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Zechariah 5

Sunday Morning Bible Study

August 31, 2014


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die? Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Regular: 2900 words Communion: 2500 words

The background to Zechariah, like that of Haggai, is found in the book of Ezra.

After having been captive in Babylon for seventy years, the Jews are given permission to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their Temple in Jerusalem.

When the Temple construction is stopped, it was Haggai and Zechariah who began to prophesy and encourage the people to finish the Temple. (Ezra 5:1-2)

After the people began to build, opposition arose from their enemies, and for a period of 15 years, the Temple construction was halted.

It was then that God raised up two prophets, Haggai and Zechariah, who began to encourage the people to get back to work and make God’s House a priority.

(Ezra 5:1–2 NKJV) —1 Then the prophet Haggai and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophets, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel, who was over them. 2 So Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel and Jeshua the son of Jozadak rose up and began to build the house of God which is in Jerusalem; and the prophets of God were with them, helping them.
It was under the ministry of Haggai and Zechariah that the work got stirred up again.
The Temple won’t be complete until March 12, 515 BC (Ezr 6:15-18)

The prophecies of Zechariah are given during the years of 520-518 BC.

One of the key distinctions of the book of Zechariah is the great amount of prophecy about the coming Messiah.

Except for the prophet Isaiah, there are more prophecies about the Messiah in this book than any other Old Testament book.
One set of scholars list 41 quotes or allusions to Zechariah in the New Testament.

It seems that Zechariah has dated each of his prophecies, like Haggai did.

The first prophecy is 1:1-6
It was given on 08/??/02
The second prophecy is 1:7 – 6:15
Hag.2:10-19 talks about how “uncleanness” defiles everything it touches.

Haggai’s prophecy was given on 9/24/02

In Zec. 3 God talks about Joshua the high priest being “filthy”, but being cleansed.

Zechariah’s prophecy was given 11/24/02

The third prophecy is 7:1 – 14:21
Some suggest that only 7:1-7 are tied to the last date, and the rest of the book is undated.

Back in chapter one we started to look at a series of eight “night visions” (1:7) that Zechariah received from God on a single night.

They all took place on February 15, 519 BC.

We are now in the sixth and seventh visions.

We’ve seen a vision of horses and riders. (1:7-17)
The horns and craftsmen (1:18-21)
The surveyor (ch.2)
Joshua the high priest’s cleansing (ch. 3)
The Olive Trees and Lampstand (ch. 4)

5:1-4 The Flying Scroll

:1 Then I turned and raised my eyes, and saw there a flying scroll.

:1 a flying scroll

I have a video…

Video: Rocky and Bullwinkle

Oops. Zechariah saw a flying “scroll”, not a flying squirrel… My bad…

The scroll looked more like this…

:2 And he said to me, “What do you see?” So I answered, “I see a flying scroll. Its length is twenty cubits and its width ten cubits.”

:2 he said to me

Again, this is Zechariah’s “tour guide” angel, assigned to help him navigate and understand these “night visions”.

:2 twenty … ten cubits

A cubit is roughly 1 ½ feet long (the length from a man’s elbow to the tip of his finger).

That means the scroll was thirty feet long, and 15 feet wide.

Okay, the scroll looked more like this…
It was a pretty big scroll.

The measurements are interesting because they are the same measurement as part of the portable worship center Moses built for the Israelites as they wandered in the wilderness.

