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Zechariah 12

Sunday Morning Bible Study

November 23, 2014


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die?  Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular:  2900 words    Communion: 2500 words

Video:  The Thanksgiving Song

The historical background to Zechariah, like that of Haggai, is found in the book of Ezra.

Zechariah lived during the time that the Jews had begun to return from Babylon and rebuild their Temple.

The prophecies of Zechariah are given during the years of 520-518 BC.

One of the key distinctions of the book of Zechariah is the amount of prophecy about the coming Messiah.

Except for the prophet Isaiah, there are more prophecies about the Messiah in this book than any other Old Testament book.

We now in section in Zechariah, when he gives a series of prophecies that look far into his future.

Chapters 9-11 dealt primarily with the first coming of the Messiah.

Chapters 12-14 will deal with the second coming of the Messiah.

These last three chapters are a single prophecy, and constitute what some have called, “second to none in importance” (Feinberg) in regards to its prophetic value in “understanding the events of the last days for Israel – the time of the Great Tribulation, and the establishing of God’s kingdom on earth” (Feinberg).

Except for one verse (13:7), the rest of the prophecy lies in our future.

(Zechariah 13:7 NKJV) “Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, Against the Man who is My Companion,” Says the Lord of hosts. “Strike the Shepherd, And the sheep will be scattered; Then I will turn My hand against the little ones.
So this time, we are setting our DeLorean time machine for our own future. Buckle up your seat belts… 
Video:  Delorean Time Machine

12:1-9 Coming Deliverance

:1 The burden of the word of the Lord against Israel. Thus says the Lord, who stretches out the heavens, lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him:

:1 The burdenmassa– load, burden; utterance

This word was used in 9:1 to describe the last prophecy (chs. 9-11).

It lets you know that what is coming is “heavy”, and expresses a threat, a warning of dangerous times ahead.

Though the rest of the nations of the world are actually involved in this prophecy, this is going to be predominantly aimed at Israel, the chosen people of God.

:1 heavens … earth … man

God is reminding us of His authority.

He is the one who created the heavens, and rules over the heavenly realm.
He is the one who created earth, and rules over the earth.
He is the one who made us.  He is our Creator.  He is the One we should pay attention to.

Isaiah like to use similar language.

(Isaiah 42:5 NKJV) Thus says God the Lord, Who created the heavens and stretched them out, Who spread forth the earth and that which comes from it, Who gives breath to the people on it, And spirit to those who walk on it:
(Isaiah 44:24 NKJV) —24 Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, And He who formed you from the womb: “I am the Lord, who makes all things, Who stretches out the heavens all alone, Who spreads abroad the earth by Myself;


God’s authority

Though there are more than a few problems when it comes to the theory of evolution, one of the greatest problems is the removal of God from the equation.
It seems to me that one of the driving mindsets behind evolution is to give man a reason to deny what is obvious to the senses – that there is a God. The Bible says,

(Psalm 19:1 NKJV) The heavens declare the glory of God; And the firmament shows His handiwork.

(Romans 1:19–20 NKJV) —19 because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown it to them. 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse,

(Psalm 139:14 NKJV) —14 I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Marvelous are Your works, And that my soul knows very well.

Back in the days of Darwin, it wasn’t hard to sell the idea that man started as some random glob of protoplasm that emerged from the ooze and gradually evolved into homo sapiens.
Yet the more science develops, the farther we can see into the stars, the closer we can look at the molecular level, the more apparent the signs of intelligent design are.

Video:  Intelligent Design – The Workhorse of the cell - Kinesin

This universe we live in is pretty amazing, and the intricate design observed in the heavens, earth, and man all point to a designer – God.
If we have been designed and created by God, then we are accountable to God.
Jesus said,
(Luke 6:46 NKJV) “But why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and not do the things which I say?
Why do we question God’s authority in our lives?
Why do we pick and choose which parts of the Bible we are going to pay attention to?
Why do we pick and choose which commands of God we think we can do and which things we aren’t going to do?

:2 “Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of drunkenness to all the surrounding peoples, when they lay siege against Judah and Jerusalem.

:2 a cup of drunkenness

The picture of drinking wine from a cup or bowl is often used to describe God’s judgment.

Perhaps the idea is that as a cup of wine, the people are attracted to it, drink it, but the results of getting intoxicated causes people to stumble and fall to the ground.

