Wednesday Night Bible Survey
March 22, 1995
We're now in the final week of Jesus' earthly life.
:1-5 Jesus' Betrayal is planned
:2 after two days is the feast of the passover
This is apparently Tuesday evening, which the Jews would count as being Wednesday, the next day starts at sunset, not at midnight.
Jesus had been in the temple all day Tuesday, teaching. Then he came out of the temple, and gave the discourse of chs.24-25 on the Mount of Olives. This is now the evening of the same day.
The two days He is speaking about are Wednesday and Thursday.
The Passover would begin at sundown on Thursday, or, Friday to the Jews.
:3 high priest ... Caiaphas
His actual name was Joseph, but he was given the nickname of Caiaphas (just as Simon was given the name Peter by Jesus), which means "as comely"
His father-in-law, Annas, was high priest from A.D. 6-15, and was still called by some "high priest", though at this time, the actual high priest was Caiaphas.
Ishmael, Eleazar, and Simon held the office between the deposition of Annas and the appointment of Caiaphas
Caiaphas was appointed high priest in A.D. 18 by Valerius Gratus, the governor of Judaea.
He was removed as high priest by Vitellius, governor of Syria, in A.D. 36, and unable to bear his disgrace, killed himself.
He, along with Annas, was a Sadducee.
:6-13 Anointing for burial
About 1.5 miles to the east of Jerusalem.
This was the hometown of Lazarus, Martha, and Mary
:6 in the house of Simon the leper
Is there anything strange about this?
Lepers were considered unclean!
What's Jesus doing in his house?
Jesus has probably healed him.
There some other interesting things we can note from John 12:
The one in charge of serving the meal - Martha (who else?)
Lazarus was sitting at the table with Jesus.
:7 a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment
The woman is identified in John 12 as Mary, the sister of Martha.
She's the one who sat at Jesus' feet while Martha was serving, busy about so many things. (Luke 10:39)
We aren't told just exactly what kind of perfume this was, but that it was very expensive.
John 12:3 says it was a pound of spikenard, or, oil of nard, made from Far Eastern plants and imported.
We find out in John 12:5 that it was estimated to be worth 300 denarii, or, a year's wages.
:8 they had indignation ...
Actually, it was one disciple in particular who was upset over this waste.
It was Judas Iscariot (John 12:4-6), and he was upset because he was the treasurer of the group, and he used to pilfer from the groups funds.
:11 the poor always with you ...
Does this mean that we aren't to worry about helping the poor?
It just means that in this particular situation, when it came to either using the money to help the poor, or using the money to anoint Jesus for His burial, the latter was more important.
:13 for a memorial of her
And so it is recorded in Scripture. Wow!
Jesus is worth it!
You can't spend too much on Jesus
You can't give Him too much of your life.
I'm not talking about giving money to the church, I'm talking about giving everything to Jesus and let Him do with your life whatever He wants to.
Lavishing worship upon Jesus
"Hey, don't spend so much time at church worshipping Jesus!"
Wait a minute, Jesus is worth it!
:14-16 Judas' Agreement with chief priests
:15 What will ye give me ...
Do you begin to see a pattern in Judas' life?
Does he appear to be motivated by money?
1Timothy 6:9-10 AV But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and [into] many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. 10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
We need to be careful about what motivates us, don't we?
:15 thirty pieces of silver
Or, thirty shekels, equivalent to 120 denarii, or, about a third of a year's wages.
Ironic that this is only about a third of what the perfume cost Mary.