Morning Bible Study
The historical background to Zechariah, like that of Haggai, is found in
the book of Ezra.
Zechariah lived during the time that the Jews had begun to return from
Babylon and rebuild their Temple.
The prophecies of Zechariah are given during the years of 520-518 BC.
One of the key distinctions of the book of Zechariah is the amount of
prophecy about the coming Messiah.
We now in section in Zechariah, when he gives a series of prophecies that
look far into his future.
Chapters 9-11 dealt primarily with the first coming of the Messiah.
Chapters 12-14 will deal with the second coming of the Messiah.
So one last time, we are setting our DeLorean time machine for our own
future. Buckle up your seat belts and let’s hit the road…
14:1-15 The day of the Lord
:1 Behold, the day of the Lord
is coming, And your spoil will be divided in your midst.
:1 the day of the Lord is
This is a time of judgment, culminating in the return of Jesus Christ.
:1 your spoil will be divided
The city of Jerusalem will be captured towards the end of the battle of
The spoils of the city will be divided among the nations that are attacking
:2 For I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem; The city
shall be taken, The houses rifled, And the women ravished. Half of the city
shall go into captivity, But the remnant of the people shall not be cut off
from the city.
:2 houses rifled … women ravished
Sounds kind of barbaric.
Here’s an interview with Andrew White, the Anglican bishop that used to be
in Bagdad, but has since been evacuated to Israel.
The news reports tells us that the Islamic State is not only beheading
children, but looting households, raping women, and selling women and children
:3 Then the Lord will go
forth And fight against those nations, As He fights in the day of battle.
:3 the Lord will go forth
Jesus returns to Jerusalem and fights the battle.
19:11–16 NKJV) —11 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat
on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and
makes war. 12 His eyes were
like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name
written that no one knew except Himself. 13 He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is
called The Word of God. 14 And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean,
followed Him on white horses. 15 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should
strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He
Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And He has
on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF
KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS
There are some battles that we must fight.
Joshua led the armies of Israel into battle to conquer the Canaanites.
(Joshua 1:5 NKJV) No man shall
be able to stand before you all the days of your life; as I was with
Moses, so I will be with you. I will not leave you nor forsake you.
Even though God promised to be with them, they still
needed to swing their swords and fight the battles.
There are other battles that God will fight.
When Jehoshaphat was being invaded by Ammon, Moab, and Edom, a prophet
Chronicles 20:15 NKJV) …Thus says the Lord
to you: ‘Do not be afraid nor dismayed because of this great multitude, for the
battle is not yours, but God’s.
We get into trouble when we confuse the two.
When it comes to temptation, we want God to do all the fighting.
We ask people to pray that we will be delivered from
But though God will help us with the battle, this is a battle
where we must swing the sword.
3:5 NLT) So put to death the sinful, earthly things lurking within you. Have
nothing to do with sexual immorality, impurity, lust, and evil desires. Don’t
be greedy, for a greedy person is an idolater, worshiping the things of this
There are going to be other situations where God wants to be the one to
Sometimes it might be a situation with someone in your
life that is causing you problems.
You want to take this person out back in the alley and
teach them a lesson.
But sometimes God would rather you shut up and let Him
May God give us the wisdom to know when our battle is something we need to
let Him handle, and when it’s something that we need to take care of.
:4 And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, Which faces
Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, From east
to west, Making a very large valley; Half of the mountain shall move
toward the north And half of it toward the south.
:4 His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives
Video: Mount of Olives and Jerusalem
The Mount of Olives is the hill located on the east of the Temple Mount.
On Palm Sunday, Jesus rode a donkey down the Mount of Olives (Luke 19:37)
Before Jesus was crucified, He spent His last night praying in a garden (Gethsemane)
on the Mount of Olives. (Luke 22:39; Mat. 26:36)
The last place Jesus stood before ascending into heaven was on the Mount of
Olives (Acts 1:9-12)
:4 the Mount of Olives shall be split
When Jesus stands on the Mount of Olives, the mountain is split.
With half of the mountain moving north, and half moving south, a new valley
will appear that will lead from the Temple eastward towards the Dead Sea.
:5 Then you shall flee through My mountain valley, For the mountain
valley shall reach to Azal. Yes, you shall flee As you fled from the earthquake
In the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Thus the Lord
my God will come, And all the saints with You.
