Morning Bible Study
Luke was a doctor and a travelling companion of the apostle Paul.
He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.
In writing his book, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel
of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.
We’ve read about the birth of Jesus, the ministry of John the Baptist, and Jesus
being led into the desert not only to be tempted by Satan, but to be victorious
in His temptations.
4:14-15 Back to Galilee
:14 Then Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and news of
Him went out through all the surrounding region.
:15 And He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.
:14 Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit
Jesus had an active relationship with the Holy Spirit.
When Jesus was baptized, the Holy Spirit came upon Him (Luke 3:22).
When Jesus went into the desert to fast and be tested, He was full of the Holy Spirit and led by the Spirit (Luke 4:1)
Now we see Jesus walking in the power
of the Spirit.
Even though Jesus is the Son of God, God in human flesh, He lived His life
being dependent upon the Holy Spirit.
Do you think we need the Holy Spirit?
NKJV) And do not be drunk with wine, in which is dissipation; but be
filled with the Spirit,
We are commanded to be continually filled with the Holy Spirit. We need Him!
:15 He taught in their synagogues
We’ve been to a few of the synagogues dating back to Jesus’ day that have
been excavated in the Galilee area.
One of the places we know He had already been to was Capernaum (Luke 4:23)
We’ll look more at the synagogue at Capernaum next week.
Another place He went to was Chorazin.
Video: Chorazin map clip
Capernaum was on the north beach of the Sea of Galilee.
Chorazin was a little farther north up in the hills from Capernaum.
Video: Chorazin Synagogue
A typical synagogue was smaller than the room we are meeting in.
There were bench seats along the outside of the room for the wealthy
people, and the rest of us would sit on mats on the floor.
In the front by the entrance was a cabinet where the scrolls would be kept.
When the Scriptures were read, everyone would stand.
On the other side of the entrance was the “Moses seat”, where the teacher
would sit while teaching.
:15 being glorified by all
Luke doesn’t give us a record of what Jesus taught or did in the synagogues
in Galilee in these early days.
What Luke does tell us is that the people loved what Jesus was saying and
what He was doing. For the moment.
4:16-21 Nazareth Synagogue
:16 So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom
was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read.
:16 He came to Nazareth
The most recent archaeology seems to indicate that Nazareth in Jesus’ day
was one of the smaller towns.
There may have been as few as 100 people living there at the time.
:16 into the synagogue … stood up to read
It’s possible that the synagogue may have been smaller than the one at
As was customary and in reverence to the Scriptures, Jesus stands as He
:17 And He was handed the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had
opened the book, He found the place where it was written:
:17 handed the book of the prophet Isaiah
He will read from Isaiah 61:1-2.
This was a passage understood to be a description of the Messiah, the
It was common practice in a synagogue service to allow a guest of honor or
visiting rabbi to read part of the Scripture reading.
Teaching would follow the reading, and the teacher would sit up front in
the seat of Moses.
From where He read in Isaiah, according to the prescribed reading calendar,
we know what time of year it was.
This particular passage is read the fourth Sabbath before the Jewish New
Year, sometime around the first of September.
:18 “The Spirit of the Lord
is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me To preach the gospel to the
poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives
And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are
:19 To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.”
:18 The Spirit of the Lord
is upon Me
Luke has already made it clear that Jesus operated under the power of the
Holy Spirit, the “anointing” of the Holy Spirit.
:18 anointed … To preach the gospel to the poor
“preaching the gospel” means to give someone good news.
Some people might not think that finding out they are
pregnant is good news.
All they might think of is the pain and trouble a baby
But believe me, it’s great news.
The gospel that we preach is about giving people good news.
It’s not pain free, just like being a parent.
There is some bad news too, like the fact that you have to
recognize you are a sinner and that God wants you to turn from your destructive
But it’s mostly really, really good news.
God has made a way for you to be saved from the penalty of
He has made it possible for you to break free from the
grip of sin.
He has made it possible for you to go to heaven.
God actually loves you.
Jesus didn’t come to preach the gospel to people who think they have all
the answers. He came to reach out to
those who are smart enough to realize they need God, they are “poor” without
:18 He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted
Healing Broken Hearts
broken – suntribo – to
break in pieces; to tread down; crush
There are several things that can result in broken hearts.
Someone you have valued has rejected you, and sometimes
It might be a parent that has rejected you.
It might be a friend who has rejected.
It might be a spouse who has rejected you.
13:12 NKJV) Hope deferred makes the heart sick, But when the desire comes, it
is a tree of life.
Sometimes it’s that job you hoped for, but didn’t come
It might be that college you wanted to get into, but you
were not accepted.
Is your heart broken?
Jesus came to heal your heart.
:18 To proclaim liberty to the captives
I would imagine that the Jews in Jesus day were hoping that the Messiah
would free them from their Roman overlords.
But Jesus came to free us from another kind of slavery.
Freedom from sin
Jesus didn’t just come to give us a ticket to heaven.
He came to free us from the power of sin in our lives.
(Romans 8:2 NKJV) For the law
of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and
This freedom from sin is something that we have an active role in. We have to make correct choices.
NKJV) —16 Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey,
you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to
death, or of obedience leading to righteousness? 17 But God be
thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the
heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered. 18 And having
been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.
Jesus gives us the power to stop that sin that can hold us
Other people have a role in our lives concerning this as well.
