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Luke 9:10-17

Sunday Morning Bible Study

February 1, 2015


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die? Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular: 2900 words Communion: 2500 words Video=75wpm

Have Manuel share about Mexico (10 slides)

As some of you were aware, last Wednesday, October 21, 2015 was the day that Marty McFly went Back to the Future…

Video: Skit Guys – Back to the Church

Luke was a doctor and a travelling companion of the apostle Paul.

He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.

In writing his book, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.

Jesus’ ministry has begun, and the people have been amazed not just at the things He’s been teaching, but the things He’s been doing.

Last week we read about Jesus sending the twelve disciples off on their first mission trip without Him.

He gave them His power and authority, along with some travel tips. Now they’re back…

9:10-17 Feeding Five Thousand

:10 And the apostles, when they had returned, told Him all that they had done. Then He took them and went aside privately into a deserted place belonging to the city called Bethsaida.

:10 returnedhupostrepho – to turn back; to turn about; to return

:10 he took themparalambano – to take to, to take with one’s self, to join to one’s self

:10 went asidehupochoreo (“by” + “country”) – to go back; withdraw

:10 privatelyidios – pertaining to one’s self, one’s own, belonging to one’s self

:10 desertederemos – solitary, lonely, desolate, uninhabited

:10 told Him all that they had done

tolddiegeomai (“through” + “lead”) – to lead or carry a narration through to the end; set forth, recount


Sharing stories

I don’t know if the apostles were good story tellers or not, but I can almost see them sitting around a campfire like this …
Video: Star Wars – Campfire Stories
There are times when we need to keep our stories to ourselves. There are times when the only reason we are telling stories is to make others feel like we are something special.
You can tell this is the case when we are the hero of all of our own stories.
But there can also be great value of sharing with each other what God has been doing.
It’s like hearing Manual talk about what is happening down in Mexico.
Jesus said,
(Matthew 5:16 NKJV) Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.

This ought to be a part of what “fellowship” means to us.

Each of us should have stories to tell of what God has been doing.

It’s about bringing glory to God, not us.

:10 belonging to the city called Bethsaida

Bethsaida – “house of fish”

It’s a fishing village

Video: Map to Bethsaida

For years it was unknown where Bethsaida was – even today Wikipedia still doesn’t have all the facts straight. In the 1990’s they began to excavate the site of Tel-Geshur and discovered Bethsaida sitting on top of ancient Geshur.
David’s son Absalom’s mother was from Geshur.

This was the original hometown of Peter, Andrew, and Philip.

Peter would eventually move to Capernaum, where his mother-in-law lived.

It might seem strange that a fishing town named “house of fish” would be two miles from the Sea of Galilee, but in Jesus’ day the lake level was higher, and there was a canal that linked Bethsaida with Galilee. The canal was destroyed in an earthquake and the city was eventually abandoned by 65 AD.

Video: Glimpse around Bethsaida

Even though we are walking through the ruins of the city, look off in the distance and you can see the kind of fields that surrounded the city.

:10 went aside privately into a deserted place


Slow down

There are times when we need to learn to slow down. I think I had three or four people last week tell me I needed to slow down.
This particular “retreat” happened for several reasons.
Mark is talking about the same story …
(Mark 6:30–31 NKJV) —30 Then the apostles gathered to Jesus and told Him all things, both what they had done and what they had taught. 31 And He said to them, “Come aside by yourselves to a deserted place and rest a while.” For there were many coming and going, and they did not even have time to eat.

Jesus could sense that the disciples needed a break.

Right after Jesus sent the disciples out, He had gotten news that Herod had beheaded Jesus’ cousin John the Baptist (Mat. 14:10)

(Matthew 14:10 NKJV) So he sent and had John beheaded in prison.

How did Jesus respond to this news?

(Matthew 14:13 NKJV) When Jesus heard it, He departed from there by boat to a deserted place by Himself…

Jesus felt His own need to be alone and grieve.