:5 Azal – ‘Atsel – “reserved”
We don’t know where this is.
:5 the earthquake in the days of Uzziah
The earthquake took place 240 years before Zechariah (Amos 1:1)
:5 …And all the saints
Jesus returns with … us. (Rev. 19:14)
:6 It shall come to pass in that day That there will be no light;
The lights will diminish.
:6 no light…lights will diminish
(Isaiah 13:10 NKJV)
the stars of heaven and their constellations Will not give their light; The sun will
be darkened in its going forth, And the moon will not cause its light to shine.
:7 It shall be one day Which is known to the Lord Neither day nor night. But at evening time it shall
happen That it will be light.
Perhaps at the end of the day it gets light.
One commentator suggested it will kind of a “murky” light.
:8 And in that day it shall be— That living waters shall flow from
Jerusalem, Half of them toward the eastern sea And half of them toward the
western sea; In both summer and winter it shall occur.
:8 living waters shall flow from Jerusalem
“Living” water is water that comes from a spring rather than rain water
collected in a cistern.
We talked about this last week.
Ezekiel tells us the water actually flows from God’s throne in the Temple
Half of the water will flow through the new valley into the Dead Sea, the other
half into the Mediterranean.
:9 And the Lord shall be King
over all the earth. In that day it shall be “The Lord is one,” And His name one.
:9 “The Lord is
one,” And His name one
The great cry that identifies Judaism is:
NKJV) “Hear, O Israel: The Lord
our God, the Lord is one!
But when Jesus returns, the Jews won’t be the only one crying this out, the
whole earth will.
Jesus will be king of the entire planet.
:10 All the land shall be turned into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of
Jerusalem. Jerusalem shall be raised up and inhabited in her place from
Benjamin’s Gate to the place of the First Gate and the Corner Gate, and from
the Tower of Hananel to the king’s winepresses.
:10 Geba to Rimmon
Video: Jerusalem hills
Currently, Jerusalem sits in the Judean hills that run north and south
The picture is that all the land of Israel will be leveled to the same
altitude, except Jerusalem.
Jerusalem will be higher than all the surrounding land.
:10 inhabited in her place
All the places listed are to show that the city will go back to being just
what it’s supposed to be.
:11 The people shall dwell in it; And no longer shall there be utter
destruction, But Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited.
:12 And this shall be the plague with which the Lord will strike all the people who fought against Jerusalem:
Their flesh shall dissolve while they stand on their feet, Their eyes shall
dissolve in their sockets, And their tongues shall dissolve in their mouths.
:12 Their eyes shall dissolve
I have a video of this. Warning: You may want to cover your eyes.
:13 It shall come to pass in that day That a great panic from the Lord will be among them. Everyone will
seize the hand of his neighbor, And raise his hand against his neighbor’s hand;
:14 Judah also will fight at Jerusalem. And the wealth of all the
surrounding nations Shall be gathered together: Gold, silver, and apparel in
:14 the wealth of all the surrounding nations
This time the plunderers are plundered.
:15 Such also shall be the plague On the horse and the mule, On the
camel and the donkey, And on all the cattle that will be in those camps. So shall
this plague be.
:15 On the horse and the mule
They too will melt. Think chocolate
Some have suggested that Zechariah might be describing some sort of neutron
bomb (and not the hair dryer that melted the bunny).
:12 this shall be the plague
The Right Side
Jesus is coming.
Are you on His side?
(Matthew 12:30 NKJV)
who is not with Me is against Me…
How do you get on the “right side”?
It’s not by being good enough.
God knows you will never be “good enough”.
That’s why He sent His Son Jesus to die on the cross.
He died to pay the price for your sins.
All God is looking for is that you turn to Him and ask for His help.
God wants you to simply trust Him.
3:16 NKJV) For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that
whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.
:16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the
nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship
the King, the Lord of hosts, and
to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.
:16 everyone who is left
At this point in world history, there will be two kinds of people on the
Those of us taken in the Rapture will have our glorified bodies.
Those who believed and lived through the Tribulation will have their old
It’s from these people that the nations will send representatives every
year to Jerusalem.
Jerusalem will be the de facto capital of the world, and Jesus will rule.
