Sunday Evening Bible Study

August 13, 1995

Daniel 9:20-27


Last week we saw Daniel studying the prophecies of Jeremiah.

He discovered the prophecy that said that Israel's time of captivity in Babylon would only last for 70 years.

Daniel himself had been captive for 66 years.

And so Daniel did what the prophecies said to do, and began confessing the sins of his nation, and asking God to restore them to their land.

:20-23 Gabriel's response

:20 for the holy mountain of my God

The holy mountain of God is referring to Jerusalem.

Daniel's praying for it's restoration.

:21 whiles I was speaking in prayer

speaking - dabar - to speak, declare, converse, command, promise, warn, threaten, sing

Daniel is talking out loud in his prayer.


Praying out loud

Sometimes it's really hard to stay focused in prayer.

My mind wanders all the time.

One of the best ways to stay on your subject, is to pray out loud.

Hearing your own voice keeps you on target.

Other tips for staying focused in prayer:

Prayer Lists

Prayer Walks

:21 Gabriel whom I had seen

This is the angel Gabriel.

We already saw him a few weeks back, in Dan.8:16.

He was the one who gave Daniel the understanding of the vision of the goat and the ram.

:21 being caused to fly swiftly

The Hebrew here is difficult for the translators.

It either means:

1. Gabriel came flying to Daniel very quickly, or,

2. Daniel was extremely weary, (lit., "being weary with weariness")

:21 touched me

naga` - to touch, reach, strike

Gabriel comes up and touches Daniel

:21 about the time of the evening oblation

or, the evening offering.

There were two daily burnt offerings that the Jews gave every day, a morning and an evening offering.

The evening offering began around 3:00 p.m., with the sacrifice of a perfect yearling lamb, which would be burnt on the altar.

The time of the evening sacrifice, as the morning sacrifice, was also a time of prayer.

But in actuality, there had not been an evening offering for 47 years.

It is now 539 b.c., the daily offerings ceased with the fall of Jerusalem in 586 b.c.

And Daniel hadn't witnessed one for the last 66 years of his own captivity.

Yet Daniel is still running his life based on the time clock of the offerings.


The life of regular, disciplined worship

Daniel's internal clock was set by his daily habits of regular worship.

It didn't depend on whether or not he got to church that day.

If he was out of town on business, he still worshipped God.

He obviously didn't need to be in Jerusalem, watching the evening offering to know that it was going on.

This was what his co-workers tried to get him hung on, was his regular devotion habits.

They got Darius to make a law against praying for a month.

But that didn't stop Daniel.

To Daniel, God is God, and He must be worshipped.

:23 at the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth

When Daniel began to pray for his nation, his prayers went up before God, and God responded by dispatching an angel, Gabriel, to give a message to Daniel.


God can answer prayers with angels.

God has many ways to answer your prayers, and one of them is to use His secret agents.

Hebrews 1:14-AV Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

One woman's vision of heaven:

I saw on channel 40 a bit of an interview with a lady who had been revived after being dead for 28 minutes. When she came back, she was healed, and had quite a story to tell. Though we have to be careful with experiences like these, to measure them with the Word of God, hers presented an interesting picture.

She said that the thing that made her want to come back was the prayers of her father.

In heaven, she was at the throne of God, and there was Jesus surrounded with myriads of angels.

Coming up from earth she saw what looked like laser beams or spotlights, which were the prayers of Christians.

When a prayer would come, Jesus would dispatch an angel to take care of the situation.

She heard one of the prayers, and it was that of her father, and his heart's desire was that she'd come back. She did.

One thing that impressed her was how important it is to pray, that prayer really reaches God, even if we don't feel like it does.

:23 for thou art greatly beloved

chemdah - desire, that which is desirable; pleasant, precious

It seems that the reason Gabriel was dispatched to Daniel was because he, Daniel, was greatly beloved by God.

Wouldn't that send chills up your back, hearing from an angel of God that you were greatly beloved by God?

1John 3:1-AV Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.

:23 understand the matter, and consider the vision

Listen up, son

:24-27 Seventy Weeks

:24 Seventy weeks

shabuwa` - seven, period of seven (days or years)

The Jews not only referred to a week as a period of seven days, but also used it to refer to a period of seven years. (ie Gen.29:27; Lev.25:2-4,8; 26:34; Ez.4:6)

We will look at this as seventy weeks of years, or seventy groups of seven years, or, 490 years.

:24 determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city

It's important in prophecy to keep in mind who this period of time of for.

Who are Daniel's people?

The Jews.

What was Daniel's holy city? Mecca?


Why is this important?

Because we're going to see that the last "week", or group of seven years is going to be that period of time that we call the Great Tribulation period.

And I think that one of the reasons why people get confused over the Great Tribulation and whether or not we as the church will be there, is because they don't take time to see what the Great Tribulation is aiming at.

It's not for the Church.

It's for the nation of Israel.

This in itself doesn't mean that we won't go through the Tribulation, but it also certainly doesn't mean that we have to be there either.

To the church in Thessalonica, Paul wrote:

1Thessalonians 5:9-AV For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

:24 to finish the transgression

Now we get a list of things that will be accomplished through this period of 490 years.

kala (to finish) in the sense of bringing to an end.

Bringing an end to Israel's apostasy, sin, and wandering over the face of the earth will be accomplished within the seventy sevens.

This has not yet happened.

Israel is still greatly wandering from God.

:24 to make an end of sins

tamam - to be complete, be finished, be at an end

Sin will finally be ended.

Has not yet happened.

Sin is still around

:24 to make reconciliation for iniquity

kipper - to cover, wipe out, make as harmless, non-existent, inoperative, to annul, to withdraw from God's sight.