The prophets Isaiah (51:17), Jeremiah (25:15-16), Ezekiel (23:31-33), and John (Rev. 14:9-10) all used this image.
(Isaiah 51:17 NKJV) —17 Awake, awake! Stand up, O Jerusalem, You who have drunk at the hand of the Lord The cup of His fury; You have drunk the dregs of the cup of trembling, And drained it out.
(Jeremiah 25:15–16 NKJV) —15 For thus says the Lord God of Israel to me: “Take this wine cup of fury from My hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send you, to drink it. 16 And they will drink and stagger and go mad because of the sword that I will send among them.”
(Ezekiel 23:31–33 NKJV) —31 You have walked in the way of your sister; therefore I will put her cup in your hand.’ 32 “Thus says the Lord God: ‘You shall drink of your sister’s cup, The deep and wide one; You shall be laughed to scorn And held in derision; It contains much. 33 You will be filled with drunkenness and sorrow, The cup of horror and desolation, The cup of your sister Samaria.
John wrote,
(Revelation 14:9–10 NKJV) —9 Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, 10 he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.

Here, Jerusalem is the “cup” which will attract the nations to come and surround it, but the result won’t be the “joy” of a party, the result will be judgment.

There will be a day when Jerusalem will surrounded in a siege.
This can’t refer to the Roman siege of Jerusalem because the results are different than what this prophecy speaks of.
This will be part of the battle of Armageddon.

:3 And it shall happen in that day that I will make Jerusalem a very heavy stone for all peoples; all who would heave it away will surely be cut in pieces, though all nations of the earth are gathered against it.

:4 In that day,” says the Lord, “I will strike every horse with confusion, and its rider with madness; I will open My eyes on the house of Judah, and will strike every horse of the peoples with blindness.

:3 make Jerusalem a very heavy stone

The picture is of the nations of the world trying to pick up and toss Jerusalem away, but they will end up being cut into pieces in the process.

The single biggest problem to peace in the Middle East today is the question of what to do with Jerusalem.

The nation of Israel wants to call the entire city its capital.
The Arabs and Palestinians want at least half of the city for their capital.
The nation of Jordan is technically in control over the Temple Mount.

:3 all nations of the earth

The whole world will be turned against Israel.

:4 I will strike every horse with confusion

God will fight for Israel in that day.

All those fighting against Israel will be thrown into confusion.

Perhaps it will be something like the confusion of when Gideon and his 300 men surrounded the Midianites at night …

(Judges 7:22 NKJV) When the three hundred blew the trumpets, the Lord set every man’s sword against his companion throughout the whole camp; and the army fled …

:5 And the governors of Judah shall say in their heart, ‘The inhabitants of Jerusalem are my strength in the Lord of hosts, their God.’

:6 In that day I will make the governors of Judah like a firepan in the woodpile, and like a fiery torch in the sheaves; they shall devour all the surrounding peoples on the right hand and on the left, but Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place—Jerusalem.

:5 my strength in the Lord of hosts

Those ruling over Israel in that time will realize their strength will be coming from God, through the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

:6 like a fiery torch in the sheaves

You could say the leaders will “light a fire” under their people, and their enemies.

Video:  Brush Fire

Fire can go wild when it hits dry brush.

You could say that the Israeli leaders are “on fire”.

:7 “The Lord will save the tents of Judah first, so that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem shall not become greater than that of Judah.

:8 In that day the Lord will defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; the one who is feeble among them in that day shall be like David, and the house of David shall be like God, like the Angel of the Lord before them.

:9 It shall be in that day that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.

:7 The Lord will save

It will be obvious that day that it was God that saved the nation, even though He worked through their own army.

Is it obvious to you what God has done in your life?

Video:  Your Thanksgiving Inventory
It’s not a bad habit to practice gratitude.
I think that sometimes it’s not bad to think about what you’re REALLY thankful for.
God has saved us.

:7 will save the tents of Judah first

The focus is not going to just be on Jerusalem, but God saving the entire nation.

:8 the house of David like God … the Angel of the Lord

The ordinary folks will be strong, but the leaders in Israel will be even greater.

Perhaps this might even be a reference to Jesus – He is of the house of David, and He is also the “Angel of the Lord”

:9 It shall be in that day

Since the time of Zechariah to the present, “that day” has not yet come.