I think that some of us need to learn the lesson of slowing down and resting every once in a while.
Banker and Fisherman
The American investment banker was at the pier of a small coastal Mexican village when a small boat with just one fisherman docked. Inside the small boat were several large yellow fin tuna. The American complimented the Mexican on the quality of his fish and asked how long it took to catch them. The Mexican replied, only a little while. The American then asked why didn’t he stay out longer and catch more fish? The Mexican said he had enough to support his family’s immediate needs. The American then asked, “but what do you do with the rest of your time?” The Mexican fisherman said, “I sleep late, fish a little, play with my children, take siesta with my wife, Maria, stroll into the village each evening where I sip wine and play guitar with my amigos, I have a full and busy life.” The American scoffed, “I am a Harvard MBA and could help you. You should spend more time fishing and with the proceeds, buy a bigger boat, with the proceeds from the bigger boat you could buy several boats, eventually you would have a fleet of fishing boats. Instead of selling your catch to a middleman you would sell directly to the processor, eventually opening your own cannery. You would control the product, processing and distribution. You would need to leave this small coastal fishing village and move to Mexico City, then LA and eventually NYC where you will run your expanding enterprise.” The Mexican fisherman asked, “But, how long will this all take?” To which the American replied, “15-20 years.” “But what then?” The American laughed and said that’s the best part. “When the time is right you would announce an IPO and sell your company stock to then public and become very rich, you would make millions.”
“Millions.. Then what?”
The American said, “Then you would retire. Move to a small coastal fishing village where you would sleep late, fish a little, play with your kids, take siesta with your wife, stroll to the village in the evenings where you could sip wine and play your guitar with your amigos.”
“Jesus knows we must come apart and rest awhile, or else we may just plain come apart.”

Vance Havner

:11 But when the multitudes knew it, they followed Him; and He received them and spoke to them about the kingdom of God, and healed those who had need of healing.

:11 followedakoloutheo – to follow one who precedes, join him as his attendant, accompany him

:11 he receiveddechomai – to take with the hand; to take hold of, take up; to take up, receive; to receive favourably, give ear to, embrace, make one’s own, approve, not to reject

:11 healingtherapeia – service rendered by one to another; spec. medical service: curing, healing

:11 had needchreia – necessity, need; duty, business

:11 healediaomai – to cure, heal; to make whole

:11 when the multitudes knew it, they followed Him

Even though Jesus and the disciples had a need to get away and rest, the people didn’t give them that opportunity. They followed Jesus and the disciples out to their retreat center.

There may be times when we have to postpone that time of rest.

:11 spoke to them about the kingdom of God

I believe Jesus may have repeated some of the same messages in different places. We have different versions of the Sermon on the Mount given in more than one location.

Mark records one of Jesus’ sermons while He was teaching once at another spot by the Sea of Galilee.

Imagine sitting with Jesus out in the fields around Bethsaida while He speaks…
(Mark 4:26–29 NKJV) —26 And He said, “The kingdom of God is as if a man should scatter seed on the ground, 27 and should sleep by night and rise by day, and the seed should sprout and grow, he himself does not know how. 28 For the earth yields crops by itself: first the blade, then the head, after that the full grain in the head. 29 But when the grain ripens, immediately he puts in the sickle, because the harvest has come.”
The disciples had been scattering seed as they’ve told people about Jesus on their trip.
It takes time for a seed we sow to sprout and take root. But there will be a time when the seed is ready for the harvest.
For some of you, the seed has been planted in your heart.

You’ve heard that we all have a problem that keeps us from knowing God – our sin.

And perhaps you’ve heard that Jesus came to do something about that problem. He died to pay for our sin.

It is our prayer that soon the seed will take root in your heart and you will realize you need to give your life to Jesus.

Note: Jesus didn’t just quote Scripture when He taught. He often taught with parables, stories, illustrations, taking lessons from nature around them.

:11 and healed those who had need of healing

Last week we talked about how important it is that we have good works and not just be people who talk about God.

Jesus not only taught the people about God, He ministered to their needs.

:12 When the day began to wear away, the twelve came and said to Him, “Send the multitude away, that they may go into the surrounding towns and country, and lodge and get provisions; for we are in a deserted place here.”

:12 to wear awayklino – to incline, bow; intransitively – to incline one’s self; of the declining of the day

:12 cameproserchomai – to come to, approach; draw near to

:12 send … awayapoluo – to set free; to let go, dismiss, (to detain no longer); to bid depart, send away; to let go free, release

:12 surroundingkuklo – in a circle, around, round about, on all sides

:12 townskome – the common sleeping place to which laborers in the field return, a village; the name of the city near which the villages lie and to whose municipality they belong

:12 countryagros – land; the field, the country; a piece of land, bit of tillage; the farms, country seats, neighboring hamlets

:12 lodgekataluo – to dissolve, disunite; of travelers, to halt on a journey, to put up, lodge (the figurative expression originating in the circumstance that, to put up for the night, the straps and packs of the beasts of burden are unbound and taken off; or, more correctly from the fact that the traveler’s garments, tied up when he is on the journey, are unloosed at it end)

a related word – kataluma – an inn, lodging place; an eating room, dining room

:12 provisionsepisitismos – foraging, providing food; supplies, provisions, food

:12 Send the multitude away

The twelve disciples are thinking practically.