The tent was known as the Tabernacle, and it had two rooms.
The outer room was called the “sanctuary” or “holy place”. The inner room was called the “holy of holies”.
The “holy place” measured twenty by ten cubits (Ex. 26:16-25)
(Exodus 26:16–25 NKJV) —16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half shall be the width of each board. 17 Two tenons shall be in each board for binding one to another. Thus you shall make for all the boards of the tabernacle. 18 And you shall make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards for the south side. 19 You shall make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards: two sockets under each of the boards for its two tenons. 20 And for the second side of the tabernacle, the north side, there shall be twenty boards 21 and their forty sockets of silver: two sockets under each of the boards. 22 For the far side of the tabernacle, westward, you shall make six boards. 23 And you shall also make two boards for the two back corners of the tabernacle. 24 They shall be coupled together at the bottom and they shall be coupled together at the top by one ring. Thus it shall be for both of them. They shall be for the two corners. 25 So there shall be eight boards with their sockets of silver—sixteen sockets—two sockets under each of the boards.
The holy place contained the menorah, the table of showbread, and the altar of incense.
It was where the priests would come daily to perform certain tasks in the worship of God, while the holy of holies was only entered once a year.
The fact that the scroll is the same dimensions as the “Holy Place” might be a hint that the coming judgment is tied directly to the holiness of God Himself.  Peter wrote,
(1 Peter 1:15–16 NKJV) —15 but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, 16 because it is written, “Be holy, for I am holy.”

:3 Then he said to me, “This is the curse that goes out over the face of the whole earth: ‘Every thief shall be expelled,’ according to this side of the scroll; and, ‘Every perjurer shall be expelled,’ according to that side of it.”

:4 “I will send out the curse,” says the Lord of hosts; “It shall enter the house of the thief And the house of the one who swears falsely by My name. It shall remain in the midst of his house And consume it, with its timber and stones.”

:3 this side … that side

The scroll had writing on both sides of it.

:3 Every thief shall be expelled

thiefganab – to steal, steal away, carry away

The first side of the scroll dealt with theft.

The 8th commandment (of the Ten) says,
(Exodus 20:15 NKJV) “You shall not steal.

A thief is someone who takes something that isn’t theirs.



Can people count on you to be trustworthy with something that belongs to them?
Or do they have to keep an eye on you to make sure you don’t take something that isn’t yours?
A couple was just finishing their shopping at the mall when they discover their brand new car has been stolen. They file a report with the police and a detective drives them back to the parking lot to look for evidence. To their amazement, the car has been returned, and there’s a note on it that says, “I apologize for taking your car. My wife was having a baby and I had to hot-wire your ignition and rush her to the hospital. Please forgive the inconvenience. Here are two tickets to tonight’s Rolling Stones concert.” Their faith in humanity restored, the couple attends the concert. But when they return home, they find their house has been ransacked. On the bathroom mirror is another note in familiar handwriting: “I have to put my kid through college somehow, don’t I?”
The Burglar
In one of D.L. Moody’s meetings, a burglar by the name of Burke was gloriously saved. It was hard for him to get a job. He had a rough time of it. His sin-blurred features were against him. So he prayed for God to make him a better-looking man so that he could get a job. He worked in several cities, staying true to Christ. One day the sheriff sent him word to come to his office. Burke’s heart sank. He said to himself, “They have some old case against me, but if I am guilty I will tell them so. I am not going to lie anymore.” When he went to the office, the sheriff said to him, “Burke, what have you been doing? Do you still have a grip on the religion you told me about?” “Sheriff,” said Burke, “It has been hard, but I still have my faith in Christ.” Then the sheriff said, “Burke, I have had a man shadowing you. I suspected that your religion was a fraud, but I want to say that I have learned that you are living an honest Christian life. I have sent for you to offer you a place as my deputy.” Burke accepted the job, worked hard, and won the respect of good men on every side. One day Moody called on him in the sheriff’s office. Burke had a sack of precious stones worth $60,000 in his lap. “Mr. Moody,” he said, “You see now what the grace of God can do for a burglar. These stones were stolen, but the sheriff recovered them and put me here to guard them.”
Christ can transform the life of any man who gives Him the chance.

—DR. CALVIN EVANS.  This devotion is selected from the book “Jewels For The Journey” which is published by Evangelistic Outreach Ministries. For more information you may call toll free 1-800-767-8713 or go to www.calvinevans.org

:3 Every perjurer shall be expelled

perjurershaba’ – (Niphal) to swear, take an oath; to curse

What is a perjurer?

