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Psalms 19-21

Thursday Evening Bible Study

October 29, 2015


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it address the person who is: Empty, lonely, guilty, or afraid to die? Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved? Target 3300 words  Video = 75 wpm

The English word psalm comes from a Greek word that means “a poem sung to musical accompaniment”, or in particular, “stringed instruments”.

The Hebrew name is tehillim, which means “praises.”

The book of Psalms is the hymnbook of God’s people.

It’s also the “Him” book as well. It’s all about Jesus.

The writer of Hebrews quotes from Psalm 40:8 when he writes,

(Hebrews 10:7 NKJV) Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come— In the volume of the book it is written of Me— To do Your will, O God.’ ”
The author was talking about Jesus.
We’re going to see a lot of Jesus in the Psalms.

Soul Music

Music touches the soul. It’s “soulish” in nature. It touches the emotions.

We’re going to find every kind of emotion possible expressed in the Psalms.

For every sigh there is a Psalm.

For most of us, this is what makes the Psalms so wonderful. We can identify. We can relate.
If we were honest, even darkest most depressing Psalms describe the very things we go through day by day.

It is my prayer that as we continue on this journey through the Psalms, we won’t just look at these songs academically, with our mind, but that we may also grow as worshippers.

Psalm 19

: To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

Spurgeon: In his earliest days the psalmist, while keeping his father’s flock, had devoted himself to the study of God’s two great books—nature and Scripture; and he had so thoroughly entered into the spirit of these two only volumes in his library that he was able with a devout criticism to compare and contrast them, magnifying the excellency of the Author as seen in both.

19:1-6 God’s 1st Book: Creation

:1 The heavens declare the glory of God; And the firmament shows His handiwork.

handiworkma‘aseh – deed, work; business, pursuit; undertaking, enterprise; achievement

:1 The heavens declare the glory of God


God is amazing

All of creation is a witness to God, the Creator.
Paul wrote,
(Romans 1:19–20 NKJV) —19 because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown it to them. 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse,

Man can’t say he didn’t know God existed because everything around him says He does exist.

Isaiah wrote that God measures heaven with the span of His hand (Is. 40:12).  Let’s take a trip to the edge of the universe to see just how big that is…
Video:  The Known Universe / Hans Zimmer music

God is very, very big.  The heavens give us a peak at His glory.

In the evening, Theodore Roosevelt and his friend, the naturalist William Beebe, would go out and look at the skies, searching for a tiny patch of light near the constellation of Pegasus. “This is the Spiral Galaxy in Andromeda,” they would chant. “It is as large as our Milky Way. It is one of a hundred million galaxies. It consists of one hundred billion suns, each larger than our sun.” Then Roosevelt would turn to his companion and say, “Now I think we are small enough. Let’s go to bed.”

We are small. God is big.

:2 Day unto day utters speech, And night unto night reveals knowledge.

In both daytime and night time you see evidence of a Creator.

:3 There is no speech nor language Where their voice is not heard.

:4 Their line has gone out through all the earth, And their words to the end of the world. In them He has set a tabernacle for the sun,

:4 Their line has gone out through all the earth

lineqav – cord, line, measuring-line

You can see evidence of craftsman’s measuring tape throughout the whole world.


I’d like to suggest that to say that a well-precisioned, mathematically created universe “just happened” is about as credible as saying Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary was accidentally published because of an explosion in a printing factory, or that a Boeing 767 was assembled when a tornado swept through a junk yard.


Sir Isaac Newton had a replica of our solar system made in miniature. In the center was the sun with its retinue of planets revolving around it. A scientist entered Newton’s study one day, and exclaimed, “My, what an exquisite thing this is. Who made it?” “Nobody.” replied Newton to the questioner who was an unbeliever. “You must think I am a fool. Of course somebody made it, and he is a genius.” Laying his book aside, Newton arose and laid a hand on his friend’s shoulder and said: “This thing is but a puny imitation of a much grander system whose laws you and I know, and I am not able to convince you that this mere toy is without a designer and maker; yet you profess to believe that the great original from which the design is taken has come into being without either designer or maker. Now tell me, by what sort of reasoning do you reach such incongruous conclusions?”

:5 Which is like a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, And rejoices like a strong man to run its race.

:6 Its rising is from one end of heaven, And its circuit to the other end; And there is nothing hidden from its heat.

:6 Its rising is from one end of heaven

David is using poetic language about the sun here. There are some people who would look at this language and try to find fault in the Bible.

Yet at the same time we all use the terms “sunrise” and “sunset”. If we were to be technically correct, we would eliminate those terms because in one sense the sun isn’t the object that’s moving.

