Jesus returns.


Jesus came to bring the kingdom of God here, right now.

(Luke 17:20–21 NKJV) —20 Now when He was asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, He answered them and said, “The kingdom of God does not come with observation; 21 nor will they say, ‘See here!’ or ‘See there!’ For indeed, the kingdom of God is within you.”

withinentos – inside, within, among

Until the day that Jesus returns at His Second Coming, the kingdom of God is making its presence known through us.

It’s in us. It’s with us. It’s on us.


Recognizing God’s Work

These Jews before Jesus are making a mistake of missing out on what God was doing.
God in human flesh was at work among them, and they are missing it.
Sometimes we are expecting big fireworks and earthquakes when God works, but it isn’t always that way.
Sometimes it’s as simple as a man beginning to speak.
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:21 When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own palace, his goods are in peace.

strong manischuros – strong, mighty

fully armedkathoplizo – furnish with arms, “fully armed”

Satan is “fully armed”.  Be careful.

guardsphulasso – to guard; to watch, keep watch

palaceaule – among the Greeks in Homer’s time, an uncovered space around the house, enclosed by a wall, in which the stables stood, hence among the Orientals that roofless enclosure by a wall, in the open country in which the flocks were herded at night, a sheepfold; the house itself, a palace

goodshuparchonta – possessions, goods, wealth, property

:21 a strong man, fully armed, guards his own palace


Reluctant Loser

The strong man is Satan. He is not just “strong”, but he is also “fully armed”.

When a person gives a part of their life to Satan, Satan makes their life a “palace” where he rules from.

He’s the “Lord of the house”

Satan doesn’t give up territory very easily.  He will resist every attempt to unseat him from his throne.

When a person has been dominated by Satan, and you as a Spirit filled Christian come into their life, they are going to be uncomfortable around you and may even get upset at you.  When Jesus met a demon possessed man in a synagogue, the man responded to Jesus …

(Luke 4:34 NKJV) saying, “Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!”

Satan is going to put up a fight to defend his territory.

There is a parallel here with our addictions as well, whether they are demonically empowered, or simply the product of our own foolish, fleshly choices.

Unlike Satan or a demonic force, you aren’t going to be able to get rid of your flesh.

Your sin nature is going to be with you until you die.

As believers we have to learn to “crucify” or “deny” our flesh.

When your flesh is the “Lord of the house”, it does not like it when you begin to encroach upon its territory that it’s protected for so long.
When you start dealing with your flesh, it reacts like the Wicked Witch of the West when Dorothy flung water on her…

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:22 But when a stronger than he comes upon him and overcomes him, he takes from him all his armor in which he trusted, and divides his spoils.

strongerischuros – strong, mighty; comparative form (“stronger”)

overcomesnikao – to conquer

armorpanoplia – full armour, complete armour; includes shield, sword, lance, helmet, greaves, and breastplate

spoilsskulon – a (beast’s) skin stripped off, a pelt; the weapons and valuables stripped off from an enemy, spoils

dividesdiadidomai – to distribute, divide among several; to give over, deliver

:22 But when a stronger than he comes


Jesus is stronger

Jesus is the “stronger” one who can easily beat Satan.
Do not be fooled into thinking that Satan is the opposite of Jesus.
Jesus is the Creator, God in the flesh. Satan is a created being, a fallen angel.
There is no comparison between the two.
Jesus is the one who brings a gun to a knife fight…

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And for you Star Wars’ Fans, there’s this version…

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Jesus has actually already won the battle, and He did it at the cross:
(Colossians 2:13–15 NKJV) —13 And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses, 14 having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. 15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.
Some of you are struggling with things in your life and you feel like you have absolutely no strength to fight it.
You’re actually correct with the idea.
But Jesus is stronger than you are.

He’s stronger than any demon.

He’s stronger than any addiction.


Seizing Territory

When it comes to the battle, some of us are a little “shell shocked”.
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I think the sooner we realize that we are in a real war, a spiritual battle, the better.
I think that sometimes I am so awed at Satan’s ability to exercise power over people that I give up. I think it’s hopeless.
Yet God has given us weapons in order to take the battle to Satan.
(Matthew 18:18 NKJV) “Assuredly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.
God’s Word
Paul calls it…
(Ephesians 6:17 NKJV) … the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God;

When Satan tempted Jesus, Jesus responded with the Word of God.

Holy Spirit
(1 John 4:4 NKJV) You are of God, little children, and have overcome them, because He who is in you is greater than he who is in the world.

