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Luke 6:27-30

Sunday Morning Bible Study

July 12, 2015


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die?  Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular:  2900 words    Communion: 2500 words  Video=75wpm

Luke was a doctor and a travelling companion of the apostle Paul.

He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.

In writing his book, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.

Jesus’ ministry has begun, and the people have been amazed not just at the things He’s been teaching, but the things He’s been doing.

We have started Luke’s first record of one of Jesus’ extensive teachings.

It’s similar to Matthew’s “Sermon on the Mount”, but was delivered in a different time and a different place and would be better called the “Sermon on the Plain”.

We ended last week with Jesus raising the issue of people being hostile to us:

(Luke 6:22–23 NKJV) —22 Blessed are you when men hate you, And when they exclude you, And revile you, and cast out your name as evil, For the Son of Man’s sake. 23 Rejoice in that day and leap for joy! For indeed your reward is great in heaven, For in like manner their fathers did to the prophets.
(Luke 6:26 NKJV) Woe to you when all men speak well of you, For so did their fathers to the false prophets.

6:27-30 Loving Enemies

:27 “But I say to you who hear: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you,

:27 But I say to you who hear

you who hearakouo – to be endowed with the faculty of hearing, not deaf; to hear

Why does Jesus start off with the word “but”?

When Jesus taught this in Matthew 5, He was contrasting what people have heard before and what He was teaching now.
(Matthew 5:43–44 NKJV) —43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ 44 But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you,
But in this Sermon on the Plain, the same principle is being taught as a continuation of the idea of how to respond when people are hostile to us.
Sometimes God’s lessons in the Scriptures are applicable in many different ways, in many different situations.
Whether you are learning to love your enemies and not just your friends, or whether you are learning to love your enemies when they give you a hard time, the principle is still the same:  Love your enemies.


Are you listening?

Throughout the New Testament you will see Jesus use a similar phrase such as,
(Mark 4:9 NKJV) And He said to them, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”
Seven times in the letters to the seven churches, Jesus says,
(Revelation 3:22 NKJV) “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.” ’ ”
Sometimes we hear the same things over and over again, and just tune it out.
Have you ever been on an airplane and listened to the preflight safety speech?
We were on a plane last month and when the safety speech started, the college students next to us just put on their headphones and went to sleep.  They might not have done that if we had been flying Southwest.
Video:  Southwest Flight Attendant
Sometimes the things we neglect to pay attention to could one day save our life.
Can you hear the sound of my voice this morning?
It’s not enough to just come to church and check off “going to church” on your “to do” list.
God thinks you are actually responsible for listening to what He might be trying to say to you.

:27 Love your enemies

loveagapao – to love, to feel and exhibit esteem and goodwill to a person, to prize and delight in a thing.

This is love that is based on your will, your choice, and not your emotions.
It is a choice you make to value another person.
It is a love characterized by action, and that primary action is that of giving.
It’s the word used in:

(John 3:16 NKJV) For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

Some of you today may still be considered “enemies” of God.  You’ve lived your whole life in rebellion against God.

God loved you so much He sent His Son to save you, not destroy you.

What God is looking for you to do is to open your heart to Him and believe.

The Greek word used here is in the “present tense”, meaning that we are to continually love our enemies and not just try it once or twice.


You will have enemies

Some of us have a hard time with this concept.
Will Rogers once said, “I never met a man I didn’t like”.

Just because you “like” everyone doesn’t mean that everyone will “like” you.

Paul the apostle had enemies.  Paul warned Timothy:
(2 Timothy 4:14–15 NKJV) —14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much harm. May the Lord repay him according to his works. 15 You also must beware of him, for he has greatly resisted our words.
Jesus Christ had enemies. 
They had Him crucified.  And yet while He was dying on that cross, Jesus said,
(Luke 23:34a NKJV) Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.”
Why would people hate us?

Sometimes I hurt people.  I sin.  I am an imperfect person, and the longer you know me, the greater the chances are that you’re going to be hurt one day by me. 