It’s a person who takes an oath that they are going to tell you the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth … and then lies to you.
Verse 4 also refers to this as “the one who swears falsely by My name”.
It’s even worse when the person swears “so help me God”, and still lies to you.
Commandments #9 and #3 of the Ten Commandments state:
(Exodus 20:16 NKJV) “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Bearing “false witness” is when you lie to or about someone else.

(Exodus 20:7 NKJV) “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain…

Taking God’s name in “vain” means to use God’s name in a bad, stupid way – like “swearing in God’s name” that you’re telling the truth when you are not.



We might not think “lying” is that big of a deal.  God doesn’t agree.
(Revelation 21:8 NKJV) But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”
Jesus wants us to be known as men and women who tell the truth, men and women who mean what they say.
We shouldn’t have reputations as people who sometimes fudge the truth and feel a need to “swear an oath” to convince people to believe us.
Jesus told His disciples,

(Matthew 5:37 NKJV) But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one.

Being open and honest with others is a huge part of growing up as a Christian.
(Ephesians 4:14–15 NKJV) —14 that we should no longer be children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in the cunning craftiness of deceitful plotting, 15 but, speaking the truth in love, may grow up in all things into Him who is the head—Christ—

The Greek word for “truth” means to be “not covered”.  It means being transparent.  It means having nothing to hide.

:4 It shall enter the house


Sin is exposed

God promises that the “curse” will find the one who is practicing evil.
The Bible says,
(Numbers 32:23 NKJV) …then take note, you have sinned against the Lord; and be sure your sin will find you out.


A speeding motorist was caught by radar from a police helicopter in the sky. An officer pulled him over and began to issue a traffic ticket. “It seems everyone is out to get me lately. How did you know I was speeding?” the frustrated driver asked. The police officer pointed somberly toward the sky. “You mean,” asked the motorist, “that I’m not just being paranoid? Even He is trying to get me?”


Really Dumb People
Police in Wichita, Kansas, arrested a 22-year-old man at an airport hotel after he tried to pass two (counterfeit) $16 bills.
Your sin will find you out.
A convict broke out of jail in Washington D.C., then a few days later accompanied his girlfriend to her trial for robbery.  At lunch, he went out for a sandwich.  She needed to see him, and thus had him paged. Police officers recognized his name and arrested him as he returned to the courthouse in a car he had stolen over the lunch hour.
Your sin will find you out.
Police in Radnor, Pennsylvania, interrogated a suspect by placing a metal colander on his head and connecting it with wires to a photocopy machine.  The message “He’s lying” was placed in the copier, and police pressed the copy button each time they thought the suspect wasn’t telling the truth.  Believing the “lie detector” was working, the suspect confessed.
Your sin will find you out.

You may think that you are smarter than the idiots in these stories, but the truth is you can’t hide your sin from God.

:4 in … his house and consume it


Sin’s consequences

Disobeying God’s laws brings a consequence.
(Deuteronomy 27:26 NKJV) ‘Cursed is the one who does not confirm all the words of this law.’
Your sin affects your whole household
This curse will destroy an entire house – timbers and stones.
It reminds me of what was supposed to be done with a house infected with leprosy –

(Leviticus 14:45 NKJV) And he shall break down the house, its stones, its timber, and all the plaster of the house, and he shall carry them outside the city to an unclean place.

Leprosy is a great picture of sin – how it deadens, alienates, and kills those who have it.

Allowing sin to stick around in your life is like inviting a demolition excavator to your house.

Video – House Demolition

Sometimes we get caught in “private” little sins that nobody knows about.

We think of it as a “victimless” crime.  Nobody gets hurt, so why worry about it?

The truth is, your sin is affecting those around you whether you choose to acknowledge it or not.