Yet there is still truth to what David says, even if you take it literally.

The sun actually travels across the galaxy at 64,000 miles per hour.
In addition to this,
The earth spins on its axis 1,000 miles per hour.
The earth travels around the sun at 67,000 miles per hour.
The galaxy moves 481,000 miles per hour across the universe.
That means that right now you are moving at over 630,000 miles per hour through the universe. And you thought the Mad Hatter’s Tea Party at Disneyland made your head spin!

Video: King of Creation – The Heavens Declare (sml)

19:7-11 God’s 2nd Book: His Word

:7 The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul; The testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple;

:7 The law of the Lord is perfect

perfecttamiym – having integrity; what is entirely in accord with truth and fact

This means that God’s Word is perfect, without error. The total message of the Bible is about Truth.


Billy Graham writes, “On the cover of your Bible and my Bible appear the words “Holy Bible.” Do you know why the Bible is called holy? Why should it be called holy when so much lust and hate and greed and war are found in it?
“I can tell you why. It is because the Bible tells the truth. It tells the truth about God, about man, and about the devil. The Bible teaches that we exchange the truth of God for the devil’s lie about sex, for example; and drugs, and alcohol, and religious hypocrisy. Jesus Christ is the ultimate truth. Furthermore, He told the truth. Jesus said that He was the truth, and the truth would make us free.”

:7 converting the soul

convertingshuwb – to return, turn back


It changes you

If you will commit to spending time every day in God’s Word, and commit to not just read it, but to do it, you will be changed.
(Hebrews 4:12 NLT) For the word of God is alive and powerful. It is sharper than the sharpest two-edged sword, cutting between soul and spirit, between joint and marrow. It exposes our innermost thoughts and desires.

:7 The testimony of the Lord is sure

sure‘aman – (Niphal) faithful; verified, confirmed; reliable

You can count on God’s Word. It does not change. It is always right.

:8 The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; The commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes;

:8 The statutes of the Lord are right

rightyashar – straight, level; right, pleasing, correct


God’s Word is right

Some people have certain rules or laws for how they operate.


You’ve probably heard of Murphy’s Law: If anything can go wrong, it will.
There’s Lorenz’s Law of Mechanical Repair: After your hands become coated with grease, your nose will begin to itch.
There’s the Dilbert Principle: The most ineffective workers will be systematically moved to the place where they can do the least damage - management.
And there’s “Cole’s Law”: Thinly sliced cabbage.

Sometimes people’s “rules” can get them into trouble.

Some live by the “Golden Rule”, in other words, “The One with the Gold Rules”.
Sometimes we only want to listen to the things that “tickle our ears”, things that give us permission to do what we know is wrong. Like picking up the “Playboy” lifestyle, if it feels good do it.

The older we get, the more polluted we can be to the world’s “laws”.

Children sometimes know what’s “right” better than we do.
Video: Little Girl Counsels Mom on Divorce

The Laws of the Lord are “right”. Obeying them brings blessings to daily life.

:8 The commandment of the Lord is pure

Sometimes I’ve exposed my mind to some pretty trashy stuff. Sometimes it’s by accident, sometimes I purposely pick up bad stuff.

Your mother used to threaten to wash your mouth out with soap.

You can wash your mind, cleanse your thoughts with the pure Word of God.

:9 The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever; The judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.

:10 More to be desired are they than gold, Yea, than much fine gold; Sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.

:10 More to be desired are they than gold


The Treasure Chest

This is an incredible Book.
A man was out walking in the desert when a voice said to him, “Pick up some pebbles and put them in your pocket, and tomorrow you will be both sorry and glad.”
The man obeyed. He stooped down and picked up a handful of pebbles and put them in his pocket. The next morning he reached into his pocket and found diamonds and rubies and emeralds. And he was both glad and sorry. Glad that he had taken some—sorry that he hadn’t taken more.
And so it is with God’s word.
We can get sidetracked by stuff, by money, by things.
We’ve got the best treasure right in our hands.

:11 Moreover by them Your servant is warned, And in keeping them there is great reward.

:11 by them Your servant is warned


If you were in New York visiting the top of the Empire State Building, and a fellow breaks out some wire cutters and begins to cut a hole in the fence so he can jump out. He says to you, “I have this theory. I think I can fly. I found something that looks like Pixie Dust, and since I’m thinking happy thoughts, I think I’ll be able to fly”. And as he crawls out on the ledge, you say to him, “Don’t do it, don’t jump! If you jump you will die. When you hit bottom every bone of your body will be broken.” He says to you, “Hey, stop being so negative! You’re just bumming me out. You only want to ruin my fun.” So he turns his back on you, takes a minute to think his “happy-thoughts”, and jumps. What’s going to happen? Should he have paid attention to you, or paid attention to his Pixie-Dust-theory?