Who’s going to feed all these people?
There are no fast food places anywhere near them.
And besides, they never got their break!

:13 But He said to them, “You give them something to eat.” And they said, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless we go and buy food for all these people.”

:13 You givedidomi – to give; to give something to someone. An imperative, a command.

:13 to eatphago – to eat

:13 buyagorazo – to be in the market place, to attend it; to do business there, buy or sell

:13 foodbroma – that which is eaten, food

:13 You give them something to eat

The disciples just want Jesus to send all the people away.

But Jesus asks them to take responsibility.

:13 five loaves and two fish

In case you are thinking that these practically minded disciples had actually planned ahead and had packed enough food for themselves and their retreat with Jesus, think again.

They had actually brought nothing.

John recorded the details. One of the other local Bethsaida boys, Andrew, was the one who came up with the loaves and fish, but it wasn’t his bread and fish…

(John 6:8–9 NKJV) —8 One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to Him, 9 “There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two small fish, but what are they among so many?”
I wonder if it was a local kid from Bethsaida that Andrew might have known?
The bread and fish were going to come from a little boy who was willing to share his lunch with Jesus.

Philip, who was also from Bethsaida (and knew how much things cost at the local Albertsons), had gone as far as calculating how much it would cost to feed this huge group.

(John 6:7 NKJV) Philip answered Him, “Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may have a little.”
Sometimes we think we know more than Jesus does. It’s our own limited knowledge that can keep us from trusting Jesus to do His thing.

:14 For there were about five thousand men. Then He said to His disciples, “Make them sit down in groups of fifty.”

:14 five thousandpentakischilioi – five thousand

:14 five thousand men

It has been suggested that since only the men were counted, that there might have been at least ten thousand people there when you include women and children.

:14 Make them sit downkataklino – in the NT in reference to eating, to make to recline; to recline (at a table)

:14 groupsklisia – a hut erected to pass the night in; a tent; anything to recline on; a company reclining; a row or party of persons reclining at meal

:14 fiftypentekonta – fifty

:14 Make them sit down in groups of fifty

I find it interesting that Jesus seemed to organize things a little.

With fifty in a group, there would be about 100 groups.

:15 And they did so, and made them all sit down.

:15 sit downanaklino – to lean against, lean upon; to lay down; to make or bid to recline

:16 Then He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, He blessed and broke them, and gave them to the disciples to set before the multitude.

:16 looking upanablepo – to look up

:16 He blessedeulogeo – to praise, celebrate with praises; to invoke blessings; to consecrate a thing with solemn prayers; to ask God’s blessing on a thing

:16 brokekataklao – to break in pieces

:16 gave them to the disciples to set before the multitude

to set before paratithemi – to place beside or near or set before; food, i.e. food placed on a table; to set before (one) in teaching

I often look at this as a picture of how I need to approach my teaching. I often feel as if I don’t have much to offer, let alone to so many people.

This clip is from the same story, the Gospel of John, chapter 6 –

Video: Gospel of John – Feeding Five Thousand

:17 So they all ate and were filled, and twelve baskets of the leftover fragments were taken up by them.

:17 So they all ate and were filled

were filledchortazo (from the word for “grass”) – to feed with herbs, hay, to fill, satisfy with food, to fatten; to fulfil or satisfy the desire of any one

They didn’t just take little bites. Their hunger was satisfied.

They got fattened up on that meal.

That reminds me of a story…

There's a man trying to cross the street. As he steps off the curb a car comes screaming around the corner and heads straight for him. The man walks faster, trying to hurry across the street, but the car changes lanes and is still coming at him. So the guy turns around to go back, but the car changes lanes again and is still coming at him. By now, the car is so close and the man so scared that he just freezes and stops in the middle of the road. The car gets real close, then swerves at the last possible moment and screeches to a halt right next him. The driver rolls down the window. The driver is a squirrel. The squirrel says to the man says, "See, it's not as easy as it looks, is it?"

:17 twelve baskets of the leftover fragments

leftoverperisseuo – to exceed a fixed number of measure; to exist or be at hand in abundance

This is a word that is often translated “abundance”.

