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Luke 8:40-56

Sunday Morning Bible Study

October 4, 2015


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die? Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular: 2900 words  Communion: 2500 words Video=75wpm

Luke was a doctor and a travelling companion of the apostle Paul.

He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.

In writing his book, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.

Jesus’ ministry has begun, and the people have been amazed not just at the things He’s been teaching, but the things He’s been doing.

Jesus had taken His twelve disciples on a little trip across the Sea of Galilee to the “other side” where the pagan Gentiles lived. When they arrived, they were met with a demon possessed man known as “Legion”. When Jesus cast the demons out of him, the demons went into a herd of pigs and the pigs all ran off a cliff into the sea and drowned. The people of the “other side” have asked Jesus to leave them alone, so He and His disciples got back into their boat and headed back to Capernaum.

8:40-48 Woman Healed

:40 So it was, when Jesus returned, that the multitude welcomed Him, for they were all waiting for Him.

:40 returnedhupostrepho — to turn back; to turn about; to return

:40 the multitude welcomed Him … waiting

welcomedapodechomai – to accept from, to receive with pleasure

waitingprosdokao – to expect; to look for, wait for


What’s your attitude?

There once was a woman who woke up one morning, looked in the mirror, and noticed she had only three hairs on her head. “Well,” she said, “I think I’ll braid my hair today.” So she did and she had a wonderful day.
The next day she woke up, looked in the mirror and saw that she had only two hairs on her head. “H-M-M”, she said, “I think I’ll part my hair down the middle today.” So she did and she had a grand day.
The next day she woke up, looked in the mirror and noticed that she had only one hair on her head. “Well,” she said, “Today I’m going to wear my hair in a ponytail.” So she did and she had a fun, fun day.
The next day she woke up, looked in the mirror and noticed that there wasn’t a single hair on her head. “Hooray!” she exclaimed, “I don’t have to fix my hair today!”

Attitude is everything.

What was your attitude towards Jesus when you came to church this morning?
Jesus left the Gaderenes because they didn’t want Him.

While Jesus did cast the demons out of Legion, that’s all He did in that land.

The people of Capernaum welcome Jesus. They were waiting for Him to return.

You are going to see Him do some amazing things for these people who welcome Him and have been waiting for Him.

From time to time I see folks come in to church with a certain look on their face.
It’s obvious they don’t want to be here, which makes me wonder why they even came.
Can I simply say, if you don’t want to be here, don’t expect much to happen.
The church of Laodicea is known as the “lukewarm” church.  This is the church that made Jesus want to vomit.  He said to them,
(Revelation 3:20 NKJV) Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with Me.

Friends, He has shown His love toward you by knocking on the door of your heart, but He isn’t going to come in where He is not welcome.

Do you want God to work in your life today?

:41 And behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. And he fell down at Jesus’ feet and begged Him to come to his house,

:42 for he had an only daughter about twelve years of age, and she was dying. But as He went, the multitudes thronged Him.

:41 rulerarchon — a ruler, commander, chief, leader

:41 Jairus – “whom God enlightens”

As the ruler of the synagogue, he was the elder in charge of the public services and the care of the facilities.

He saw to it that people were appointed to pray, read the Scriptures, and give the sermon.

He presided over the elders of the synagogue and was usually a man of reputation and wealth.

We often think that the religious leaders rejected Jesus. But not all.

Jairus would have been the leader at the synagogue in Capernaum, the same synagogue where Jesus cast a demon out of a man (Luke 4:31-37), the same synagogue that had been built by the centurion who asked Jesus to heal his servant (Luke 7:5).

What’s kind of cool is that we even have an idea where Jairus lived, right next to the synagogue in Capernaum.

Earlier (Luke 4:31-37), Jesus had been teaching in the synagogue of Capernaum when a man possessed by a demon confronted Him, and Jesus cast the demon out of the man.

