Morning Bible Study
Israel: Come to Israel with Deb and
I. If you are thinking about this, we
really need to know this week.
Luke was a doctor and a travelling companion of the apostle Paul.
He wrote this book while Paul was in prison.
In writing his book, Luke made use of other older documents like the Gospel
of Mark, as well as extensive eyewitness accounts.
The first chapter was about the events leading up to the birth of Jesus.
The second chapter started with the birth of Jesus.
Forty days after His birth, Jesus was dedicated in the Temple.
We are still on that same day…
:36 Now there was one, Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the
tribe of Asher. She was of a great age, and had lived with a husband seven
years from her virginity;
:37 and this woman was a widow of about eighty-four years, who did
not depart from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers
night and day.
:36 had lived with a husband seven years from her virginity
She had been married to her husband for seven years when he died.
:37 a widow of about eighty-four years
Some take this to mean that she was eighty-four years old at the time.
Others take this to mean that she was a widow for eighty-four years after her husband died.
Some have estimated she could have been upwards of 106 years old.
Widows were considered the lowest rung in society, the poorest of the poor.
:37 served God …night and day
served – latreuo – to
serve, minister to; in the NT, to render religious service or homage, to
This is the word used to describe what the priests did in the Temple with
offering sacrifices, prayers, lighting the Menorah, etc.
:37 with fastings and prayers
This was how she served God.
prayers – deesis – need; a
This is not the word for prayer in general, but here the idea is making
It’s making requests of God based on needs.
Anna was an “intercessor”.
It’s the same word used in –
4:6–7 NKJV) —6 Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication,
with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God; 7 and the
peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and
minds through Christ Jesus.
She also “served” by fasting.
This is not about losing weight.
This is about getting serious with God, to hear His voice
clearer, and to make our prayers more effective.
This is why Anna fasted.
There are certain things that aren’t going to happen apart
from prayer and fasting
Jesus had been up on the mountain praying with Peter,
James, and John. While they were gone,
some of the other disciples had been asked to cast a demon out of a child, but
they were unable to do so.
When Jesus got back He cast out the demon, and the
disciples asked why they couldn’t cast out the demon, Jesus said,
17:21 NKJV) However, this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting.”
You may not feel like you are worth much.
In some ways you might feel like you’re in the place of
the “widow” of ancient days.
But there is something VERY precious and valuable that you
have the ability to do.
You can learn to be a prayer warrior.
We need more prayer warriors in our church.
We need folks who will pray over the weekly prayer list.
We need folks who will pray in the back room during the
We need folks praying at home.
You are greatly needed.
:38 And coming in that instant she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of
Him to all those who looked for redemption in Jerusalem.
:38 she gave thanks to the Lord
This old widow who was faithful to serve the Lord with her prayers was
there when the baby Jesus was brought to the Temple.
She got to see Him with her own eyes.
I wonder if she didn’t even do a little dance. We actually caught her on video …
:38 to all those who looked for redemption
There were apparently others who hung out in the Temple, looking for the
Savior to come.
2:39-40 Back to Nazareth
:39 So when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord,
they returned to Galilee, to their own city, Nazareth.
:40 And the Child grew and became strong in spirit, filled with wisdom; and
the grace of God was upon Him.
:39 performed all things according to the law
Joseph and Mary would be considered “orthodox” Jews.
Jesus was raised in a very Jewish home.
2:41-50 Jerusalem Passover
:41 His parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover.
:41 every year … Passover
This was part of how Joseph and Mary obeyed the Law of Moses.
The Law of Moses required that every male travel to Jerusalem to celebrate
the Feast of Passover (Deut. 16:16)
At the end of His life, when we see Jesus going to Jerusalem knowing He was
going to be crucified, it was at Passover.
Just as He had always done, every year, for thirty three years.
:42 And when He was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according
to the custom of the feast.
:42 when He was twelve years old
This is the age that every Jewish boy has his “bar mitzvah”, where he becomes
a “son of the covenant”, where he is considered a grown, adult man.
Even though Jesus has been to Jerusalem many times, this is His first time
celebrating the Passover as an “adult”.