A knight and his men return to their castle after a long hard day of fighting. “How are we faring?” asks the king. “Sire,” replies the knight, “I have been robbing and pillaging on your behalf all day, burning the towns of your enemies in the west.” “What?!?” shrieks the king. “I don’t have any enemies to the west!” “Oh,” says the knight. “Well, you do now.”

If we choose to be gracious with each other, we have a chance of getting along.

If we choose to hold a grudge, problems develop and people become enemies.

Paul wrote,

(Ephesians 4:31–32 NKJV) —31 Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, and evil speaking be put away from you, with all malice. 32 And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God in Christ forgave you.


I’m not always clear in what I communicate to others.

Sometimes people aren’t clear when they’re talking to me.

Sometimes people misunderstand a look. 

Sometimes a rumor goes around and if I don’t check the facts, I can get swallowed up in a lie and end up being upset with someone I shouldn’t be upset with.

(Proverbs 18:13 NKJV) He who answers a matter before he hears it, It is folly and shame to him.

If I start making up my mind about people or situations without really understanding what’s being said, I can end up making enemies.

Doesn't some of this sound like what goes on in a marriage?

They hate Jesus

Sometimes it’s just the fact that I belong to Jesus, and the person I’m talking with doesn’t like Jesus.  Jesus said,

(John 15:18–19 NLT) —18 “If the world hates you, remember that it hated me first. 19 The world would love you as one of its own if you belonged to it, but you are no longer part of the world. I chose you to come out of the world, so it hates you.


Jesus was betrayed by Judas, someone that Jesus had loved and had spent three years mentoring.

Judas’ betrayal was influenced by Satan.

At the Last Supper, Jesus warned His disciples that one of them would betray Him:

(John 13:26–27 NLT) —26 Jesus responded, “It is the one to whom I give the bread I dip in the bowl.” And when he had dipped it, he gave it to Judas, son of Simon Iscariot.

In ancient Middle Eastern dining traditions, giving someone a piece of your bread to eat was like giving them a hug, a demonstration of your love and affection.

It was one last final “I love you” from Jesus to Judas, a love that Judas rejected …

27 When Judas had eaten the bread, Satan entered into him. Then Jesus told him, “Hurry and do what you’re going to do.”

What does it mean to “love” your enemies?  I think the following verses give an explanation.

:27 do good to those who hate you

The verb “do good” is also “present tense”, meaning that this is something we continually do, not just a one time attempt.

goodkalos – beautifully, finely, excellently; so that there shall be no room for blame


Respond with good deeds

When Jesus tells us to “love our enemies”, He isn’t telling us to drum up some sort of syrupy, mushy feelings for our enemies.
Agape love is about actions.  It’s about your will.  It’s about making choices.
Paul wrote,
(Romans 12:20–21 NLT) —20 Instead, “If your enemies are hungry, feed them. If they are thirsty, give them something to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals of shame on their heads.” 21 Don’t let evil conquer you, but conquer evil by doing good.

The Arabians call things that cause very acute mental pain “burning coals of the heart” and “fire of the liver”.  The idea is that when you return an evil deed with a good one, that good deed has the ability to remind the person of just how wicked they’ve been to you.

After David had killed the giant Goliath, he became extremely popular with the people of Israel.  This made his boss, King Saul extremely jealous.  Saul began a campaign to try and kill David and David had to run for his life.
Twice David had the opportunity to kill Saul, but his conscience wouldn’t let him do it.  After the second time of sparing Saul’s life…

(1 Samuel 26:21 NLT) Then Saul confessed, “I have sinned. Come back home, my son, and I will no longer try to harm you, for you valued my life today. I have been a fool and very, very wrong.”

Last Thursday night we watched the fictional movie “Do You Believe?”  One of the subplots of the movie was about a Christian paramedic who got into legal trouble for leading a dying man to Christ.
He is confronted by the attorney who was going to lead the lawsuit against him.

Video:  “Do You Believe” – Attorney confrontation – 1:23

When the attorney was involved in a fiery auto accident, the same paramedic was there to save her.

Video:  “Do You Believe” – The Rescue – 1:39

She couldn’t imagine why he had saved her.