Pay attention to the warnings in God’s Word. God means what He says. He doesn’t warn us to ruin our fun, He wants to save you from destruction.

19:12-14 Prayer for Grace

:12 Who can understand his errors? Cleanse me from secret faults.

:12 Cleanse me from secret faults

These are sins of ignorance. Things you did wrong without realizing it was wrong.

Even if you didn’t know what the speed limit was, you can get a ticket for going over it.

:13 Keep back Your servant also from presumptuous sins; Let them not have dominion over me. Then I shall be blameless, And I shall be innocent of great transgression.

:13 from presumptuous sins

These are things done out of deliberate, prideful, rebellion.

Many times I am tempted, and I linger too much on the temptation, and I give in knowing full well I am in rebellion when I do it.

David wants God to help him with these things.

:14 Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart Be acceptable in Your sight, O Lord, my strength and my Redeemer.

:14 words … heart … Be acceptable

All of life flows from your heart. It starts in your heart.

Words come from what’s in your heart.
Actions come from what’s in your heart.
It’s my prayer each time I teach.


Let Us Adore


Tran 1 - Verse 1 (all vocals) – Chorus 1

Verse 2 – Chorus 2

Tran 2 – Refrain (2x) – Chorus 2 (2x)

Repeat “Jesus Christ is the Lord” as needed


Tran 1: G C2


Verse 1:

       G  C2

The heavens declare

       G  C2

The glory of God


And all of the world

   D/F#   Em

Will join the praise

  C     D

His wonders proclaim


        G  C2

The oceans and skies

       G  C2

Lift up their voice

        G     D/F#

And all He has made will rise

  Em    C      D

To bless the King of all Kings


Chorus 1:

    G  D

Let us adore Him

    Em  C

Let us adore Him

   G   D    Em  C

Jesus Christ is the Lord


Verse 2:

      G   C2

Eternity’s King

      G   C2

Is coming again

         G     D/F# Em

Though all of the earth will fade away

  C     D

His truth will remain


Chorus 2:

    G  D

Let us adore Him

    Em  C

Let us adore Him

   G   D    Em  C

Jesus Christ is the Lord

     G   D

Come and behold Him

     Em   C

Bow down before Him

   G   D    Em  C

Jesus Christ is the Lord



Tran 2: G  D  Em  D  C Em Am G D




   G  D


   Em  D


    C Em Am

You are worthy

G   D

Of all praise



Words & Music by Reuben Morgan

©2005 Hillsong Publishing



Psalm 19


D       Em

The law of the Lord is perfect

A       D

Restoring the soul


The testimony of the Lord is sure

A        D   D7

Making wise the simple


       G          Em

More to be desired are they than gold

          D  Bm

Yea, than much fine gold


Sweeter also than honey

A      D

And the honeycomb



The precepts of the Lord are right

Rejoicing the heart

The commandment of the Lord is pure

Enlightening the eyes


The fear of the Lord is clean

Enduring forever

The judgments of the Lord are true

They are righteous altogether


Let the words of my mouth

And the meditation of my heart

Be acceptable in Thy sight, O Lord

My rock and my redeemer


(extra chorus)


Moreover, by them

Is Thy servant warned

Is Thy servant warned

And in keeping of them

There is great reward



Psalm 19/ Author unknown / © unknown / Ps19.doc


Psalm 19


Tran: F C



May the words of my mouth


And the meditations of my heart

  Fmaj7      C/G     G

Be pleasing to you, pleasing to you


May the words of my mouth


And the meditations of my heart

  Fmaj7    Dm7/G C

Be pleasing to you my God (2x)


C/E    F    G/B C

You're my Rock and my Redeemer

   C/E F   G/B  C

You're the reason that I sing

 C/E F   G   Am7

I desire to be a blessing

Dm7   Gsus G

In your eyes

C/E  F   G/B   C

Ev'ry hour, ev'ry moment

  C/E F   G    C

Lord I want to be your servant

 C/E F   G  Am7

I desire to be a blessing

Dm7   Gsus G

In your eyes


In your eyes


Instrumental- C Am7 Gsus G F



Psalm 19/ Words & Music by Terry Butler / © 1995 by Mercy/Vineyard Publishing / Psalm19.doc


Psalm 20 – Battle Song

: To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

This seems to be a song centered on the battle. This might be something that David and his men sang before battle.