There’s no avoiding God’s judgment. He sees everything. He knows everything. And because He is righteous and just, every wrong will have to be made right.
There’s only one way for us to avoid God’s judgment and that’s by turning from your sin and turning to Jesus.
He paid the price for our judgment.

(John 3:16 NKJV) For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

5:5-11 Woman in a Basket

:5 Then the angel who talked with me came out and said to me, “Lift your eyes now, and see what this is that goes forth.”

:6 So I asked, “What is it?” And he said, “It is a basket that is going forth.” He also said, “This is their resemblance throughout the earth:

:7 Here is a lead disc lifted up, and this is a woman sitting inside the basket”;

:6 So I asked, “What is it?”

This is the first time that Zechariah sees something in a vision and doesn’t recognize what it is. The “tour guide” angel has to tell him that it’s a basket.

:6 a basket that is going forth

basket‘eyphah – ephah; the receptacle for measuring or holding that amount

The word for “basket” is literally “ephah”, which can mean basket, but it is also a specific measurement equal to about half a bushel.

But that seems kind of small for what’s being held inside the basket.

:6 This is their resemblance throughout the earth

resemblance‘ayin – eye

Perhaps what Zechariah is seeing is not just something happening in the land of Judah, but something that would be happening all over the planet.

Other translations have “iniquity” or “sins” instead of “resemblance” –

(Zechariah 5:6 NLT) …it’s filled with the sins of everyone throughout the land.”

:7 a lead disc lifted up

diskkikkar – round; a round weight, talent (of gold, silver, bronze, iron)

The basket has a heavy round lid made of lead.

The angel lifts up the lid to allow Zechariah to peek inside the basket.

:7 a woman sitting inside the basket

Stranger and stranger

:8 then he said, “This is Wickedness!” And he thrust her down into the basket, and threw the lead cover over its mouth.

:8 This is Wickedness!

Wickednessrish’ah – wickedness, guilt

The first time this word is used in the Bible, it is used to describe the wicked people that God will be driving out of the land of Canaan to make a home for His people.

(Deuteronomy 9:4 NKJV) “Do not think in your heart, after the Lord your God has cast them out before you, saying, ‘Because of my righteousness the Lord has brought me in to possess this land’; but it is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is driving them out from before you.

This woman is the personification of wickedness.

:8 threw the lead cover over its mouth

This wickedness isn’t asleep, it needs a heavy lid on the basket to keep it in check.

It reminds me of what Paul told the Thessalonians about the antichrist and the last days:

(2 Thessalonians 2:7 NKJV) For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only He who now restrains will do so until He is taken out of the way.
There is something at work in the world that actively keeps the antichrist in check until the proper time.  We think it’s the work of the Holy Spirit through the church that holds back the antichrist, and when the church is taken from the earth, the antichrist will let loose.

:9 Then I raised my eyes and looked, and there were two women, coming with the wind in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork, and they lifted up the basket between earth and heaven.

:9 two women … the wings of a stork

Video: Stork flying

storkchaciydah – stork

The stork is one of the birds considered “unclean”, so a good Jewish boy wouldn’t hunt them and eat them. (Lev. 11:19)

(Leviticus 11:19 NKJV) the stork, the heron after its kind, the hoopoe, and the bat.

Some see these flying women as good angels who are keeping guard on “wickedness”.

Others see them as bad angels since their wings are described as those from an “unclean” bird.

:9 they lifted up the basket

These two flying women come swooping down, pick up the basket, and fly off.

These winged women are the first ever air born package delivery service. I wonder if they delivered it over night?
Video:  Domino’s Drones
Maybe we could call these winged women “Wickedness Drones”.

:10 So I said to the angel who talked with me, “Where are they carrying the basket?”

:11 And he said to me, “To build a house for it in the land of Shinar; when it is ready, the basket will be set there on its base.”