Video:  “Do You Believe” – Why Did You Save Me – 1:45

It shook her world.

Video:  “Do You Believe” – I was wrong – 1:52

Why would someone save someone who just tried to ruin their life?  Because that’s what our Jesus did.

That was a fictional story.  This next story is true.
When the first missionaries came to Alberta, Canada, they were opposed by a young Cree Indian chief named Maskepetoon.  But eventually he responded to the gospel and accepted Christ.  Shortly afterward, a member of the Blackfoot tribe who hated Maskepetoon killed his father.  Maskepetoon rode into the murderer’s village and demanded that he be brought before him.  Confronting the guilty man he said, “You shall ride my best horse and wear my best clothes.”

In utter amazement and remorse his enemy exclaimed, “My son, now you have killed me.”  The hate in his heart had been erased by Maskepetoon’s forgiveness and kindness.

It doesn’t always end this way when we learn to love our enemies, but this is the way Jesus wants us to respond.
Jesus wants to give people a chance to turn around.
He prefers to use kindness to make us turn around.

(Romans 2:4 NLT) Don’t you see how wonderfully kind, tolerant, and patient God is with you? Does this mean nothing to you? Can’t you see that his kindness is intended to turn you from your sin?

:28 bless those who curse you, and pray for those who spitefully use you.

:28 bless those who curse you

blesseulogeo – to praise, celebrate with praises; to invoke blessings; to ask God’s blessing on a thing

cursekataraomai (“against” + “pray”) – to curse, doom, imprecate evil upon

:28 pray for those who spitefully use you

(Luke 6:28 NLT) …Pray for those who hurt you.

spitefully useepereazo (“upon” + “threats”) – to insult; to treat abusively, use despitefully; to revile; in a forensic sense, to accuse falsely; to threaten

Only used here and in
(1 Peter 3:16 NKJV) having a good conscience, that when they defame you as evildoers, those who revile your good conduct in Christ may be ashamed.


Pray blessings

This is not an easy thing to do.  We want to return curses with curses.
Some of us will even get spiritual when we pray for others by quoting King David.
Sometimes David didn’t pray the nicest things for his enemies.
(Psalm 10:15 NKJV) Break the arm of the wicked and the evil man; Seek out his wickedness until You find none.
(Psalm 58:6 NKJV) Break their teeth in their mouth, O God! Break out the fangs of the young lions, O Lord!

I’m not sure that these were the kinds of “prayers” Jesus was talking about.

For those of you frantically writing down this verse so you can pray them, keep in mind that when David prayed for his enemies, he also tended to put the issue in God’s hand. 

David let God take care of Saul.  And that’s what God did.

People will be lobbing unkind things at you.
How will you return what’s been shot at you?
Video:  Returning the Serve

Returning the serve is the second most important shot in tennis.

It’s kind of like how you “return” a curse shot at you.

It takes practice.

Jesus says to return curses with blessings.
The Greek word for blessings is eulogeo, which literally means “good words”.
Pray for them as you would like to be prayed for.  Next week we’ll hear Jesus say,

(Luke 6:31 NKJV) And just as you want men to do to you, you also do to them likewise.

You could think about praying for them using some of Paul’s prayers like,

(Ephesians 3:18–19 NLT) —18 And may you have the power to understand, as all God’s people should, how wide, how long, how high, and how deep his love is. 19 May you experience the love of Christ, though it is too great to understand fully. Then you will be made complete with all the fullness of life and power that comes from God.

I’d like to be prayed for that way, wouldn’t you?

:29 To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other also. And from him who takes away your cloak, do not withhold your tunic either.

:29 strikestupto – to strike, beat, smite

:29 cheeksiagon – the jaw, the jaw bone

:29 cloakhimation – a garment (of any sort); the upper garment, the cloak or mantle

:29 tunicchiton – a tunic, an undergarment, usually worn next to the skin, a garment, a vestment

:29 do not withholdkoluo – to hinder, prevent forbid; to withhold a thing from anyone; to deny or refuse one a thing

:29 offer the other also

Does this mean that if one spouse is hitting the other spouse that they should just let them hit them and die?