“That day” refers to the time of the Great Tribulation, and specifically to the end of the Tribulation which culminates in the battle of Armageddon when the nations of the world are gathered against Israel.
Some have suggested that this is referring to the time of the Maccabees, but you have to stretch things pretty far to make those days fit this prophecy.
The time of the Maccabees was a time when God gave great victories, but it was not a time when the nations of the world were gathered against Jerusalem.

:8 feeble …shall be like David

Even the weakest person in the nation will fight bravely like David did.

God promised His people that if they would follow Him, then He would give them help in battle.

(Leviticus 26:8 NKJV) Five of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight; your enemies shall fall by the sword before you.
Keep in mind though, this kind of victory over their enemies only comes when the people are following the Lord.


Looking for victory?

Physical victory in battle starts with spiritual victory in your heart.
Are you facing a battle of sorts in your everyday world?
The keys to victory start in your heart, not in your battle skills.
You might think that the victory at work starts with your negotiation skills.
You might think that your victory over an addiction starts with your ability to “white knuckle” it, or to exercise self-control.
You might think that your victory in your marriage depends on your spouse changing.

Those things might be important, but they are not the place to start.

John wrote,
(1 John 4:4 NKJV) You are of God, little children, and have overcome them, because He who is in you is greater than he who is in the world.
Paul wrote,
(Philippians 4:13 NKJV) I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.
Victory starts with your relationship with God being right.
Folks who are successful in their addiction programs realize they need to completely yield to their “higher power”.
I have some good news – we actually know His name.  His name is Jesus.

We’ll see that in this day, even the nation of Israel will have turned to Jesus.

12:10-14 The Pierced One

:10 “And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.

:10 I will pour on

pourshaphak – to pour, pour out, spill

The same word is used to describe God pouring out His Spirit on Israel:

(Joel 2:28–29 NKJV) —28 “And it shall come to pass afterward That I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh; Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, Your old men shall dream dreams, Your young men shall see visions. 29 And also on My menservants and on My maidservants I will pour out My Spirit in those days.
(Ezekiel 39:29 NKJV) —29 And I will not hide My face from them anymore; for I shall have poured out My Spirit on the house of Israel,’ says the Lord God.”
Even though most of Israel is “blinded” to who Jesus is, there will be a day when the blindness will be taken away, and they will “get it”.

:10 the Spirit of grace and supplication

gracechen – favor, grace, charm

The Holy Spirit is called the “Spirit of grace” by the writer of Hebrews (10:29)
(Hebrews 10:29 NKJV) —29 Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace?

supplicationtachanuwn – supplication, supplication for favor

Supplication is another word for “prayer”.
This word is based on the same Hebrew root word as “grace”.

When God’s Holy Spirit is poured out on Israel, they will respond with “supplication”, by calling on God for help.

:10 look on Me whom they pierced

looknabat – to look, regard

pierceddaqar – to pierce, thrust through, pierce through

What a strange thing to say. 

God is speaking, so how could God be “pierced”?

David wrote prophetically,

(Psalm 22:16 NKJV) For dogs have surrounded Me; The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me. They pierced My hands and My feet;
The odd thing about this song is that we have no record of any historical incident in David’s life that matches the things described in this psalm.  He was speaking prophetically.  He was talking about something that would happen to the “son of David”.
When Jesus was on the cross, He cried out “My God, My God, why have you forsaken Me” (Mark 15:34). (Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?)

Jesus was actually quoting the first line of Psalm 22.  It’s like the Jewish worship leader crying out, “Now let’s all sing Psalm 22”.  Jesus wasn’t just experiencing separation from God the Father, He was giving a clue about what was happening.

Psalm 22 is an eerie description of the crucifixion 1,000 years before it happened, written before crucifixion was even invented.

Isaiah explains why:

(Isaiah 53:5 NKJV) But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, And by His stripes we are healed.
Jesus was crucified in order to pay for our sins.  He took the punishment that we should have received.  He paid the price for what was required to make peace with God.

John saw Jesus’ crucifixion as part of the fulfillment of our passage. (John 19:37)

(John 19:37 NKJV) And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”
Even though the Jews didn’t get it when they had Him put to death, Jesus’ death on the cross was to set up the eventual fulfillment of Zechariah’s prophecy.

John describes Jesus’ return this way:

(Revelation 1:7 NKJV) Behold, He is coming with clouds, and every eye will see Him, even they who pierced Him. And all the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. Even so, Amen.