:11 the land of Shinar

Shinar – “country of two rivers”

This is the ancient name for the territory later known as Babylon (Gen. 11:2)
(Genesis 10:10 NKJV) And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
Shinar was where the ancient “Tower of Babel” was built.
(Genesis 11:2 NKJV) And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar, and they dwelt there.
It’s the land that the Jews have just been freed from, where they had been captive for seventy years …
(Daniel 1:2 NKJV) And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of the articles of the house of God, which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the articles into the treasure house of his god.

Is this a picture of removing sin from Israel?

:11 when it is ready

readykuwn – to be firm, be stable, be established

In Zechariah’s day, the empire of Babylon has already fallen to the Medes and Persians.

This vision can’t be talking about Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon, because that was already in decline in Zechariah’s day.

It speaks of a Babylon of the future, when it is “ready”.

:11 set there on its base

be setyanach – (Hophal) to obtain rest, be granted rest; to be left, be placed

on its basemekunah – resting place, base

There will be some sort of “house” built, a “base” for this woman known as “wickedness”.

The apostle John sees this “woman” at her destination.

(Revelation 17:1–6 NKJV) —1 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and talked with me, saying to me, “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication.” 3 So he carried me away in the Spirit into the wilderness. And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. 4 The woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication. 5 And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH 6 I saw the woman, drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. And when I saw her, I marveled with great amazement.
As we worked our way through Revelation a few years ago, we talked about this woman known as “Babylon the Great”.

The woman is riding a beast with seven heads and ten horns, and we know from Rev. 13 that this beast is the antichrist and his kingdom.

We believe the antichrist’s kingdom is some form of a revived Roman Empire. (Dan. 2, 7)

Some have seen the reference to Babylon in Revelation as being a reference to geographical Rome with its reference to sitting on “seven hills” (Rev. 17:9)

Some see Babylon in a mystical way as simply representing some sort of last days perverted religion.

Others would hold that it is actually Babylon in Iraq that will be rebuilt.

The woman would seem to be some sort of religious perversion that will permeate the end times, and have a connection with the antichrist.
While some think this religious perversion is some sort of last days religion, others have made quite a case for it being the Roman Catholic Church. (see my Rev. 17 notes).
Some think it might be related to the Roman Catholic Church, while others see it as some sort of last days religion.

Hans Grapje was raised in a Catholic school in The Hague and, as a young man, aspired to become a priest, but was drafted into the Army during WWII and spent two years co-piloting B17s until his aircraft was shot down in 1943 and he lost his left arm. Captain Grapje spent the rest of the war as a chaplain, giving spiritual aid to soldiers, both Allied and enemy. After the war, he became a priest, serving as a missionary in Africa, piloting his own plane (in spite of his handicap) to villages across the continent. In 1997, Father Grapje was serving in Zimbabwe when an explosion in a silver mine caused a cave-in. Archbishop Grapje went down into the mine to administer last rights to those too severely injured to move. Another shaft collapsed, and he was buried for three days, suffering multiple injuries, including the loss of his right eye. The high silver content in the mine’s air gave him purpura, a life-long condition characterized by purplish skin blotches. Although Cardinal Grapje devoted his life to the service of God as a scholar, mentor, and holy man, church leaders agree: he will never ascend to the Papacy. No one wants a one-eyed, one-armed, flying purple Papal leader.

oooooooh… sorry.


Ready or not

There will be a day, very, very soon when an immense wickedness will be unleashed on this world and will deceive many.
God will even “help” people to follow the lie because they have made a conscious effort to not follow the truth.
(2 Thessalonians 2:11–12 NKJV) —11 And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe the lie, 12 that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

There is one way to be sure to not fall for this coming wickedness, and that is to believe the truth about Jesus.

Jesus said,

(John 14:6 NKJV) Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.

The last days “Babylon” will be destroyed when Jesus comes back.
He will destroy wickedness.  He will rule and reign.
Are you with Him or against Him?