:43 When they had finished the days, as they returned, the Boy Jesus
lingered behind in Jerusalem. And Joseph and His mother did not know it;
:44 but supposing Him to have been in the company, they went a day’s
journey, and sought Him among their relatives and acquaintances.
:44 supposing Him to have been in the company
Some of us can’t imagine how Joseph and Mary would leave Jerusalem and
travel for an entire day without knowing that Jesus wasn’t with them.
They had been travelling in a group, in a “caravan”.
With these “caravans”, it was customary for the women to be in front, and
the men follow in the rear.
Mary might have thought Jesus was with Joseph, and Joseph thought He was
We know that Jesus also had other brothers and sisters, and Joseph and Mary
would have had their hands full keeping track of them as well.
:44 they went a day’s journey
They were a day out of Jerusalem before they realized Jesus was missing.
It would be another day to get back to Jerusalem.
And then it would take them another day to find Him in Jerusalem.
:45 So when they did not find Him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking Him.
:46 Now so it was that after three days they found Him in the
temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking
:47 And all who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and answers.
:46 after three days they found Him
I can’t help thinking of another time when people would be without Jesus
for three days after the Passover.
:46 both listening to them and asking them questions
Jesus isn’t sitting in the Temple enlightening the teachers with His
He is listening carefully, learning to ask the right questions, and
dialoging with the teachers.
:48 So when they saw Him, they were amazed; and His mother said to Him,
“Son, why have You done this to us? Look, Your father and I have sought You
:48 why have You done this to us?
I wonder if Jesus ever did silly things with his brother James when they
were little …
Mary and Joseph are just like every parent.
They have been worried sick about Jesus.
:49 And He said to them, “Why did you seek Me? Did you not know that I must
be about My Father’s business?”
:50 But they did not understand the statement which He spoke to them.
:50 they did not understand
This seems to be the first time Jesus is calling God His “father”. Somehow it goes right over His parents’
2:51-52 Growing up
:51 Then He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was subject to
them, but His mother kept all these things in her heart.
:52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and
:52 increased in wisdom … stature … grace
It’s hard to think that Jesus was anything but the fully perfect person
from day one.
Yet Luke tells us that Jesus grew and matured.
He is growing mentally, physically, and spiritually.
:51 was subject to them
subject – hupotasso – to
arrange under; to submit to one’s control; to obey
Submission is something we all need to learn about.
Even Jesus learned how to be submissive to silly parents who “didn’t
Kids & parents
(Ephesians 6:1 NLT)
obey your parents because you belong to the Lord, for this is the right thing
It’s hard when you get to the age where you realize that your parents
aren’t perfect, and in fact you just might be smarter than they are.
Just put yourself in Jesus’ shoes.
He was God in human flesh.
Growing Opinions of
4 years: My daddy can do anything.
7 years: My dad knows a lot, a whole lot.
8 years: My father doesn't know quite everything.
12 years: Oh, well, naturally Father doesn't know that,
14 years: Father? Hopelessly old-fashioned.
21 years: Oh, that man is out-of-date. What did you expect?
25 years: He knows a little bit about it, but not much.
30 years: Maybe we ought to find out what Dad thinks.
35 years: A little patience. Let's get Dad's assessment
before we do anything.
50 years: I wonder what Dad would have thought about that.
He was pretty smart.
60 years: My Dad knew absolutely everything!
65 years: I'd give anything if Dad were here so I could
talk this over with him. I really miss
Now that I’m at the latter end of this list, I can tell
you that this is actually true. I miss
Even though Jesus actually was superior to His parents, He chose to submit
to them when He was a youth.
Workers & Bosses
(Ephesians 6:5 NLT)
obey your earthly masters with deep respect and fear. Serve them sincerely as
you would serve Christ.
If you don’t learn submission as a teen, you’re going to have problems when
you enter the job market.
Your parents aren’t the only adults who aren’t as smart as you.
The same goes for your bosses.
Those of us who have been through the school of submission have a term for
those who haven’t learned to submit to their employers.
Yes, there are those rare ones who buck the system, start
their own company, and make a billion dollars.
But for most people who don’t learn to respect their boss,
we call them “unemployed”.
Me & God
(James 4:7 NKJV) Therefore
submit to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.