I don’t think there’s value in dying for the sake of the other person’s anger problem.
It’s one thing to give your life for the sake of preaching the gospel, but when you are married to someone who does not have control over their anger, use common sense and step away.
Separate.  Get counsel.  Call the police.
Don’t feed the other person’s anger by being their punching bag.
Some people will not get serious about dealing with their anger until they are cooling their heels in a jail cell.

:30 Give to everyone who asks of you. And from him who takes away your goods do not ask them back.

:30 ask them backapaiteo – to ask back, demand back, exact something due

:30 Give to everyone who asks of you

Again, I don’t want to sound like I’m trying to make excuses for not obeying Jesus, but there is a balance to this. 

For some of us, we read verses like this and empty our pockets whenever someone asks us for money. 

The balance is that the Bible says,

(2 Thessalonians 3:10–12 NLT) —10 Even while we were with you, we gave you this command: “Those unwilling to work will not get to eat.” 11 Yet we hear that some of you are living idle lives, refusing to work and meddling in other people’s business. 12 We command such people and urge them in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ to settle down and work to earn their own living.
We’ve learned the hard way that sometimes people are going to continually take advantage of you because you are “the Christian”.  I think we need wisdom and discernment to say “no” when we know that it’s not right to help this person.
When someone is making their living off of taking advantage of others, we should take a stand to tell them they need to work like everyone else.

:29 To him who strikes you on the one cheek


Put down your fists

Even though I think there are limits to how this applies, for many of us the lesson is very clear.
Don’t fight back.
There was a story about a truck driver who dropped in at an all-night restaurant in Broken Bow, Nebraska. The waitress had just served him when three swaggering, leather-jacketed motorcyclists—of the Hell’s Angels type—entered and rushed up to him, apparently spoiling for a fight.  One grabbed the hamburger off his plate; another took a handful of his French fries; and the third picked up his coffee and began to drink it.  The trucker did not respond as one might expect.  Instead, he calmly rose, picked up his check, walked to the front of the room, put the check and his money on the cash register, and went out the door. The waitress followed him to put the money in the till and stood watching out the door as the big truck drove away into the night.  When she returned, one of the bikers said to her, “Well, he’s not much of a man, is he?”  She replied, “I can’t answer as to that, but he’s not much of a truck driver.  He just ran over three motorcycles out in the parking lot.”

It’s not easy to not fight back, isn’t it?

I don’t think it’s wrong to study the martial arts, if you do it for the right reasons.
In the movie “Karate Kid” (the original, 1984), Daniel-son gets beat up by a bunch of bullies, and he asks Mr. Miyagi to teach him karate.

Video:  Karate Kid – Karate for defense only

I don’t think it’s wrong to defend yourself at times.

But there are going to be times when you need to step back and not defend yourself.

Sometimes God wants us to just let it go.
When the people in the Corinthian church were mad at each other and suing other believers in the secular courts.  Paul considered this behavior before the unbelieving judges to be an embarrassment.  Paul wrote them,

(1 Corinthians 6:7 NLT) Even to have such lawsuits with one another is a defeat for you. Why not just accept the injustice and leave it at that? Why not let yourselves be cheated?

There’s a Greek word in the New Testament, praus.
In secular Greek writing, this word is used to describe a powerful, wild horse that is tamed and controlled by its master.
Our English Bibles translate this word as “gentle” or “meek.
It’s not a word to describe a “wimp”, but a word used to describe a person who has their strength under control.  They are able to control their response to situations.

Jesus said,

(Matthew 5:5 NKJV) Blessed are the meek, For they shall inherit the earth.

Sometimes choosing not to fight back is a sign of strength, of control, not of weakness.

Jesus Himself is “gentle”

(Matthew 11:29 NKJV) Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.

“Gentleness” is one of the things that the Holy Spirit will produce in our lives, a “fruit of the Spirit” (Gal. 5:22-23)

(Galatians 5:22–23 NKJV) —22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law.

Jesus’ teaching can be kind of dangerous, huh?
Loving your enemies.
Responding with good deeds.
Praying a blessing.
Putting down your fists.