:10 they will mourn … mourns … grieve

mournmicepd – wailing

mournscaphad – to wail, lament; smiting the breasts in mourning

grievemarar – to be bitter

The entire nation of Israel will have their eyes opened to who Jesus is, and they will mourn over the fact that they had missed Him at His first coming.

But it will not be too late for them to believe in Him, and they will believe in Him.

Paul wrote about the change that will take place in Israel.

(Romans 11:25–27 NKJV) —25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; 27 For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins.”
We believe the “fullness of the Gentiles” refers to that time when the last Gentile gets saved and we are out of here in the Rapture.  Then God will turn and work through Israel once again.
Their salvation will be a
physical” salvation – being saved from their enemies, and a
spiritual” salvation – being saved from their sins.

:10 only son …a firstborn

I understand that the greatest grief comes at the death of a child.

With this language, you can’t help but think of Jesus.

(John 3:16 NKJV) For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

:11 In that day there shall be a great mourning in Jerusalem, like the mourning at Hadad Rimmon in the plain of Megiddo.

:11 Hadad Rimmon in the plain of Megiddo

Video:  Hadad Rimmon map video

Hadad Rimmon is a city in northern Israel.
Hadad Rimmon – “mighty pomegranates”

Jerome identified this as the city of Maximianopolis, today known as the village of Rummanah in northern Israel, in the valley of Megiddo.

It is located on the “plain” of Megiddo, or the “valley” of Megiddo. 
The name “Armageddon” means “mountain of Megiddo”

The reference is connected to the death of King Josiah. (2Chr. 35:24-25)

King Josiah was the last hope of the godly people in Judah.  While the nation was on a spiritual decline, he was the one working to turn things around.  He would be the last of the “good kings”.
But a day came when he went out to do battle against Pharaoh Necho in the valley of Megiddo.  The Egyptian archers shot Josiah.
Josiah died.  There was great, great mourning in the nation.
(2 Chronicles 35:24–25 NKJV) —24 His servants therefore took him out of that chariot and put him in the second chariot that he had, and they brought him to Jerusalem. So he died, and was buried in one of the tombs of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah. 25 Jeremiah also lamented for Josiah. And to this day all the singing men and the singing women speak of Josiah in their lamentations. They made it a custom in Israel; and indeed they are written in the Laments.

:12 And the land shall mourn, every family by itself: the family of the house of David by itself, and their wives by themselves; the family of the house of Nathan by itself, and their wives by themselves;

:13 the family of the house of Levi by itself, and their wives by themselves; the family of Shimei by itself, and their wives by themselves;

:14 all the families that remain, every family by itself, and their wives by themselves.

:12 the land shall mourn

As they are looking upon Him whom they had pierced, we get a taste of the entire nation mourning.

the house of David

This is the line of the kings recognizing their Savior.

the house of Nathan

There are two possible Nathans here.
There was a son of David named Nathan – and Mary was a descendant of David through Nathan.
Though the house of David has already been covered.
This could be Nathan the prophet who lived in the time of King David.
He might be representative of all the prophets.

the house of Levi

The religious leaders (priests and Levites) will mourn over their slowness at recognizing Jesus.

the family of Shimei

There was a family from the tribe of Levites with this name (Ex. 6:17)
Perhaps this might be the man who was a relative of King Saul. (2Sam. 16:5-8)
This man caused lots of trouble to King David towards the end of his reign.
Shimei didn’t like David.  He didn’t think that David should have been king (2Sam. 16:5-8), and when David was temporarily chased out of Jerusalem by Absalom, Shimei was one of the first to curse David as he left

Perhaps this is hinting at all those in Israel who were reluctant to recognize God’s choice of the house of David, and specifically the Messiah Jesus.


What took me so long?

The mourning in the land won’t be because they were heading to hell for eternity.
The mourning is because they had been blinded to recognizing their own Messiah, and they will wonder, “Why did it take us so long?”
Has the truth dawned on you yet?
Do you realize that Zechariah talked about God being pierced 500 years before Jesus was crucified?
God loved you so much that He decided to do something about the problem you created in your own rebellion against God.
God sent His Son to die in your place.

Jesus was spoken of LONG before He ever showed up.

He is God’s answer to your sin.

Will you open your heart to Him today?