(2 Timothy 2:24–26
NKJV) —24 And a servant of the Lord must not quarrel but be gentle to all,
able to teach, patient, 25 in humility correcting those who are in opposition, if God perhaps
will grant them repentance, so that they may know the truth, 26 and that
they may come to their senses and escape the snare of the devil,
having been taken captive by him to do his will.
Sometimes we are those the ones who get caught in sin.
We need to be around people who are going to teach us
healthy ways of living.
We need to be around people who will humbly and gently
teach us the truth about our lives.
:18 recovery of sight to the blind
Jesus healed quite a few blind people during His ministry. This is from
Video: Gospel of John – Healing the
He also came to give sight to another kind of blindness, one that affects
far more people than physical blindness.
It’s blindness to the truth about God.
Even very religious people can be “blind” to the truth about God.
(John 9:39–40 NKJV)
—39 And Jesus said, “For judgment I have come into this world, that
those who do not see may see, and that those who see may be made blind.” 40 Then some
of the Pharisees who were with Him heard these words, and said to Him, “Are we
The Pharisees claimed to know everything about God, but
they were for the most part blind to what God was doing.
Who Jesus is
One aspect of blindness is in understanding who Jesus is.
12:46 NKJV) I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes
in Me should not abide in darkness.
Jesus died to save you.
Do you understand that?
Who we are
Part of our blindness is in understanding who we are.
John 1:5–10 NKJV) —5 This is the message which we have heard from Him and declare to
you, that God is light and in Him is no darkness at all. 6 If we say
that we have fellowship with Him, and walk in darkness, we lie and do not
practice the truth. 7 But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have
fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us
from all sin. 8 If we say
that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9 If we
confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to
cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word
is not in us.
Being blind is like being in “darkness” because you don’t
see anything around you.
If you are walking in the light, you will see what’s going
on around you, including who you are and what you need to do.
If you deny that you have sin in your life, you must be in
darkness because the truth is we are all sinners.
If you learn to confess your sins, and turn from your
sins, it shows you are in the light, your eyes have been opened.
Hearing and seeing are similar in some ways. Here are some deaf people who have had
cochlear implants and are hearing for the first time.
I found it interesting that these folks not only were
surprised to hear the voices of others, but hearing their own voice for the
Having your eyes open is not just about understanding God
and others, it’s about understanding yourself.
:18 To set at liberty those who are oppressed
oppressed – thrauo – break
in pieces, shatter, smite through
liberty – aphesis – release
from bondage or imprisonment; forgiveness or pardon, of sins (letting them go
as if they had never been committed)
There are more kinds of “oppression” than being under the rule of a cruel
Bitterness and unforgiveness can be a cruel dictator.
You might think you need to hold on to the bitterness you feel towards
someone because of the great crime they committed against you.
But it’s breaking you in pieces like a cruel dictator.
Brene made the point that blame has an inverse relationship to accountability.
If someone does something that hurts you, you speak up and
say something like, “When you did such and such, it made me feel…”
But what she didn’t say was that you need to respond with letting
it go, releasing it, forgiving.
You can hold people accountable, but never forgive them,
and you will still have the rage inside of you.
We learn how to forgive by learning how God forgives us.
Jesus told a story about a man who was forgiven a debt of 10 million
dollars, only to turn around and send someone to prison who owed him 10 bucks.
The story was meant to illustrate that since we’ve been
forgiven so much by God, we ought to forgive others.
4:32 NKJV) And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another,
even as God in Christ forgave you.
Jesus came to forgive us, and teach us how to forgive others.
:19 To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord
God is for you
The word translated “acceptable” in Isaiah’s original text means “pleasure,
Jesus came to proclaim the year of God’s favor.
To be honest, Jesus didn’t finish the reading from Isaiah.
If we would look in Isaiah 61:2, Jesus actually stopped reading at a
Isaiah 61:2 reads:
(Isaiah 61:2 NKJV) To proclaim
the acceptable year of the Lord, And the day
of vengeance of our God…
Jesus didn’t read the part about the day of vengeance of
God because that part of the prophecy wouldn’t be fulfilled until Jesus comes
back the second time.
There is a gap of 2,000 years between the first phrase and
the second phrase.
We are still in the time of God’s favor.
God is still showing grace and mercy to all who will turn to Him.
There will be a time when God will judge this world and
everyone will pay for their sin, but that time hasn’t come … yet.
This is the time to turn to God.
When you turn to God, you will find what Paul writes about:
NKJV) —31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us,
who can be against us? 32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all,
how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things?
:20 Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and
sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed on Him.
:20 He closed the book
It was more likely a scroll, not what we think of as a book.
:20 and sat down
I don’t think Jesus went back to sit with the other members of the
This is the moment when the teacher of the synagogue sits in the Moses seat
and teaches on what was just read.
What He is about to say is going to explain the passage.
:21 And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your
:21 Today this Scripture is fulfilled
Jesus is claiming to be the one described in the Scripture.
Jesus is claiming to be the long awaited Messiah.
Isaiah wrote over seven hundred years before Jesus.
Can you imagine how blown away these simple people sitting in the Nazareth
synagogue must have been to have been listening to Jesus read the familiar
passage about the coming Messiah, and then he says that it has been fulfilled
right there in front of them?
Today is the day
The Bible says that “today is the day of salvation” (2Cor. 6:2)
God is giving you a chance today to turn to Him.
He’s giving you a chance to start “seeing” for the first time.
He’s offering to you forgiveness.
He’s offering you power to turn from sin.