We don’t need to be afraid of Satan because God is way bigger and more powerful than he is.

And when we belong to Jesus, the Holy Spirit dwells in us.

Helping Others
For those of us who have walked with God a little longer, we have a responsibility to help others in the battle.  When we help others, we often end up helping ourselves.
Sometimes this helping comes across a little like teaching or sharing our experiences.
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Paul talked about this influence we have on others’ lives like this:

(2 Timothy 2:24–26 NKJV) —24 And a servant of the Lord must not quarrel but be gentle to all, able to teach, patient, 25 in humility correcting those who are in opposition, if God perhaps will grant them repentance, so that they may know the truth, 26 and that they may come to their senses and escape the snare of the devil, having been taken captive by him to do his will.

We can help set the captives free.

:23 He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters.

gathersunago – to gather together, to gather; to draw together, collect; to bring together, assemble, collect; to join together, join in one (those previously separated)

scattersskorpizo – to scatter; of those who, routed or terror stricken or driven by some other impulses, fly in every direction; to scatter abroad (what others may collect for themselves), or one dispensing blessings liberally

:23 He who is not with Me is against Me


Where do you stand?

There is no neutral ground with Jesus.
What do you think of Him?
Do you think He was just a “good man”?
Do you think He was just a harmless philosopher?
Do you think you’re just “neutral” with Jesus?
You are either for Jesus or against Jesus.
When you get to the elevator in a building, there are just two buttons – up or down.
There is no “undecided”.
Are you going up or are you going down?

:24 “When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’

goes out ofexerchomai – to go or come forth of; of those who are expelled or cast out

goes throughdierchomai – to go through, pass through; to go, walk, journey, pass through a place; to go different places

dryanudros – without water

restanapausis – intermission, cessation of any motion, business or labour; rest, recreation

I will returnhupostrepho – to turn back; to turn about; to return

:24 goes through dry places, seeking rest

Jesus is giving us a little insight into the world of demons.

Demons want a place to inhabit.

They want living creatures to inhabit, not dry dead things.

I wonder if this isn’t going to be a bit of a warning to the fellow from whom Jesus has just cast out a demon.

:25 And when he comes, he finds it swept and put in order.

sweptsaroo – to sweep, clean by sweeping

Perfect passive participle

put in orderkosmeo – to put in order, arrange, make ready, prepare; to ornament, adore; metaph. to embellish with honor, gain honor

Perfect passive participle

This is a picture of a person who has been delivered from demonic possession.

:26 Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man is worse than the first.”

takesparalambano – to take to, to take with one’s self, to join to one’s self; an associate, a companion

more wickedponeros – full of labours, annoyances, hardships; bad, of a bad nature or condition; in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad; here it is a comparative form, “more wicked”

dwellkatoikeo – to dwell, settle; metaph. divine powers, influences, etc., are said to dwell in his soul, to pervade, prompt, govern it; to dwell in, inhabit; to dwell, settle, temporarily

worsecheiron – comparative of kakos; worse

:26 the last state of that man is worse than the first


Fill the emptiness

Because demons want a living body to inhabit, they may try to come back to the original host if the house is empty.
The original demon might bring seven others to all inhabit the same person.
Jesus met a man nicknamed “Legion” because he had thousands of demons living inside of him.
It is a wonderful thing when a person can become free from the power of Satan.
But an empty house is a dangerous thing.

The house needs to be filled with Jesus.

Addictions can be similar.
Some addictions can indeed be linked to the demonic, but for most, their addictions are simply a problem of their own sin nature.
I have had many friends who have come out of addiction tell me that there is a danger when a person breaks free from their addiction.

If they’re not careful, they will simply swap one addiction with another.

They may move from being an alcoholic to becoming addicted to prescription drugs, sex, pornography, over eating, or even rage.

Jesus talked about how we can try to satisfy our inner thirst with things that don’t satisfy.

(John 4:13–14 NKJV) —13 Jesus answered and said to her, “Whoever drinks of this water will thirst again, 14 but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life.”

We need Jesus to fill our emptiness.

This is why it is vital that the first “step” you take is to realize that Jesus is greater than your addiction, and fill your life with Jesus.

The question is, how does this happen?

Imagine your car’s warning light goes off to tell you that you are low on oil, so you buy some oil and …

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Pouring oil on your engine is like coming to church and expecting that to satisfy your thirst.

What you need is to get the Holy Spirit deep into the engine, deep into your life, deep into your heart.

Don’t stop with external, superficial experiences.

Let Him go deep into your life.