:16 the Feast of Tabernacles
The Feast of Tabernacles was set up to remind Israel of the time when God
delivered them from Egypt and they wandered for forty years in the wilderness, living
in tents or “tabernacles”.
It was also a time when God lived with the people, when His presence was in
When Jesus returns, the most important of the Jewish feasts to be
celebrated will be the Feast of Tabernacles.
Why? Because God will literally be
He will dwell with us.
:17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do
not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, on them there will be no rain.
:18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall
have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the Lord strikes the nations who do not
come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.
:19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the
nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.
:17 there will be no rain
This will be the penalty for any nation that does not honor God by sending
representatives to Jerusalem for the Feast.
:20 In that day “HOLINESS TO THE LORD” shall be engraved on the
bells of the horses. The pots in the Lord’s
house shall be like the bowls before the altar.
:21 Yes, every pot in Jerusalem and Judah shall be holiness to the Lord of hosts. Everyone who sacrifices
shall come and take them and cook in them. In that day there shall no longer be
a Canaanite in the house of the Lord
:21 there shall no longer be a Canaanite
Canaanites were the epitome of the ungodly.
When Israel first conquered the land of Canaan, they were commanded to wipe
out the evil Canaanites.
It’s not until Jesus returns that this is actually, finally obeyed.
:20 HOLINESS TO THE LORD
The Jewish high priest had a unique set of clothing. He was to wear a turban on his head with a
gold tag (or plate) attached to it.
(Exodus 28:36 NKJV)
shall also make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the
engraving of a signet: HOLINESS TO THE LORD
Yet now after Jesus returns, even the bells on the horses will have this
God’s goal: Holiness
When Jesus returns, He will clean house.
Pots, pans, even the horses will be “holy”.
Holiness speaks of purity. It speaks of being right with God.
This is the ultimate goal that God wants for all our lives.
(1 Peter 1:15–16
NKJV) —15 but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your
conduct, 16 because it
is written, “Be holy, for I am holy.”
Some of us have the mistaken idea that achieving “holiness” is how we get
God to love us, and maybe how we get God to give us things.
The truth is, God is already madly in love with us.
You can’t get Him to love you any more than He already does.
If you were that child’s grandfather, would you stop
loving the kids because he walked in your wet cement? Of course not.
But that doesn’t mean you don’t want to teach him to not
walk in wet cement.
God wants us to learn holiness because it’s what’s best for us.
It’s what being a “grown-up” Christian is all about.
Sometimes all we can think about is how much we’ve failed, and we just quit
on trying to be holy.
(1 John 3:1–3 NLT)
—1 See how very much our Father loves us, for he calls us his
children, and that is what we are! But the people who belong to this world
don’t recognize that we are God’s children because they don’t know him. 2 Dear
friends, we are already God’s children, but he has not yet shown us what we
will be like when Christ appears. But we do know that we will be like him, for
we will see him as he really is. 3 And all who have this eager expectation will keep themselves pure,
just as he is pure.
Instead of thinking about how much you’ve failed, think
about who Jesus is.
Yearn to be like He is.
Arden K. Barden wrote,
It is not the way we deal with our human situation that is the basis for
hope (as in “I have hope because I’m doing a good job with life…”) --hope is
the basis for how we deal with our human situation.
It’s our hope in the soon return of Jesus that gives us the strength to
keep going, to keep changing, to keep fighting the fight, to keep swimming
against the current of the world.
Yesterday we had a guest speaker at our Men’s
Breakfast. Nathan Muldoon is a distance
swimmer. He’s swam to Catalina. He shared with us how he swam the English
Nathan talked about the difficulties he faced as he swam.
He started in the middle of the night (2am) and got
disoriented in the dark.
At one point the winds picked up, he was swimming into
three foot swells, and he found himself swimming against a growing current.
A couple of miles off the coast of France he was losing
ground and France started getting farther and farther away.
He was told by his team on the boat that followed him that
he needed to sprint for an hour (after having been swimming for nine
hours). Then they told him he needed to
sprint for another hour. Then another
hour. The team prayed for the wind to calm.
Finally the wind and the currents changed, and he began to
Nathan swam for 15 hours.
And he made it.
Beloved, life is a marathon swim.
You have to keep going.
You have to keep heading in the right direction.
There will be a day when we will stand on that distant shore.
Holy is what we will all be one day.
I think God wants us to get a taste of it now.