(Luke 4:31–37 NKJV) —31 Then He went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbaths. 32 And they were astonished at His teaching, for His word was with authority. 33 Now in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried out with a loud voice, 34 saying, “Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!” 35 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him in their midst, it came out of him and did not hurt him. 36 Then they were all amazed and spoke among themselves, saying, “What a word this is! For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out.” 37 And the report about Him went out into every place in the surrounding region.
Jesus mostly likely knows Jairus.
Jairus already knows what Jesus can do.

:41 he fell down at Jesus’ feet and begged

fell downpipto — to descend from a higher place to a lower; to descend from an erect to a prostrate position; to fall down

beggedparakaleo — to call to one’s side, call for, summon; to address, speak to, (call to, call upon), which may be done in the way of exhortation, entreaty, comfort, instruction, etc.; to admonish, exhort; to beg, entreat, beseech

This was a desperate father. His only child, a little girl, is on the edge of death.

When you’re desperate, you’ll do things you might not normally do, like falling on your face and begging.

:42 onlymonogenes — single of its kind, only; used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents); used of Christ, denotes the only begotten son of God. The idea is that this girl is a treasure to her parents.

:42 twelvedodeka — twelve

:42 the multitudes thronged Him

throngedsumpnigo — to choke utterly; to press round or throng one so as almost to suffocate him

I would imagine this is frustrating for Jairus.

He needs Jesus to help his daughter, and now He’s going to be delayed by all these people.

:43 Now a woman, having a flow of blood for twelve years, who had spent all her livelihood on physicians and could not be healed by any,

:44 came from behind and touched the border of His garment. And immediately her flow of blood stopped.

:43 a flow of blood

flowrhusis — a flowing issue

A person who was constantly bleeding would be considered “unclean” under the Law of Moses.

(Leviticus 15:19 NKJV) ‘If a woman has a discharge, and the discharge from her body is blood, she shall be set apart seven days; and whoever touches her shall be unclean until evening.
(Leviticus 15:25–27 NLT) —25 “If a woman has a flow of blood for many days that is unrelated to her menstrual period, or if the blood continues beyond the normal period, she is ceremonially unclean. As during her menstrual period, the woman will be unclean as long as the discharge continues. 26 Any bed she lies on and any object she sits on during that time will be unclean, just as during her normal menstrual period. 27 If any of you touch these things, you will be ceremonially unclean. You must wash your clothes and bathe yourself in water, and you will remain unclean until evening.
For twelve years, this woman’s condition has cut her off from the synagogue or the Temple.
For twelve years, this woman’s condition has cut her off from her relationships.

:43 for twelve years

twelvedodeka — twelve

Jairus’ daughter is twelve years old.

This woman has been bleeding for twelve years.

If there is some significance to this “coincidence”, I haven’t found it yet.

Is there some significance with this woman being sick for twelve years, and Jairus’ daughter being twelve years old?

Both Matthew and Luke make a point of the twelve years.
Jairus’ daughter had no doubt been his pride and joy for twelve years. Jairus was a leading citizen, probably a well-to-do citizen.
The mystery woman had lived a life of misery for twelve years. We don’t even know her name. She was poor, having spent all her money.
Something to think about –
The young girl is about the age when gals start their period. Though some may start as early as 8 or 9 years old, and some as late as 15 or 16, the average age is 12 or 13.
For the young girl’s entire life, before she started menstruating, this poor woman had been unable to stop bleeding.
Jesus is going to make both of them well.

:43 physiciansiatros — a physician; “healer”

:43 spentprosanalisko — to expend besides (i.e. upon physicians)

:43 lifelihoodbios — life; that by which life is sustained, resources, wealth, goods

:43 couldischuo — to be strong; to be strong in body, to be robust, to be in sound health; to have power; to have power as shown by extraordinary deeds; to be able, can

:43 healedtherapeuo — to serve, do service; to heal, cure, restore to health

Luke was a physician. He knew what it was like to struggle to diagnose and help someone, but never to find a cure.