It’s sad we often get these backward – submitting to the
devil and resisting God.
Ultimately, it all gets back to your relationship with God.
Consider each time you are challenged to learn submission in the other
areas – you are actually learning to submit your life to God.
When you do not learn to respect God and submit to Him, there are things
that will result. A sort of “chain
Video: Pepsi Max Chain Reaction
Now that’s a pretty cool chain reaction.
Paul talked about the chain reaction that follows when you don’t
acknowledge God and His ways, and it’s not so cool.
NLT) —18 But God shows his anger from heaven against all sinful, wicked
people who suppress the truth by their wickedness. 19 They know
the truth about God because he has made it obvious to them. 20 For ever
since the world was created, people have seen the earth and sky. Through
everything God made, they can clearly see his invisible qualities—his eternal
power and divine nature. So they have no excuse for not knowing God. 21 Yes, they
knew God, but they wouldn’t worship him as God or even give him thanks. And
they began to think up foolish ideas of what God was like. As a result, their
minds became dark and confused. 22 Claiming to be wise, they instead became utter fools. 23 And instead of worshiping the glorious, ever-living God, they
worshiped idols made to look like mere people and birds and animals and
reptiles. 24 So God
abandoned them to do whatever shameful things their hearts desired. As a
result, they did vile and degrading things with each other’s bodies. 25 They traded
the truth about God for a lie. So they worshiped and served the things God
created instead of the Creator himself, who is worthy of eternal praise! Amen.
Paul’s point is that it’s obvious to any real thinking
person that God exists.
Just looking at the intricacies of a single cell, or the
amount of information encoded in a strand of DNA – all point to an intelligent
When a person rejects the truth that God exists, and that
God has told us what is right and what is wrong, a chain of events begins to
Paul saw it taking place in his time. We see it happening again today.
Brace yourselves, because some of you are going to be
offended by what follows. I am not going
to be politically correct. Just be sure
to remember I’m simply reading you the word of God.
Now watch the chain reaction pick up …
26 That is why
God abandoned them to their shameful desires. Even the women turned against the
natural way to have sex and instead indulged in sex with each other. 27 And the men,
instead of having normal sexual relations with women, burned with lust for each
other. Men did shameful things with other men, and as a result of this sin,
they suffered within themselves the penalty they deserved.
When we reject the Designer, we reject how He has designed
I’m sorry if it sounds like I'm oversimplifying things. If
you or your friends have embraced the gay mentality you might not think that
you've rejected God. I know it's all way more complicated than this. But this
is the origin of where this all comes from. This is Paul's argument.
Some Christians make the mistake of making homosexuality
the worst of all sins.
Watch as the chain reaction reaches the next level…
28 Since they
thought it foolish to acknowledge God, he abandoned them to their foolish
thinking and let them do things that should never be done. 29 Their lives
became full of every kind of wickedness, sin, greed, hate, envy, murder,
quarreling, deception, malicious behavior, and gossip. 30 They are
backstabbers, haters of God, insolent, proud, and boastful. They invent new
ways of sinning, and they disobey their parents. 31 They refuse to understand, break
their promises, are heartless, and have no mercy. 32 They know
God’s justice requires that those who do these things deserve to die, yet they
do them anyway. Worse yet, they encourage others to do them, too.
Please listen to me.
I’m not saying
that if you refuse to follow God you are going to wind up a murderer.
I am saying that
if you refuse to acknowledge God as God, you are going to fall for the deception that the world has been feeding
Jesus came to preach the gospel, which means “good news”.
He didn’t come to condemn us, but to forgive us and change us.
Paul goes on to write in Romans:
(Romans 6:23 NLT) For the
wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life through Christ
Jesus our Lord.
We find forgiveness and eternal life in Jesus because He
died to pay for our sins. All of our
(Romans 12:1–2 NLT)
—1 And so, dear brothers and sisters, I plead with you to give your
bodies to God because of all he has done for you. Let them be a living and holy
sacrifice—the kind he will find acceptable. This is truly the way to worship
him. 2 Don’t copy
the behavior and customs of this world, but let God transform you into a new
person by changing the way you think. Then you will learn to know God’s will
for you, which is good and pleasing and perfect.