There wasn’t just a few crumbs leftover, but the baskets were overflowing.

Twelve baskets, one for each of the disciples.

The disciples had come with nothing, had nothing to give, but obeyed the Lord and ended up with overflowing baskets.

:17 taken upairo – to raise up, elevate, lift up; to take upon one’s self and carry what has been raised up, to bear

:17 fragmentsklasma – a fragment, broken piece; remnants of food

:17 basketskophinos – a basket, wicker basket

:13 You give them something to eat


When I got nuthin’

There are times when we need to get away and recharge.
Remember that Jesus wasn’t just tired, but He was also grieving the loss of His cousin John.
Yet sometimes it just isn’t possible to get away when we want to.
Jesus responded to this huge multitude of people by welcoming them, teaching and healing them, and then feeding them.
Paul wrote to the Corinthians,

(2 Corinthians 12:15 NKJV) And I will very gladly spend and be spent for your souls…

What do we do when we feel we have nothing left to give and we can’t go home?
1. God’s leading
(Luke 9:13 NKJV) But He said to them, “You give them something to eat.”
It has to be Jesus leading you if this is going to have any value.
Sometimes Jesus isn’t leading you to do anything, and He would rather that you indeed get away and rest.
Sometimes we are motivated more by our own sense of guilt than we are by Jesus.
Yet when Jesus prompts you, do what He says.
2. What do you have?
(Luke 9:13 NKJV) …And they said, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless we go and buy food for all these people.”
I tend to respond with, “I got nothin’”.

But the truth is, if you dig down deep, you have more than you think.

It might not be much, but Jesus doesn’t need much when He’s at work.

3. Get ready
(Luke 9:14 NKJV) Then He said to His disciples, “Make them sit down in groups of fifty.”

Make them sit downkataklino – in the NT in reference to eating, to make to recline; to recline (at a table)

groupsklisia – anything to recline on; a company reclining; a row or party of persons reclining at meal

The language that Jesus is using is specific language that speaks of getting ready for a meal.

When you came to church today, were you ready to receive from the Lord?
When you open your Bible tomorrow morning to do your daily Bible reading, are you ready to receive?
When you sense that God wants you to reach out to someone, even though you are running on empty, are YOU ready to receive from Jesus?
4. Give it to Jesus
(Luke 9:16 NKJV) Then He took the five loaves and the two fish…
What few loaves and fish you have, give it to Jesus.
Nothing good happens if it isn’t given to Jesus.
Does Jesus have access to all have, even if it’s just a little?
If you are going to teach a Sunday School class to toddlers, have you given your lesson to Jesus before giving it to your children?
5. Blessing and breaking
(Luke 9:16 NKJV) …and looking up to heaven, He blessed and broke them, and gave them to the disciples to set before the multitude.
This is what Jesus does, not what we do.
Jesus can take what little I have to offer to Him and bless it.
Sometimes He needs to break what has been offered to Him.

Don’t be surprised when part of the blessing that the people you minister to comes from you being broken.

6. Receiving
(Luke 9:17 NKJV) So they all ate and were filled, and twelve baskets of the leftover fragments were taken up by them.
It wasn’t just the people that ate and were filled.

“All” implies the disciples ate as well.

I’ve gone on hospital calls thinking that I’ve got nothing to tell this person, and then find out that I got ministered to more than they did.
Do you receive from Jesus when you give to others?

When you prepare a Bible Study for others, is there something in it that ministers to you as well? Do you expect to learn as much as you teach?

Even when you feel you have nothing to give, it’s possible there’s something you still might be able to do.

There is a remarkable story of a B-17 bomber that flew a bombing mission over Germany in the latter days of World War II. The plane was hit several times by shells and flak, with some of the hits directly in the fuel tank. Miraculously, the bomber did not explode. When it landed, eleven unexploded twenty-millimeter shells were taken out of the fuel tank! The shells were dismantled, and to the amazement of everyone, all were empty of explosives. Inside of one shell was a note written in Czech. Translated, it read, “This is all we can do for you now.” A member of the Czech underground, working in a German munitions factory, had omitted the explosives in at least eleven of the twenty-millimeter shells on his assembly line.
That worker must have wondered often if the quiet work he was doing to subvert the Nazi war effort was going to make any difference whatsoever to the outcome of the war.
- Ben Patterson, The Grand Essentials
Even when you’ve got “nuthin’”, your little can do a lot.