Was provided for by Jesus on the cross (Heb.9:14, 10:12)

Hebrews 10:12-AV But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;

:24 to bring in everlasting righteousness

Do you see everlasting righteousness all around you?

I don't think so.

:24 to seal up the vision and prophecy

The expression "to seal up" indicates that no more is to be added and that what has been predicted will receive divine confirmation and recognition in the form of actual fulfillment.

There's still plenty of prophesies to be fulfilled!

:24 to anoint the most Holy

Probably refers to the annointing of the Holy of Holies.

Could refer to the second temple to be built in Jerusalem.

Could also refer to the temple that Ezekiel describes that will be in the earthly kingdom of Jesus during the millenium.

Could also refer to the New Jerusalem.

Not yet completely finished.


Most of these things have yet to be accomplished.

Though, as we'll see, we're most of the way through the seventy weeks.

:25 from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince

This is going to be an amazing prophecy describing the time of the coming of the Messiah.

It starts with a commandment, or, a decree:

Suggested, but incorrect decrees:

Ezra 1:1-2 - Cyrus (536 b.c.)

Ezra 6:1-8 - Darius

Ezra 7:11-13 - Artaxerxes (458 b.c.)

None of these are the correct decree in that they are only decrees to rebuild the temple. Here Daniel it told that the decree is to rebuild Jerusalem.

It must be to restore and rebuild Jerusalem

Neh.2:1-8 (esp.vs.5)

Nehemiah 2:5-AV And I said unto the king, If it please the king, and if thy servant have found favour in thy sight, that thou wouldest send me unto Judah, unto the city of my fathers' sepulchres, that I may build it.

This took place (according to Neh.2:1) in the month of Nisan (assumed the first day), in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes: March 14, 445 B.C.

:25 seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks

7 weeks and 62 weeks = 69 weeks.

Daniel worked off of the Babylonian calendar:

Prophetic year = 360 days (compare Dan.9:27, 7:24,25; Rev.13:4-7; Rev. 12:13,14; Rev.12:6)

69 weeks x 7 years x 360 days = 173,880 days

March 14, 445 B.C. + 173,880 days = April 6, 32 A.D.

The event that occurred on April 6, 31 A.D. is recorded in Luke 19:28-44 and Psalm 118:22-26.

Luke 19:41-42 AV And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, 42 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things [which belong] unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.

Psalms 118:22-25 AV The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner. 23 This is the LORD'S doing; it [is] marvellous in our eyes. 24 This [is] the day [which] the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. 25 Save now, I beseech thee, O LORD: O LORD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity.

God's Word is wonderful!!

:25 the street shall be built again, and the wall ...

This is the first seven weeks.

In the first 49 years after the decree, the streets and walls of the city were built.

Read Nehemiah.

:26 after threescore and two weeks

After the total time of 69 weeks (7 + 62).

:26 shall Messiah be cut off

Q. How was the Messiah cut off, and in what way did He have nothing?

His crucifixion, He did not receive the kingdom.

At this point, God's prophetic time clock stops.

How do we know this?

Because the things in verse 24 have not been fulfilled.

The antichrist has not yet come.

:26 but not for himself

He was crucified for our sins.

:26 the people of the prince that shall come

The prince that shall come is a reference to the antichrist, who will be discussed in verse 27.

The people of this coming prince will be the ones who come to destroy the city.

:26 shall destroy the city and the sanctuary

Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 A.D.

The Roman emperor Titus comes against the city of Jerusalem to crush the rebellious Jews. He destroys the city. He commands his men not to touch the temple, but a fiery arrow gets loose, burns the temple, the gold melts into the cracks between the stones, and to get at the gold, the romans completely dismantled the temple until not one stone was standing.

What does this tell us about the antichrist?

He is of the Roman empire.

We saw this in Daniel 7:

The fourth beast, the Roman empire would have a form in the last days, when the Ancient of Days comes back.

From the fourth beast, a little horn would spring up:

Daniel 7:25-AV And he shall speak [great] words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

:26 the end thereof shall be with a flood ... desolations...

The city would be totally wiped out.

:27 And he

Meaning, the prince that is to come.

This is the antichrist.

:27 shall confirm the covenant with many for one week

covenant - [email protected] - covenant, alliance, pledge

We believe that this is some kind of a treaty that the antichrist will make with Israel.

It will be for one week, or, seven years.

How many weeks have been fulfilled up to this point?

Sixty nine, there is one remaining week.

When this treaty begins, then God's timeclock starts again.

This is the seven year tribulation period.


We often think that it is the Rapture of the church that starts the Great Tribulation.

Wrong! It is the beginning of this treaty with Israel that starts the Tribulation.

:27 in the midst of the week

In other words, after 3 1/2 years.

Daniel 7:25-AV And he shall speak [great] words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

:27 he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease


Remember in verse 26, that the city and the sanctuary are destroyed???

This means that the temple is going to have to be rebuilt.

The Jews are working on it!

He will stop sacrifice and grain offerings in the temple in Jerusalem.

He will actually demand to be worshipped himself

2Thessalonians 2:4-AV Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.

:27 for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate

What he will do is going to be a heinous, abominable thing to God.

It will lead to the desolation of this new temple, it's rejection by God.

This is what Jesus referred to:

Matthew 24:15-16 AV When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) 16 Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains:

:27 even until the consummation ... desolate

This abomination will be until the end, when Jesus comes back.


God's word will happen!

Remember how the first 69 weeks came to be true?

The last week will happen also.

You can count on it.

Want to get excited?

Watch Jerusalem!