This woman was desperate.

:43 spent all her livelihood on physicians

Mark records it a little differently,

(Mark 5:26 NKJV) and had suffered many things from many physicians. She had spent all that she had and was no better, but rather grew worse.

Luke, a physician himself, points out that other doctors had taken all her money without being able to cure her.


Are doctors okay?

Of course they are.
But physicians are only human.
They can’t cure everything. They even make mistakes.
A woman went to the doctor’s office where she was seen by one of the new doctors, but after about 4 minutes in the examination room, she burst out, screaming as she ran down the hall. An older doctor stopped her and asked what the problem was, and she told him her story. After listening, he had her sit down and relax in another room. The older doctor marched down the hallway to the back where the first Doctor was and demanded, “What’s the matter with you? Mrs. Terry is 73 years old, she has four grown children and seven grandchildren, and you told her she was pregnant?!” The new doctor continued to write on his clipboard and without looking up said, “Does she still have the hiccups?”
I worry that some Christians seem to think that it’s unspiritual or lacks faith to go to a doctor.
As a result, I see some Christians going down some pretty strange paths, adopting dangerous health practices, all in the name of trusting God.
Sometimes I think that Christians are some of the most gullible people who will believe anything.
I think that what some people really fear is knowing the truth.

They don’t want to hear that they have a serious disease, so they avoid the people that will tell them the truth.

You can still trust Jesus and go to your doctor. What if God’s plan is to use your doctor?
You just don’t put all your eggs in the doctor’s basket. Go to your doctor, but trust Jesus to lead you and heal you.

:44 cameproserchomai — to come to, approach; draw near to; to assent to

:44 behindopisthen — from behind, on the back, behind, after

:44 immediatelyparachrema — immediately, forthwith, instantly

:44 stoppedhistemi — to cause or make to stand, to place, put, set; to stand

:44 flowrhusis — a flowing issue

:44 touched the border of His garment

touchedhaptomai — to fasten one’s self to, adhere to, cling to; to touch

The religious Jews were careful not to “touch” anything unclean because they would become unclean.
Yet this woman risks causing Jesus trouble with her uncleanness and reaches out to “touch” Him.

borderkraspedon — edge, margin; the fringe of a garment

God commanded the Jews to put “borders” or “tassels” on their garments:
(Numbers 15:39–40 NKJV) —39 And you shall have the tassel, that you may look upon it and remember all the commandments of the Lord and do them, and that you may not follow the harlotry to which your own heart and your own eyes are inclined, 40 and that you may remember and do all My commandments, and be holy for your God.
In Hebrew, the word for “tassel” is tzitzit, which is a specially knotted ritual fringe.
Today they are even put on t-shirts.
(Show my prayer shawl) There were four tassels on a robe or shawl, and they were to serve a purpose.
The tassels were to remind the people to do God’s commandments and to be “holy”.

If you are not “holy”, you are “unclean”. (remember the bleeding woman…)

In the Old Testament, “unclean” was contagious (Hag. 2:10-14)
Anyone who touched something unclean became unclean.
Holiness was not contagious.
(Haggai 2:10–14 NKJV) —10 On the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord came by Haggai the prophet, saying, 11 “Thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘Now, ask the priests concerning the law, saying, 12 “If one carries holy meat in the fold of his garment, and with the edge he touches bread or stew, wine or oil, or any food, will it become holy?” ’ ” Then the priests answered and said, “No.” 13 And Haggai said, “If one who is unclean because of a dead body touches any of these, will it be unclean?” So the priests answered and said, “It shall be unclean.” 14 Then Haggai answered and said, “ ‘So is this people, and so is this nation before Me,’ says the Lord, ‘and so is every work of their hands; and what they offer there is unclean.
Here is a woman who epitomizes being “unclean”, touching the very thing that is to remind of holiness.
And yet what happens is amazing. She is healed. She becomes “clean”.