:1 May the Lord answer you in the day of trouble; May the name of the God of Jacob defend you;

:1 the name of the God of Jacob


The Powerful Name

The first phrase actually contains God’s name, though it’s translated with the all-caps “Lord
God’s name is “Yahweh”, and our translators follow the Jewish practice of not spelling it out or pronouncing it because it is so special, so holy, and we are not.  So they substitute the actual name for the word “Lord”.
David knew the power in God’s name. When he faced Goliath, he said,
(1 Samuel 17:45 NKJV) …“You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin. But I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.

And fighting in “His name”, David defeated Goliath.

We find power in the name of Jesus.
Peter said to the lame man,

(Acts 3:6 NKJV) Then Peter said, “Silver and gold I do not have, but what I do have I give you: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, rise up and walk.”

Peter said there was salvation power in the name,

(Acts 4:12 NKJV) Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”

I know there is much behind the concept of a “name”. It represents the person, power, and character of Jesus.
But the name itself is simply powerful.
Just speaking His name, praying in His name, brings help.

:2 May He send you help from the sanctuary, And strengthen you out of Zion;

:2 send you help from the sanctuary

Though this could be taken as the temple or the tabernacle on earth, it’s probably speaking of Heaven’s Sanctuary, the very throne of God.

Ask God to send help from heaven.

:3 May He remember all your offerings, And accept your burnt sacrifice. Selah

:4 May He grant you according to your heart’s desire, And fulfill all your purpose.

:4 grant you according to your heart’s desire


God’s desires

There once was this guy that got a dirty old lamp for his birthday. He cleaned it up and POOF!--out popped a genie! “I shall give you three wishes. You may have anything you like.” So the guys thinks for a minute and says, “I would like a billion dollars.” “You shall have it,” and the genie grants him the wish. “Anything else?” The guy thinks for a while. “I would like a VW Bug with A/C, power locks, power windows, you know the works.” “Your wish is my command. What is your last wish?” “Hmmm. I think I’ll save it for a rainy day.” “OK, suit yourself,” says the genie. So the guy gets in his new VW and goes for a drive to show all his friends. He turns on the radio. There’s a very familiar commercial on. The guy starts singing to it: “I wish I was an Oscar Meyer Wiener.”
The truth is, God is not your personal, private genie.
The key here is the “heart”.  What desires are in your heart?
David wrote,
(Psalm 37:4 NKJV) Delight yourself also in the Lord, And He shall give you the desires of your heart.

I think that what David is saying is that the more God Himself is your delight, the more God will put HIS desires into your heart.

Then the things you pray for tend to be the things that HE wants to do for you.

He changes your desires so you desire what God desires.

:5 We will rejoice in your salvation, And in the name of our God we will set up our banners! May the Lord fulfill all your petitions.

:5 we will set up our banners

This was a lofty signal-flag, not carried about, but stationary.

It was usually erected on a mountain or other lofty place.

As soon as it was seen the war-trumpets were blown and the battle begun.

:6 Now I know that the Lord saves His anointed; He will answer him from His holy heaven With the saving strength of His right hand.

:6 the Lord saves His anointed

Could refer to the king, who was “anointed” with oil.

Could refer to the Messiah, whose title actually means “anointed”.

:7 Some trust in chariots, and some in horses; But we will remember the name of the Lord our God.

:8 They have bowed down and fallen; But we have risen and stand upright.

:9 Save, Lord! May the King answer us when we call.

:7 trust in chariots … the name

David is giving us two ways that an army can enter into battle.

You can enter into a fight knowing that you have a good, strong army … or …
You can enter into a fight trusting in God.
I am a little afraid of our nation because we seem to be trusting in neither of these things at the moment.


Trust God first

David was not a man without any physical weapons.
Even when he faced Goliath, he still had a sling and five stones.
When David faced the armies of the enemies of Israel, he had his own fighting force, men equipped with swords and spears.
But above all, they trusted God.
Some people can fall into the trap of thinking that they should do nothing in life except sit on the sofa and “trust God”.
Getting off the sofa and putting out job applications is not the opposite of trusting God.
We need to learn to trust God first, and then pick up the weapon at our feet.
Last week I started a project of upgrading my laptop with a solid state hard drive. I had never done that particular kind of upgrade before.
It took a while to order and receive the parts, but eventually they all got shipped to our house.
I tried to put it all together, but I couldn’t get it to work. I tried over and over. No success. I decided to put it to rest for the evening and went to bed.
In the morning I decided I should probably ask God for help with this silly thing.
When I tried putting it together the next time, it worked.
Probably not a miracle to a devout atheist, but God reminded me I ought to put all things into His hands first.