Jesus cleanses

You might consider yourself to be the worst sinner of all time.
You might think that if anyone is to be “unclean”, it’s you.
You might think that people should stay away from you because you cause nothing but trouble to those you touch.
You need to touch Jesus.
He can cleanse you.
Video: You, Sin, and Christ Illustration
John wrote,
(1 John 1:7 NKJV) But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.

When we come out of the darkness and start walking in God’s light, we will find Jesus’ blood cleansing us from all sin.

All sin.

Even yours.

:45 And Jesus said, “Who touched Me?” When all denied it, Peter and those with him said, “Master, the multitudes throng and press You, and You say, ‘Who touched Me?’ ”

:45 touchedhaptomai — to fasten one’s self to, adhere to, cling to; to touch

:45 deniedarneomai — to deny

:45 Masterepistates — any sort of superintendent or overseer

:45 throngsunecho — to hold together; to hold together with constraint, to compress; of a strait, that forces a ship into a narrow channel; of a cattle squeeze, that pushing in on each side, forcing the beast into a position where it cannot move so the farmer can administer medication

:45 pressapothlibo — to press on all sides, squeeze, press hard; of pressing out grapes and olives

:45 the multitudes throng and press You

Luke’s language describes one of those claustrophobic situations where a huge crowd is all pushing in the same direction.

On one of our trips to Russia, we got off the plane at Moscow and the air-conditioning in the terminal had gone out, and they were in the middle of a heat wave. Three hundred people from the plane are all pushing and shoving to get through passport control. It was a nightmare.

Peter is thinking that the Lord must be getting a little too “touchy”. Of course somebody “touched” Him!

:46 But Jesus said, “Somebody touched Me, for I perceived power going out from Me.”

:46 touchedhaptomai — to fasten one’s self to, adhere to, cling to; to touch

:46 perceivedginosko — to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of perceive, feel; know by personal experience

:46 powerdunamis — strength, power, ability

:46 going outexerchomai — to go or come forth of

:46 I perceived power going out from Me

powerdunamis — strength, power, ability

The Old King James has “virtue” instead of power. I like that.

To Jesus, there was a difference between someone “touching” Him and someone “touching” Him. He knew that this was a different kind of touch.

It seems that Jesus wants to draw this woman out into the open to tell what happened to her.

It has been suggested that this is all done to encourage Jairus.

:47 Now when the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came trembling; and falling down before Him, she declared to Him in the presence of all the people the reason she had touched Him and how she was healed immediately.

:47 hiddenlanthano — to be hidden, to be hidden from one, secretly, unawares, without knowing

:47 falling down beforeprospipto — to fall forwards, fall down, prostrate one’s self before, in homage or supplication: at one’s feet

:47 healediaomai — to cure, heal; to make whole; to free from errors and sins, to bring about (one’s) salvation

:47 immediatelyparachrema — immediately, forthwith, instantly

:48 And He said to her, “Daughter, be of good cheer; your faith has made you well. Go in peace.”

:48 Daughterthugater – a daughter; a daughter of God; acceptable to God, rejoicing in God’s peculiar care and protection

:48 be of good cheertharseo – to be of good courage, be of good cheer

from tharsos – courage, confidence

:48 Daughter, be of good cheer

It’s like Jesus is saying to her, “It’s okay that you touched me. You didn’t do anything wrong.”

:44 touched the border of His garment


Points of contact

Matthew records what the woman had been thinking as she made her way through the pressing crowd:
(Matthew 9:21 NKJV) For she said to herself, “If only I may touch His garment, I shall be made well.”
To some, this sounds almost a little superstitious for the woman to think that she could be healed by simply touching the hem of Jesus’ garment.
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The thing about athletes and their superstitions is that it does something to free them up to believe in what they’re doing.
Even some of us fans can be a little superstitious- and for the most part it's harmless fun.
Touching Jesus’ garment was what led to her healing.
Jesus didn’t seem bothered that the woman thought this way, instead He honored her faith by healing her.
We’ll see that it wasn’t touching His garment that healed her, it was her faith, but her faith was released by touching the garment.
We might call the touching of the hem a “point of contact” for this woman’s faith. It’s something that helped her to release her faith, to cause her to trust Jesus to heal her.
God often uses these “points of contact” to help us.
Matthew records (Mat. 14:36) that after this, people regularly begged to touch the hem of His garment.

(Matthew 14:36 NKJV) and begged Him that they might only touch the hem of His garment. And as many as touched it were made perfectly well.

Yet it wasn’t His tzitzit that made our woman well. It was her faith being released when she touched the tzitzit.

We read about the ministry of the apostle Paul:

(Acts 19:11–12 NLT) —11 God gave Paul the power to perform unusual miracles. 12 When handkerchiefs or aprons that had merely touched his skin were placed on sick people, they were healed of their diseases, and evil spirits were expelled.

There was nothing medicinal about Paul’s sweat rags. It was about faith.

This can be abused.

I’m ashamed to say that there are evangelists who make a lot of money sending “prayer cloths” to old widows so they will send them money.

James writes,

(James 5:14–15 NKJV) —14 Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise him up. And if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.

There is nothing magical about olive oil. But it can be a point of contact to release your faith.

Do you need a “point of contact” to be healed? No. But God can honor it if it helps.

8:49-56 Daughter Raised

:49 While He was still speaking, someone came from the ruler of the synagogue’s house, saying to him, “Your daughter is dead. Do not trouble the Teacher.”

:49 ruler of the synagoguearchisunagogos — ruler of the synagogue. It was his duty to select the readers or teachers in the synagogue, to examine the discourses of the public speakers, and to see that all things were done with decency and in accordance with ancestral usage.

:49 is deadthnesko — to die, to be dead.

A perfect tense is used, she had died and was still dead.

:49 Do not trouble the Teacher

troubleskullo — to skin, flay; to rend, mangle; to vex, trouble, annoy

The messenger doesn’t want to cause Jesus any further annoyance.

:50 But when Jesus heard it, He answered him, saying, “Do not be afraid; only believe, and she will be made well.”

:50 fearphobeo — to put to flight by terrifying (to scare away); to put to flight, to flee; to fear, be afraid; to be struck with fear, to be seized with alarm

:50 onlymonon — only, alone, but

:50 believepisteuo — to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in. Present active imperative.

:50 only believe, and she will be made well

will be made wellsozo – to save, keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction

This is what “saved” the bleeding woman.

She “believed” and she was “saved”.

Jesus now encourages Jairus to believe as well.

:51 When He came into the house, He permitted no one to go in except Peter, James, and John, and the father and mother of the girl.

:51 permittedaphiemi — to send away; to permit, allow, not to hinder, to give up a thing to a person

:51 girlpais — a child, boy or girl

Jesus is going to do something special, but He’s NOT doing it to draw attention to Himself or do tricks for the crowd.

:52 Now all wept and mourned for her; but He said, “Do not weep; she is not dead, but sleeping.”

:52 weptklaio — to mourn, weep, lament; weeping as the sign of pain and grief for the thing signified (i.e. for the pain and grief)

:52 mournedkopto — to cut, strike, smite; to cut from, cut off; to beat one’s breast for grief

:52 deadapothnesko — to die. Aorist active indicative.

:52 sleepingkatheudo — to fall asleep, drop off to sleep; to sleep

:53 And they ridiculed Him, knowing that she was dead.

:53 ridiculedkatagelao (“down” + “to laugh”) — to deride

I wonder when we will learn like these people are going to, that Jesus actually knows what He’s talking about…

:54 But He put them all outside, took her by the hand and called, saying, “Little girl, arise.”

:54 He put them all outside

put them ... outsideekballo — to cast out, drive out, to send out; with notion of violence; to drive out (cast out)

The people who are mocking and laughing at Jesus are going to miss out on the big moment.