Psalm 21 - Thanksgiving

: To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

Some have suggested that this may have been a song of thanksgiving for the result of God answering the prayers of David in Psalm 20.

:1 The king shall have joy in Your strength, O Lord; And in Your salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!

:2 You have given him his heart’s desire, And have not withheld the request of his lips. Selah

Selah – stop and think about it.

God had actually answered David’s prayer.

:3 For You meet him with the blessings of goodness; You set a crown of pure gold upon his head.

:4 He asked life from You, and You gave it to him— Length of days forever and ever.

These were apparently some of the blessings that David had asked God for.

A crown – to rule

Pure gold – not just any crown

Life – that God would give David a long lie.

:5 His glory is great in Your salvation; Honor and majesty You have placed upon him.

:5 His glory is great in Your salvation

David understood that God had made Him a great king with much recognition and glory, but it was only in how God had worked in his life that had made him great.

:6 For You have made him most blessed forever; You have made him exceedingly glad with Your presence.

:6 exceedingly glad with Your presence


Joy with Papa

David also wrote,
(Psalm 16:11 NKJV) You will show me the path of life; In Your presence is fullness of joy; At Your right hand are pleasures forevermore.
Video:  Laughing Babies
I think that sometimes we can be a bit too serious about life.
I don’t think any of these videos was done with a secret, hidden camera while the babies were making themselves laugh.

The laughter came in the presence of the one shooting the video, probably the parent.

There is joy in God’s presence.

He can make us “exceeding glad” in His presence.

:7 For the king trusts in the Lord, And through the mercy of the Most High he shall not be moved.

:7 through the mercy of the Most High

David had learned in his life that stability, not “being moved” came from God’s mercy, not His judgment.

Be careful beloved when you sin to not dwell too long in the condemnation and judgment that comes from your action.

Yes, we need to be serious about our sin.
Yes, we need to repent and turn from our sin.
Ultimately, we need to find ourselves swimming in God’s mercy.

:8 Your hand will find all Your enemies; Your right hand will find those who hate You.

:9 You shall make them as a fiery oven in the time of Your anger; The Lord shall swallow them up in His wrath, And the fire shall devour them.

:10 Their offspring You shall destroy from the earth, And their descendants from among the sons of men.

:11 For they intended evil against You; They devised a plot which they are not able to perform.

:12 Therefore You will make them turn their back; You will make ready Your arrows on Your string toward their faces.

:13 Be exalted, O Lord, in Your own strength! We will sing and praise Your power.

:8 Your hand will find all Your enemies


Mercy first

God will one day deal with all His enemies.
You don’t want to find yourself as an enemy of God.
But God hasn’t dealt with all His enemies quite yet.  Why?  Because of His mercy.
(2 Peter 3:9 NLT) The Lord isn’t really being slow about his promise, as some people think. No, he is being patient for your sake. He does not want anyone to be destroyed, but wants everyone to repent.
We tend to want our enemies dealt with quickly and completely, but God is different than we are.
He takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but He delights in mercy.  So He waits.


God handles enemies

The important lesson to learn from David was that he let God handle the enemies.
Too often we take things into our own hands.
There was a truck driver who dropped in at an all-night restaurant in Broken Bow, Nebraska. The waitress had just served him when three swaggering, leather-jacketed motorcyclists—of the Hell’s Angels type—entered and rushed up to him, apparently spoiling for a fight. One grabbed the hamburger off his plate; another took a handful of his French fries; and the third picked up his coffee and began to drink it.
The trucker did not respond as one might expect. Instead, he calmly rose, picked up his check, walked to the front of the room, put the check and his money on the cash register, and went out the door. The waitress followed him to put the money in the till and stood watching out the door as the big truck drove away into the night.
When she returned, one of the cyclists said to her, “Well, he’s not much of a man, is he?”
She replied, “I can’t answer as to that, but he’s not much of a truck driver. He just ran over three motorcycles out in the parking lot.”
Life is much better when we put the situation into God’s hands.
(Romans 12:19–21 NLT) —19 Dear friends, never take revenge. Leave that to the righteous anger of God. For the Scriptures say, “I will take revenge; I will pay them back,” says the Lord. 20 Instead, “If your enemies are hungry, feed them. If they are thirsty, give them something to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals of shame on their heads.” 21 Don’t let evil conquer you, but conquer evil by doing good.