They’ll see the results, the little girl alive, but they’ll miss watching Jesus do it.

:54 tookkrateo — to have power, be powerful; to get possession of; to become master of, to obtain; to take hold of; to take hold of, take, seize; to hold

:54 calledphoneo — to sound, emit a sound, to speak; of a cock: to crow; of men: to cry, cry out, cry aloud, speak with a loud voice; to send for, summon; to address, accost, call by a name

:54 little girlpais — a child, boy or girl

:54 ariseegeiro — to arouse, cause to rise; to arouse from sleep, to awake; to arouse from the sleep of death, to recall the dead to life

:54 …saying, “Little girl, arise.”

Though Luke records this in Greek, Mark gave us the exact Aramaic words that Jesus spoke.

(Mark 5:41 NKJV) Then He took the child by the hand, and said to her, “Talitha, cumi,” which is translated, “Little girl, I say to you, arise.”

Remember who is in the room with Jesus and the parents? Peter, James, and John.

A few years later, when Peter was faced with the body of a beloved dead woman named Dorcas,
(Acts 9:40 NKJV) —40 But Peter put them all out, and knelt down and prayed. And turning to the body he said, “Tabitha, arise.” And she opened her eyes, and when she saw Peter she sat up.

“Tabitha” is the Aramaic form of Dorcas, both which mean “gazelle”, but notice how similar it is to what Jesus said, “Talitha arise (cumi)”

:55 Then her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And He commanded that she be given something to eat.

:55 returnedepistrepho — to turn to; to cause to return, to bring back; to return, turn back, come back

:55 aroseanistemi — to cause to rise up, raise up; raise up from laying down; to raise up from the dead; to rise, stand up

:55 immediatelyparachrema — immediately, forthwith, instantly

:55 commandeddiatasso — to arrange, appoint, ordain, prescribe, give order

:55 to eatphago — to eat; to take food, eat a meal

:55 her spirit returned

It seems that Jesus was commanding the girl’s spirit, and it came back into her body.

:56 And her parents were astonished, but He charged them to tell no one what had happened.

:56 astonishedexistemi — to throw out of position, displace; to amaze, to astonish, throw into wonderment; to be out of one’s mind

:56 chargedparaggello — to transmit a message along from one to another, to declare, announce; to command, order, charge

It would be impossible to hide this miracle from people for too long. Jesus isn’t expecting that the entire thing be kept secret, but when He raised the little girl, His concern was for the family, not the crowd.

:50 only believe, and she will be made well

be made wellsozo – to save, keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction

Jesus was saying to Jairus about his daughter,
“Do not be afraid; only believe, and she will be saved.”
Jesus had already used this same word with the woman who was just healed, “Your faith has saved you”
Jairus has just seen what faith can do.
These are the same words Jesus said to the sinner woman who was washing His feet with her tears:
(Luke 7:50 NKJV) …“Your faith has saved you. Go in peace.”


You need to trust Him

For your salvation
If you want to be saved from going to hell after you die, you must believe in Jesus.  You must believe that Jesus died to pay for your sins.
Jesus said,

(John 3:16 NKJV) For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

Paul wrote,

(Ephesians 2:8–9 NKJV) —8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, 9 not of works, lest anyone should boast.

For cleansing
That was the lesson from the woman who was bleeding.
We talked about how walking in the light (1John 1:7) brings cleansing.
Even after you are saved, you will find that from time to time you will need cleansing.  That’s what Peter found…
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Jesus has the power to cleanse you, but you are not going to experience the freedom and joy of being cleansed unless you trust Him.
You need to trust that He will keep His word when He promises to cleanse you.
John wrote,

(1 John 1:9 NKJV) If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

This is how we are cleansed. We need to admit to Him what we have done – confess our sin.

When we confess our sin, we can count on Him, He is “faithful”, He will forgive us.

And He will cleanse us.